The Info List - Sinuiju

Sinŭiju (Korean pronunciation: [si.nɰi.dzu]); Sinŭiju-si, known before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen City[1][2]) is a city in North Korea
North Korea
which faces Dandong, China
across the international border of the Yalu River. It is the capital of North P'yŏngan province. Part of the city is included in the Sinŭiju Special
Administrative Region, which was established in 2002 to experiment with introducing a market economy.


1 Geography 2 Administrative divisions 3 History 4 Economy

4.1 Trade with China 4.2 Central market

5 Transportation

5.1 Air 5.2 Rail

6 Climate 7 Places of interest 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links


A park near Sino-Korea Friendship Bridge

A large square in the center of Sinŭiju in August 2012, with a statue of Kim Il-sung

Sinŭiju is bordered by the Yalu River, and by P'ihyŏn and Ryongch'ŏn counties. The city's altitude is 4 feet, or about one meter, above sea level. There are several islands at the mouth of the Yalu River
Yalu River
- Wihwa-do, Rim-do, Ryuch'o-do and Tongryuch'o-do. Administrative divisions[edit] Sinuiju
city is the heart of the Sinuiju
Administrative Region. The city is currently divided into 49 tong (neighbourhoods) and 9 ri (villages):

Name Chosŏn'gŭl Hancha

5-1-dong (O-il-dong) 5-1동 (오일동) 五一洞

Apkang-dong 압강동 鴨江洞

Ch'aeha-dong 채하동 彩霞洞

Ch'insŏng 1-dong 친선1동 親善一洞

Ch'insŏng 2-dong 친선2동 親善二洞

Ch'ŏngsong-dong 청송동 靑松洞

Haebang-dong 해방동 解放洞

Kaehyŏk-tong 개혁동 改革洞

Kosŏng-dong 고성동 古城洞

Kŭnhwa-dong 근화동 芹花洞

Majŏn-dong 마전동 麻田洞

Minp'o-dong 민포동 敏浦洞

Namha-dong 남하동 南下洞

Namjung-dong 남중동 南中洞

Nammin-dong 남민동 南敏洞

Namsang-dong 남상동 南上洞

Namsŏ-dong 남서동 南西洞

Namsong-dong 남송동 南松洞

Paeg'un-dong 백운동 白雲洞

Paeksa-dong 백사동 白沙洞

Paekt'o-dong 백토동 白土洞

Pangjik-tong 방직동 紡織洞

Ponbu-dong 본부동 本部洞

P'anmun-dong 판문동 板門洞

P'ungsŏ 1-dong 풍서1동 豊西一洞

P'ungsŏ 2-dong 풍서2동 豊西二洞

P'yŏnghwa-dong 평화동 平和洞

Ragwŏn 1-dong 락원1동 樂園一洞

Ragwŏn 2-dong 락원2동 樂園二洞

Rakch'ŏng 1-dong 락청1동 樂清一洞

Rakch'ŏng 2-dong 락청2동 樂清二洞

Ryŏnsang 1-dong 련상1동 蓮上一洞

Ryŏnsang 2-dong 련상2동 蓮上二洞

Ryusang 1-dong 류상1동 柳上一洞

Ryusang 2-dong 류상2동 柳上二洞

Sinnam-dong 신남동 新南洞

Sinp'o-dong 신포동 新浦洞

Sinwŏn-dong 신원동 新元洞

Sŏkha 1-dong 석하1동 石下一洞

Sŏkha 2-dong 석하2동 石下二洞

Songhan-dong 송한동 送鷴洞

Sŏnsang-dong 선상동 仙上洞

Sumun-dong 수문동 水門洞

Tongha-dong 동하동 東下洞

Tongjung-dong 동중동 東中洞

Tongsang-dong 동상동 東上洞

Wai-dong 와이동 瓦耳洞

Yŏkchŏn-dong 역전동 驛前洞

Yŏnha-dong 연하동 煙下洞

Chungjae-ri 중재리 中斉里

Hadal-li 하단리 下端里

Ryuch'o-ri 류초리 柳草里

Samgyo-ri 삼교리 三橋里

Samryong-ri 삼룡리 三龍里

Sangdal-li  상단리 上端里

Songsŏ-ri 성서리 城西里

Taji-ri  다지리 多智里

T'osŏng-ri 토성리 土城里

History[edit] Developed as a major settlement during the colonial rule at the terminus of a railway bridge across the Yalu (Amrok) River, it is located 7 miles west of Ŭiju, the old city from whose name Sinŭiju (meaning “New Ŭiju”) derives. As an open port, it grew commercially with the logging industry which uses the Yalu River
Yalu River
to transport lumber. Additionally, a chemical industry developed after the hydroelectric Sup'ung Dam was built further up the river. In the course of the Korean War, after being driven from P'yŏngyang, Kim Il Sung and his government temporarily moved its capital to Sinŭiju[3][4] - although as UNC forces approached, the government again moved - this time to Kanggye.[4] Also, the city sustained heavy damage from aerial bombardment as part of the United States Air Force's strategic bombing of North Korea, but the city has since been rebuilt. Economy[edit]

