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The SLAVE COAST is a historical name formerly used for parts of coastal West Africa
West Africa
along the Bight of Benin . The name is derived from the fact that it was a major source of African slaves during the Atlantic slave trade from the early 16th century to the 19th century. Other nearby coastal regions historically known by their prime colonial export are the Gold Coast , the Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
, and the Pepper Coast (or Grain Coast).

HISTORY

According to most research, the beginnings of the slave trade in this area are not well documented. It is difficult to track the development of trade in this area and its integration into the trans-Atlantic slave trade before about 1670, when European sources begin to document this trade.

The slave trade became so extensive in the 18th and 19th centuries that an “Atlantic community” was formed. The slave trade was facilitated on the European end by the Portuguese , the Dutch , the French and the British . Slaves went to the New World , mostly to Brazil
Brazil
and the Caribbean
Caribbean
. Ports that exported these slaves from Africa
Africa
include Ouidah , Lagos
Lagos
, Aného (Little Popo), Grand-Popo , Agoué , Jakin , Porto-Novo
Porto-Novo
, and Badagry . These ports traded in slaves that were supplied by African communities, tribes and kingdoms, including the Alladah and Ouidah , which were later taken over by the Dahomey
Dahomey
kingdom.

Researchers estimate that between 2 and 3 million slaves were exported out of this region and were traded for goods like alcohol and tobacco from the Americas and textiles from Europe. Current estimates are that about 12 million Africans were shipped across the Atlantic from West Africa, although the number purchased by the traders is considerably higher.

This complex exchange fostered political and cultural as well as commercial connections between these three regions. Religions, architectural styles, languages, knowledge, and other new goods were mingled at this time. In addition to the slaves, free men used the exchange routes to travel to new places, and both slaves and free travellers aided in blending European and African cultures. Intermarriage has been documented in ports like Ouidah where Europeans were permanently stationed. Communication was quite extensive between all three areas of trade, to the point where even individual slaves could be tracked.

After slavery had been abolished by European countries, the slave trade continued for a time with independent traders (instead of government agents). Cultural integration had become so extensive that the defining characteristics of each culture were increasingly broadened. In the case of Brazilian culture—which had differentiated itself from Portuguese culture through its combination of African, Portuguese and New World traditions—Brazilian-style dress, cuisine and speaking Portuguese had become the main requirements for Brazilian identity, regardless of ethnicity, religion, or geographic location.

SEE ALSO

* Atlantic slave trade * Bristol slave trade * Dutch Slave Coast

REFERENCES AND SOURCES

References

* ^ Law, p.307 * ^ Ronald Segal, The Black Diaspora: Five Centuries of the Black Experience Outside Africa
Africa
(New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1995), ISBN 0-374-11396-3 , p. 4. "It is now estimated that 11,863,000 slaves were shipped across the Atlantic." (Note in original: Paul E. Lovejoy, "The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on Africa: A Review of the Literature", in Journal of African History 30 (1989), p. 368.) * ^ Eltis, David and Richardson, David, "The Numbers Game". In: Northrup, David: The Atlantic Slave Trade, 2nd edn, Houghton Mifflin Co., 2002, p. 95. * ^ Basil Davidson. The African Slave Trade. * ^ Law, p.319 * ^ Law, p.327

Sources

* Law, Robin. The Slave Coast
Slave Coast
of West Africa
West Africa
1550-1750: The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on an African Society. Clarendon Press
Clarendon Press
, Oxford, 1991. * Law, Robin and Kristin Mann . “African and American Atlantic Worlds.” The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., 56:2 Apr. 1999, pp. 307–334. * Shillington, Kevin. History of Africa. 2nd Edition, MacMillan Publishers Limited, NY USA, 2005. * St Clair, William. The Door of No Return: The History of Cape Coast Castle and the Atlantic Slave Trade. BlueBridge.

