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Sir John Saunders Sebright, 7th Baronet, (23 May 1767 – 15 April 1846), of Besford, Worcestershire, and Beechwood Park, Hertfordshire, was an English politician and agricultural innovator.

Life

Born on 23 May 1767 in Sackville Street, St. James's, he was the eldest son of Sir John Sebright, 6th Baronet, by Sarah, daughter of Edward Knight, of Wolverley, Worcestershire. His father died in March 1794. The seventh baronet served for a short time in the Foot Guards and was attached to the staff of Lord Amherst. He was elected M.P. for Hertfordshire on 11 May 1807, and continued to represent the county till the end of the first reformed parliament. He was appointed High Sheriff of Hertfordshire for 1797–98.

Parliamentarian

Sebright disclaimed connection with a party, but generally acted with the more advanced Whigs. He was a strong advocate of economy in administration, of the abolition of sinecures and unnecessary offices, and of the reduction of indirect taxation. He was in principle a free-trader. On 5 April 1821 he seconded Lord Cranborne's motion for an inquiry into the game laws, and supported subsequent bills for their amendment. In 1826 he attributed the increase of crime chiefly to their influence. In 1824, and again in 1828, he spoke in favour of the repeal of the usury laws, and he 'detested monopolies of all kinds.' As a practical agriculturist, owning land in three counties, Sebright gave his opinion (17 December 1830) against any allotments larger than kitchen-gardens, but was willing to try an experiment on a larger scale. When, on 1 March 1831, Lord John Russell moved for leave to bring in the first Reform Bill, Sebright, as an independent member, seconded the motion; and supported this and the succeeding reform bills. On 17 December 1832 he was returned for Hertfordshire, at the head of the poll, to the first reformed parliament, but retired at its close.

Death and legacy

He died on 15 April 1846 at Turnham Green and was buried at Flamstead. A portrait of him was engraved by S. Reynolds from a painting by Boileau. He built and endowed a school at Cheverell's Green, and a row of almshouses for sixteen paupers in the parish of Flamstead, Hertfordshire, where some of the family property lay. The Sebright bantam, which he created, is named after him and remains a popular breed of chicken to this day.

Works

In 1809 he published a letter to Sir Joseph Banks on ''The Art of Improving the Breeds of Domestic Animals''. Sebright was also author of ''Observations on Hawking, describing the mode of breaking and managing several kinds of hawks used in falconry'', 1826; and of ''Observations upon the Instinct of Animals'', 1836. Charles Darwin commented on Sebright's practical skill as a breeder in ''The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication''.

Family

He married, on 6 August 1793, Harriet, heiress of Richard Crofts of West Harling, Norfolk. She died in August 1826, having borne nine children: *Sir Thomas Gage Saunders Sebright, 8th Baronet (1802–1864). He married Lady Sarah Anne Hoffmann (12 September 1809 - 14 February 1846), daughter of Frederick Hoffman, Esq., Capt R.N. (author of "A Sailor of King George: The Journals of Captain Frederick Hoffman, RN, 1793-1814"). Lady Sarah Anne is buried in the English Cemetery, Florence. *Frederica Anne Sebright *Emily Sebright (d. 1822), married Frederick Franks in 1822 *Caroline Sebright *Frances Elizabeth Sebright *Sophia Sebright (d. 1829), unmarried *Mary Anne Sebright *Octavia Elinor Sebright *Gertrude Sebright (11 Aug 1807 – 1820)

See also

*Sebright (chicken)

References

*

Notes

;Attribution {{DEFAULTSORT:Sebright, John Saunders Category:1767 births Category:1846 deaths Category:Agricultural writers Category:British Army officers Sebright, 07th Baronet Category:Deputy Lieutenants of Hertfordshire Category:Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for Hertfordshire Category:High Sheriffs of Hertfordshire Category:UK MPs 1807–1812 Category:UK MPs 1812–1818 Category:UK MPs 1818–1820 Category:UK MPs 1820–1826 Category:UK MPs 1826–1830 Category:UK MPs 1830–1831 Category:UK MPs 1831–1832 Category:UK MPs 1832–1835 Category:People from Wychavon (district) Category:People from Markyate