HOME
The Info List - Skelmersdale


--- Advertisement ---



Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
/ˈskɛlmərzˌdeɪl/ is a town in West Lancashire, England. It lies on high-ground on the River Tawd, 6 miles (10 km) to the west of Wigan, 13 miles (21 km) to the northeast of Liverpool, 15 miles (24 km) south-southwest of Preston. As of 2006, Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
had a population of 38,813,[1] down from 41,000 in 2004. The town is known locally as Skem /ˈskɛm/. The first recorded use of the name Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
appears in the Domesday Book of 1086. It was under the rule of Uctred as part of the hundred of West Derby. The urbanisation and development of Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
largely coincided with the Industrial Revolution. Industrial scale coal mining began in the early 19th century and continued to expand during that century to give rise to Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
as an important colliery village. The town forms part of the Wigan
Wigan
Urban Area. Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
was designated as a new town in 1961.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History

2.1 Toponymy 2.2 Early history 2.3 New town

3 Transport

3.1 Road 3.2 Bus 3.3 Rail

4 Education 5 Economy 6 Shopping centres 7 Sports 8 Cadet Forces

8.1 Air Training Corps 8.2 Army Cadet Force 8.3 Sea Cadet Corps

9 Twin towns 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Geography[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2010)

Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
is situated in a small valley on the River Tawd. The town was designed to accommodate both plant life and compact housing estates. Even in the town centre there is an unusually large amount of forestation. The large Beacon County Park lies to the east of Skelmersdale, where the iconic Beacon Point lies, along with the golf club. The town borders the village of Upholland
Upholland
to the east, eventually leading into the Wigan
Wigan
area of Greater Manchester, West Lancashire's administrative centre Ormskirk
Ormskirk
to the north-west, and Saint Helens to the south. The M58 runs through Skelmersdale. The New Town is the larger eastern half of the town, the Old Town 'Old Skem' is the smaller portion to the west. History[edit] Toponymy[edit] Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
means "Skjaldmarr's valley", from the Old Norse
Old Norse
personal name Skjaldmarr + probably Old Norse
Old Norse
dalr (or Old English
Old English
dæl) "dale, valley". The name was recorded as Skalmeresedel in 1136. One placename book suggests that it may be of Celtic origin, with the placenames being in Celtic placename order: "Element/personal name/word", rather than "Personal name/word/element", as with Old English placenames.[citation needed] It is known locally as "Skem",[2] with a further distinction being made between "Old Skem" (the area which was a small mining town prior to 1961) and the broader swathe of development on the east side of the town. Early history[edit] Until the creation of Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
Urban District Council at the end of the 19th century, the town was part of the Parish of Ormskirk
Ormskirk
in the West Derby hundred, an ancient subdivision of Lancashire, covering the southwest of the county. In the mid-14th century, the manor of Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
was held by William Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre.[3] Skelmersdale's population in 1851 was only 760, but 50 years later it had increased to 5,699. It was a busy coal mining town.[4] Sadly, there were over 100 fatalities in Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
collieries from 1851 to 1900, according to the Reports of the Inspectors of Coal Mines, and an unknown number of serious injuries. In 1880 there were 14 Skelmersdale collieries—most of them closed in the 1920s and '30s.

Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
War Memorial

The miners, many of whom were Welsh immigrants, brought with them their own brand of Nonconformist
Nonconformist
Christianity. By the start of the 20th century there were at least six dissenting chapels in the town: two Wesleyan (Berry Street, closed in the 1920s, and Liverpool
Liverpool
Road, closed 1969), an independent Methodist, a Primitive Methodist, a Congregational
Congregational
and a Welsh Chapel (closed in 1963). Today, there is little to remind people that the town was ever associated with the once great Lancashire
Lancashire
Coalfield. There were also numerous brickworks in the area, and in the early-20th century Victoria County History, Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
was described as "a particularly bare, unpleasing district" owing to its coal mines and brickworks.[5] New town[edit] Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
was designated a New Town in 1961, designed to house overspill population from the north Merseyside
Merseyside
conurbation. The town was the first in the second wave of designations. Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
endured mixed economic fortunes during the last three decades of the 20th century. With the economic downturn in the late 1970s large industrial employers left the town en masse, resulting in an increase in crime, drug abuse and poverty. Today, West Lancashire has a crime rate well below the national average. 2006 was to see a regeneration drive for the town coordinated through English Partnerships and the Northwest Regional Development Agency and publicly headed by the designer Wayne Hemingway.[6] Among the proposals was a new central focus for the entertainment and commerce for the town in the evening.[2] In 2012, a £20m vision to create a thriving town centre for Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
was revealed. It is expected to create as many as up to 500 permanent jobs, and current projections seem to satisfy that target. Although Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
faces a looming employment crisis, the regeneration of the town centre is a step towards recovery, and up to 100 extra jobs would be generated during the scheme's construction phase alone. Proposals include a new food store as well as a number of bars, shops and restaurants, and plans to include a five-screen cinema are also in the works. A new promenade would be fronted by these establishments to overlook the Tawd Valley Park, and a new civic square would also be created between the Concourse Shopping Centre and the town library. Regeneration specialists St Modwen have been working on the proposals with West Lancashire
Lancashire
Council and the Homes and Communities Agency. As of April 2018, none of these developments have yet been realised. According to urban planning consultancy Space Syntax, Skelmersdale's fragmented streets have made its city centre relatively incaccessible and has resulted in a segregated land use.[7] Transport[edit] Road[edit]

Hope Island, one of many roundabouts found within Skelmersdale.

Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
was originally designed to work on a roundabout system, on which it still sits today. For ease of access there is a vast subway network allowing pedestrians to move through the town without needing to cross potentially hazardous roads. However, in recent years, the subway system has been called into question with regards to its safety and sustainability, as they are not regularly maintained by the county council. There are no traffic lights in the town. Skelmersdale's road system has improved with better signage, although visitors still frequently get lost. The M58 motorway
M58 motorway
( Liverpool
Liverpool
Wigan
Wigan
Motorway) runs along the south of Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
from the nearby M6 motorway
M6 motorway
to the Switch Island interchange at Liverpool. The A570 and the A577 both provide connections. The New Town areas of Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
have a road-naming system where "Road" and "Street" are rarely used and single-name roads are common, e.g. Abbeywood, Fairburn, Brierfield, Thornwood. "Road", "Street", "Lane" and "Drive" do appear in road names, but only in the parts of the town (bordering on Ormskirk, St. Helens and Wigan) that pre-date the New Town development. The road names in New Town areas are also arranged in a loosely alphabetical format with large areas being defined by a single letter, for example Larkhill, Leeswood, Ledburn and Lindens all connect to Ashley Road in the Ashurst area. Roads in the industrial estates and the main roads in the town such as Gillibrands Road follow the usual naming conventions, although the industrial estates do feature street names beginning with the same letter (such as Pikelaw Place, Penketh Place, Pinfold Place, Priorswood Place) all part of the Pimbo Industrial Estate. Bus[edit] From September 2011, the company providing most of Skelmersdale's bus services, Arriva, closed their depot in Skelmersdale, which employed 129 people. The depot was first constructed for Ribble Motors in the 1970s, and the premises were sold. Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
is now served by buses from Arriva
Arriva
depots in St. Helens, Bootle and Southport. Rail[edit] Since the closure of Skelmersdale railway station
Skelmersdale railway station
in 1956, the town has become the second most populous town in the North West Region (after Leigh, Greater Manchester) without a railway station.[8] The nearest railway station is Upholland
Upholland
railway station on the Wigan Wallgate to Kirkby branch line (historically part of the Liverpool
Liverpool
and Bury Railway line.[9]) The Skelmersdale Branch previously connected Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
to Ormskirk
Ormskirk
and Rainford Junction. In March 2009, Network Rail
Network Rail
proposed to extend the existing quarter-hourly Liverpool
Liverpool
Central to Kirkby service, to terminate at a new station in the centre of Skelmersdale. Rainford will then become an interchange station for services to and from Wigan
Wigan
Wallgate.[10] In June 2009, the Association of Train Operating Companies
Association of Train Operating Companies
published a report, Connecting Communities, which also recommended the opening of a new rail link to Skelmersdale.[11] This time the recommendation was via the Skelmersdale Branch from Ormskirk. In February 2017, Lancashire
Lancashire
County Council identified the site of the former Glenburn Sports College / Westbank Campus site as the preferred location for a railway station for the town. Despite the Glenburn Sports College being owned by the council, the Westbank Campus site is owned by Newcastle College
Newcastle College
and requires purchase by the council in order for the station to be built.[12] As of 2017, Merseytravel and Lancashire County Council have committed £5 million into a study to investigate the possibility of re-opening the station. Combined with the creation of a new station at Headbolt Lane in Kirkby, it's believed that the scheme could cost around £300 million to develop.[13] Education[edit] Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
has a number of primary schools, and had three high schools: Our Lady Queen of Peace Catholic Engineering College, Lathom High School and Glenburn Sports College, though the last of these closed on 31 August 2016.[14] In 2013, Our Lady Queen of Peace achieved a 99% GCSE pass rate, with almost every pupil achieving 5+ A* to C's.[15] Lathom
Lathom
High School attained its best GCSE results ever, with 66.2% of pupils receiving 5+ A* to C's.[16] West Lancashire
Lancashire
College has a campus in the centre of the town. The college merged with Newcastle College
Newcastle College
in 2007[17] and was recently graded as 'outstanding' in a recent Ofsted
Ofsted
inspection.[18] There is a Transcendental Meditation movement
Transcendental Meditation movement
community within Skelmersdale, called "European Sidhaland".[19] It has a Maharishi School that has performed well in Ofsted
Ofsted
and school league tables. In 2011, it was one of 24 schools that applied for and received government funding as a flagship free school.[20] Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
also is home to a large public library whose facilities include free internet access and an extensive local history section.[21] Economy[edit] Although consisting predominantly of housing estates, Skelmersdale's industry includes the Co-operative Bank[22] (Skelmersdale's single largest employer[citation needed]), distribution centres for Asda,[23] P&G,[24] Victorian Plumbing,[25][26] a Walkers snack food factory,[27] the international headquarters and UK manufacturing centre of Turtle Wax[28] and many others. Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
houses the corporate base and a distribution centre for Matalan, the discount clothing and homewares store.[29] Frederick's Dairies is located in Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
who make ice cream for Cadbury.[30] Shopping centres[edit] Skelmersdale's town centre is made up of the Concourse Shopping Centre,[31] colloquially known as "the Connie". The Concourse boasts many stores such as Poundland, Home Bargains and Argos, as well as a McDonald's restaurant and KFC, both of which are located in the nearby car park. The Concourse used to have an artwork by Alan Boyson, in the shape of pyramids.[32] These were located in front of the entrance opposite the ecumenical centre until the early to mid 1980s, but were taken down to be replaced by the glass extension.[32] There are also smaller shopping parades in Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
which include Sandy Lane, Digmoor Parade and Ashurst Shopping Centre. Sports[edit] The town's football team, Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
United, plays in the Unibond Northern Premier League Division One North
Northern Premier League Division One North
and was a FA Vase
FA Vase
winner in 1971. One of its former players was Steve Heighway, who went on to play for Liverpool. Former Everton midfielder- Leon Osman, played for the club in his youth. He his son to St James Catholic Primary School in Ashurst. Current Cardiff City player Craig Noone
Craig Noone
also once played for the club The town is also host to an archery club, the Bowmen of Skelmersdale[33] whose collective members hold 19 county records[34] and 14 World Records held by three individuals from the same family (Melissa-Jane Daniel, Harriet Daniel and Gary Daniel), 6 of which were claimed at the National Flight Championships on 19 August 2006 held at RAF Church Fenton.[35] Cadet Forces[edit] Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
has units of the Air Training Corps, Army Cadet Force
Army Cadet Force
and Sea Cadet Corps. These units take part in the local community life and are routinely seen attending the Remembrance Sunday parade in the old town.

