A sloppy joe is a sandwich consisting of ground beef
s, tomato sauce
, Worcestershire sauce
, and other seasonings, served on a hamburger bun
. The dish originated in the United States
during the early 20th century.
Early and mid-20th century American cookbooks
offer plenty of sloppy joe-type recipes, though they go by different names: Toasted Deviled Hamburgers, Chopped Meat Sandwiches, Spanish Hamburgers, Hamburg a la Creole, Beef Mironton, and Minced Beef Spanish Style.
Marilyn Brown, Director of the Consumer Test Kitchen at H.J. Heinz
, says their research at the Carnegie Library suggests that the sloppy joe's origins lie with the "loose meat
sandwiches" sold in Sioux City, Iowa
, in the 1930s and were the creation of a cook named Joe.
References to sloppy joes as sandwiches begin by the 1940s. One example from Ohio is a 1944 ''Coshocton Tribune
'' ad under the heading "'Good Things to Eat' says 'Sloppy Joes' – 10c – Originated in Cuba – You'll ask for more – The Hamburg Shop" and elsewhere on the same page, "Hap is introducing that new sandwich at The Hamburg Shop – Sloppy Joes – 10c".
The term ''sloppy joe's'' had an earlier definition of any cheap restaurant or lunch counter serving cheap food quickly or of a type of casual clothing.
Food companies began producing packaged sloppy joe, in cans with meat, or just the sauce, such as Manwich
, by the 1960s.
Several variations of the sloppy joe exist in North America. In Quebec
, sandwiches of stewed ground beef such as ''pain à la viande'' and ''pain fourré gumbo'' are usually served on hot dog bun
s. A similar sandwich, the "dynamite", exists in the area around Woonsocket, Rhode Island
, and is distinguished by the use of onions, bell pepper
s, and sometimes celery
Stewed meat sandwiches are common in several other culinary traditions as well. The ''rou jia mo
'', from China's Shaanxi Province
, consists of stewed pork
, beef, or lamb on a steamed bun. ''Keema pav
'' of Indian cuisine
uses a ''pav'' bread roll filled with keema
, a minced, stewed, curried meat.
or textured vegetable protein
may be used as a substitute for ground beef.
A sloppy joe differs from a traditional loose meat or tavern sandwich
due largely to its tomato-based sauce.
In some stores in northern New Jersey, an unrelated sandwich
made with a combination of deli meat
, such as turkey, roast beef or especially ham, with coleslaw, Russian dressing and Swiss cheese on three slices of rye bread is also known as a sloppy joe.
* Barbecue sandwich
* Chili burger
* List of American foods
* List of American sandwiches
* List of sandwiches
* Sloppy Giuseppe