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Slough
Slough
(/ˈslaʊ/ ( listen)) is a large town in Berkshire, England, on the western fringes of the Greater London
London
Urban Area, 20 miles (32 km) west of central London, 3 miles (5 km) north of Windsor, 7 miles (11 km) east of Maidenhead, 12 miles (19 km) south-east of High Wycombe
High Wycombe
and 21 miles (34 km) north-east of the county town of Reading. Sitting at the gateway between the Thames Valley
Thames Valley
and London
London
and at the intersection of the M4, M40 and M25 motorways, it offers easy road access to the rest of the UK. The A4 and the Great Western Main Line
Great Western Main Line
pass through the town, which was historically part of neighbouring Buckinghamshire. From 2019 the Elizabeth Line (Crossrail) will allow fast journeys to central London. As of 2011 Slough's population was one of the most ethnically diverse in the United Kingdom,[2] with the highest proportion of religious adherents in England.[3] The town has attracted people from across the country and the world for labour since the 1920s, which has helped shape it into a major trading centre. As of 2017 unemployment stood at 1.4%,[4] circa one-third the UK average of 4.5%.[5] Slough
Slough
has the highest concentration of global corporate HQs outside London. The Slough Trading Estate
Slough Trading Estate
is the largest industrial estate in single private ownership in Europe.[6] Blackberry, McAfee, Burger King and Lego
Lego
have head offices in the town. The Slough
Slough
Trading Estate provides over 17,000 jobs in 400 businesses. Slough
Slough
has the second highest gross value added per worker of cities in UK.[7]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Redevelopment

2 Geography

2.1 Nearest places 2.2 Climate

3 Demography 4 Governance

4.1 Boundaries 4.2 Town twinning

5 Economy 6 Transport

6.1 Road transport 6.2 Rail transport 6.3 Cycling 6.4 Canal

7 Sports 8 Education 9 Cultural references 10 Negative perceptions 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links

History Main articles: History of Slough and Cippenham
Cippenham
Moat

Former GWR locomotive 6664 photographed near the engine shed at Slough, October 1955.

The Brunel bus station and car park, opened in 1975[8] has now been completely demolished as work has started on the Heart of Slough project.[9]

The old Slough
Slough
library was opened on 28 November 1974. It was officially called the Robert Taylor Library, named after Alderman Taylor in recognition of his contribution to the library service. The library was officially opened by the Mayor, Councillor DR Peters, on 15 May 1975. It was demolished in May 2017 as part of the programme of redevelopment in the town centre.[10]

Suters Limited in Slough
Slough
High Street, 1978

The name, which means "soil", was first recorded in 1195 as Slo. It first seems to have applied to a hamlet between Upton to the east and Chalvey
Chalvey
to the west, roughly around the "Crown Crossroads" where the road to Windsor (now the A332) met the Great West Road.[11] The Domesday Survey of 1086 refers to Upton, and a wood for 200 pigs, worth £15. During the 13th century, King Henry III had a palace at Cippenham. Parts of Upton Court were built in 1325, while St Mary the Virgin Church[12] in Langley was probably built in the late 11th or early 12th century, though it has been rebuilt and enlarged several times. From the mid-17th century, stagecoaches began to pass through Slough and Salt Hill, which became locations for the second stage to change horses on the journey out from London. By 1838 and the opening of the Great Western Railway, Upton-cum-Chalvey's parish population had reached 1,502. In 1849, a branch line was completed from Slough railway station to Windsor and Eton Central railway station, opposite Windsor Castle, for the Queen's convenience. Slough
Slough
has 96 listed buildings.[13] There are

Four Grade I: St Laurence's Church (Upton), St Mary the Virgin Church (Langley),[12] Baylis House and Godolphin Court Seven Grade II: St Mary's Church (Upton-cum-Chalvey), Upton Court, the Kederminster and Seymour Almshouses in Langley, St Peter's Church (Chalvey), Ostrich Inn (Colnbrook) and King John's Palace (Colnbrook) Grade II listed structures include four milestones: Beech, Oak and Linden Houses at Upton Hospital and Slough
Slough
railway station

1918 saw a large area of agricultural land to the west of Slough developed as an army motor repair depot, used to store and repair huge numbers of motor vehicles coming back from the battlefields of the First World War
First World War
in Flanders. In April 1920, the Government sold the site and its contents to the Slough
Slough
Trading Co. Ltd. Repair of ex-army vehicles continued until 1925, when the Slough
Slough
Trading Company Act was passed allowing the company (renamed Slough
Slough
Estates Ltd) to establish an industrial estate.[14] Spectacular growth and employment ensued, with Slough
Slough
attracting workers from many parts of the UK and abroad. During the Second World War, Slough
Slough
experienced a series of air raids, mostly in October 1940 (the largest number of people, five, dying as a result of one on the 13th), and an emergency hospital treating casualties from London
London
was set up in Slough. Local air raid deaths and deaths at the hospital account for the 23 civilian lives recorded lost in the borough area.[15] After the war, several further large housing developments arose to take large numbers of people migrating from war-damaged London. Redevelopment Main articles: History of Slough and Cippenham
Cippenham
Moat

The redevelopment of the shopping centre in Slough
Slough
as part of the Heart of Slough redevelopment programme.

