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SINN FéIN (/ʃɪn ˈfeɪn/ shin-FAYN ; Irish pronunciation: ; English: Ourselves or We Ourselves ) is a left-wing Irish republican political party active in the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
as well as in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
.

The Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
organisation was founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith . It took its current form in 1970 after a split within the party (with the other side becoming the Workers\' Party of Ireland ), and has historically been associated with the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA). Gerry Adams has been party president since 1983.

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
is a major party in both Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
and the Republic of Ireland . It is the largest nationalist party in the Northern Ireland Assembly , and the second-largest overall; it had four ministerial posts in the most recent power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive . It holds seven of Northern Ireland's 18 seats—the second-largest bloc after the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)—at Westminster , where it follows a policy of abstentionism , refusing to attend parliament or vote on bills. It is the third-largest party in the Oireachtas , the parliament of the Republic of Ireland. As Ireland's dominant parties of Fine Gael
Fine Gael
and Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
are both centre-right, Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
is the largest left-wing party in Ireland. Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
is joined on the left by the smaller Labour Party and Solidarity-People Before Profit. The three parties co-operate with each other and the Greens and Social Democrats on matters of common interest against the larger conservative parties.

CONTENTS

* 1 Name

* 2 History

* 2.1 1905–1922 * 2.2 1923–1970 * 2.3 1970–1975 * 2.4 1976–1983 * 2.5 1983–1998 * 2.6 Since 1998

* 3 Links with the IRA

* 4 Policy and ideology

* 4.1 Social and cultural * 4.2 Economy * 4.3 Health * 4.4 International relations

* 5 Organisational structure

* 5.1 Ard Chomhairle Officer Board * 5.2 Leadership Members elected at the Ard Fhéis 2016

* 6 Leadership history

* 7 Ministers and spokespeople

* 7.1 Northern Ireland Assembly
Northern Ireland Assembly
* 7.2 Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
* 7.3 Seanad Éireann * 7.4 European Parliament
European Parliament

* 8 General election results

* 8.1 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

* 8.1.1 Devolved legislature elections * 8.1.2 Westminster elections * 8.1.3 Trends

* 8.2 Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
elections * 8.3 Local government elections * 8.4 European elections

* 9 See also * 10 Notes * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links

NAME

The phrase "Sinn Féin" is Irish for "ourselves" or "we ourselves", although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone" (from " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Amháin", an early 20th century slogan. See also Sinn Féin (slogan) ). The meaning of the name itself is an assertion of Irish national sovereignty and self-determination; i.e., the Irish people governing themselves, rather than being part of a political union with Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) under the Westminster Parliament .

Around the time of 1969–1970, owing to the split in the republican movement, there were two groups calling themselves Sinn Féin; one under Tomás Mac Giolla , the other under Ruairí Ó Brádaigh . The latter became known as Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(Kevin Street) or PROVISIONAL SINN FéIN, and the former became known as Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(Gardiner Place) or Official Sinn Féin. As the "Officials" dropped all mention of Sinn Féin from their name in 1982, instead calling itself the Workers' Party of Ireland, the Provisionals were now generally known as Sinn Féin. Supporters of Republican Sinn Féin , which came from a 1986 split, still use the term "Provisional Sinn Féin" to refer to the party led by Gerry Adams.

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
members have also been referred to as Shinners, a term intended as a pejorative .

HISTORY

Alternative logo – glyph version Main article: History of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin

1905–1922

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
was founded on 28 November 1905, when, at the first annual Convention of the National Council, Arthur Griffith outlined the Sinn Féin policy, "to establish in Ireland's capital a national legislature endowed with the moral authority of the Irish nation". The party contested the 1908 North Leitrim by-election , where it secured 27% of the vote. Thereafter, both support and membership fell. At the 1910 Ard Fheis (party conference) the attendance was poor, and there was difficulty finding members willing to take seats on the executive. The campaign car of Joseph McGuinness , who won the 1917 South Longford by-election whilst imprisoned. He was one of the first Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
members to be elected. In 1921 he sided with Collins in the Treaty debate.

In 1914, Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
members, including Griffith, joined the anti-Redmond Irish Volunteers , which was referred to by Redmondites and others as the " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Volunteers". Although Griffith himself did not take part in the Easter Rising of 1916, many Sinn Féin members, who were also members of both the Volunteers and the Irish Republican Brotherhood , did. Government and newspapers dubbed the Rising "the Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Rising". After the Rising, republicans came together under the banner of Sinn Féin, and at the 1917 Ard Fheis the party committed itself for the first time to the establishment of an Irish Republic . In the 1918 general election , Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
won 73 of Ireland's 105 seats, and in January 1919, its MPs assembled in Dublin and proclaimed themselves Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
, the parliament of Ireland. The party supported the Irish Republican Army during the War of Independence , and members of the Dáil government negotiated the Anglo-Irish Treaty with the British government in 1921. In the Dáil debates that followed, the party divided on the Treaty. Anti-Treaty members led by Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera
walked out, and pro- and anti-Treaty members took opposite sides in the ensuing Civil War .

1923–1970

Pro-Treaty Dáil deputies and other Treaty supporters formed a new party, Cumann na nGaedheal , on 27 April 1923 at a meeting in Dublin, where delegates agreed on a constitution and political programme. Cumann na nGaedheal went on to govern the new Irish Free State
Irish Free State
for nine years. (It merged with two other organisations to form Fine Gael in 1933.) Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
members continued to boycott the Dáil. At a special Ard Fheis in March 1926, de Valera proposed that elected members be allowed to take their seats in the Dáil if and when the controversial Oath of Allegiance was removed. When his motion was defeated, de Valera resigned from Sinn Féin; on 16 May 1926 he founded his own party, Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
, which was dedicated to republicanising the Free State from within its political structures. He took most Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
TDs with him. De Valera's resignation meant also the loss of financial support from America. The rump Sinn Féin party could field no more than fifteen candidates, and won only six seats in the June 1927 general election , a level of support not seen since before 1916. Vice-President and de facto leader Mary MacSwiney announced that the party simply did not have the funds to contest the second election called that year , declaring "no true Irish citizen can vote for any of the other parties". Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
came to power at the 1932 general election (to begin what would be an unbroken 16-year spell in government) and went on to long dominate politics in the independent Irish state.

An attempt in the 1940s to access funds that had been put in the care of the High Court led to the Sinn Féin Funds case , which the party lost and in which the judge ruled that it was not the legal successor to the Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
of 1917. At the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
1955 general election , two Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
candidates were elected to Westminster, but the party's vote decreased at the following election in 1959, during the IRA 's Border Campaign . In 1962, supporters of Marxism–Leninism
Marxism–Leninism
took control of the Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
leadership from traditional republicans, and started to take policy in a new direction. The same thing happened in the IRA, with the ascent of Cathal Goulding . These people were influenced by Communist Party of Ireland member Roy Johnston 's "National Liberation Strategy" and the theories of C. Desmond Greaves of the Connolly Association (part of the Communist Party of Great Britain ). The Garland Commission was set up in 1967, to investigate the possibility of ending abstentionism. Its report angered the already disaffected traditional republican element within the party, notably Seán Mac Stíofáin and Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, who viewed such a policy as treason against the Irish Republic.

1970–1975

Ruairí Ó Brádaigh was the president of Provisional Sinn Féin from 1970 until 1983.

The Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
party split in two at the beginning of 1970. At the party's Ard Fheis on 11 January the proposal to end abstentionism and take seats, if elected, in the Dáil, the Parliament of Northern Ireland and the Parliament of the United Kingdom was put before the members. A similar motion had been adopted at an IRA convention the previous month, leading to the formation of a Provisional Army Council by Mac Stíofáin and other members opposed to the leadership. When the motion was put to the Ard Fheis, it failed to achieve the necessary two-thirds majority. The Executive attempted to circumvent this by introducing a motion in support of IRA policy, at which point the dissenting delegates walked out of the meeting. These members reconvened at another place, appointed a Caretaker Executive and pledged allegiance to the Provisional Army Council. The Caretaker Executive declared itself opposed to the ending of abstentionism, the drift towards "extreme forms of socialism", the failure of the leadership to defend the nationalist people of Belfast
Belfast
during the 1969 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
riots , and the expulsion of traditional republicans by the leadership during the 1960s.

At its October 1970 Ard Fheis, delegates were informed that an IRA convention had been held and had regularised its structure, bringing to an end the 'provisional' period. By then, however, the label "Provisional" or "Provo" was already being applied to them by the media. The opposing, anti-abstentionist party became known as "Official Sinn Féin". It changed its name in 1977 to " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
– The Workers' Party", and in 1982 to "The Workers\' Party ".

Because the "Provisionals" were committed to military rather than political action, Sinn Féin's initial membership was largely confined, in Danny Morrison 's words, to men "over military age or women". A Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
organiser of the time in Belfast
Belfast
described the party's role as "agitation and publicity". New cumainn (branches) were established in Belfast, and a new newspaper, Republican News , was published. Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
took off as a protest movement after the introduction of internment in August 1971, organising marches and pickets. The party launched its platform, Éire Nua ("a New Ireland") at the 1971 Ard Fheis. In general, however, the party lacked a distinct political philosophy. In the words of Brian Feeney, "Ó Brádaigh would use Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
ard fheiseanna (party conferences) to announce republican policy, which was, in effect, IRA policy, namely that Britain should leave the North or the 'war' would continue". Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
was given a concrete presence in the community when the IRA declared a ceasefire in 1975 . 'Incident centres' were set up to communicate potential confrontations to the British authorities. They were manned by Sinn Féin, which had been legalised the previous year by Merlyn Rees , Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
.

1976–1983

Bobby Sands
Bobby Sands
mural in Belfast
Belfast
. Sands, a member of the Provisional IRA, stood on an Anti H-Block ticket.

Political status for prisoners became an issue after the ending of the truce. Rees released the last of the internees but introduced the Diplock courts , and ended ' Special Category Status ' for all prisoners convicted after 1 March 1976. This led first to the blanket protest , and then to the dirty protest . Around the same time, Gerry Adams began writing for Republican News, calling for Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
to become more involved politically. Over the next few years, Adams and those aligned with him would extend their influence throughout the republican movement and slowly marginalise Ó Brádaigh, part of a general trend of power in both Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the IRA shifting north. In particular, Ó'Brádaigh's part in the 1975 IRA ceasefire had damaged his reputation in the eyes of Ulster republicans.

The prisoners' protest climaxed with the 1981 hunger strike , during which striker Bobby Sands
Bobby Sands
was elected Member of Parliament for Fermanagh and South Tyrone as an Anti H-Block candidate. After his death on hunger strike, his seat was held, with an increased vote, by his election agent, Owen Carron . Two other Anti H-Block candidates were elected to Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
in the general election in the Republic . These successes convinced republicans that they should contest every election. Danny Morrison expressed the mood at the 1981 Ard Fheis when he said: "Who here really believes we can win the war through the ballot box? But will anyone here object if, with a ballot paper in this hand and an Armalite in the other, we take power in Ireland?".

This was the origin of what became known as the Armalite and ballot box strategy . Éire Nua was dropped in 1982, and the following year Ó Brádaigh stepped down as leader, and was replaced by Adams.

1983–1998

Under the political leadership of Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness , Provisional Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
adopted a reformist policy, eventually leading to the Good Friday Agreement .

Under Adams' leadership electoral politics became increasingly important. In 1983 Alex Maskey was elected to Belfast
Belfast
City Council , the first Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
member to sit on that body. Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
polled over 100,000 votes in the Westminster elections that year, and Adams won the West Belfast
Belfast
seat that had been held by the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). By 1985 it had fifty-nine seats on seventeen of the twenty-six Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
councils, including seven on Belfast
Belfast
City Council.

The party began a reappraisal of the policy of abstention from the Dáil. At the 1983 Ard Fheis the constitution was amended to remove the ban on the discussion of abstentionism to allow Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
to run a candidate in the forthcoming European elections. However, in his address Adams said, "We are an abstentionist party. It is not my intention to advocate change in this situation." A motion to permit entry into the Dáil was allowed at the 1985 Ard Fheis, but without the active support of the leadership, and Adams did not speak. The motion failed narrowly. By October of the following year an IRA Convention had indicated its support for elected Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Teachtaí Dála (TDs) taking their seats. Thus, when the motion to end abstention was put to the Ard Fheis on 1 November 1986, it was clear that there would not be a split in the IRA as there had been in 1970. The motion was passed with a two-thirds majority. Ó Brádaigh and about twenty other delegates walked out, and met in a Dublin
Dublin
hotel with hundreds of supporters to re-organise as Republican Sinn Féin .

Tentative negotiations between Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the British government led to more substantive discussions with the SDLP in the 1990s. Multi-party negotiations began in 1994 in Northern Ireland, without Sinn Féin. The Provisional IRA declared a ceasefire in the autumn of 1994. Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
then joined the talks, but the Conservative government under John Major soon came to depend on unionist votes to remain in power. It suspended Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
from the talks, and began to insist that the IRA decommission all of their weapons before Sinn Féin be re-admitted to the talks; this led to the IRA calling off its ceasefire. The new Labour government of Tony Blair
Tony Blair
wasn't reliant on unionist votes and re-admitted Sinn Féin, leading to another, permanent, ceasefire.

The talks led to the Good Friday Agreement of 10 April 1998 (officially known as the Belfast
Belfast
Agreement), which set up an inclusive devolved government in the North, and altered the Dublin
Dublin
government's constitutional claim to the whole island in Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of Ireland . Republicans opposed to the direction taken by Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
in the peace process formed the 32 County Sovereignty Movement in the late 1990s.

SINCE 1998

The party expelled Denis Donaldson , a party official, in December 2005, with him stating publicly that he had been in the employ of the British government as an agent since the 1980s. Donaldson told reporters that the British security agencies who employed him were behind the collapse of the Assembly and set up Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
to take the blame for it, a claim disputed by the British Government. Donaldson was found fatally shot in his home in County Donegal
County Donegal
on 4 April 2006, and a murder inquiry was launched. In April 2009, the Real IRA released a statement taking responsibility for the killing.

When Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) became the largest parties, by the terms of the Belfast
Belfast
Agreement no deal could be made without the support of both parties. They nearly reached a deal in November 2004, but the DUP insisted on photographic and/or video evidence that decommissioning had been carried out, which was unacceptable to Sinn Féin.

On 2 September 2006, Martin McGuinness publicly stated that Sinn Féin would refuse to participate in a shadow assembly at Stormont, asserting that his party would only take part in negotiations that were aimed at restoring a power-sharing government. This development followed a decision on the part of members of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
to refrain from participating in debates since the Assembly's recall the previous May. The relevant parties to these talks were given a deadline of 24 November 2006 to decide upon whether or not they would ultimately form the executive.