Waterfront on the Yalu River

An important light industry centre in North Korea, Sinŭiju has a plant manufacturing enamelled ironware as well as a textile mill, paper mill and an afforestation factory. Its southwest harbour has a shipyard, although the shipyard's main function is seemingly to dismantle ships for scrap metal and other usable materials rather than building new ships. The area has recycling plants which recycle a wide range of material, including products that are banned for recycling in China.[5][6][7] The Sinŭiju Cosmetics Factory is located in South Sinŭiju (Namsinŭiju). Trade with China[edit] A substantial portion of North Korea's international trade, both legal and illegal, passes through Sinuiju
and Dandong, across the Yalu River in China.[8] Central market[edit] Since 2002, commercial life has been centred on the Chaeha-dong Market.[9] Based on a satellite image taken on 30 October 2012, the market has been destroyed and is being made into a new park.[9] Transportation[edit]

Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Railway Station

Sinŭiju can be reached from P'yŏngyang by air, railway and road. It can be reached from Dandong
in China
by crossing the Yalu River
Yalu River
by bridge or boat. Foreign tourists on excursion boats from Dandong
are sometimes permitted to approach within a few meters of the city's coastline, as long as they do not land.[10] Air[edit] Sinŭiju's airport has a single turf runway 03/21 measuring 3,250 by 213 feet (991 by 65 metres).[11] Air Koryŏ operates passenger and cargo flights from P'yŏngyang. Rail[edit] Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station is the northern terminus of the Korean State Railway's P'yŏngŭi Line from P'yŏngyang; the district is also served by several other stations on the P'yŏngŭi line, as well as the Tŏkhyŏn and Paengma lines. It is also connected with the Chinese city of Dandong
in Liaoning
Province (China) by the Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge, which is 944 m (3,097 ft) long from end to end, and through the Manchuria Railway links up with the Trans-Siberian railway. The factories of the city of Sinŭiju are provided with railway service via the Kang'an Line. Climate[edit] Sinŭiju has a monsoonal humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa) with hot, humid and stormy summers and cold, dry winters with little snowfall.

Climate data for Sinuiju

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 9.2 (48.6) 15.5 (59.9) 22.0 (71.6) 28.4 (83.1) 32.0 (89.6) 37.0 (98.6) 36.9 (98.4) 37.1 (98.8) 33.0 (91.4) 28.9 (84) 21.5 (70.7) 13.9 (57) 37.1 (98.8)

Average high °C (°F) −4.1 (24.6) −0.4 (31.3) 6.4 (43.5) 14.7 (58.5) 20.6 (69.1) 25.2 (77.4) 28.1 (82.6) 28.8 (83.8) 25.0 (77) 18.0 (64.4) 8.4 (47.1) −1.3 (29.7) 14.1 (57.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) −8.6 (16.5) −5.2 (22.6) 1.4 (34.5) 8.9 (48) 15.0 (59) 19.8 (67.6) 23.7 (74.7) 24.0 (75.2) 18.4 (65.1) 11.4 (52.5) 2.6 (36.7) −5.4 (22.3) 8.8 (47.8)

Average low °C (°F) −14.2 (6.4) −10.8 (12.6) −3.6 (25.5) 3.5 (38.3) 9.9 (49.8) 15.8 (60.4) 20.8 (69.4) 20.7 (69.3) 13.9 (57) 6.2 (43.2) −2.2 (28) −10.4 (13.3) 4.1 (39.4)

Record low °C (°F) −25.0 (−13) −26.0 (−14.8) −18.9 (−2) −5.0 (23) −2.6 (27.3) 3.0 (37.4) 10.7 (51.3) 10.0 (50) 2.8 (37) −5.3 (22.5) −15.0 (5) −22.8 (−9) −26.0 (−14.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.7 (0.421) 11.6 (0.457) 26.4 (1.039) 50.8 (2) 72.0 (2.835) 105.8 (4.165) 303.7 (11.957) 269.4 (10.606) 108.6 (4.276) 56.3 (2.217) 33.6 (1.323) 17.2 (0.677) 1,066.1 (41.972)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2 2 5 5 7 9 12 11 7 6 5 3 75

Average relative humidity (%) 68 65 66 67 72 79 85 83 76 72 69 69 73

Mean monthly sunshine hours 199 195 227 228 237 207 163 200 220 208 169 172 2,425

Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst
Deutscher Wetterdienst
(sun, 1961–1990)[12][13][a]

Source #2: Meteo Climat (extremes, 1957–present)[14]

Places of interest[edit] Facilities in Sinŭiju include Sinŭiju High School, Sinŭiju Commercial High School, Eastern Middle School, Sinŭiju Light Industry University, Sinŭiju University of Medicine and the Sinuiju
University of Education. Scenic sites include the Tonggun Pavilion, Waterfall, and Hot Springs.