The newly built Slough
Slough
Bus and Coach Station

'The Curve' - Slough's new iconic Library and Cultural Centre, opened in 2016. It was named ‘Best public service building’ at the Local Authority Building Control (LABC) excellence awards held in March 2017. It was built by Slough
Slough
Urban Renewal, a partnership between the council and Morgan Sindall.

In the 21st century, Slough
Slough
has seen major redevelopment of the town centre. Old buildings are being replaced with new offices and shopping complexes. Tesco
Tesco
has replaced an existing superstore with a larger Tesco
Tesco
Extra. The Heart of Slough Project is a plan for the large-scale redevelopment of the town centre as a focus and cultural quarter for the creative media, information and communications industries. It will create a mixed-use complex, multi-functional buildings, visual landmarks and a public space in the Thames Valley. Recommendations for the £400 million project have been approved,[16] and planning approval was given by Slough
Slough
Borough Council's planning committee on 9 July 2009.[17] Work began in 2010 for completion in 2018.[18] In December 2009, two key components of the project were signed: the Homes and Communities Agency (HCA) signed its agreement to provide £11m of funding for infrastructure and Thames Valley
Thames Valley
University (TVU) courses which are due to remain in the town have found a new home at the Centre in Farnham
Farnham
Road, Slough.[19] In parallel to the town centre redevelopment plan, SEGRO (owner of the Slough
Slough
Trading Estate) plans to spend £600 million over the next 20 years on the trading estate. This is intended to create environmentally sustainable buildings, open green spaces, two hotels, a conference centre, cafés, restaurants and better transport facilities to improve links to Slough
Slough
town centre and the surrounding residential areas. It is claimed that the plan will create more than 4,100 new jobs and contribute around £100m a year to Slough's economy.[20] If both plans go ahead in their current forms, nearly £1 billion will be spent on redeveloping Slough
Slough
over the next 20 years. Herschel Park (known as Upton Park until 1949), named for astronomer William Herschel, is currently being relandscaped in a multimillion-pound effort to bring it back to its former Victorian era glory.[21] The park was featured in an episode of the documentary programme Who Do You Think You Are? focusing on the TV presenter Davina McCall.[22] In 2010, £2 million was set aside to improve disabled access to Slough railway station
Slough railway station
in preparation for an expected increase in use during the 2012 London
London
Olympics.[23] Preparations were under way for the regeneration of the Britwell
Britwell
suburb of Slough, involving tearing down a dilapidated block of flats and the closing of the public house the Jolly Londoner in Wentworth Avenue and replacing them with new homes, as well as relocating the shopping parade in the street to nearby Kennedy Park.[24] As part of the Heart of Slough project, construction work on a new bus station began in March 2010 following weeks of demolition work to half of the existing bus station and the removal of Compair House near the railway station; it was expected to be completed by January 2011[9][25] and was opened in May 2011, 5 months behind schedule. Redevelopment on this scale has been strongly criticised by conservation groups. The Twentieth Century Society has stated that

"[A] tragically high quantity of good buildings have been demolished in Slough
Slough
in recent years, including grand Art-Deco-styled factories by the likes of Wallis Gilbert and high-quality post-war offices. More are to come down as the town tries to erase its past and reinvent itself from scratch. Despite famously heckling Slough, John Betjeman's praise for the town hall's architecture as 'a striving for unity out of chaos' in 1948 has never been so relevant as today. C20 believes that the redevelopment of the town hall would be an act of vandalism to the civic centre and is supporting the Campaign to Save Slough's Heritage in their request for a review of the decision."[26]