The 86-year Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
boycott of policing in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
ended on 28 January 2007, when the Ard Fheis voted overwhelmingly to support the Police Service of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(PSNI). Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
members began to sit on Policing Boards and join District Policing Partnerships. There was opposition to this decision within Sinn Féin, and some members left, including elected representatives. The most well-known opponent was former IRA prisoner Gerry McGeough , who stood in the 2007 Assembly election against Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
in the constituency of Fermanagh and South Tyrone , as an Independent Republican. Others who opposed this development left to found the Republican Network for Unity .

Immediately after the June 2017 UK general election , where the Conservatives won 49% of seats but not an overall majority, so that non-mainstream parties could have significant influence, Gerry Adams announced for Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
that their elected MPs would continue the policy of not swearing allegiance to the Queen , as would be required for them to take their seats in the Westminster Parliament.

LINKS WITH THE IRA

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
is the largest Irish republican political party, and was closely associated with the Provisional IRA. The Irish government alleged that senior members of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
have held posts on the IRA Army Council . However, the SF leadership has denied these claims. The US Government has made similar allegations.

A republican document of the early 1980s stated: "Both Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the IRA play different but converging roles in the war of national liberation. The Irish Republican Army wages an armed campaign... Sinn Féin maintains the propaganda war and is the public and political voice of the movement".

The British government stated in 2005 that "we had always said all the way through we believed that Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the IRA were inextricably linked and that had obvious implications at leadership level".

The Northern Bank robbery of £26.5 million in Belfast
Belfast
in December 2004 further delayed a political deal in Northern Ireland. The IRA were widely blamed for the robbery although Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
denied this and stated that party officials had not known of the robbery nor sanctioned it. Because of the timing of the robbery, it is considered that the plans for the robbery must have been laid whilst Sinn Féin was engaged in talks about a possible peace settlement. This undermined confidence among unionists about the sincerity of republicans towards reaching agreement. In the aftermath of the row over the robbery, a further controversy erupted when, on RTÉ 's Questions and Answers programme, the chairman of Sinn Féin, Mitchel McLaughlin , insisted that the IRA's controversial killing of a mother of ten young children, Jean McConville , in the early 1970s though "wrong", was not a crime, as it had taken place in the context of the political conflict. Politicians from the Republic, along with the Irish media, strongly attacked McLaughlin's comments.

On 10 February 2005, the government-appointed Independent Monitoring Commission reported that it firmly supported the PSNI and Garda Síochána assessments that the IRA was responsible for the Northern Bank robbery and that certain senior members of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
were also senior members of the IRA and would have had knowledge of and given approval to the carrying out of the robbery. Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
has argued that the IMC is not independent, and that the inclusion of former Alliance Party leader John Alderdice and a British security head was proof of this. The IMC recommended further financial sanctions against Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
members of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly. The British government responded by saying it would ask MPs to vote to withdraw the parliamentary allowances of the four Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
MPs elected in 2001.

Gerry Adams responded to the IMC report by challenging the Irish government to have him arrested for IRA membership—a crime in both jurisdictions—and for conspiracy .

On 20 February 2005, Irish Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform Michael McDowell publicly accused three of the Sinn Féin leadership, Gerry Adams, Martin McGuinness and Martin Ferris (TD for Kerry North ) of being on the seven-man IRA Army Council ; they later denied this.

On 27 February 2005, a demonstration against the murder of Robert McCartney on 30 January 2005 was held in east Belfast. Alex Maskey , a former Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Lord Mayor of Belfast
Belfast
, was told by relatives of McCartney to "hand over the 12" IRA members involved. The McCartney family, although formerly Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
voters themselves, urged witnesses to the crime to contact the PSNI. Three IRA men were expelled from the organisation, and a man was charged with McCartney's murder.

Irish Taoiseach
Taoiseach
Bertie Ahern subsequently called Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the IRA "both sides of the same coin". The official ostracism of Sinn Féin was shown in February 2005 when Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
passed a motion condemning the party's alleged involvement in illegal activity. US President George W. Bush and Senator Edward Kennedy refused to meet Gerry Adams while meeting the family of Robert McCartney.

On 10 March 2005, the House of Commons in London passed without significant opposition a motion, introduced by the British government, to withdraw the allowances of the four Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
MPs for one year, in response to the Northern Bank Robbery. This measure cost the party approximately £400,000. However, the debate prior to the vote mainly surrounded the more recent events connected with the murder of Robert McCartney. Conservatives and unionists put down amendments to have the Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
MPs evicted from their offices at the House of Commons but these were defeated.

In March 2005 Mitchell Reiss , the United States Special
Special
Envoy for Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
, condemned the party's links to the IRA, saying "it is hard to understand how a European country in the year 2005 can have a private army associated with a political party".

The October 2015 Assessment on Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland concluded that the Provisional IRA still existed "in a much reduced form", and that some IRA members believed its Army Council oversaw both the PIRA and Sinn Féin, although it believed that the leadership "remains committed to the peace process and its aim of achieving a united Ireland by political means."

POLICY AND IDEOLOGY

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and Sinn Féin Republican Youth signs in Strabane

Most of the party's policies are intended to be implemented on an 'all-Ireland' basis which further emphasises their central aim of creating a united Ireland .

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
currently is considered a democratic socialist or left-wing party. In the European Parliament
European Parliament
, the party aligns itself with the European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) parliamentary group. The party pledges support for minority rights, migrants' rights, and eradicating poverty. Although it is not in favour of the extension of legalised abortion (British 1967 Act) to Northern Ireland, Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
state they are opposed to the attitudes in society which "pressurise women" to have abortions and "criminalise" women who make this decision. The party does state that in cases of incest, rape, sexual abuse, "fatal foetal abnormalities", or when a woman's life and health are at risk or in danger, the final decision must rest with the woman. Categorised as "populist socialist" in literature, in 2014 leading party strategist and ideologue Eoin Ó Broin described Sinn Féin's entire political project as unashamedly populist.

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
has been considered to be Eurosceptic . The party campaigned for a "No" vote in the referendum on joining the European Economic Community in 1972. The party was critical of the supposed need for an EU constitution as proposed in 2002, and urged a "No" vote in the 2008 referendum on the Lisbon Treaty , although Mary Lou McDonald said that there was "no contradiction in being pro-Europe but anti-treaty." In its manifesto for the 2015 UK general election , Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
pledged that the party would campaign for the UK to stay within the European Union
European Union
(EU), Martin McGuinness saying that an exit "would be absolutely economically disastrous". Gerry Adams said that, if there were to be a referendum on the question, there ought to be a separate and binding referendum for Northern Ireland. Its policy of a "Europe of Equals", and its critical engagement after 2001, together with its engagement with the European Parliament
European Parliament
, marks a change from the party's previous opposition to the EU. The party expresses, on one hand, "support for Europe-wide measures that promote and enhance human rights, equality and the all-Ireland agenda ", and on the other a "principled opposition" to a European superstate .