* v * t * e

Regions of the world

* v * t * e

Regions of Africa
Africa

NORTH

* Mediterranean * Gibraltar Arc

* Greater Middle East
Greater Middle East

* MENA * Middle East
Middle East

* Maghreb
Maghreb

* Barbary Coast * Barbara * Ancient Libya * Atlas Mountains ( Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
) * Sahara
Sahara
* Western Sahara
Sahara
* Sahel
Sahel

* Eastern Mediterranean
Eastern Mediterranean

* Egypt

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Middle Egypt
* Lower Egypt
Lower Egypt
* Cataracts of the Nile * Bashmur

* Nubia
Nubia

* Lower Nubia
Nubia

* Nile Valley * Nile Delta * Darfur
Darfur
* Gulf of Aqaba * Sub-Saharan

EAST

* Aethiopia * Swahili coast * East African Rift * Great Rift Valley
Great Rift Valley
* Afar Triangle * Danakil Desert * Danakil Alps

* Albertine Rift

* Virunga Mountains

* Gregory Rift Valley * Southern Rift Valley

* Rift Valley lakes
Rift Valley lakes

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Africa

* Ethiopian Highlands
Ethiopian Highlands
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Gulf of Aden
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Sudanian Savanna
* East African montane forests * Sub-Saharan

CENTRAL

* Negroland

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea

* Cape Lopez * Mayombe

* Igboland

* Mbaise

* Maputaland * Pool Malebo * Congo Basin * Chad Basin * Congolese rainforests * Ouaddaï highlands
Ouaddaï highlands
* Ennedi Plateau * Sub-Saharan

WEST

* Pepper Coast * Gold Coast * Slave Coast * Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
* Cape Palmas * Cape Mesurado * Negroland

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea

* Sudanian Savanna
Sudanian Savanna
* Niger Basin * Guinean Forests of West Africa
West Africa
* Sudan (region) * Niger Delta
Niger Delta
* Inner Niger Delta
Niger Delta
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SOUTH

* Madagascar
Madagascar

* Central Highlands (Madagascar)
Central Highlands (Madagascar)
* Northern Highlands

* Rhodesia

* North * South

* Thembuland
Thembuland
* Succulent Karoo
Succulent Karoo
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Bushveld
* Highveld * Fynbos
Fynbos
* Cape Floristic Region
Cape Floristic Region
* Kalahari Desert * Okavango Delta * False Bay * Hydra Bay
Hydra Bay
* Sub-Saharan

* Anglophone Africa
Africa
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Africa
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Africa
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Africa
* Sub-Saharan Africa
Africa
* Tropical Africa
Africa
* Islands

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Regions of North America
North America

CANADA

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Canada
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Canada
* Canadian Prairies * Northern Canada
Canada
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Canada
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Canada

* Acadia
Acadia

* Acadian Peninsula
Acadian Peninsula

* Quebec City–Windsor Corridor * Peace River Country * Cypress Hills * Palliser\'s Triangle * Canadian Shield
Canadian Shield
* Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga * Newfoundland (island)
Newfoundland (island)
* Vancouver island * Gulf Islands * Strait of Georgia
Strait of Georgia
* Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
* Labrador Peninsula * Gaspé Peninsula

* Avalon Peninsula

* Bay de Verde Peninsula
Bay de Verde Peninsula

* Brodeur Peninsula * Melville Peninsula
Melville Peninsula
* Bruce Peninsula * Banks Peninsula (Nunavut)
Banks Peninsula (Nunavut)
* Cook Peninsula * Gulf of Boothia
Gulf of Boothia
* Georgian Bay
Georgian Bay
* Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
* James Bay * Greenland
Greenland

UNITED STATES

* Pacific Northwest * Inland Northwest

* Northeast

* New England
New England
* Commonwealth

* West

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Upper Midwest
* Mid-Atlantic * Mountain States * Intermountain West * Basin and Range Province

* Oregon Trail * Mormon Corridor * Calumet Region

* Southwest

* Old Southwest

* Llano Estacado
Llano Estacado
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* Central United States

* Tallgrass prairie

* South

* South Central * Deep South * Upland South

* Four Corners
Four Corners
* East Coast * West Coast * Gulf Coast * Third Coast * Coastal states