During November 2016, the Slough
Slough
Queensmere and Observatory shopping centres were sold to Abu Dhabi Investment Authority
Abu Dhabi Investment Authority
(ADIA) in a deal worth £130million.[27] Geography Slough
Slough
is to the west of Greater London. Nearby towns are Windsor to the south, Maidenhead
Maidenhead
to the west, Uxbridge
Uxbridge
to the northeast and Beaconsfield
Beaconsfield
to the north. Most of the area that now makes up Slough
Slough
was anciently part of Buckinghamshire. The town developed by the expansion and amalgamation of villages along the Great West Road. Over the years Slough
Slough
has expanded greatly, incorporating a number of different villages. Original villages that are now suburbs of Slough
Slough
include Chalvey, Cippenham, Colnbrook, Langley, Poyle, Upton, and Wexham. Named neighbourhoods include Brands Hill, Britwell, Huntercombe, Manor Park, Salt Hill, Upton Lea and Windsor Meadows. The urban area merges into the neighbouring parishes of Burnham, a small area of Taplow
Taplow
near Cippenham, Farnham Royal
Farnham Royal
and Stoke Poges
Stoke Poges
which remain in the county of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
and Datchet
Datchet
which is also in Berkshire. Eton is narrowly buffered by the Jubilee River
Jubilee River
and by green space (mainly the college playing fields) from part of Slough, and the two areas formerly formed the Eton birth, marriages and deaths registration district. Nearest places

Nearest Places

Burnham Farnham
Farnham
Royal Uxbridge

Across small parts of Burnham and Taplow Maidenhead

Slough

Hayes

Dorney Eton Heathrow Airport

Climate The nearest Met Office
Met Office
weather observing station to Slough
Slough
is London Heathrow Airport, about 5 miles (8 km) east of Slough
Slough
town centre. This part of the Thames Valley
Thames Valley
is notable for generally having the warmest daytime summer temperatures on average in the British Isles.[citation needed] Typically, according to 1981–2010 normals, the average high temperature in July is 23.5 °C (74.3 °F.) Rainfall is low compared to most of the British Isles, with under 600 mm (23.62 in) annually, and 105 days[28] reporting over 1 mm of rain.

Climate data for Heathrow Airport, elevation 25 m, 1981–2010

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 8.1 (46.6) 8.4 (47.1) 11.3 (52.3) 14.2 (57.6) 17.9 (64.2) 21.0 (69.8) 23.5 (74.3) 23.2 (73.8) 19.9 (67.8) 15.5 (59.9) 11.1 (52) 8.3 (46.9) 15.2 (59.36)

Average low °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 2.1 (35.8) 3.9 (39) 5.5 (41.9) 8.7 (47.7) 11.7 (53.1) 13.9 (57) 13.7 (56.7) 11.4 (52.5) 8.4 (47.1) 4.9 (40.8) 2.7 (36.9) 7.43 (45.38)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 55.2 (2.173) 40.9 (1.61) 41.6 (1.638) 43.7 (1.72) 49.4 (1.945) 45.1 (1.776) 44.5 (1.752) 49.5 (1.949) 49.1 (1.933) 68.5 (2.697) 59.0 (2.323) 55.2 (2.173) 601.7 (23.689)

Average rainy days 11.1 8.5 9.3 9.1 8.8 8.2 7.7 7.5 8.1 10.8 10.3 10.2 109.6

Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.5 77.9 114.6 168.7 198.5 204.3 212.0 204.7 149.3 116.5 72.6 52.0 1,632.6

Source: Met Office[29]

Demography Main article: Demography of Slough

Built in 1876, St Mary's Church is red brick gothic style Church of England
England
parish church.

During the Great Depression
Great Depression
of the 1930s, many unemployed Welsh people who walked up the Great West Road looking for employment settled in Slough. According to the 2011 census, 45.7% of the population was white (34.5% white British, 1.1% white Irish, 0.2% gypsy or Irish Traveller, 9.9% other white), 3.4% of mixed race (1.2% white and black Caribbean, 0.4% white and black African, 1.0% white and Asian, 0.8% other mixed), 39.7% Asian (17.7% Pakistani, 15.6% Indian, 0.4% Bangladeshi, 0.6% Chinese, 5.4% other Asian), 8.6% black (5.4% African, 2.2% Caribbean, 1.0% other black), 0.7% Arab and 1.9% of other ethnic heritage.[1] In the post-war years, immigrants from the Commonwealth, notably Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, India
India
and Pakistan
Pakistan
came to the town. In the early 1950s, there were a number of Polish refugee camps scattered around the Slough
Slough
area. As returning to Poland
Poland
(then in the Soviet Bloc) was not considered an option by many of the wartime refugees, many Polish families decided to settle in Slough. In time, a Polish-speaking Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
parish was established with its own church building. A new wave of Polish migration to Slough
Slough
has followed since Poland
Poland
became part of the European Union. Slough
Slough
Council elected the country's first black female mayor, Lydia Simmons, in 1984. Figures from the 2011 census showed that 41.2% of Slough's population identified as Christian, 23.3% as Muslim, 10.6% as Sikh, 6.2% as Hindu, 0.5% as Buddhist, 0.1% as Jewish, 0.3% as having other religions, 12.1% as having no religion and 5.7% did not answer the question. Slough
Slough
has the highest percentage of Sikh
Sikh
residents in the country according to the census figures. Slough
Slough
also has the highest percentage of Muslim
Muslim
and Hindu
Hindu
residents in the South East region.[30]

