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The Info List - Smith's Bush Squirrel





Smith's bush squirrel, the yellow-footed squirrel, or the tree squirrel in South Africa, Paraxerus
Paraxerus
cepapi, is an African bush squirrel found in Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It is a common rodent which is diurnal by nature.[3]

Contents

1 Appearance 2 Diet 3 Breeding 4 Defense strategies 5 Size 6 References

Appearance[edit] Its total length is 350 mm, half of which is tail. This species only weighs 200 g. The coat colour varies throughout the region. In the western and arid parts of its range, it is pale grey, and in the eastern localities, more brown. Its head and legs are a rusty colour. Colouration on the chest varies from yellowish to buff in the east, to white in the west. This squirrel's belly is white. These alert and ever busy creatures carry their long tails extended backwards. Diet[edit] Primarily vegetarian, but like most rodents, they take insect prey and use their front feet to manipulate food items when feeding. They scatter-hoard seeds next to tree trunks or grass tufts, thereby facilitating tree regeneration. Breeding[edit] Essentially arboreal animals, they also spend a great deal of time on the ground, foraging for food. When disturbed, Smith's bush squirrels always seek the refuge of trees. At night, territorial family groups nest together in holes in trees. Offspring become sexually mature between six and nine months old, when they are forcibly evicted by the breeding pair. The males are mainly responsible for territorial defense, although females also chase intruders when they care for dependent pups. To promote group cohesion, a common scent is shared by mutual grooming, which is an important facet of the social fibre of this species. Smith's bush squirrels are diligent in their grooming and a mother tree squirrel holds her offspring down with her fore legs while grooming it with licks, nibbles, and scratches with her claws. Defense strategies[edit] A conspicuous feature of their behaviour when under threat is 'mobbing': all the members of the colony make harsh clicking sounds while they flick their tails, building up momentum and gradually getting louder. In some areas, they are solitary, or are found in small family groups; a lone tree squirrel relies on its wits when in danger and always keeps a branch or the trunk of a tree between it and the enemy.[3] Smith's bush squirrels are always alert, and when alarmed, run away with great speed, making for the nearest tree where they lie motionless, flattened against a branch. Size[edit] The length of this species (including the tail) is 35 cm, and it weighs 190 g. [4] References[edit]

^ Grubb, P. (2008). " Paraxerus
Paraxerus
cepapi". IUCN Red List
IUCN Red List
of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 January 2009.  ^ Thorington, R.W., Jr.; Hoffmann, R.S. (2005). "Family Sciuridae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal
Mammal
Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference (3rd ed.). The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 754–818. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4. OCLC 26158608.  ^ a b http://home.intekom.com/ecotravel/Guides/Wildlife/Vertebrates/Mammals/Smaller/Tree_Squirrel.htm ^ Paraxerus
Paraxerus
cepapi

v t e

Extant species of family Sciuridae
Sciuridae
(subfamily Xerinae)

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Rodentia Suborder: Sciuromorpha

Xerini

Atlantoxerus

Barbary ground squirrel
Barbary ground squirrel
(Atlantoxerus getulus)

Xerus (African ground squirrels)

Subgenus Euxerus: Striped ground squirrel (Xerus erythropus)

Subgenus Geosciurus: Cape ground squirrel
Cape ground squirrel
(Xerus inauris) Mountain ground squirrel
Mountain ground squirrel
(Xerus princeps)

Subgenus Xerus: Unstriped ground squirrel
Unstriped ground squirrel
(Xerus rutilus)

Spermophilopsis

Long-clawed ground squirrel
Long-clawed ground squirrel
(Spermophilopsis leptodactylus)

Protoxerini

Epixerus

Ebian's palm squirrel
Ebian's palm squirrel
( Epixerus
Epixerus
ebii) Baifran palm squirrel ( Epixerus
Epixerus
wilsoni)

Funisciurus (African striped squirrels)

Thomas's rope squirrel
Thomas's rope squirrel
(Funisciurus anerythrus) Lunda rope squirrel
Lunda rope squirrel
(Funisciurus bayonii) Carruther's mountain squirrel
Carruther's mountain squirrel
(Funisciurus carruthersi) Funisciurus congicus Lady Burton's rope squirrel
Lady Burton's rope squirrel
(Funisciurus isabella) Ribboned rope squirrel
Ribboned rope squirrel
(Funisciurus lemniscatus) Red-cheeked rope squirrel
Red-cheeked rope squirrel
(Funisciurus leucogenys) Funisciurus pyrrhopus Kintampo rope squirrel
Kintampo rope squirrel
(Funisciurus substriatus)

Heliosciurus (sun squirrels)

Gambian sun squirrel
Gambian sun squirrel
(Heliosciurus gambianus) Mutable sun squirrel
Mutable sun squirrel
(Heliosciurus mutabilis) Red-legged sun squirrel
Red-legged sun squirrel
(Heliosciurus rufobrachium) Ruwenzori sun squirrel
Ruwenzori sun squirrel
(Heliosciurus ruwenzorii) Zanj sun squirrel
Zanj sun squirrel
(Heliosciurus undulatus)

Myosciurus

African pygmy squirrel
African pygmy squirrel
(Myosciurus pumilio)

Paraxerus (African bush squirrels)

Smith's bush squirrel
Smith's bush squirrel
( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
cepapi) African red bush squirrel ( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
luciferus) Alexander's bush squirrel
Alexander's bush squirrel
( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
alexandri) Boehm's bush squirrel
Boehm's bush squirrel
( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
boehmi) Cooper's mountain squirrel
Cooper's mountain squirrel
( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
cooperi) Fernando Po squirrel ( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
poensis) Huet's bush squirrel
Huet's bush squirrel
( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
ochraceus) Red bush squirrel
Red bush squirrel
( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
palliatus) Striped bush squirrel
Striped bush squirrel
( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
flavovittis) Swynnerton's bush squirrel
Swynnerton's bush squirrel
( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
vexillarius) Vincent's bush squirrel
Vincent's bush squirrel
( Paraxerus
Paraxerus
vincenti)

Protoxerus (African giant squirrels)

Slender-tailed squirrel
Slender-tailed squirrel
(Protoxerus aubinnii) Forest giant squirrel
Forest giant squirrel
(Protoxerus stangeri)

Marmotini (ground squirrels)

Large tribe listed separately

Category

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1764869 EoL: 321419 GBIF: 2437354 iNaturalist: 46110 ITIS: 632395 IUCN: 16205 MSW: 12400832

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