SOCIAL AND CULTURAL

Sinn Féin's main political goal is a united Ireland . Other key policies from their most recent election manifesto are listed below:

* The 18 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
MPs who sit or have sat in the Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
to be allowed to sit in Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
as full Deputies as well * Ending academic selection within the education system * Support for a 'Minister for Children' * Diplomatic pressure to close Sellafield nuclear reprocessing plant (in Britain) * A draft Irish Language Bill for Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(Acht na Gaeilge ), a Bill that would give the Irish Language the same status that the Welsh language
Welsh language
has in Wales * 'Plastic bag levy ' to be extended to Northern Ireland * To further Irish language teaching in Northern Ireland, * Same-sex marriage to be extended to Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

ECONOMY

* Increase in capital gains tax and deposit interest retention tax * A cap on public sector pay at three times the average worker\'s wage * A cap on the salaries of TDs and government ministers * Standardisation of discretionary tax reliefs * Greater state investment in the economy * Reducing mortgage interest tax relief for landlords and property-based tax reliefs * Establishment of a government fund to aid small and medium enterprises * An 'all-Ireland' economy with a common currency and one tax policy * Greater investment for those who are disabled

HEALTH

* An 'All-Ireland-Health-Service' akin to the National Health Service of the United Kingdom, * Cap on consultants' pay * Abolishment of prescription charges for medical card patients * Expansion of primary care centres * Gradual removal of subsidies of private practice in public hospitals and the introduction of a charge for practitioners for the use of public equipment and staff in their private practice * Free breast screening (to check for breast cancer) of all women over forty

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
supports the creation of a 'Minister for Europe', the independence of the Basque Country from Spain and France, and the Palestinians
Palestinians
in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Israeli–Palestinian conflict
.

ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE

See also: Sinn Féin elected representatives A Sinn Féin advice centre in Castlewellan
Castlewellan

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
is organised throughout Ireland, and membership is open to all Irish residents over the age of 16. The party is organised hierarchically into cumainn (branches), comhairle ceantair (district executives), and cúigí (regional executives). At national level, the Coiste Seasta (Standing Committee) oversees the day-to-day running of Sinn Féin. It is an eight-member body nominated by the Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Ard Chomhairle (National Executive) and also includes the chairperson of each cúige. The Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Ard Chomhairle meets at least once a month. It directs the overall implementation of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
policy and activities of the party.

The Ard Chomhairle also oversees the operation of various departments of Sinn Féin, viz Administration, Finance, National Organiser, Campaigns, Sinn Féin Republican Youth , Women's Forum, Culture, Publicity and International Affairs. It is made up of the following: Officer Board and nine other members, all of whom are elected by delegates to the Ard Fheis, fifteen representing the five Cúige regions (three delegates each). The Ard Chomhairle can co-opt eight members for specific posts and additional members can be co-opted, if necessary, to ensure that at least thirty per cent of Ard Chomhairle members are women.

The Ardfheis (national delegate conference) is the ultimate policy-making body of the party, where delegates, directly elected by members of cumainn, can decide on and implement policy. It is held at least once a year, but a special Ard Fheis can be called by the Ard Chomhairle or the membership under special circumstances.

ARD CHOMHAIRLE OFFICER BOARD

2016–2017

* President: Gerry Adams * Vice-President: Mary Lou McDonald * Chairperson: Declan Kearney * General Secretary: Dawn Doyle * Director of Communications: Ciaran Quinn * Treasurers: Pearse Doherty and Conor Murphy
Conor Murphy

LEADERSHIP MEMBERS ELECTED AT THE ARD FHéIS 2016

The members consist 6 men and 6 women.

* Martina Anderson * Lynn Boylan * Matt Carthy * David Cullinane * Mairead Farrell * Michelle Gildernew * Martin McGuinness * Alex Maskey * Seán Murray * Carol Nolan * Michelle O\'Neill * Peadar Tóibín

LEADERSHIP HISTORY

Gerry Adams, leader of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
since 1983 Main article: Leader of Sinn Féin

NAME DATES NOTES

Edward Martyn 1905–1908

John Sweetman 1908–1911

Arthur Griffith 1911–1917

Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera
1917–1926 Resigned from Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and formed Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
in 1926

John J. O\'Kelly (Sceilg) 1926–1931

Brian O\'Higgins 1931–1933

Fr. Michael O\'Flanagan 1933–1935

Cathal Ó Murchadha 1935–1937

Margaret Buckley 1937–1950

Paddy McLogan 1950–1952

Tomás Ó Dubhghaill 1952–1954

Paddy McLogan 1954–1962

Tomás Mac Giolla 1962–1970 From 1970 was president of Official Sinn Féin, renamed The Workers' Party in 1982

Ruairí Ó Brádaigh 1970–1983 Left Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and formed Republican Sinn Féin in 1986.

Gerry Adams 1983–present

MINISTERS AND SPOKESPEOPLE

NORTHERN IRELAND ASSEMBLY

See also: Executive of the 5th Northern Ireland Assembly
Northern Ireland Assembly
, Northern Ireland Assembly , Members of the 5th Northern Ireland Assembly
Northern Ireland Assembly

PORTFOLIO NAME

LEADER OF SINN FéIN IN THE NORTHERN IRELAND ASSEMBLY Michelle O\'Neill MLA

Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Vacant

Minister of Finance Máirtín Ó Muilleoir MLA

Junior Minister at the Executive Office Vacant

Minister of Health Michelle O\'Neill MLA

Minister for Infrastructure Chris Hazzard MLA

DáIL ÉIREANN

See also: Front Bench , Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
, Members of the 31st Dáil

PORTFOLIO NAME

LEADER OF SINN FéIN Gerry Adams TD

DEPUTY LEADER OF SINN FéIN Public Expenditure and Reform Mary Lou McDonald TD

Social Protection and Party whip Aengus Ó Snodaigh TD

Finance Pearse Doherty TD

Health and Children Louise O\'Reilly TD

Foreign Affairs and Trade Seán Crowe TD

Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation and Gaeltacht Affairs Peadar Tóibín TD

Justice, Equality and Defence Pádraig Mac Lochlainn TD

Communications, Energy and Natural Resources Michael Colreavy TD

Education and Skills Carol Nolan TD

Environment, Community and Local Government Brian Stanley TD

Agriculture, Food and the Marine Martin Ferris TD

Transport and Housing Dessie Ellis TD

Arts, Heritage , Transport and Sport Sandra McLellan TD

SEANAD ÉIREANN

See also: Front Bench , Seanad Éireann , Members of the 24th Seanad

PORTFOLIO NAME

SEANAD GROUP LEADER Trade Union Outreach/Workers Rights and Political Reform Junior Spokesperson for Jobs and Enterprise Senator David Cullinane

Gaeltacht, Irish Language and Rural Affairs Junior Spokesperson for Justice, Equality and Defence Senator Trevor Ó Clochartaigh

Youth Affairs , European Affairs and All-Ireland Economy Senator Kathryn Reilly

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

See also: Eighth European Parliament
European Parliament
, European Parliament
European Parliament
, Members of the European Parliament, 2014–19

PORTFOLIO NAME

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENTARY GROUP LEADER Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs; Relations with Palestine Martina Anderson MEP

Environment, Public Health and Food Lynn Boylan MEP

Agriculture and Rural Development; Relations with the United States Matt Carthy MEP

Budgets; Fisheries; Relations with the People's Republic of China Liadh Ní Riada MEP

GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS

See also: Sinn Féin election results

NORTHERN IRELAND

Devolved Legislature Elections

ELECTION BODY SEATS WON ± POSITION FIRST PREFERENCE VOTES % GOVERNMENT LEADER

1921 House of Commons 6 / 52 6 2nd 104,917 20.5% Abstention Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera

1982 Assembly 5 / 78 5 5th 64,191 10.1% Abstention Ruairí Ó Brádaigh

1996 Forum 17 / 110 17 4th 116,377 15.5% Abstention Gerry Adams

1998 Assembly 18 / 108 18 4th 142,858 17.7% Power-sharing (UUP-SDLP-DUP-SF) Gerry Adams

2003 24 / 108 6 3rd 162,758 23.5% Direct Rule Gerry Adams

2007 28 / 108 4 2nd 180,573 26.2% Power-sharing (DUP-SF-SDLP-UUP-AP) Gerry Adams

2011 29 / 108 1 2nd 178,224 26.3% Power-sharing (DUP-SF-UUP-SDLP-AP) Gerry Adams

2016 28 / 108 1 2nd 166,785 24.0% Power-sharing (DUP-SF-Ind.) Gerry Adams

2017 27 / 90 1 2nd 224,245 27.9% TBD Gerry Adams

Westminster Elections

ELECTION SEATS (IN NI) ± POSITION TOTAL VOTES % (OF NI) % (OF UK) GOVERNMENT LEADER

1924 0 / 13

None 34,181

0.2% No seats Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera

1950 0 / 12

None 23,362 0.1% No seats Margaret Buckley

1955 2 / 12 2 4th 152,310 0.6% Abstention Paddy McLogan

1959 0 / 12 2 None 63,415 0.2% No seats Paddy McLogan

1983 1 / 17 1 8th 102,701 13.4% 0.3% Abstention Ruairí Ó Brádaigh

1987 1 / 17

6th 83,389 11.4% 0.3% Abstention Gerry Adams

1992 0 / 17 1 None 78,291 10.0% 0.2% No seats Gerry Adams

1997 2 / 18 2 8th 126,921 16.1% 0.4% Abstention Gerry Adams

2001 4 / 18 2 6th 175,933 21.7% 0.7% Abstention Gerry Adams

2005 5 / 18 1 6th 174,530 24.3% 0.6% Abstention Gerry Adams

2010 5 / 18

6th 171,942 25.5% 0.6% Abstention Gerry Adams

2015 4 / 18 1 6th 176,232 24.5% 0.6% Abstention Gerry Adams

2017 7 / 18 3 6th 238,915 29.4% 0.7% Abstention Gerry Adams

Trends

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
returned to Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
elections at the 1982 Assembly elections , winning five seats with 64,191 votes (10.1%). The party narrowly missed winning additional seats in Belfast
Belfast
North and Fermanagh and South Tyrone . In the 1983 UK general election eight months later, Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
increased its support, breaking the six-figure vote barrier in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
for the first time by polling 102,701 votes (13.4%). Gerry Adams won the Belfast
Belfast
West constituency, and Danny Morrison fell only 78 votes short of victory in Mid Ulster .

The 1984 European elections proved to be a disappointment, with Sinn Féin's candidate Danny Morrison polling 91,476 (13.3%) and falling well behind the SDLP candidate John Hume .

By the beginning of 1985, Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
had won its first representation on local councils, owing to three by-election wins in Omagh (Seamus Kerr, May 1983) and Belfast
Belfast
( Alex Maskey in June 1983 and Sean McKnight in March 1984 ). Three sitting councillors also defected to Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
in Dungannon, Fermanagh and Derry (the last defecting from the SDLP). Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
succeeded in winning 59 seats in the 1985 local government elections , after it had predicted winning only 40 seats. However, the results continued to show a decline from the peak of 1983, as the party won 75,686 votes (11.8%). The party failed to gain any seats in the 1986 by-elections caused by the resignation of unionist MPs in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement . While this was partly due to an electoral pact between unionist candidates, the SF vote fell in the four constituencies they contested.

In the 1987 general election Gerry Adams held his Belfast
Belfast
West seat, but the party failed to make breakthroughs elsewhere and overall polled 83,389 votes (11.4%). The same year saw the party contest the Dáil election in the Republic of Ireland; however, it failed to win any seats and polled less than 2%.

The 1989 local government elections saw a drop in support for Sinn Féin. Defending 58 seats (the 59 won in 1985, plus two 1987 by-election gains in West Belfast, minus three councillors who had defected to Republican Sinn Féin in 1986), the party lost 15 seats. In the aftermath of the election, Mitchell McLaughlin admitted that recent IRA activity had affected the Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
vote.

In the 1989 European election , Danny Morrison again failed to win a seat, polling at 48,914 votes (9%).

The nadir for SF in this period came in 1992, with Gerry Adams losing his Belfast
Belfast
West seat to the SDLP, and the SF vote falling in the other constituencies that they had contested relative to 1987.

In the 1997 UK general election , Adams regained Belfast
Belfast
West. Martin McGuinness also won a seat in Mid Ulster . In the Irish general election the same year the party won its first seat since 1957 , with Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin gaining a seat in the Cavan-Monaghan constituency . In the Irish local elections of 1999 the party increased its number of councillors from 7 to 23.

The party overtook its nationalist rival, the Social Democratic and Labour Party, as the largest nationalist party in the local elections and UK general election of 2001, winning four Westminster seats to the SDLP's three. The party continues to subscribe, however, to an abstentionist policy towards the Westminster British parliament, on account of opposing that parliament's jurisdiction in Northern Ireland, as well as its oath to the Queen. Results in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
from UK General Elections. Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
increased its number of seats from two in 1997 to five in 2005, four of them in the west. It retained its five seats in 2010, was reduced to four in 2015 before increasing to seven in 2017.

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
increased its share of the nationalist vote in the 2003 , 2007 , and 2011 Assembly elections , with Martin McGuinness , former Minister for Education, taking the post of deputy First Minister in the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
power-sharing Executive Committee. The party has three ministers in the Executive Committee.

In the 2010 General Election , the party retained its five seats, and for the first time topped the poll at a Westminster Election in Northern Ireland, winning 25.5% of the vote. All Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
MPs increased their share of the vote and with the exception of Fermanagh and South Tyrone , increased their majorities. In Fermanagh and South Tyrone, Unionist parties agreed a joint candidate, this resulted in the closest contest of the election, with Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
MP Michelle Gildernew holding her seat by 4 votes after 3 recounts and an election petition challenging the result.

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
lost some ground in the 2016 Assembly election , dropping one seat to finish with 28, ten behind the DUP. In the snap election eight months later caused by the resignation of McGuinness as deputy First Minister, however, the party surged, winning 27.9% of the popular vote to 28.1% for the DUP, and 27 seats to the DUP's 28 in an Assembly reduced by 18 seats.