Immigrants in Slough
Slough
(2011 census)

Country of birth Number resident

 India 11,544

 Pakistan 11,244

 Poland 8,341

 Kenya 2,183

 Ireland 1,364

 Zimbabwe 1,352

 Somalia 1,247

 Sri Lanka 1,219

 Philippines 828

 Afghanistan 759

Governance Main articles: Slough Borough Council
Slough Borough Council
and Slough
Slough
local elections Boundaries In 1863, Slough
Slough
became a local government area when a Slough
Slough
Local Board of Health was elected to represent what is now the central part of the modern Borough. This part of Upton-cum- Chalvey
Chalvey
Civil Parish became Slough
Slough
Urban Sanitary District in 1875. The functions of these two bodies were strengthened in 1894, when Slough Urban District
Slough Urban District
was created, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council having been created in the previous decade. In 1930, there was a major extension westward of the Urban District, and the area was divided into electoral wards for the first time (the new areas of Burnham (Beeches), Farnham
Farnham
(Royal) and Stoke (Poges) (commonly used suffixes) as well as the divisions of the old district Central, Chalvey, Langley and Upton). In 1938, the town became a Municipal Borough by Royal Charter. Slough
Slough
was transferred to Berkshire
Berkshire
in the 1974 local government reorganisation. The old Municipal Borough was abolished and not deemed part of an urban conglomeration, replaced by a non-city type second-tier authority (Non-metropolitan district), which was however made a Borough by the town's second Royal Charter. Britwell
Britwell
and Wexham Court became part of Slough
Slough
at this time, with their civil parish councils. On 1 April 1995, the Borough of Slough
Slough
expanded slightly into Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
and Surrey, to take in Colnbrook
Colnbrook
and Poyle
Poyle
and merged their civil parish councils. Slough
Slough
became a unitary authority, on 1 April 1998. This coincided with the abolition of Berkshire
Berkshire
County Council and the dissolution of its Borough Status received under its second Royal Charter. However, to enable the continued use of the word Borough, as in some other parts of Berkshire, Slough
Slough
received its third Royal Charter
Royal Charter
in 1998. Since 2015, Slough
Slough
has had a Youth Parliament to represent the views of younger people. Town twinning Slough
Slough
is twinned with:

Montreuil, France
France
(since 1988)[31]

Economy

Slough Trading Estate
Slough Trading Estate
played a major part in making Slough
Slough
an important business centre in South East England

The Tesco
Tesco
Extra store, one of the largest in Europe.

The private power station for Slough
Slough
Trading Estate. This has been supplying heat and power to the estate since 1920. In 2007 it was taken over by energy supplier Scottish and Southern Energy

Slough
Slough
Retail Park, one of many large outlets in the town.