* Eastern United States

* Appalachia
Appalachia

* Trans-Mississippi * Great North Woods * Great Plains * Interior Plains * Great Lakes

* Great Basin

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Blackstone Valley
* Piney Woods
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* Rocky Mountains * Mojave Desert * The Dakotas * The Carolinas
The Carolinas
* Shawnee Hills * San Fernando Valley * Tornado Alley * North Coast * Lost Coast
Lost Coast
* Emerald Triangle
Emerald Triangle

* San Francisco Bay Area
San Francisco Bay Area

* San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
* North Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) * East Bay ( San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area) * Silicon valley
Silicon valley

* Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga * Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
* Lower Colorado River Valley * Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta * Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta * Colville Delta * Arkansas Delta * Mobile–Tensaw River Delta * Mississippi Delta
Mississippi Delta
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Keweenaw Peninsula
* Middle Peninsula * Delmarva Peninsula * Alaska Peninsula
Alaska Peninsula
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Kenai Peninsula
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* Belt regions

* Bible Belt
Bible Belt
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Frost Belt
* Rice Belt * Rust Belt
Rust Belt
* Sun Belt * Snow Belt

MEXICO

* Northern Mexico
Mexico
* Baja California Peninsula

* Gulf of California

* Colorado River Delta
Colorado River Delta

* Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
* Soconusco * Tierra Caliente * La Mixteca * La Huasteca * Bajío * Valley of Mexico
Mexico
* Mezquital Valley
Mezquital Valley
* Sierra Madre de Oaxaca * Yucatán Peninsula * Basin and Range Province

CENTRAL

* Western Caribbean
Caribbean
Zone * Isthmus of Panama
Isthmus of Panama

* Gulf of Panama

* Pearl Islands

* Azuero Peninsula * Mosquito Coast
Mosquito Coast

CARIBBEAN

* West Indies
West Indies

* Antilles
Antilles

* Greater Antilles
Antilles

* Lesser Antilles
Antilles

* Leeward * Leeward Antilles
Antilles
* Windward

* Lucayan Archipelago * Southern Caribbean
Caribbean

* Aridoamerica
Aridoamerica
* Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
* Oasisamerica
Oasisamerica
* Northern * Middle * Anglo

* Latin

* French * Hispanic

* American Cordillera * Ring of Fire * LAC

* v * t * e

Regions of South America
South America

NORTH

* Caribbean
Caribbean
South America
South America
* West Indies
West Indies
* Los Llanos * The Guianas

* Amazon Basin
Amazon Basin

* Amazon rainforest
Amazon rainforest

* Gulf of Paria * Paria Peninsula * Paraguaná Peninsula * Orinoco Delta

SOUTH

* Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego
* Patagonia
Patagonia
* Pampas
Pampas
* Pantanal
Pantanal
* Gran Chaco * Chiquitano dry forests * Valdes Peninsula
Valdes Peninsula

WEST

* Andes
Andes

* Tropical Andes
Andes
* Wet Andes
Andes
* Dry Andes
Andes
* Pariacaca mountain range

* Altiplano
Altiplano
* Atacama Desert
Atacama Desert

EAST

* Amazon basin
Amazon basin
* Atlantic Forest
Atlantic Forest
* Caatinga
Caatinga
* Cerrado
Cerrado

* Latin * Hispanic * American Cordillera * Ring of Fire * LAC

* v * t * e

Regions of Asia
Asia

CENTRAL

* Greater Middle East
Greater Middle East

* Aral Sea
Aral Sea

* Aralkum Desert * Caspian Sea * Dead Sea
Dead Sea
* Sea of Galilee
Sea of Galilee