Ferris wheel
Ferris wheel
in Sinuiju

There also is a Ferris wheel
Ferris wheel
overlooking the Yalu River, reportedly broken.[15] See also[edit]

North Korea
North Korea

List of cities in North Korea Geography of North Korea Sinuiju
Incident Sinuiju
North Korean Leader's Residence


^ Station ID for Sinuiju
is 47035 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration


^ "Yeng-byen, North Pyongan Province, North Korea". www.mindat.org. Retrieved 2017-10-01.  ^ Minutes of the Korea Annual Conference. Seoul, South Korea: The Fukuin Printing Company. 1914. p. 27.  External link in title= (help) ^ Sandler, Stanley (1999). The Korean War: No Victors, No Vanquished. The University Press of Kentucky. p. 108.  ^ a b Mossman, Billy (June 29, 2005). United States Army in the Korean War: Ebb and Flow November 1950-July 1951. University Press of the Pacific. p. 51.  ^ Rank, Michael (March 15, 2013). "North Korean-Taiwan nuclear waste deal thwarted over export permit". NK Economic Watch. Retrieved 19 March 2013.  ^ Rank, Michael (30 June 2008). " North Korea
North Korea
in bid to recycle toxic waste". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 March 2013.  ^ "Dalian-based Huatai Recycling Resources Co Ltd" (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 March 2013.  ^ Jane Perlez and Yufan Huang (March 31, 2016). "A Hole in North Korean Sanctions Big Enough for Coal, Oil and Used Pianos". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2016. China
accounts for about 90 percent of North Korea’s trade. Half of that business is estimated to flow through Dandong...  ^ a b "Market expansion: Sinuiju". North Korea
North Korea
Economic Watch. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.  ^ Cruddas, Sarah (2014-02-18). "Peering into North Korea : North Korea". BBC - Travel. Retrieved 2014-07-24.  ^ Landings database page "Landings.Com", accessed 06 Aug 2010, ^ "Klimatafel von Sinuiju
/ Korea (Nordkorea)" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 November 2016.  ^ "Station 47035 Sinuiju". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 November 2016.  ^ "Station Sinuiju" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 6 November 2016.  ^ Kane, Daniel (October 22, 2010). "Observations from Dandong". NK News. Retrieved December 18, 2016. Further in shore I spotted Sinuiju’s signature monument, the Ferris wheel
Ferris wheel
that doesn’t move. 

Further reading[edit]

Cathcart, Adam, and Charles Kraus, “Peripheral Influence: The Sinŭiju Student Incident of 1945 and the Impact of Soviet Occupation in North Korea,” Journal of Korean Studies, Vol. 13 (2008), pp. 1–28. Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sinuiju.

City profile of Sinuiju North Korea
North Korea
Uncovered, ( North Korea
North Korea
Google Earth) see a mapping of Sinuiju's main infrastructure, power lines, railroad, detention center, and Kim Jong Il residence, plus a whole lot more. (Trip-city.com: Sinuiju)[permanent dead link]

v t e

Cities in North Korea

Directly governed city


Cities with special status

Rason Nampo Kaesong

Provincial capitals

Chongjin Haeju Hamhung Hyesan Kanggye Pyongsong Sariwon Sinuiju Wonsan

Other cities

Anju Chongju Hoeryong Huichon Kaechon Kimchaek Kusong Manpo Munchon Sinpo Songnim Sunchon Tanchon Tokchon

v t e

North P'yŏngan Province




Chŏngju Kusŏng Sinŭiju


Ch'angsŏng Ch'ŏlsan Ch'ŏnma Hyangsan Kujang Kwaksan Nyŏngbyŏn Pakch'ŏn P'ihyŏn Pyŏktong Ryongch'ŏn Sakchu Sindo Sŏnch'ŏn T'aech'ŏn Taegwan Tongch'ang Tongrim Ŭiju Unjŏn Unsan Yŏmju

v t e

China– North Korea
North Korea
border crossings

Dandong Namyang Workers' District Onsong Sino-Korea Friendship Bridge Sinuiju

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 251503052 N