DáIL ÉIREANN ELECTIONS

ELECTION SEATS WON ± POSITION FIRST PREF. VOTES % GOVERNMENT LEADER

1918 73 / 105 73 1st 476,087 46.9% Aireacht Gov't Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera

1921 124 / 128 51 1st – – Aireacht Gov't Éamon de Valera

1922 58 / 128 (Pro-Treaty) N/A 1st 239,195 38.5% Minority Gov't Michael Collins (Pro-Treaty)

36 / 128 (Anti-Treaty) N/A 2nd 135,310 21.8% Abstention Éamon de Valera (Anti-Treaty)

1923 44 / 153 8 2nd 288,794 27.4% Abstention Éamon de Valera

1927 (JUN) 5 / 153 39 6th 41,401 3.6% Abstention John J. O\'Kelly

1954 0 / 147

None 1,990 0.1% No Seats Tomás Ó Dubhghaill

1957 4 / 147 4 4th 65,640 5.3% Abstention Paddy McLogan

1961 0 / 144 4 None 36,396 3.1% No Seats Paddy McLogan

1982 (FEB) 0 / 166

None 16,894 1.0% No Seats Ruairí Ó Brádaigh

1987 0 / 166

None 32,933 1.9% No Seats Gerry Adams

1989 0 / 166

None 20,003 1.2% No Seats Gerry Adams

1992 0 / 166

None 27,809 1.6% No Seats Gerry Adams

1997 1 / 166 1 6th 45,614 2.5% Opposition Gerry Adams

2002 5 / 166 4 6th 121,020 6.5% Opposition Gerry Adams

2007 4 / 166 1 5th 143,410 6.9% Opposition Gerry Adams

2011 14 / 166 10 4th 220,661 9.9% Opposition Gerry Adams

2016 23 / 158 9 3rd 295,319 13.8% Opposition Gerry Adams

The party had five TDs elected in the 2002 Irish general election , an increase of four from the previous election. At the general election in 2007 the party had expectations of substantial gains, with poll predictions that they would gain five to ten seats. However, the party lost one of its seats to Fine Gael
Fine Gael
. Seán Crowe , who had topped the poll in Dublin
Dublin
South–West fell to fifth place, with his first preference vote reduced from 20.28% to 12.16%.

On 26 November 2010, Pearse Doherty won a seat in the Donegal South–West by-election . It was the party's first by-election victory in the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
since 1925. After negotiations with the left-wing Independent TDs Finian McGrath and Maureen O\'Sullivan , a Technical Group was formed in the Dáil to give its members more speaking time.

In the 2011 Irish general election the party made significant gains. All its sitting TDs were returned, with Seán Crowe regaining the seat he had lost in 2007 in Dublin
Dublin
South–West. In addition to winning long-targeted seats such as Dublin
Dublin
Central and Dublin
Dublin
North–West , the party gained unexpected seats in Cork East and Sligo–North Leitrim . It ultimately won 14 seats, the best performance for the party's current incarnation. The party went on to win three seats in the Seanad election which followed their success at the general election. In the 2016 election it made further gains, finishing with 23 seats and overtaking the Labour Party as the third-largest party in the Dáil. It ran seven candidates in the Seanad election, all of whom were successful.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS

ELECTION COUNTRY FIRST PREFERENCE VOTE VOTE % SEATS

1920 Ireland – 27.0% –

1974 Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
– – 7 / 802

1979 Republic of Ireland – – 11 / 798

1985 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
75,686 11.8% 59 / 565

1985 Republic of Ireland 46,391 3.3% –

1989 Northern Ireland 69,032 11.2% 43 / 565

1991 Republic of Ireland 29,054 2.1% 8 / 883

1993 Northern Ireland 77,600 12.0% 51 / 582

1997 Northern Ireland 106,934 17.0% 74 / 575

1999 Republic of Ireland 49,192 3.5% 21 / 883

2001 Northern Ireland 163,269 21.0% 108 / 582

2004 Republic of Ireland 146,391 8.0% 54 / 883

2005 Northern Ireland 163,205 23.2% 126 / 582

2009 Republic of Ireland 138,405 7.4% 54 / 883

2011 Northern Ireland 163,712 24.8% 138 / 583

2014 Northern Ireland 151,137 22.7% 105 / 462

2014 Republic of Ireland 258,650 15.2% 159 / 949

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
is represented on most county and city councils. It made large gains in the local elections of 2004 , increasing its number of councillors from 21 to 54, and replacing the Progressive Democrats as the fourth-largest party in local government. At the local elections of June 2009 , the party's vote fell by 0.95% to 7.34%, with no change in the number of seats. Losses in Dublin
Dublin
and urban areas were balanced by gains in areas such as Limerick, Wicklow, Cork, Tipperary and Kilkenny and the border counties . However, three of Sinn Féin's seven representatives on Dublin
Dublin
City Council resigned within six months of the June 2009 elections, one of them defecting to the Labour Party .

EUROPEAN ELECTIONS

ELECTION COUNTRY FIRST PREFERENCE VOTE VOTE % SEATS

1984 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
91,476 13.3% 0 / 3

Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
54,672 4.9% 0 / 15

1989 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
48,914 9.0% 0 / 3

Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
35,923 2.2% 0 / 15

1994 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
55,215 9.9% 0 / 3

Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
33,823 3.0% 0 / 15

1999 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
117,643 17.3% 0 / 3

Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
88,165 6.3% 0 / 15

2004 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
144,541 26.3% 1 / 3

Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
197,715 11.1% 1 / 13

2009 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
126,184 25.8% 1 / 3

Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
205,613 11.2% 0 / 12

2014 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
159,813 25.5% 1 / 3

Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
323,300 19.5% 3 / 11

In the 2004 European Parliament
European Parliament
election , Bairbre de Brún won Sinn Féin's first seat in the European Parliament, at the expense of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). She came in second behind Jim Allister , then of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP). In the 2009 election , de Brún was re-elected with 126,184 first preference votes, the only candidate to reach the quota on the first count. This was the first time since elections began in 1979 that the DUP failed to take the first seat, and was the first occasion Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
topped a poll in any Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
election.

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
made a breakthrough in the Dublin
Dublin
constituency in 2004 . The party's candidate, Mary Lou McDonald , was elected on the sixth count as one of four MEPs for Dublin, effectively taking the seat of Patricia McKenna of the Green
Green
Party . In the 2009 election , when Dublin's representation was reduced to three MEPs, she failed to hold her seat. In the South constituency their candidate, Councillor Toiréasa Ferris , managed to nearly double the number of first preference votes, lying third after the first count, but failed to get enough transfers to win a seat.

In the 2014 election , Martina Anderson topped the poll in Northern Ireland , as did Lynn Boylan in Dublin
Dublin
. Liadh Ní Riada was elected in the South constituency, and Matt Carthy in Midlands–North-West .

SEE ALSO

* List of political parties in Northern Ireland * Elected representatives of Sinn Féin * List of Sinn Féin MPs (for members elected to the British House of Commons) * Friends of Sinn Féin (an organisation designed to support Sinn Féin's cause with members in the United States, Canada and Australia) * Sinn Féin Republican Youth (the youth wing of Sinn Féin)

