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The Smalcald Articles
Smalcald Articles
or Schmalkald Articles (German: Schmalkaldische Artikel) are a summary of Lutheran doctrine, written by Martin Luther in 1537 for a meeting of the Schmalkaldic League
Schmalkaldic League
in preparation for an intended ecumenical Council of the Church.

Contents

1 History 2 First article 3 Translations 4 Bibliography 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] Luther's patron, Elector John Frederick of Saxony, asked him to prepare these articles for the Schmalkaldic League's meeting in 1537, held again in Schmalkalden. The League had been organized in 1531 as a union of various Lutheran territories and cities, to provide a united military and political front against Roman Catholic politicians and armies, led by Emperor Charles V. When the Schmalkaldic League
Schmalkaldic League
met, Luther was taken very ill with a severe case of kidney stones and so was unable to attend the meeting. The league ultimately determined not to adopt the articles Luther had written. They were influenced not to adopt the Smalcald Articles
Smalcald Articles
by Philipp Melanchthon, who was concerned that Luther's writing would be regarded as divisive by some. Melanchthon was asked to write a clear statement on the Papacy
Papacy
and this he did, a document that was adopted at the meeting as the Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope. In the Smalcald Articles, Luther summarized what he regarded to be the most important teaching in Christianity. The Articles were highly prized by John Frederick who ordered that they be made a part of his last will and testament. And though they were not adopted at the meeting of the Schmalkaldic League
Schmalkaldic League
in 1537, they were widely used and were incorporated into the Book of Concord
Book of Concord
in 1580 as one of the Lutheran Confessions of the faith. Although the intended Council was never held, the Smalcald Articles were seen[by whom?] as a supplement to the other Confessions of the Lutheran Church and are still used today. First article[edit]

The first and chief article is this: Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification (Romans 3:24–25). He alone is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world (John 1:29), and God has laid on Him the iniquity of us all (Isaiah 53:6). All have sinned and are justified freely, without their own works and merits, by His grace (Eph 2v8-9), through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, in His blood (Romans 3:23–28). This is necessary to believe. This cannot be otherwise acquired or grasped by any work, law, or merit. Therefore, it is clear and certain that this faith alone justifies us… Nothing of this article can be yielded or surrendered, even though heaven and earth and everything else falls (Mark 13:31)[1]

Translations[edit] The Smalcald Articles
Smalcald Articles
are available in the following translations:

Bente, F., translator and editor. Concordia Triglotta. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1921. Kolb, Robert and Timothy J. Wengert, eds. The Book
Book
of Concord: The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8006-2740-7 McCain, Paul T., Robert C. Baker, Gene Edward Veith, and Edward A. Engelbrecht, eds. Concordia: The Lutheran Confessions — A Reader's Edition of the Book
Book
of Concord. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 2005. ISBN 0-7586-0806-3 Tappert, Theodore G., ed. The Book
Book
of Concord: The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1959. ISBN 0-8006-0825-9

Bibliography[edit]

Bente, Friedrich. Historical Introductions to the Book
Book
of Concord. (1921) Reprint. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1965. ISBN 0-570-03262-8 Russell, William (1995). Luther's Theological Testament: The Schmalkald Articles. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. 

References[edit]

^ Martin Luther, The Smalcald Articles: Second Part, Article Iin Concordia: The Lutheran Confessions. Saint Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 2005), p. 289.

External links[edit]

Smalcald Articles "The Book
Book
of Concord: The Lutheran Confessions of 1529-1580". Look for: The Smalcald Articles
Smalcald Articles
of Martin Luther
Martin Luther
(1537). Retrieved 25 March 2011.   "Schmalkalden, Articles of". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.  The Smalcald Articles
Smalcald Articles
public domain audiobook at LibriVox

v t e

The Lutheran Confessions — Documents of the Book
Book
of Concord

Apostles' Creed Nicene Creed Athanasian Creed Augsburg Confession Apology of the Augsburg Confession Smalcald Articles Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope Luther's Small Catechism Luther's Large Catechism Formula of Concord

v t e

Martin Luther

Works (hymns)

Ninety-five Theses
Ninety-five Theses
(1517) Sermon on Indulgences and Grace
Sermon on Indulgences and Grace
(1518) To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation (1520) On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church
On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church
(1520) On the Freedom of a Christian (1520) Against Henry, King of the English (1522) Luther Bible
Luther Bible
(1522, 1534) The Adoration of the Sacrament (1523) Formula missae (1523) Hymns

First Lutheran hymnal
First Lutheran hymnal
(1524) Erfurt Enchiridion (1524) Eyn geystlich Gesangk Buchleyn
Eyn geystlich Gesangk Buchleyn
(1524)

Against the Murderous, Thieving Hordes of Peasants (1525) On the Bondage of the Will
On the Bondage of the Will
(1525) The Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ—Against the Fanatics (1526) Deutsche Messe
Deutsche Messe
(1526) Confession Concerning Christ's Supper (1528) On War Against the Turk (1529) Small Catechism (1529) Large Catechism (1529) "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott" (1529) Smalcald Articles
Smalcald Articles
(1537) On the Councils and the Church (1539) "Christ unser Herr zum Jordan kam" (1543) On the Jews and Their Lies
On the Jews and Their Lies
(1543) Vom Schem Hamphoras
Vom Schem Hamphoras
(1543) List of hymns by Martin Luther Luther's Table Talk
Talk
(1566) Weimar edition of Luther's works

Topics and events

Reformation Lutheranism Heidelberg Disputation, 1518 Leipzig Debate, 1519 Exsurge Domine, 1520 Diet of Worms, 1521 Decet Romanum Pontificem, 1521 Marburg Colloquy, 1529 Augsburg Confession, 1530 Luther's canon Theology of Martin Luther

Theology of the Cross Universal priesthood Sola scriptura Two kingdoms Law and Gospel Marian theology

Eucharist in Lutheranism

Sacramental union Words of Institution

Antisemitism Propaganda during the Reformation Die Lügend von S. Johanne Chrysostomo (1537 edition)

People

Hans and Margarethe Luther (parents) Katharina von Bora
Katharina von Bora
(wife) Magdalena Luther
Magdalena Luther
(daughter) Paul Luther
Paul Luther
(son) Albert of Brandenburg Bartholomaeus Arnoldi Erasmus Georg Rörer Johann Cochlaeus Johann von Staupitz Justus Jonas Karl von Miltitz Andreas Karlstadt Philip Melanchthon Pope Leo X Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick the Wise

Luther sites

All Saints' Church, Wittenberg Lutherhaus Lutherstädte Martin Luther's Birth House Martin Luther's Death House Melanchthonhaus (Wittenberg) St. Augustine's Monastery Veste Coburg
Veste Coburg
(Fortress) Wartburg
Wartburg
Castle

Film and theatre

Martin Luther
Martin Luther
(1923 film) Luther (1928 film) Luther (1964 film) Martin Luther
Martin Luther
(1953 film) Luther (1973 film) Martin Luther, Heretic (1983 film) Luther (2003 film) Luther (1961 play)

Related

Martin Luther
Martin Luther
bibliography Book:Martin Luther Luther rose Theologia Germanica

Authority control

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