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Skåne
Skåne
County (Swedish: Skåne
Skåne
län), sometimes referred to as Scania County in English, is the southernmost county or län, of Sweden, basically corresponding to the traditional province Skåne. It borders the counties of Halland, Kronoberg and Blekinge. The seat of residence for the Skåne
Skåne
Governor is the city of Malmö. The headquarters of Skåne Regional Council
Skåne Regional Council
is the town of Kristianstad.[4] The present county was created in 1997 when Kristianstad
Kristianstad
County and Malmöhus County
Malmöhus County
were merged, and it covers around 3% of Sweden's total area, but its population of 1,250,000 comprises 13% of Sweden's total population. Prince Oscar of Sweden
Sweden
is Duke of Skåne.

Contents

1 Endonym and exonym 2 Heraldry 3 Provinces 4 Administration 5 County council 6 Municipalities 7 Elections 8 Localities in order of size 9 Transport 10 References 11 External links

Endonym and exonym[edit] When the new county was established in 1997, it was decided to name it after the historical province Skåne
Skåne
so it was given the name Skåne län. The most common name used in English is Skåne
Skåne
County,[5][6][7] even if the form Scania
Scania
County occurs.[8][9][10][11] It cannot be considered wrong to use either form in English.[citation needed] Heraldry[edit] The coat of arms for Skåne
Skåne
County is the same as for the province of Skåne, only with the tinctures reversed and the crown, beak and tongue of the griffin in the same color. When the arms are shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board, which is the regional presence of (royal) government authority. Blazon: "Gules, a Griffin's head erased Or, crowned and armed the same". Provinces[edit] Skåne
Skåne
County is the administrative equivalent of the province of Skåne, but it also includes an insignificant part of the province of Halland. Administration[edit] Skåne
Skåne
County is administered as Region Skåne, one of the 20 county councils of Sweden. Its main responsibilities are for the public healthcare system and public transport. In addition, it has for a trial period assumed certain tasks from the County Administrative Board. The two former administrative county councils of the province of Skåne
Skåne
shown on the map, Kristianstad
Kristianstad
County and Malmöhus County, which were established in 1719 were merged in 1997, forming the present county with boundaries that are almost identical to the boundaries of the province. The seat of residence for the Governor (landshövding) is the city of Malmö. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Skåne
Skåne
Governors. County council[edit] Region Skåne
Skåne
is an evolved County Council, which was established in 1999 when the County Councils of the former counties were amalgamated. Its county or regional assembly is the highest political body in the region and its members are elected by the electorate,[12] as opposed to the county administrative board, that guards the national interests in the county under the chairmanship of the county governor (landshövding in Swedish). Municipalities[edit]

Municipalities of Skåne

Skåne
Skåne
County contains 33 municipalities[13] (kommuner in Swedish), the largest by population being Malmö
Malmö
Municipality (301,000 inhabitants), Helsingborg Municipality
Helsingborg Municipality
(130,000), Lund
Lund
Municipality (111,000 inhabitants) and Kristianstad
Kristianstad
Municipality (80,000 inhabitants). The municipalities have municipal governments, similar to city commissions, and are further divided into parishes. The parish division is traditionally used by the Church of Sweden, but also serves as a divisioning measure for Swedish census and elections.

Bjuv Bromölla Burlöv Båstad Eslöv Helsingborg Hässleholm Höganäs Hörby Höör Klippan Kristianstad Kävlinge Landskrona Lomma Lund Malmö Osby Perstorp Simrishamn Sjöbo Skurup Staffanstorp Svalöv Svedala Tomelilla Trelleborg Vellinge Ystad Åstorp Ängelholm Örkelljunga Östra Göinge

Elections[edit]

The electoral districts of Skåne
Skåne
County for national parliamentary elections

The county is divided into four parliamentary constituencies or electoral districts, electing 45 of the 349 members of the Riksdag. Each district is made up of one or more municipalities. After the Swedish general election in 2014, the Skåne
Skåne
County council are represented by the following political parties:

Moderate Party Christian Democrats Centre Party Liberal People's Party Green Party Social Democratic Party Left Party Sweden
Sweden
Democrats others

Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats

117,657 22.3 35 26,094 3.3 5 33,570 4.2 7 47,199 5.9 9 52,987 6.7 11 257,704 32.4 51 42,324 5.3 8 115,735 14.5 23 42,718 5.4 0

Localities in order of size[edit] The ten most populous localities of Skåne
Skåne
County in 2010:[14]

# Locality Population

1 Malmö 280,415

2 Helsingborg 97,122

3 Lund 82,800

4 Kristianstad 35,711

5 Landskrona 30,499

6 Trelleborg 28,290

7 Ängelholm 23,240

8 Hässleholm 18,500

9 Ystad 18,350

10 Eslöv 17,748

The ten largest municipalities of Skåne
Skåne
County by total area.