NOTES

* ^ Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Retrieved 25 July 2015. * ^ Anttiroiko, Ari-Veikko; Mälkiä, Matti (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). p. 394. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4 . * ^ "Sinn Féin: definition of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
in Oxford dictionary (British & World English). Meaning, pronunciation and origin of the word". Oxford Language Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2013. * ^ Dinneen, Patrick (1992) . Irish-English Dictionary. Dublin: Irish Texts Society. ISBN 1-870166-00-0 . * ^ "The political counterpart of PIRA": entry under Provisional Sinn Féin, W.D. Flackes & Sydney Elliott (1994) Northern Ireland: A Political Directory 1968–1993. Belfast: Blackstaff Press * ^ Niall Ó Dónaill (1977). (advisory ed. Tomás de Bhaldraithe ), ed. Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla (in Irish). Dublin: An Gúm . pp. 533, 1095. ISBN 978-1-85791-037-7 . * ^ A B MacDonncha (2005), p.12 * ^ "The first Sinn Fein party". Multitext.ucc.ie. Retrieved 20 April 2010. * ^ "Shinners are like the Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
of old". Irish Examiner. * ^ "The Shinners have been housecleaning again". The Telegraph. * ^ Griffith, The Resurrection of Hungary, p. 161 * ^ Brian Feeney, Sinn Féin: a hundred turbulent years, pp. 49–50 * ^ Feeney, pp. 52–4 * ^ Feeney pp. 56–7 * ^ "BBC – History – 1916 Easter Rising – Profiles – Sinn Féin". Retrieved 25 July 2015. * ^ Michael Gallagher, Political Parties in the Republic of Ireland, p. 41. Books.google.ie. 1985. ISBN 9780719017971 . Retrieved 20 April 2010. * ^ Ruth Dudley Edwards and Bridget Hourican, An Atlas of Irish History, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 978-0-415-27859-1 , pp. 97–8 * ^ Tim Pat Coogan, The IRA, pp. 77–8 * ^ The Times, Southern Irish Elections, 6 June 1927 * ^ The Times, 350 Candidates For 152 Seats, 2 June 1927 * ^ Michael Laffan, The resurrection of Ireland: the Sinn Féin Party, 1916–1923, p. 443 * ^ A B The Times
The Times
, Mr. Cosgrave and the Oath, 30 August 1927 * ^ Laffan, p. 450 * ^ Ireland Since 1939, Henry Patterson, Penguin 2006, Page 180 * ^ Robert William White, Ruairí Ó Brádaigh: the life and politics of an Irish revolutionary, p. 119 * ^ Joe Cahill: A Life in the IRA, Brendan Anderson, O'Brien Press, Dublin
Dublin
2002, ISBN 978-0-86278-674-8 , pg.186 * ^ J. Bowyer Bell, The Secret Army: The IRA, pp. 366–8 * ^ Peter Taylor, Provos, p. 87 * ^ Gerry Adams, Before the Dawn, p. 149 * ^ Feeney p. 252 * ^ The Lost Revolution: The Story of the Official IRA and the Workers' Party, Brian Hanley and Scott Millar, ISBN 978-1-84488-120-8 p. 336 * ^ Irish voters decide: voting behaviour in elections and referendums since 1918, Richard Sinnott, Manchester University Press ND, 1995, ISBN 978-0-7190-4037-5 p. 59 * ^ Feeney, p. 260 * ^ Feeney, p. 261 * ^ Feeney, p. 271 * ^ Taylor, p. 104 * ^ Feeney, p. 272 * ^ Taylor pp. 184, 165 * ^ Feeney pp. 277–9 * ^ Feeney p. 275 * ^ "The Long War". * ^ "Ruairi O Bradaigh: IRA leader who believed fervently in armed struggle". The Independent. 6 June 2013. * ^ Feeney 290–1 * ^ Taylor (1997), pp. 281–2 * ^ Feeney p. 321 * ^ A B Murray, Gerard; Tonge, Jonathan (2005). Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the SDLP: From Alienation to Participation. Dublin: The O'Brien Press. p. 153. ISBN 978-0-86278-918-3 . * ^ Murray and Tonge (2005), p. 155. * ^ Feeney (2002), p. 326. * ^ Feeney (2002), p. 328. * ^ Feeney (2002), p. 331. * ^ Feeney (2002), p. 333. * ^ Murray and Tonge (2005), pp. 193–4. * ^ Independent Monitoring Commission, Twenty-first Report of the Independent Monitoring Commission, The Stationery Office, 2009, ISBN 978-0-10-295967-3 , p. 31 * ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
man admits he was agent". BBC. 16 December 2005. Retrieved 29 March 2007. * ^ "Donaldson murder scene examined". BBC. 6 April 2006. Retrieved 29 March 2007. * ^ "Real IRA claims responsibility for 2006 murder of Denis Donaldson". irishtimes.com. 4 April 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2011. * ^ Angelique Chrisafis (25 November 2004). "Paisley hints at movement on IRA". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
rejects \'shadow\' Assembly". RTÉ. 2 September 2006. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
ends policing boycott". BreakingNews.ie. 28 January 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
\'must show visible support for policing\'". BreakingNews.ie. 28 January 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ "Former IRA prisoner to stand against SF". BreakingNews.ie. 29 January 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ Aidan Lonergan (9 June 2017). " Gerry Adams confirms Sinn Féin will not swear allegiance to the Queen to take Westminster seats". Irish Post. Retrieved 9 June 2017. * ^ "Irish government allegations about IRA army council". London: Independent.co.uk. 21 February 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2010. * ^ " Gerry Adams and Sinn Fein". PBS.org. Public Broadcasting Service. 1998. Archived from the original on 9 July 2000. Retrieved 30 May 2015. The relationship between Sinn Fein and the IRA, historically, has been symbiotic. It is impossible to separate them. In more recent years, Sinn Fein has said, "We are not the IRA, they are a totally separate organization." In the minds of the vast majority of people in Ireland, whether they are Unionist or Nationalist, Sinn Fein is the political wing of the IRA, and it has played that role quite hotly down the years. * ^ "People\'s Daily Online – Sinn Fein says IRA may cease to exist". Retrieved 25 July 2015. * ^ "- Irish Examiner". Retrieved 25 July 2015. * ^ "Sinn Fein Leader Snubbed by Bush, Kennedy". Retrieved 25 July 2015. * ^ Brendan O'Brien, the Long War, the IRA and Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(1995) ISBN 978-0-86278-359-4, p. 128. * ^ "Press Briefing: 3.45pm Monday 21 February 2005". 10 Downing Street online. 21 February 2005. Archived from the original on 26 May 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2015. * ^ Owen Bowcott (7 January 2005). "7 January 2007". London: Guardian. Retrieved 20 April 2010. * ^ Lee Glendinning (9 October 2008). "9 October 2008". London: Guardian. Retrieved 20 April 2010. * ^ "Resignation call rejected". BBC. 19 January 2005. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ Katie Mingey (24 January 2005). "Fallout from bank raid". Irish Emigrant. Archived from the original on 2 December 2005. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ "Fourth report of the Independent Monitoring Commission" (PDF). Independent Monitoring Commission. 10 February 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ Conor Murphy
Conor Murphy
(27 February 2006). "IMC should be scrapped". Sinn Féin. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
facing raid sanctions". BBC. 22 February 2005. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ "Adams challenges Ahern to have him arrested". RTÉ News. 10 February 2005. Retrieved 27 April 2006. * ^ Tom Brady & Senan Molony (21 February 2005). "McDowell: These men are leaders of the IRA". Irish Independent . Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ Peter Taggart (21 February 2005). "Dublin: Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
chiefs in IRA". CNN. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ Sharrock, David (28 February 2005). "Give up killers, people\'s protest tells IRA". London: The Times. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ Angelique Chrisafis (28 February 2005). "How pub brawl turned into republican crisis". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 29 March 2007. * ^ Angelique Chrisafis (26 February 2005). "IRA expels three over McCartney murder". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 29 March 2007. * ^ "IRA expels three after killing". BBC. 26 February 2005. Retrieved 29 March 2007. * ^ "Two remanded in McCartney killing". BBC. 4 June 2005. Retrieved 29 March 2007. * ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
must prove it supports the rule of law". Belfast Telegraph. 9 January 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ Garry Kelly (14 March 2005). "Senator Kennedy snubs Adams as US recoils at IRA crime". London: The Independent. Retrieved 28 March 2007. * ^ "SF stripped of Commons allowances". BreakingNews.ie. 10 March 2005. Archived from the original on 29 September 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2015. * ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
chief says IRA may cease to exist". MSNBC. 12 March 2005. Retrieved 27 April 2006. * ^ "Assessment on paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland". * ^ Kevin Rafter, Sinn Féin, 1905–2005: In the Shadow of Gunmen, Gill & Macmillan, 2005, p. 219. * ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
on the Assembly debate on Abortion". Sinn Féin. 22 October 2007. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2007. * ^ McDonald, Henry (7 March 2015). " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
drops opposition to abortion at Derry congress". The Guardian . Archived from the original on 1 April 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015. The party voted this weekend to support terminations in limited cases, such as pregnant women with fatal foetal abnormalities. * ^ Charalambous, Giorgos; Lamprianou, Iasonas (2016). "Societal Responses to the Post-2008 Economic Crisis among South European and Irish Radical Left Parties: Continuity or Change and Why?". Government and Opposition . Cambridge University Press
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. 51 (2): 269. doi :10.1017/gov.2014.35 . "It has been rightly categorized by the relevant literature as populist socialist" * ^ Suiter, Jane (2017). "Ireland: The rise of Populism on the Left and Among Independents". In Toril Aalberg, Frank Esser, Carsten Reinemann, Jesper Strömbäck, and Claes H. de Vreese (Eds.). Populist Political Communication in Europe. New York and London: Routledge . p. 131. ISBN 978-1-138-65480-8 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: editors list (link )CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link ) * ^ Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
set to capitalise on Irish discontent, FT.com. Retrieved 14 May 2013 * ^ "Groups in the European Parliament". BBC News. 31 May 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2014. * ^ "If You Believe In A Prosperous And Independent Ireland ... Vote No". Irish Election Literature. Retrieved 29 January 2016. * ^ Michael Holmes (29 November 2005). Ireland and the European Union: Nice, Enlargement and the Future of Europe. Manchester University Press. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-7190-7173-7 . * ^ O'Doherty, Caroline (26 May 2008). " Sinn Féin
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urges treaty no vote in newsletter blitz". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 29 January 2016. * ^ Moriarty, Gerry (20 April 2015). "SF says North should be able stay in EU in a Brexit". Irish Times. Retrieved 29 January 2016. * ^ Kevin Bean (15 February 2008). The New Politics of Sinn Fein. Oxford University Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-78138-780-1 . * ^ " Sinn Féin
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lobbies for Northern Ireland
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MPs to sit in Dáil Éireann". BBC News. 21 March 2002. Retrieved 20 April 2010. * ^ " Belfast
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Telegraph, 16 April 2008". Belfasttelegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 20 April 2010. * ^ "Ag cur Gaeilge ar ais i mbhéal an phobail". Sinn Féin
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(in Irish). 2004. Archived from the original on 20 May 2004. Retrieved 30 May 2015. (machine translated version available here ) * ^ Cumann, Martin Hurson. "174". Sinn Féin. Archived from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2015. This Ard Fheis reaffirms its support of equality in all of its forms and reaffirms its support for the LGBT community and commends the work of local councillors and party members throughout both the 26- and Six-County states for pushing for the extension of full marriage rights to the LGBT Community and An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
for its continued coverage of these important issues. * ^ "The Road to Recovery: Sinn Féin
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Pre-Budget 2010 Submission" (PDF). Sinn Féin. 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2015. * ^ Donnellan, Eithne (15 February 2011). "SF plans free GP and hospital care". The Irish Times. Retrieved 14 July 2011. * ^ " Sinn Féin
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and Fianna Fáil
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want to call TDs back from their holidays to talk about Gaza". thejournal.ie. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. * ^ "New Sinn Féin
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poised to lead next government as FF collapses. The Irish Times , 27 February 2011 * ^ Gallagher, Michael; Marsh, Michael. How Ireland Voted 2011: The Full Story of Ireland\'s Earthquake Election. Springer. pp. 149, 250. ISBN 0230354009 . Retrieved 4 March 2017. * ^ Gallagher, Michael; Marsh, Michael (2016). How Ireland Voted 2016: The Election that Nobody Won. Springer. p. 135. ISBN 3319408895 . Retrieved 4 March 2017. * ^ Gallagher & Marsh (2026), p. 239 * ^ Christopher Took and Seán Donnelly. "2004 Local Election: Seats per Party per Council". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 10 November 2009. * ^ "Elections 2009: How Ireland Voted". Irish Times . 9 June 2009.