Before the 19th century, the main businesses of Slough
Slough
were brickfields and agriculture. The bricks for the building of Eton College were made in Slough. Later, as the Great West Road traffic increased, inns and pubs sprang up along the road to service the passing trade. Until the town developed as an industrial area, nurseries were prominent in the local economy; the Cox's Orange Pippin apple was first raised in Colnbrook
Colnbrook
(not then within Slough) around 1825, and the dianthus "Mrs Sinkins Pink" was first raised at some point between 1868[32] and 1883[33] by John Sinkins, the master of the Eton Union Workhouse,[34] which lay in Slough. In the mid-19th century, the only major employer apart from the brickfields was James Elliman, who started as a draper in Chandos Street. In 1847, he changed business and manufactured his Elliman's Embrocation and Royal Embrocation horse liniment at factories in Wellington Street and Chandos Street. Elliman became a major benefactor to the town, and is remembered today in the names of local roads and schools. In September 1851, William Thomas Buckland, an auctioneer and surveyor from nearby Wraysbury, began livestock sales in a field near the Great Western Road Railway Station belonging to the North Star Inn. Originally held on the first Tuesday of every month, the Cattle Market's popularity soon saw this increased to every Tuesday. A move to Wexham
Wexham
Street was necessitated by the postwar redevelopment of the town. The Slough
Slough
Cattle Market was run by Messrs Buckland and Sons until its final closure in 1988.[35] In 1906, James Horlick, one of the eponymous founders of the malted milk company, opened a purpose-built red-brick factory near Slough Railway Station to manufacture his malted milk product. Starting in the 1920s, Slough
Slough
Estates Ltd, the operator of the original Slough
Slough
Trading Estate, created and operated many more estates in the UK and abroad. The Slough Trading Estate
Slough Trading Estate
meant that the town was largely insulated from many of the effects of recession. For many years, Slough's economy was mainly manufacturing-based. In the last 20 or so years, there has been a major shift from a manufacturing to an information-based economy, with the closure of many factories (some of which had been in Slough
Slough
for many decades). The factories are rapidly being replaced by office buildings. Hundreds of major companies have sited in Slough Trading Estate
Slough Trading Estate
over the years, with its proximity to London
London
Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
and good motorway connections being attractive. In the 1960s, Gerry Anderson's film company was based in Slough, and his Supermarionation
Supermarionation
series, including Thunderbirds, were filmed there.[36] The UK headquarters of Mars, Incorporated
Mars, Incorporated
is based in Slough, the main factory having been created in 1932 by Forrest Mars Sr.. He produced the Mars Bar
Mars Bar
in Slough
Slough
over 70 years ago. One of the Mars factories has been demolished and some production has moved to the Czech Republic. The European head offices of major IT companies such as BlackBerry, McAfee, Computer Associates, PictureTel and Compusys (among others) are all in the town. O2 is headquartered in the town across four buildings. The town is also home to the business support organisation Thames Valley
Thames Valley
Chamber of Commerce Group and National Foundation for Educational Research, which is housed in the Mere. Recent new offices include those of Nintendo, Black and Decker
Black and Decker
and Abbey business centres.[37] Dulux paints are still manufactured in Slough
Slough
by AkzoNobel, which bought Imperial Chemical Industries
Imperial Chemical Industries
in 2008. The registered office of Furniture Village lies in the town.[38] Sara Lee's headquarters for the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
are also in Slough.[citation needed] The motor trade has long been represented in Slough. Until 1966, Citroën
Citroën
assembled cars in a Liverpool Road factory (later used by Mars Confectionery), and it retains its UK headquarters in the town. Ford built D Series and Cargo lorries at its factory in Langley (a former Hawker Aircraft
Hawker Aircraft
site) from 1936 to the 1950s[39]) until the site was redeveloped for housing in the 1990s. Ferrari, Mercedes, Fiat and Maserati
Maserati
now have offices in the town. Transport

The M4 Motorway between Junctions 6 and 7 (facing London).

The relief lines at Slough
Slough
railway station, used for local passenger trains towards Reading (Platform 4, left) and London
London
Paddington (Platform 5, right)

A First Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes-Benz
Citaro in the blue "Heathrow 7 Series" livery operates between Maidenhead, Cippenham, Windsor and Slough
Slough
to Heathrow Airport.

The Cycle To Hire scheme was launched in Slough
Slough
in late 2013.

Road transport Main articles: First Berkshire
Berkshire
& The Thames Valley, Green Line Coaches, and List of bus routes in Slough Slough
Slough
is near London, Heathrow Airport, Uxbridge, Maidenhead
Maidenhead
and Staines and the town is a travel hub. Many people from Slough
Slough
work in nearby towns and cities such as Windsor, Reading, London
London
and Bracknell, and there are large passenger movements in the morning and evening rush hours. Road transport in Slough
Slough
includes:

Within Slough: Buses (First Berkshire, Arriva, Redline & Carousel (only Sundays)), taxis, minicabs and private cars on roads are also used.[40] To Heathrow Airport: First Berkshire
Berkshire
& The Thames Valley
Thames Valley
bus routes 75, 76, 77 and 78 serve Slough
Slough
town centre, Langley and Heathrow Airport. First also run bus routes 71 (via Windsor, Egham & Staines-upon-Thames) and 60/61 (via Datchet, Horton & Wraysbury) to Heathrow Terminal 5.[41] Taxis and minicabs are also available at a higher cost.[42] To London: Buses and Greenline coaches are available, but rail is more generally used as express trains connect Slough
Slough
to London
London
Paddington in 17 minutes.[43] To Birmingham: Bharat Coaches provide services from Southall to Birmingham/Wolverhampton/Coventry/ Leeds
Leeds
via Slough.[44] Slough
Slough
is near the M4[45] junctions 5,6, and 7; and the A4, A355, and A412.

