The SKA STROKE or SKA UPSTROKE, SKANK or BANG, is a guitar strumming
technique that is used mostly in the performance of ska , rocksteady ,
and reggae music. "
Reggae is most easily recognized by...the skank."
Ska strokes serve as a rhythmic base to a song, and may be doubled by
the drums. This style of playing has a dance associated with it, the
skank . In reggae, the guitar usually plays a short, percussive,
"scratchy chop sound ," on beats 2 and 4 (1 2 3 4), often supported by
staccato piano (late 1960s to the early 1980s) or synthesizer. Play
(help ·info )
Ska strokes create a bouncing rhythm, going up then down in pitch .
Played in 4
4 time (𝄆1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 𝄇), the chosen guitar chord is played
on the downbeat (indicated by numbers), and then a ghost note is
played on the upbeat (indicated by ampersands) by lifting the left
hand off the fret a few millimeters. However most traditional ska is
focused on the upbeat, playing on the downbeat is more closely
associated with reggae, where the ska strokes are played much slower
as opposed to ska.
Double-time : :1 & 2 & 3 & 4 ">(help ·info )
The first use of the ska stroke has been attributed to guitarists