A sketch (ultimately from Greek σχέδιος – schedios, "done extempore") is a rapidly executed freehand drawing that is not usually intended as a finished work. A sketch may serve a number of purposes: it might record something that the artist sees, it might record or develop an idea for later use or it might be used as a quick way of graphically demonstrating an image, idea or principle. Sketches can be made in any drawing medium. The term is most often applied to graphic work executed in a dry medium such as silverpoint, graphite, pencil, charcoal or pastel. But it may also apply to drawings executed in pen and ink, ballpoint pen, water colour and oil paint. The latter two are generally referred to as "water colour sketches" and "oil sketches". A sculptor might model three-dimensional sketches in clay, plasticine or wax.
1 Applications of sketching 2 Gallery 3 See also 4 References 5 Sources 6 External links
Applications of sketching
Sketching is generally a prescribed part of the studies of art
students. This generally includes making sketches (croquis) from a
live model whose pose changes every few minutes. A "sketch" usually
implies a quick and loosely drawn work, while related terms such as
study, modello and "preparatory drawing" usually refer to more
finished and careful works to be used as a basis for a final work,
often in a different medium, but the distinction is imprecise.
Subjects, styles and media
Three draft sketches in sepia for an equestrian monument, Leonardo da Vinci 1508–10
Sketch in pen and ink of an idea for a flying machine with a spiral rotor, Leonardo da Vinci.
Sketch of a head in a parade helmet, Michelangelo, c. 1500
Figure sketch in ink of two women teaching a baby to walk, Carel Fabritius, c. 1640
Sketch in pencil and ink of the Piazetta, Venice, Canaletto, c. 1730
The Pasha, an ink sketch by Jean-Honoré Fragonard, late 1700s
An oil sketch of clouds by John Constable, 1821–22
A sketch of a landscape in pencil by Camille Corot, 1870
Nocturene-Battersea Bridge, a pastel sketch by Whistler, 1872
Le Bouchon, a brush and ink sketch by Édouard Manet, 1878
A girl in a rowing boat, pencil, ink and watercolour, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1870s
A landscape sketch in brush and ink with washes, Paul Cézanne, (1888–90)
Sketch of a reclining nude in brush and ink washes, Lajos Tihanyi, 1910
Girl Knitting by the Sea, pencil and watercolour by Theo van Doesburg, 1918
Two ink sketches of Krishna playing the Flute, van Doesburg, early 20th century
Sketch of a male nude in black crayon, Egon Schiele, 1918
Watercolour landscape sketch, John Weeks, c. 1950
Court sketch from the New Haven Black Panther trials, Robert Templeton, 1971
Doodle Multi-Sketch Etch A Sketch, a toy Urban Sketchers
^ sketch Archived 2011-01-30 at the Wayback Machine., on Oxford
^ Douglas Harper. "Online Etymology Dictionary – Sketch". Archived
from the original on 2011-09-19.
^ σχέδιος Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine., Henry
George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
^ a b Diana Davies (editor), Harrap's Illustrated Dictionary of Art
and Artists, Harrap Books Limited, (1990) ISBN 0-245-54692-8
^ a b Cf. Sue Bleiweiss, The
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Media related to Sketches at Wikimedia Commons
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