1439 Sqn Crest showing Ashurst Beacon and Canadian Maple Leaf

Air Training Corps[edit] 1439 (Skelmersdale) Squadron, Air Cadets, formed at Upholland
Upholland
Grammar School in 1941 as the 'Beacon Squadron' and provided airmanship training for young men and those about to join the RAF in time for the Battle of Britain. The squadron continues to provide airmanship training to young men and women in addition to other activities. They are based on Daniels Lane. Army Cadet Force[edit] The Army Cadets are part of 'S' Company of the Lancashire
Lancashire
Force. They are based at Daniels Lane. Sea Cadet Corps[edit] The Sea Cadets are also well established in Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
as "TS Rodney" and are based at Tawd Road. Twin towns[edit] West Lancashire
Lancashire
is twinned with Erkrath (Germany), Cergy-Pontoise (France). See also[edit]

Lancashire
Lancashire
portal

Listed buildings in Skelmersdale

References[edit]

^ ""Great Britain" World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 9 February 2013.  ^ a b Ward, David. "Back to the drawing board", The Guardian, 18 January 2006. Retrieved on 12 May 2008. ^ Edward Baines, William Robert Whatton, Brooke Herford, James Croston, The history of the county palatine and duchy of Lancaster, vol. 5 (J. Heywood, 1893), p. 2 ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus, Sir (2002) North Lancashire
Lancashire
Yale University Press, New Haven ISBN 0-300-09617-8 p. 226; ^ "Townships: Skelmersdale". A History of the County of Lancaster Volume 3. Victoria County History. 1907. pp. 282–284. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  ^ "座りっぱなしの生活と老化の関係".  ^ "Your smart home is trying to reprogram you. It's failing". CityMetric. Retrieved 2017-07-27.  ^ Network Rail
Network Rail
(November 2008) Merseyside
Merseyside
Route Utilisation Strategy (RUS) Draft for Consultation, Page 93 ^ "Disused Stations: Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
Station".  ^ Network Rail
Network Rail
Merseyside
Merseyside
RUS Draft ^ "Transport Briefing subscriber log in".  ^ Council, Lancashire
Lancashire
County. "Details - Lancashire
Lancashire
County Council". Lancashire.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2017.  ^ Houghton, Alistair (18 September 2017). " Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
rail link moves step closer as £5m funding revealed". liverpoolecho. Retrieved 19 September 2017.  ^ "Half-empty Glenburn Sports College in Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
to close". BBC. 20 May 2015.  ^ http://www.olqp.lancs.sch.uk/index.php/component/content/article/531-gcse-2013-pictures ^ ljepson. "Best GCSE Results EVER!".  ^ " Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
College (Dissolution) Order 2007". Office of Public Sector Information. 1 August 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2008.  ^ Ofsted
Ofsted
(25 July 2008). "Full college inspection report". Archived from the original on 28 June 2008. Retrieved 27 August 2008.  ^ "Maharishi European Sidhaland". Maharishi European Sidhaland.  ^ Byrne, Michael (1 September 2011). " Maharishi School in Skelmersdale hits back over Free School status criticisms".  ^ "Welcome to the Library and Information Service web site". Lancashire
Lancashire
County Council. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2008.  ^ "The Co-operative Group – Project Formation". Business in the Community. 2010. Archived from the original on 26 September 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ " Asda
Asda
Wal-Mart UK logistics and distribution centres". The Tracing Paper. 1 February 2009. Archived from the original on 1 August 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ "Proctor & Gamble Celebrates Investment in Skelmersdale". Northwest Regional Development Agency. 11 October 2004. Retrieved 2 October 2010. [dead link] ^ "Skelmersdale, Here We Come! Victorian Plumbing Bathroom Blog". www.victorianplumbing.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-09-15.  ^ "Bathroom firm acquires new Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
site".  ^ Heller, Lorraine (5 October 2005). "Walkers to open new snack factory in UK". Bakery & Snacks. Decision News Media. Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ " Turtle Wax
Turtle Wax
gets £1.6m to expand". Crain's Manchester Business. Crain Communications. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ Wainwright, Martin (14 October 2004). "Industrial retreat opens way for a 21st century city". The Guardian. UK: Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ "New Cadbury ice cream range for winter". Talking Retail. Metropolis International Group. 4 December 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ "Concourse Shopping Centre".  ^ a b " Alan Boyson
Alan Boyson
– Sculptor of Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
New Town's Pyramid". Modernism North West. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2016.  ^ "Bowmen of Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
Archery
Archery
Sports Club - North-West Lancashire".  ^ "Flight Records".  ^ Result from National Flight Championshions 2006

