The Sixteen Arhats (Japanese
: 十六羅漢, ''Jūroku Rakan''; Tibetan
: གནས་བརྟན་བཅུ་དྲུག, "Neten Chudrug") are a group of legendary Arhats
. The grouping of sixteen Arhats was brought to China, and later to Tibet, from India. In China, an expanded group of Eighteen Arhats
became more popular, but worship of the sixteen Arhats continues to the present day in Japan and Tibet. In Japan sixteen Arhats are particularly popular in Zen
Buddhism, where they are treated as examples of behaviour. In Tibet, the sixteen Arhats, also known as sixteen sthaviras ('elders') are the subject of a liturgical practice associated with the festival of the Buddha's birth, composed by the Kashmiri teacher Shakyahribhadra (1127-1225). They are also well represented in Tibetan art.The sixteen arhats in Tibetan art (himalayanart.org)
The sixteen Arhats are:
File:Japanese - Covered Box in the Shape of Sixteen Arhats in a Begging Bowl - Walters 5394.jpg|Covered Box in the Shape of Sixteen Arhats in a Begging Bowl
Image:Mitsutera Obinzuru1.jpg|Pindolabharadrāja (Binzuru) statue in Mitsu-tera Temple, Osaka, Japan.
File:Ingada Sonja.jpg|Ańgaja (Ingada sonja) holding a stupika in his right hand. Musée Guimet.
Alice S. Kandell Collection">
File:Arhats Rahula, Cudapanthaka, and Pindola FS-7620 05.jpg|Arhats Rahula, Cudapanthaka, and Pindola
File:Arhats Kanakavasta, Vajriputra, Kanaka-Bharadvaja, and Bhadra FS-7620 09.jpg|Arhats Kanakavasta, Vajriputra, Kanaka-Bharadvaja, and Bhadra
File:Arhats Ajita, Kalika, and Vanavasin FS-7620 03.jpg|Arhats Ajita, Kalika, and Vanavasin
File:Arhats Panthaka, Nagasena, Gopaka, and Abheda, from a six-part set of Arhat Immortal Thangkas FS-7619 08.jpg|Arhats Panthaka, Nagasena, Gopaka, and Abheda
Category:Buddhist enumerations by number (16)