Rail transport Slough
Slough
is served by First Great Western
First Great Western
stations at Burnham,[46] Slough[47] and Langley.[48] Slough
Slough
station is a junction between the Great Western Main Line
Great Western Main Line
and the Slough
Slough
to Windsor & Eton Line to allow passengers to connect for Windsor & Eton Central. Reading: First Great Western
First Great Western
operate services to Reading every half an hour which take 20 minutes. London
London
Paddington: First Great Western
First Great Western
operate express services to London
London
every half an hour which take 17 minutes. Slough
Slough
will have Crossrail
Crossrail
services, a new railway line across central London, under construction.[49] The Windsor Link Railway is another proposed railway line that would link Slough
Slough
to Heathrow Terminal 5 via Wraysbury, Datchet, Windsor and Chalvey. The Western Rail Access to Heathrow, WRAtH, is a £500m rail project announced by the DfT. The proposed rail link would directly serve Slough
Slough
with four trains every hour - reducing travel times from 45 to six minutes. It is expected to be operational by 2021. In February 2014, Network Rail announced the route for the project. The WRAtH project is expected to generate more than £2billion in economic benefits to the UK as well as 40,000 new jobs.[50][51][52] Cycling National Cycle Network
National Cycle Network
route 61 runs through central Slough. A Smoove bike sharing system was launched in October 2013, targeting commuters travelling between the trading estate and nearby railway stations.[53] Canal Slough
Slough
is connected by the Slough Arm
Slough Arm
to the main line of the Grand Union Canal which runs between the Thames at Brentford and Birmingham. It travels from the terminus basin at Stoke Road to the junction with the main line at Cowley Peachey; it was restored to navigability in 1975 having been disused since 1960.[54] Sports Slough
Slough
has a senior non-League football team, Slough
Slough
Town F.C., who currently play in the Southern Football League Premier Division, which is the 7th tier of football in England. Slough
Slough
Hockey Club – The Ladies 1XI are currently in the top tier of English Hockey. The Men's 1XI are in MBBO Regional 1 whereas the Men's 2XI are in MBBO Division 3. Slough
Slough
Rugby Club are currently in the 5th Tier of the Rugby Union system. The town has produced many Olympic class athletes as part of the 'Windsor, Slough, Eton and Hounslow Athletics Club' (see List of people from Slough, Berkshire). Education Main article: List of schools in Slough There are numerous primary and secondary schools serving Slough. In addition, East Berkshire
Berkshire
College has a campus in the area. Slough schools are in the top 10 best performers in the country at GCSE level. In 2011, 68.1% of pupils left school with a minimum of 5 A*-C grades (with English and maths). The national average is 58.9%.[55] Thames Valley
Thames Valley
University ( Slough
Slough
Campus) is currently closed due to the Heart of Slough project. The new campus was scheduled to be opened in 2013 as part of the University of West London
London
which is the new name for Thames Valley
Thames Valley
University; however, as of January 2014, the redevelopment of the site is yet to get underway. Cultural references

Observatory House
Observatory House
was given its name because it is the site where astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
lived, and erected his great 40-foot telescope.

Crossbow House features in the opening sequences and some of the filming for popular BBC
BBC
comedy "The Office".

1597: In Act IV, Scene 5[56] of Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor, Bardolph is mugged: "so soon as I came beyond Eton, (cozenors) threw me off, from behind one of them, in a slough of mire". This could be a reference to Slough. In the same scene Cole-brooke (Colnbrook) is referenced along with Reading and Maidenhead. 1872: Edward Lear
Edward Lear
made reference to Slough
Slough
in More Nonsense Pictures, Rhymes, Botany, etc:[57]

There was an old person of Slough, Who danced at the end of a bough; But they said, 'If you sneeze, You might damage the trees, You imprudent old person of Slough.'

1932: (but set in the 26th century) In Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, the chimneys of Slough
Slough
Crematorium, around which Bernard Marx flies, are used to demonstrate the physio-chemical equality of all people.[58] (Slough's actual crematorium, in the cemetery in Stoke Road, was opened in 1963,[59] coincidentally the year of Huxley's death. Princess Margaret
Princess Margaret
was cremated there in 2002.) 1937: The poet John Betjeman
John Betjeman
wrote his poem Slough
Slough
as a protest against the new town and 850 factories that had arisen in what had been formerly a rural area, which he considered an onslaught on the rural lifestyle:

Come, friendly bombs and fall on Slough It isn't fit for humans now There isn't grass to graze a cow. Swarm over, death!