* Transoxiana

* Turan
Turan

* Greater Khorasan * Ariana
Ariana
* Khwarezm * Sistan
Sistan
* Kazakhstania

* Eurasian Steppe

* Asian Steppe * Kazakh Steppe
Kazakh Steppe
* Pontic–Caspian steppe

* Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

* Wild Fields
Wild Fields

* Yedisan
Yedisan
* Muravsky Trail
Muravsky Trail

* Ural

* Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains

* Volga region * Idel-Ural * Kolyma * Transbaikal * Pryazovia * Bjarmaland * Kuban
Kuban
* Zalesye * Ingria
Ingria
* Novorossiya
Novorossiya
* Gornaya Shoriya * Tulgas * Iranian plateau * Altai Mountains
Altai Mountains
* Pamir Mountains * Tian Shan
Tian Shan
* Badakhshan
Badakhshan
* Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
* Wakhjir Pass * Mount Imeon
Mount Imeon
* Mongolian Plateau * Western Regions * Taklamakan Desert
Taklamakan Desert

* Karakoram
Karakoram

* Trans- Karakoram
Karakoram
Tract

* Siachen Glacier
Siachen Glacier

NORTH

* Inner Asia
Asia
* Northeast

* Far East
Far East

* Russian Far East
Far East
* Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga

* Extreme North

* Siberia
Siberia

* Baikalia ( Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal
) * Transbaikal * Khatanga Gulf
Khatanga Gulf
* Baraba Steppe

* Kamchatka Peninsula
Kamchatka Peninsula
* Amur Basin * Yenisei Gulf
Yenisei Gulf
* Yenisei Basin * Beringia * Sikhote-Alin

EAST

* Japanese archipelago

* Northeastern Japan Arc * Sakhalin Island Arc

* Korean Peninsula * Gobi Desert * Taklamakan Desert
Taklamakan Desert
* Greater Khingan * Mongolian Plateau * Inner Asia
Asia
* Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
* Outer Mongolia * China proper
China proper

* Manchuria
Manchuria

* Outer Manchuria
Manchuria
* Inner Manchuria
Manchuria
* Northeast China Plain * Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

* North China Plain

* Yan_Mountains

* Kunlun Mountains
Kunlun Mountains
* Liaodong Peninsula * Himalayas
Himalayas

* Tibetan Plateau
Tibetan Plateau

* Tibet
Tibet

* Tarim Basin
Tarim Basin
* Northern Silk Road
Northern Silk Road
* Hexi Corridor
Hexi Corridor
* Nanzhong * Lingnan
Lingnan
* Liangguang * Jiangnan
Jiangnan
* Jianghuai * Guanzhong * Huizhou * Wu * Jiaozhou * Zhongyuan
Zhongyuan
* Shaannan

* Ordos Loop

* Loess Plateau * Shaanbei

* Hamgyong Mountains * Central Mountain Range * Japanese Alps * Suzuka Mountains * Leizhou Peninsula
Leizhou Peninsula
* Gulf of Tonkin * Yangtze River Delta * Pearl River Delta * Yenisei Basin * Altai Mountains
Altai Mountains
* Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
* Wakhjir Pass

WEST

* Greater Middle East
Greater Middle East

* MENA * Middle East
Middle East

* Red Sea
Red Sea
* Caspian Sea * Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
* Zagros Mountains

* Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf

* Pirate Coast * Strait of Hormuz
Strait of Hormuz
* Greater and Lesser Tunbs

* Al-Faw Peninsula * Gulf of Oman
Gulf of Oman
* Gulf of Aqaba * Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Balochistan
Balochistan

* Arabian Peninsula

* Najd
Najd
* Hejaz
Hejaz
* Tihamah * Eastern Arabia

* South Arabia
South Arabia

* Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
* Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert

* Tigris–Euphrates

* Mesopotamia

* Upper Mesopotamia * Lower Mesopotamia * Sawad
Sawad
* Nineveh plains * Akkad (region)
Akkad (region)
* Babylonia
Babylonia

* Canaan
Canaan
* Aram * Eber-Nari * Suhum * Eastern Mediterranean
Eastern Mediterranean
* Mashriq
Mashriq
* Kurdistan
Kurdistan

