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The ska stroke or ska upstroke, skank or bang, is a guitar strumming technique that is used mostly in the performance of ska, rocksteady, and reggae music.[5] " Reggae
Reggae
is most easily recognized by...the skank."[6] Ska
Ska
strokes serve as a rhythmic base to a song, and may be doubled by the drums. This style of playing has a dance associated with it, the skank. In reggae, the guitar usually plays a short, percussive, "scratchy chop sound [chord]," on beats 2 and 4 (1 2 3 4), often supported by staccato piano (late 1960s to the early 1980s) or synthesizer.[7]  Play (help·info) Ska
Ska
strokes create a bouncing rhythm, going up then down in pitch.[5] Played in 4 4 time (𝄆1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 𝄇), the chosen guitar chord is played on the downbeat (indicated by numbers), and then a ghost note is played on the upbeat (indicated by ampersands) by lifting the left hand off the fret a few millimeters.[5] However most traditional ska is focused on the upbeat, playing on the downbeat is more closely associated with reggae, where the ska strokes are played much slower as opposed to ska.

Double-time: :1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & : Common-time: :1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 : Half-time : :1234123412341234:

 Play (help·info) The first use of the ska stroke has been attributed to guitarists including Ernest Ranglin.[8] See also[edit]

Chop chord Mento One drop rhythm

Sources[edit]

^ a b Snyder, Jerry (1999). Jerry Snyder's Guitar
Guitar
School, p.28. ISBN 0-7390-0260-0. ^ Snyder (1999), p.29. ^ Bassford, Andy (2004). "Reggae: Jamaican Grooves", How to Play Rhythm Guitar, p.72. Hal Leonard. Johnston, Richard; ed. ISBN 0-87930-811-7. ^ a b c Peretz, Jeff (2003). Zen and the Art of Guitar: A Path to Guitar
Guitar
Mastery, p.37. Alfred Music. ISBN 9780739028179. ^ a b c (2013). Smithsonian Music: The Definitive Visual History, p.349. ISBN 9781465421265. ^ Hombach, Jean-Pierre (2010). Bob Marley the Father of Music, p.14. ISBN 9781471620454. ^ Hombach (2010), p.21. ^ DiMartino, Dave (2016). Music in the 20th Century, p.528. Routledge. ISBN 9781317464297.

External links[edit]

Basic Ska
Ska
Strokes

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Characteristics

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Ska

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Hall (venue) Skank (dance) Skank (guitar) Sound system (Jamaican) Toasting Jamaican record producers Studio One Trojan Records Blue Beat Records 2 Tone Records Moon Ska
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