The poem was published two years before the outbreak of the Second World War, in which Britain (including Slough
Slough
itself) experienced bombing from enemy air raids. On the centenary of his birth, his daughter said her father "regretted having ever written it", presenting the then Mayor David MacIsaac with a book of his poems in which she had written: "We love Slough".[60]

1979: Slough
Slough
is mentioned by name in the hit single "The Eton Rifles" by The Jam
The Jam
from the album Setting Sons: "There's a row going on down near Slough" 1991: Film Buddy's Song with externals filmed mainly on the Britwell Estate and the Farnham
Farnham
Road (A355) released. 1996: The Tiger Lillies' album The Brothel to the Cemetery includes a track called "Slough", probably inspired by Betjeman's poem. The lyrics to the chorus are:

Drop a bomb on Slough, Drop a bomb on Slough Drop a bomb on Slough, Drop a bomb on Slough

1998: The song "Costa del Slough" by the rock band Marillion
Marillion
posits the town as a post-global warming coastal resort, possibly in a reference to the comedian Spike Milligan
Spike Milligan
having presented Slough
Slough
on TV as a holiday resort. 2001, 2002, 2003: The BBC
BBC
comedy series The Office is set in the sales office of a paper company in Slough, presenting it as a depressing post-industrial wasteland. The character David Brent
David Brent
comments on Betjeman's poem in the series, which also appears on the inside sleeve of the video and DVD of Series 1. In the US version, the office is located on " Slough
Slough
Avenue" in Scranton, Pennsylvania. 2004: Slough
Slough
is mentioned on the ABC series Lost in the episode "Homecoming" of Season 1. In a flashback of Charlie's life, a woman he knows says her father is away purchasing a paper company in Slough. It is possible that this is a reference to The Office. 2009: In episode 8, Series 1 of The Legend of Dick and Dom, a CBBC show, the characters find themselves in modern-day Slough. 2015: Sky 1
Sky 1
comedy drama series You, Me and the Apocalypse is set in Slough
Slough
where a nuclear bunker is located underneath the Slough
Slough
Trading Estate. Aerial views are seen of Slough
Slough
throughout the series. 2016: Ricky Gervais, in his role as David Brent, released the song Slough
Slough
on his album Life On The Road, the soundtrack to the film by the same title. The chorus runs:

Oh oh oh Slough
Slough
(echo: Slough) My kind of town I don't know how Anyone could put you down

Negative perceptions

In July 2007 Slough
Slough
was the subject of a documentary by the BBC's Panorama series, entitled "Immigration – how we lost count".[61][62] The programme highlighted Slough
Slough
and other affordable towns close to London
London
had a much greater rise in the EU immigrant population than had been nationally predicted and for which resources had been allocated. The programme found certain public services failing to deliver to expected standards and with large groups selecting a small area in which to live, an increase in overcrowding Slough
Slough
has a relatively high crime rate as figures for all crime categories are annually above the English average and figures for a few categories are at more than double the frequency.[63] According to British Crime Survey
British Crime Survey
statistics, as of September 2013, Slough
Slough
had the second worst rate of crime among local authority areas in the Thames Valley Police counties (87 recorded crimes per 1,000 population vs Oxford's 104).[64] However the borough's crime rate reduced by 29% in the ten years to 2013.[65]