* Levant
Levant

* Southern Levant
Levant
* Transjordan * Jordan Rift Valley

* Levantine Sea * Golan Heights
Golan Heights
* Hula Valley * Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
* West Bank
West Bank
* Galilee
Galilee
* Gilead
Gilead
* Judea
Judea
* Samaria
Samaria
* Arabah
Arabah
* Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Anti-Lebanon Mountains
* Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
* Arabian Desert
Arabian Desert
* Syrian Desert * Fertile Crescent
Fertile Crescent
* Azerbaijan * Syria * Palestine * Iranian plateau * Armenian Highlands

* Caucasus
Caucasus

* Caucasus
Caucasus
mountains

* Greater Caucasus
Caucasus
* Lesser Caucasus
Caucasus

* North Caucasus
Caucasus

* South Caucasus
Caucasus

* Kur-Araz Lowland * Lankaran Lowland
Lankaran Lowland
* Alborz * Absheron Peninsula

* Anatolia
Anatolia
* Cilicia
Cilicia
* Cappadocia * Alpide belt

SOUTH

* Greater India * Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
* Himalayas
Himalayas
* Hindu Kush * Western Ghats
Western Ghats
* Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
* Ganges Basin * Ganges Delta
Ganges Delta
* Pashtunistan * Punjab * Balochistan
Balochistan

* Kashmir
Kashmir

* Kashmir
Kashmir
Valley * Pir Panjal Range

* Thar Desert * Indus Valley * Indus River
Indus River
Delta * Indus Valley Desert * Indo-Gangetic Plain * Eastern coastal plains
Eastern coastal plains
* Western Coastal Plains * Meghalaya subtropical forests * Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests * Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows * Doab * Bagar region * Great Rann of Kutch * Little Rann of Kutch
Little Rann of Kutch
* Deccan Plateau * Coromandel Coast * Konkan
Konkan
* False Divi Point * Hindi Belt * Ladakh
Ladakh
* Aksai Chin

* Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit-Baltistan

* Baltistan
Baltistan
* Shigar Valley

* Karakoram
Karakoram

* Saltoro Mountains

* Siachen Glacier
Siachen Glacier
* Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
* Gulf of Khambhat * Gulf of Kutch * Gulf of Mannar * Trans- Karakoram
Karakoram
Tract * Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
* Wakhjir Pass * Lakshadweep

* Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar Islands

* Andaman Islands * Nicobar Islands
Nicobar Islands

* Maldive Islands * Alpide belt

SOUTHEAST

* Mainland

* Indochina
Indochina
* Malay Peninsula

* Maritime

* Peninsular Malaysia * Sunda Islands * Greater Sunda Islands * Lesser Sunda Islands

* Indonesian Archipelago * Timor
Timor

* New Guinea
New Guinea

* Bonis Peninsula * Papuan Peninsula * Huon Peninsula * Huon Gulf
Huon Gulf
* Bird\'s Head Peninsula * Gazelle Peninsula

* Philippine Archipelago

* Luzon
Luzon
* Visayas
Visayas
* Mindanao
Mindanao

* Leyte Gulf * Gulf of Thailand * East Indies
East Indies
* Nanyang * Alpide belt

* Asia-Pacific * Tropical Asia
Asia
* Ring of Fire

* v * t * e

Regions of Europe
Europe

NORTH

* Nordic * Northwestern * Scandinavia
Scandinavia
* Scandinavian Peninsula * Fennoscandia * Baltoscandia
Baltoscandia
* Sápmi * West Nordic * Baltic * Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Gulf of Bothnia * Gulf of Finland * Iceland
Iceland
* Faroe Islands

EAST

* Danubian countries * Prussia * Galicia

* Sambia Peninsula
Sambia Peninsula

* Amber Coast
Amber Coast

* Curonian Spit * Izyum Trail * Lithuania Minor * Nemunas Delta
Nemunas Delta
* Baltic * Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Vyborg Bay * Lokhaniemi

* Southeastern

* Balkans
Balkans
* Aegean Islands
Aegean Islands
* Gulf of Chania * North Caucasus
Caucasus
* Greater Caucasus
Caucasus
* Kabardia

