1 Etymology 2 History 3 Excavations 4 Buildings
4.1 Roman theatre
5 See also 6 References 7 Sources 8 External links
Etymology The name (Greek: Σκοῦποι, Skoupoi) probably derives from the Greek ἐπίσκοπος, i.e. episcopus (lit. "watcher, observer"; cf. the modern English adjective episcopal), referring to its position on a high place, from which the whole place could be observed. In the most ancient times, it was located on Zaychev Rid, now a hill on the West of present-day Skopje. Being located on a hill, it could have been used as a place from which the whole of the area was observed. According to some opinions, in the beginning it was merely a (military) observation post. However, the Slavic forms, which show a common plural (mac. Скопје, srb. Скопље, bulg. Скопие) curiously present a plural form. The last part of the word, -je, is a suffix that conveys the meaning of indefinite plural, which states that there are many of the object considered, but does not state exact number (which perhaps can be conveyed with the phrase 'bunch of'). It may mean that it was a military settlement, which was formed of, or consisted of many observing posts. History
Tombstone in Scupi.
He therefore built a wall of small compass about this place in the
form of a square, placing a tower at each corner, and caused it to be
called, as it actually is, Tetrapyrgia. And close by this place he
built a very notable city which he named Justiniana Prima, thus paying
a debt of gratitude to the home that fostered him. In that place also
he constructed an aqueduct and so caused the city to be abundantly
supplied with ever-running water. And many other enterprises were
carried out by the founder of this city - works of great size and
worthy of especial note. For to enumerate the churches is not easy,
and it is impossible to tell in words of the lodgings for magistrates,
the great stoas, the fine marketplaces, the fountains, the streets,
the baths, the shops. In brief, the city is both great and populous
and blessed in every way.
— Procopius, description of
Pillar capital in Scupi.
The excavations on the archaeological site started in the period
between the two World Wars. Radoslav Gruić discovered the early
Christian basilica in 1925 and the most important discovery was made
by Nikola Vulić, a Serbian archeologist, when he found the ancient
Nikola Vulić was the archeologist that published most
Excavations on the site were done in 1959-61 by Duje
Rendić-Miočević that were published in 1981 and by Ivan Mikulčić
published in 1971 and 1973.
The Museum of the City of
Walls in Scupi.
There are four building periods. The first is the time of the alleged
camp of two legions from 168 BC. The second is the foundation of the
Roman colonia that ended with the invasion by the Goths in AD 269. The
third period is most distinguished and is represented by the remains
of one civil basilica, a complex of baths (thermae) and one townhouse.
The last, the fourth period that begins roughly after the invasion by
^ Smith, William, ed. (1854). "Scupi". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: Walton and Maberly, Upper Gower Street and Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row; John Murray, Albemarle Street. ^ Ptolemy. "III.9.6". Geography (in Greek). ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. "Σκοῦποι". Ethnika kat' epitomen (in Greek). ^ Macedonia yesterday and today Author Giorgio Nurigiani, Publisher Teleurope, 1967 p. 77. ^ Vladimir P. Petrović, Pre-Roman and Roman Dardania Historical and Geographical Considerations, Balcanica XXXVII, p 10. ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, John Boardman, Volume 13 of The Cambridge Ancient History, Author Averil Cameron, Contributor R. C. Blockley, Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1996, p. 570. ^ The Illyrians, Author John Wilkes, Publisher Wiley-Blackwell, 1995, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 213. ^ 42°01′00″N 21°23′31″E / 42.0166°N 21.3920733°E / 42.0166; 21.3920733. ^ Balkan Travellers Archived 2012-02-09 at the Wayback Machine.
Koraćević, Dušanka (2002) Scupi. Skopje: Museum of the city of Skopje Procopius. (1940). The Buildings, Book IV (Part 1). Retrieved from the website.
Coordinates: 42°00.996′N 021°23.524′E / 42.016600°N 21.392067°E / 42.016600; 21.392067 External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scupi.
Inscriptions de la Mésie supérieure
v t e
Aerodrom Butel Čair Centar Gazi Baba Gjorče Petrov Karpoš Kisela Voda Saraj Šuto Orizari
Church of the Ascension of Jesus Church of St Clement of Ohrid Church of St Nicetas Church of St Panteleimon Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos Marko's Monastery
Mustafa Pasha Mosque Sultan Murad Mosque
Museum of Macedonia
Museum of the Macedonian Struggle
National Gallery of Macedonia
Contemporary Art Museum of Macedonia
Avtokomanda Boris Trajkovski Sports Center Boris Trajkovski Stadium Čair Stadium Cementarnica Stadium Independent Macedonia sport hall Gjorče Petrov Stadium Jane Sandanski Arena Lokomotiva Stadium Philip II Arena Rasadnik Hall SRC Kale Training Centre Petar Miloševski Železarnica Stadium
FK Alumina FK Balkan Skopje FK Butel FK Cementarnica 55 FK Goce Delčev Skopsko Pole FK Gorno Lisiče FK Ilinden Skopje KK Karpoš Sokoli FK Lokomotiva Skopje FK Madžari Solidarnost FK Makedonija Gjorče Petrov FK Metalurg Skopje FK Rabotnički FK Shkupi FK Skopje FK Sloga Jugomagnat FK Vardar KK Rabotnički KK Torus KK Vardar ŽKK Badel 1862 RK Metalurg Skopje RK Tineks Prolet RK Vardar ŽRK Metalurg ŽRK Vardar
FON University European University Ss. Cyril and Methodius University University American College Skopje Yahya Kemal College