Further reading[edit]

Wilson, L. Hugh (1964) Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
new town planning proposals : report on basic plan prepared for the Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
Development Corporation by L. Hugh Wilson, Hugh Wilson & Lewis Womersley Chartered Architects & Town Planners, with a foreword by A.J. Kentish Barnes, Chairman of the Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
Development Corporation, Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
Development Corporation; Riley, Frank (1986) People in Need of a Future: A Survey of the Long-term Unemployed in Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
Ecumenical Centre, Northway, Skelmersdale; Howe, Don and Frank Riley (1982) Skem – The Broken Promise: Unemployment in Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
New Town Liverpool
Liverpool
Industrial Ecumenical Mission;

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Skelmersdale.

Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
Heritage Society website Potential Rail Improvements in North Western England
England
– Evidence presented to the Transport Select Committee, 2002–03 Skem News Ormskirk
Ormskirk
& Skelmersdale
Skelmersdale
Advertiser Champion Newspapers Victorian Plumbing

v t e

Ceremonial county of Lancashire

North West England
North West England
Portal

Unitary authorities

Blackburn
Blackburn
with Darwen Blackpool

Boroughs or districts

City of Lancaster City of Preston Burnley Chorley Fylde Hyndburn Pendle Ribble Valley Rossendale South Ribble West Lancashire Wyre

Major settlements

Accrington Adlington Bacup Barnoldswick Blackburn Blackpool Brierfield Burnley Carnforth Chorley Cleveleys Clitheroe Colne Darwen Earby Fleetwood Garstang Great Harwood Haslingden Kirkham Lancaster Leyland Longridge Lytham St Annes Morecambe Nelson Ormskirk Oswaldtwistle Padiham Penwortham Poulton-le-Fylde Preesall Preston Rawtenstall Rishton Skelmersdale Waterfoot Whitworth See also: List of civil parishes in Lancashire

Rivers

Calder Darwen Douglas Hodder Irwell Lune Ribble Wyre

Canals

Lancaster Leeds and Liverpool

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements Schools SSSIs Country houses Grade I buildings Grade II* buildings History Museums Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

v t e

Geography of West Lancashire

Towns

Ormskirk Skelmersdale

Civil parishes

Aughton Bickerstaffe Bispham Burscough Dalton Downholland Great Altcar Halsall Hesketh-with-Becconsall Hilldale Lathom Lathom
Lathom
South Newburgh North Meols Parbold Rufford Scarisbrick Simonswood Tarleton Upholland Wrightington

Other villages and hamlets

Andertons Mill Appley Bridge Banks Barrow Nook Barton Bispham Green Downholland Cross Drummersdale Haskayne Hesketh Bank Holmes Holmeswood Hoscar Moss Hundred End Mere Brow Shirdley Hill Sollom Tarlscough Westhead Wrightington
Wrightington
Bar

Topography

Leeds and Liverpool
Liverpool
Canal Martin Mere
Martin Mere
(WWT Martin Mere) Mere Sands Wood River Douglas River Tawd West Lancas

.