* European Russia

* Southern Russia
Southern Russia

CENTRAL

* Baltic * Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Alpine states * Alpide belt * Mitteleuropa * Visegrád Group
Visegrád Group

WEST

* Benelux
Benelux
* Low Countries
Low Countries
* Northwest * British Isles
British Isles
* English Channel * Channel Islands
Channel Islands
* Cotentin Peninsula
Cotentin Peninsula
* Normandy
Normandy
* Brittany
Brittany
* Gulf of Lion

* Iberia

* Al-Andalus * Baetic System

* Pyrenees
Pyrenees
* Alpide belt

SOUTH

* Italian Peninsula * Insular Italy * Tuscan Archipelago
Tuscan Archipelago
* Aegadian Islands

* Iberia

* Al-Andalus * Baetic System

* Gibraltar Arc * Southeastern * Mediterranean * Crimea
Crimea
* Donbass
Donbass
* Sloboda Ukraine * Alpide belt

* Germanic * Romance * Celtic * Slavic countries * Uralic * European Plain
European Plain
* Eurasian Steppe * Pontic–Caspian steppe * Wild Fields
Wild Fields

* Pannonian Basin
Pannonian Basin

* Great Hungarian Plain
Great Hungarian Plain
* Little Hungarian Plain * Eastern Slovak Lowland

* Volhynia

* Karelia
Karelia

* East Karelia
Karelia
* Karelian Isthmus

* v * t * e

Regions of Oceania
Oceania

AUSTRALASIA

* Gulf of Carpentaria
Gulf of Carpentaria

* New Guinea
New Guinea

* Bonis Peninsula * Papuan Peninsula * Huon Peninsula * Huon Gulf
Huon Gulf
* Bird\'s Head Peninsula * Gazelle Peninsula

* New Zealand
New Zealand

* South Island
South Island

* North Island

* Coromandel Peninsula

* Zealandia
Zealandia
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Solomon Islands (archipelago)
Solomon Islands (archipelago)

* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

* Kula Gulf

* Australia
Australia
* Capital Country * Eastern Australia
Australia
* Lake Eyre basin
Lake Eyre basin
* Murray–Darling basin * Northern Australia
Australia
* Nullarbor Plain
Nullarbor Plain
* Outback

* Southern Australia
Australia

* Maralinga

* Sunraysia * Great Victoria Desert
Great Victoria Desert
* Gulf of Carpentaria
Gulf of Carpentaria
* Gulf St Vincent
Gulf St Vincent
* Lefevre Peninsula
Lefevre Peninsula
* Fleurieu Peninsula * Yorke Peninsula
Yorke Peninsula
* Eyre Peninsula * Mornington Peninsula
Mornington Peninsula
* Bellarine Peninsula
Bellarine Peninsula
* Mount Henry Peninsula

MELANESIA

* Islands Region

* Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago
* Solomon Islands Archipelago

* Fiji
Fiji
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

MICRONESIA

* Caroline Islands

* Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
* Palau
Palau

* Guam
Guam
* Kiribati
Kiribati
* Marshall Islands * Nauru * Northern Mariana Islands * Wake Island

POLYNESIA

* Easter Island
Easter Island
* Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands
* Cook Islands
Cook Islands

* French Polynesia
Polynesia

* Austral Islands * Gambier Islands * Marquesas Islands * Society Islands
Society Islands
* Tuamotu

* Kermadec Islands * Mangareva Islands * Samoa
Samoa
* Tokelau * Tonga
Tonga
* Tuvalu
Tuvalu

* Ring of Fire

* v * t * e

Polar regions

ANTARCTIC

* Antarctic
Antarctic
Peninsula * East Antarctica
East Antarctica
* West Antarctica
West Antarctica
* Eklund Islands * Ecozone * Extreme points * Islands

ARCTIC

* Arctic
Arctic
Alaska * British Arctic
Arctic
Territories * Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
* Finnmark
Finnmark
* Greenland
Greenland
* Northern Canada
Canada
* Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
* Nunavik * Nunavut
Nunavut
* Russian Arctic
Arctic
* Sakha * Sápmi * Yukon
Yukon
* North American Arctic
Arctic