# Municipality Size (km2)

1 Kristanstad Municipality 1,818.24

2 Hässleholm
Hässleholm
Municipality 1,306.27

3 Simrishamn
Simrishamn
Municipality 1,261.15

4 Ystad
Ystad
Municipality 1,189.32

5 Trelleborg
Trelleborg
Municipality 1,175.03

6 Båstad
Båstad
Municipality 881.90

7 Vellinge
Vellinge
Municipality 705.46

8 Höganäs
Höganäs
Municipality 676.12

9 Osby
Osby
Municipality 599.84

10 Skurup
Skurup
Municipality 510.96

Transport[edit] See also: Scania See also: Pågatågen See also: Oresundtrain The motorway built between Malmö
Malmö
and Lund
Lund
in 1953 was the first motorway in Sweden. With the opening of the Oresund Bridge
Oresund Bridge
between Malmö
Malmö
and Copenhagen
Copenhagen
(the longest combined road and rail bridge in Europe) in 2000, the Swedish motorways were linked with European route E20 in Denmark, and the two countries' railway systems were physically connected. Before the bridge was built there were train ferries operated between Helsingborg
Helsingborg
and Helsingør. There are also train ferries to and from Germany
Germany
and Poland. Skåne
Skåne
has three major public airports, Malmö
Malmö
Airport, Ängelholm- Helsingborg
Helsingborg
Airport and Kristianstad
Kristianstad
Airport. One of the oldest airports in the world still in use is located in Skåne, namely Ljungbyhed Airport, in operation since 1910. Starting in 1926, the Swedish Air Force
Swedish Air Force
used the airport for flight training, and up until the military school was moved to the nearby Ängelholm
Ängelholm
F10 Wing in 1997, the airport was extremely busy. In the late 1980s, it was Sweden's busiest airport, with a record high of more than 1,400 take-offs and landings per day.[15] The major ports of Skåne
Skåne
are Trelleborg, Ystad, Åhus, Copenhagen Malmö
Malmö
Port, Landskrona
Landskrona
Harbour and Helsingborg
Helsingborg
Harbour. Ferry connections across the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
operate from several smaller ports as well. References[edit]

^ Sveriges Nationalatlas. Retrieved 2 April 2008 ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2017 och befolkningsförändringar 1 juli–30 september 2017. Totalt". Statistics Sweden. 2017-11-08. Retrieved 2017-11-19.  ^ http://www.submariner-network.eu ^ About Region Skåne. Region Skåne. Retrieved 10 April 2008. ^ The County Administrative Board of Skåne
Skåne
- Länsstyrelsen Skåne ^ County of Skåne
Skåne
- Facts ^ Contacting the Police - www.polisen.se ^ Lund
Lund
University ^ Swedish Environmental Protection Agency ^ Nordicnet ^ Airport Nav Finder ^ Region Skåne. Democracy-Increased autonomy. Official site. Retrieved 24 August 2007. ^ Region Skåne.Municipalities in Skåne. Official site. Retrieved 24 August 2007. ^ "Tätorter 2010 (Localities 2010)". Statistics Sweden
Sweden
(in Swedish). 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2014.  ^ Ljungbyhed airport - ESTL. Fact sheet created by Lund
Lund
University School of Aviation. Retrieved 22 January 2007.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Skåne
Skåne
County.

Skåne
Skåne
County official website Skåne
Skåne
County Administrative Board

v t e

Municipalities and seats of Skåne
Skåne
County

Municipalities

Ängelholm Åstorp Båstad Bjuv Bromölla Burlöv Eslöv Hässleholm Helsingborg Höganäs Höör Hörby Kävlinge Klippan Kristianstad Landskrona Lomma Lund Malmö Örkelljunga Osby Östra Göinge Perstorp Simrishamn Sjöbo Skurup Staffanstorp Svalöv Svedala Tomelilla Trelleborg Vellinge Ystad

Municipal seats

Ängelholm Arlöv Åstorp Båstad Bjuv Broby Bromölla Eslöv Hässleholm Helsingborg Höganäs Höör Hörby Kävlinge Klippan Kristianstad Landskrona Lomma Lund Malmö Örkelljunga Osby Perstorp Simrishamn Sjöbo Skurup Staffanstorp Svalöv Svedala Tomelilla Trelleborg Vellinge Ystad

Counties of Sweden Sweden

v t e

Counties (län) of Sweden

Blekinge Dalarna Gävleborg Gotland Halland Jämtland Jönköping Kalmar Kronoberg Norrbotten Örebro Östergötland Scania (Skåne) Södermanland Stockholm Uppsala Värmland Västerbotten Västernorrland Västmanland Västra Götaland

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 145606165 BNF:

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