See also

List of people from Slough, Berkshire

Notes

^ a b "2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England
England
and Wales". ONS. Retrieved 12 December 2012.  ^ Focus on Ethnicity and Diversity. UK National Statistics. Retrieved 16 February 2008. ^ Travis, Alan (23 September 2010). "Office for National Statistics survey". The Guardian. London.  ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-39103970 ^ https://www.ons.gov.uk/employmentandlabourmarket/peoplenotinwork/unemployment ^ Slough
Slough
Estates petition to Parliament, Crossrail
Crossrail
bill 2005–06 (PDF) ^ http://www.centreforcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Cities-Outlook-2017-Web.pdf ^ p11, The Changing Face of Slough, Slough
Slough
Museum, Breedon Books, Derby, 2003 ^ a b " Heart of Slough beats faster". Slough
Slough
& Langley Observer. 24 March 2010.  ^ "Search Results - No Matches".  ^ Fraser (1973), p. 4. ^ a b "St Mary the Virgin Church". findachurch.co.uk.  ^ "Listed buildings in Slough" (PDF). March 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2006.  ^ Fraser (1973), p. 109. ^ [1] CWGC Cemetery Report. Information in this paragraph based on attached casualty reports. ^ "Backing for town's £400m makeover". BBC
BBC
News Online. 21 December 2006. Retrieved 23 May 2010.  ^ Heart of Slough planning approval. Archived 18 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ BBC
BBC
Berkshire
Berkshire
– Features – Heart of Slough. ^ Mayo, Nick (17 December 2009). "Progress for Heart of Slough project". Maidenhead
Maidenhead
Advertiser. Archived from the original on 24 July 2015.  ^ Shah, Aditi (18 June 2009). "Segro unveils images of Slough
Slough
Trading Estate". Property Week.  ^ Herschel Park multi-million Pound refurbishment. ^ "Who Do You Think You Are? – Davina McCall". The National Archives. Archived from the original on 26 July 2009. Retrieved 16 July 2009.  ^ "Olympic upgrade for Slough
Slough
station". Slough
Slough
& Langley Observer. 17 March 2010.  ^ Greenshields, Mike (22 March 2010). " Britwell
Britwell
regeneration scheme one step closer to reality". Slough
Slough
& Langley Observer.  ^ Smith, Claire (24 March 2010). "Video: Heart of Slough project begins £450m work". Maidenhead
Maidenhead
Advertiser. Archived from the original on 24 July 2015.  ^ " Slough
Slough
Town Hall Listing Refused — DCMS overturns English Heritage's advice again" (Press release). The Twentieth Century Society. 16 February 2010. Archived from the original on 25 February 2012.  ^ "£130million deal sees Slough's shopping malls bought by Abu Dhabi investment company subsidiary".  ^ "1971-00 Wetdays". Retrieved 23 February 2011.  ^ "Climate Normals 1981–2010". MetOffice. August 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011.  ^ "2011 Census: Religion, local authorities in England
England
and Wales". United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census 2011. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 December 2012.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 11 July 2013.  ^ p20, The Changing Face of Slough, Slough
Slough
Museum, Breedon Books, Derby, 2003 ^ Fraser (1973), p. 100. ^ Plant profiles: Pinks, dianthus. BBC
BBC
Gardening. Retrieved 24 February 2007. Archived 5 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ The History of Buckland & Sons by Edward Barry Bowyer FRICS (1973). ^ "Thunderbirds return to their Slough
Slough
home".  ^ Location of registered office of Amazon.co.uk Ltd. Retrieved 27 December 2008. ^ " Furniture Village Limited", Companies House. Retrieved 5 March 2011. ^ p120, The Changing Face of Slough, Slough
Slough
Museum, Breedon Books, Derby, 2003 ^ [2] ^ First Group: Thames Valley
Thames Valley
Routes. ^ [3] ^ [4] Archived 18 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ [5] ^ M4 (1 January 1970). "m4 motorway slough – Google Maps". Maps.google.co.uk. Retrieved 18 September 2012.  ^ "National Rail Enquiries – Station Facilities for Burnham (Bucks)". Nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 18 September 2012.  ^ "National Rail Enquiries – Station Facilities for Slough". Nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 18 September 2012.  ^ "National Rail Enquiries – Station Facilities for Langley (Berks)". Nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 18 September 2012.  ^ [6] Archived 21 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Final route for £500m Western rail access to Heathrow to be announced by end of year News". Slough
Slough
Observer. Retrieved 2014-01-14.  ^ "Western Rail Access To Heathrow: Delivering Economic Benefits - TVB". Retrieved 30 September 2014.  ^ "Route unveiled for Western Rail Access to Heathrow (WRAtH) project - Hounslow Chamber".  ^ Simon_MacMichael   22 October 2013  . "Come friendly bikes… Cycle Hire Slough
Slough
launched yesterday". road.cc. Retrieved 2014-01-14. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Richard Hill (2003). "The Final Cut" (PDF). Canal and Riverboat Magazine. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2017.  ^ "Skills & Education". Slough
Slough
Means Business. Retrieved 2014-01-14.  ^ William Shakespeare
Shakespeare
– The Merry Wiues of Windsor Page 32. William-shakespeare.classic-literature.co.uk. ^ Lear, Edward (1872). More Nonsense. Pictures, Rhymes, Botany, Etc. London: Robert J. Bush.  ^ Brave New World
Brave New World
Chapter 5. Huxley.net. ^ [7] Local Government website. ^ Poetic justice at last for Slough. BBC
BBC
News (16 September 2006). ^ Panorama – Immigration – How we lost count Archived 29 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Bilton, Richard (23 July 2012). "Immigration: How we lost count". BBC. Retrieved 24 August 2012.  ^ [8] Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Compare Britwell
Britwell
/ Haymill, Thames Valley
Thames Valley
Police - Police.uk".  ^ "Reported crime in Slough
Slough
drops over last 10 years Council Slough
Slough
News". SloughExpress. 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2014-01-14. 

References

Fraser, Maxwell (1973). The History of Slough. Slough
Slough
Corporation. ISBN 978-0-904164-00-8. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Slough.

Slough
Slough
travel guide from Wikivoyage Slough
Slough
Borough Council Slough
Slough
Community Information Weblinks from Slough
Slough
Libraries Slough
Slough
History Online Proud to be Slough Slough
Slough
Means Business

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