* v * t * e

Earth
Earth
's oceans and seas

ARCTIC OCEAN

* Amundsen Gulf * Barents Sea * Beaufort Sea * Chukchi Sea * East Siberian Sea * Greenland
Greenland
Sea * Gulf of Boothia
Gulf of Boothia
* Kara Sea * Laptev Sea * Lincoln Sea
Lincoln Sea
* Prince Gustav Adolf Sea
Prince Gustav Adolf Sea
* Pechora Sea * Queen Victoria Sea * Wandel Sea * White Sea

ATLANTIC OCEAN

* Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
* Aegean Sea * Alboran Sea * Archipelago Sea * Argentine Sea * Baffin Bay
Baffin Bay
* Balearic Sea
Balearic Sea
* Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Bay of Biscay
Bay of Biscay
* Bay of Bothnia * Bay of Campeche * Bay of Fundy
Bay of Fundy
* Black Sea
Black Sea
* Bothnian Sea * Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea * Celtic Sea * English Channel * Foxe Basin
Foxe Basin
* Greenland
Greenland
Sea * Gulf of Bothnia * Gulf of Finland * Gulf of Lion * Gulf of Guinea * Gulf of Maine * Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
* Gulf of Saint Lawrence * Gulf of Sidra
Gulf of Sidra
* Gulf of Venezuela * Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
* Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
* Irish Sea * Irminger Sea
Irminger Sea
* James Bay * Labrador Sea
Labrador Sea
* Levantine Sea * Libyan Sea * Ligurian Sea * Marmara Sea * Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
* Myrtoan Sea * North Sea
North Sea
* Norwegian Sea
Norwegian Sea
* Sargasso Sea * Sea of Åland
Sea of Åland
* Sea of Azov * Sea of Crete * Sea of the Hebrides * Thracian Sea * Tyrrhenian Sea * Wadden Sea
Wadden Sea

INDIAN OCEAN

* Andaman Sea * Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
* Bali Sea
Bali Sea
* Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
* Flores Sea
Flores Sea
* Great Australian Bight
Great Australian Bight
* Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Gulf of Aqaba * Gulf of Khambhat * Gulf of Kutch * Gulf of Oman
Gulf of Oman
* Gulf of Suez * Java Sea * Laccadive Sea * Mozambique Channel * Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
* Red Sea
Red Sea
* Timor
Timor
Sea

PACIFIC OCEAN

* Arafura Sea * Banda Sea * Bering Sea * Bismarck Sea * Bohai Sea * Bohol Sea * Camotes Sea * Celebes Sea * Ceram Sea
Ceram Sea
* Chilean Sea * Coral Sea
Coral Sea
* East China Sea * Gulf of Alaska * Gulf of Anadyr * Gulf of California * Gulf of Carpentaria
Gulf of Carpentaria
* Gulf of Fonseca * Gulf of Panama * Gulf of Thailand * Gulf of Tonkin * Halmahera Sea * Koro Sea * Mar de Grau
Mar de Grau
* Molucca Sea * Moro Gulf * Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
* Salish Sea * Savu Sea * Sea of Japan * Sea of Okhotsk
Sea of Okhotsk
* Seto Inland Sea
Seto Inland Sea
* Shantar Sea * Sibuyan Sea * Solomon Sea * South China Sea
South China Sea
* Sulu Sea
Sulu Sea
* Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
* Visayan Sea
Visayan Sea
* Yellow Sea

SOUTHERN OCEAN

* Amundsen Sea
Amundsen Sea
* Bellingshausen Sea * Cooperation Sea * Cosmonauts Sea * Davis Sea * D\'Urville Sea * King Haakon VII Sea * Lazarev Sea
Lazarev Sea
* Mawson Sea * Riiser-Larsen Sea * Ross Sea * Scotia Sea
Scotia Sea
* Somov Sea * Weddell Sea
Weddell Sea

ENDORHEIC BASINS

* Aral Sea
Aral Sea
* Caspian Sea *