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The Info List - Skåne County



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SKåNE COUNTY (Swedish : Skåne
Skåne
län), sometimes referred to as SCANIA COUNTY in English, is the southernmost county or län , of Sweden
Sweden
, basically corresponding to the traditional province Skåne
Skåne
. It borders the counties of Halland , Kronoberg and Blekinge . The seat of residence for the Skåne
Skåne
Governor is the town of Malmö
Malmö
. The headquarters of Skåne
Skåne
Regional Council is the town of Kristianstad .

The present county was created in 1997 when Kristianstad County and Malmöhus County were merged, and it covers around 3% of Sweden's total area, but its population of 1,250,000 comprises 13% of Sweden's total population. Prince Oscar of Sweden
Sweden
is Duke of Skåne
Skåne
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Endonym and exonym * 2 Heraldry * 3 Provinces * 4 Administration * 5 County council * 6 Municipalities * 7 Elections * 8 Localities in order of size * 9 Transport * 10 References * 11 External links

ENDONYM AND EXONYM

When the new county was established in 1997, it was decided to name it after the historical province Skåne
Skåne
so it was given the name Skåne
Skåne
län. The most common name used in English is Skåne
Skåne
County, even if the form Scania County occurs. It cannot be considered wrong to use either form in English.

HERALDRY

The coat of arms for Skåne
Skåne
County is the same as for the province of Skåne, only with the tinctures reversed and the crown, beak and tongue of the griffin in the same color. When the arms are shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board, which is the regional presence of (royal) government authority. Blazon: "Gules, a Griffin's head erased Or, crowned and armed the same".

PROVINCES

Skåne
Skåne
County is the administrative equivalent of the province of Skåne
Skåne
, but it also includes an insignificant part of the province of Halland .

ADMINISTRATION

Skåne
Skåne
County is administered as Region Skåne , one of the 20 county councils of Sweden
Sweden
. Its main responsibilities are for the public healthcare system and public transport. In addition, it has for a trial period assumed certain tasks from the County Administrative Board. The two former administrative county councils of the province of Skåne
Skåne
shown on the map, Kristianstad County and Malmöhus County , which were established in 1719 were merged in 1997, forming the present county with boundaries that are almost identical to the boundaries of the province.

The seat of residence for the Governor (landshövding) is the city of Malmö
Malmö
. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Skåne
Skåne
Governors .

COUNTY COUNCIL

Region Skåne is an evolved County Council , which was established in 1999 when the County Councils of the former counties were amalgamated.

Its county or regional assembly is the highest political body in the region and its members are elected by the electorate, as opposed to the county administrative board , that guards the national interests in the county under the chairmanship of the county governor (landshövding in Swedish).

MUNICIPALITIES

Municipalities of Skåne
Skåne

Skåne
Skåne
County contains 33 municipalities (kommuner in Swedish), the largest by population being Malmö
Malmö
Municipality (301,000 inhabitants), Helsingborg Municipality (130,000), Lund Municipality
Lund Municipality
(111,000 inhabitants) and Kristianstad Municipality (80,000 inhabitants). The municipalities have municipal governments, similar to city commissions , and are further divided into parishes. The parish division is traditionally used by the Church of Sweden
Sweden
, but also serves as a divisioning measure for Swedish census and elections.

* Bjuv * Bromölla * Burlöv * Båstad
Båstad
* Eslöv
Eslöv
* Helsingborg
Helsingborg
* Hässleholm
Hässleholm
* Höganäs
Höganäs
* Hörby * Höör
Höör
* Klippan * Kristianstad * Kävlinge * Landskrona * Lomma * Lund
Lund
* Malmö
Malmö
* Osby * Perstorp
Perstorp
* Simrishamn
Simrishamn
* Sjöbo * Skurup
Skurup
* Staffanstorp
Staffanstorp
* Svalöv * Svedala * Tomelilla
Tomelilla
* Trelleborg * Vellinge
Vellinge
* Ystad * Åstorp * Ängelholm
Ängelholm
* Örkelljunga * Östra Göinge

ELECTIONS

The electoral districts of Skåne
Skåne
County for national parliamentary elections

The county is divided into four parliamentary constituencies or electoral districts , electing 45 of the 349 members of the Riksdag
Riksdag
. Each district is made up of one or more municipalities.

After the Swedish general election in 2014 , the Skåne
Skåne
County council are represented by the following political parties :

Moderate Party Christian Democrats Centre Party Liberal People's Party Green Party Social Democratic Party Left Party Sweden
Sweden
Democrats others

Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats

117,657 22.3 35 26,094 3.3 5 33,570 4.2 7 47,199 5.9 9 52,987 6.7 11 257,704 32.4 51 42,324 5.3 8 115,735 14.5 23 42,718 5.4 0

LOCALITIES IN ORDER OF SIZE

The ten most populous localities of Skåne
Skåne
County in 2010:

# LOCALITY POPULATION

1 Malmö
Malmö
280,415

2 Helsingborg
Helsingborg
97,122

3 Lund
Lund
82,800

4 Kristianstad 35,711

5 Landskrona 30,499

6 Trelleborg 28,290

7 Ängelholm
Ängelholm
23,240

8 Hässleholm
Hässleholm
18,500

9 Ystad 18,350

10 Eslöv
Eslöv
17,748

The ten largest municipalities of Skåne
Skåne
County by total area.

# MUNICIPALITY SIZE (KM2)

1 Kristanstad Municipality 1,818.24

2 Hässleholm Municipality
Hässleholm Municipality
1,306.27

3 Simrishamn Municipality 1,261.15

4 Ystad Municipality
Ystad Municipality
1,189.32

5 Trelleborg Municipality 1,175.03

6 Båstad Municipality
Båstad Municipality
881.90

7 Vellinge Municipality 705.46

8 Höganäs Municipality
Höganäs Municipality
676.12

9 Osby Municipality 599.84

10 Skurup Municipality 510.96

TRANSPORT

See also: Skåne
Skåne
commuter rail

The motorway built between Malmö
Malmö
and Lund
Lund
in 1953 was the first motorway in Sweden
Sweden
. With the opening of the Oresund Bridge
Oresund Bridge
between Malmö
Malmö
and Copenhagen
Copenhagen
(the longest combined road and rail bridge in Europe) in 2000, the Swedish motorways were linked with European route E20 in Denmark, and the two countries' railway systems were physically connected. Before the bridge was built there were train ferries operated between Helsingborg
Helsingborg
and Helsingør. There are also train ferries to and from Germany
Germany
and Poland
Poland
.

Skåne
Skåne
has three major public airports, Malmö
Malmö
Airport , Ängelholm- Helsingborg
Helsingborg
Airport and Kristianstad Airport . One of the oldest airports in the world still in use is located in Skåne, namely Ljungbyhed Airport , in operation since 1910. Starting in 1926, the Swedish Air Force used the airport for flight training, and up until the military school was moved to the nearby Ängelholm
Ängelholm
F10 Wing in 1997, the airport was extremely busy. In the late 1980s, it was Sweden's busiest airport, with a record high of more than 1,400 take-offs and landings per day.

The major ports of Skåne
Skåne
are Trelleborg , Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Malmö
Malmö
Port and Helsingborg
Helsingborg
Harbour. Ferry connections across the