* ^ "Defecting councillor says SF has become directionless in South". Irish Times . 12 January 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2010 * ^ "The 2004 European Election". Retrieved 25 July 2015. * ^ "Sinn Fein tops poll in Euro count". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2010. * ^ "History made – Sinn Féin
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REFERENCES

* Mícheál MacDonncha, ed. (2005). Sinn Féin: A Century of Struggle (in Irish and English). Dublin: Sinn Féin. ISBN 978-0-9542946-2-5 . * Michael Laffan, The Resurrection of Ireland: The Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Party 1916—1923 (Cambridge, 1999) * The Secret Army: The IRA, J Bowyer Bell, Poolbeg Press Ltd. Ireland 1997 (revised Third Edition), ISBN 978-1-85371-813-7 . * Sinn Féin: A Hundred Turbulent Years, Brian Feeney, O'Brien Press, Dublin
Dublin
2002, ISBN 978-1-85371-813-7 . * The I.R.A., Tim Pat Coogan, HarperCollins Publishers London 2000, ISBN 978-0-00-653155-5 * Northern Ireland: A Chronology of the Troubles 1968–1993, Paul Bew & Gordon Gillespie, Gill & Macmillan, Dublin
Dublin
1993, ISBN 978-0-7171-2081-9 * The Transformation of Ireland 1900–2000, Diarmaid Ferriter, Profile Books, London 2005, ISBN 978-1-86197-443-3 * Ireland: A History, Robert Kee, Abacus, London (Revised Edition 2005), ISBN 978-0-349-11676-1 * Eyewitness to Irish History, Peter Berresford Ellis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Canada 2004, ISBN 978-0-471-26633-4 * Joe Cahill: A Life in the IRA, Brendan Anderson, O'Brien Press, Dublin
Dublin
2002, ISBN 978-0-86278-674-8 * Taylor, Peter (1997). Provos The IRA & Sinn Féin. Bloomsbury Publishing . ISBN 978-0-7475-3818-9 . * The Transformation of Ireland 1900–2000, Diarmaid Ferriter, Profile Books, London 2005, ISBN 978-1-86197-443-3 .

FURTHER READING

* Gerry Adams, Before The Dawn (Brandon Book, 1996) ISBN 978-0-434-00341-9 . * Tim Pat Coogan , The Troubles (Arrow, 1995, 1996) ISBN 978-0-09-946571-3 . * Tim Pat Coogan, Michael Collins (Hutchinson, 1990) ISBN 978-0-09-174106-8 . * Brian Feeney, Sinn Féin: A Hundred Turbulent Years (2003) HB: ISBN 978-0-299-18670-8 PB ISBN 978-0-299-18674-6 * Roy Foster , Ireland 1660–1972 * Geraldine Kennedy (ed.) Nealon's Guide to the 29th Dáil and Seanad (Gill and Macmillan, 2002) ISBN 978-0-7171-3288-1 . * F.S.L. Lyons , Ireland Since the Famine * Brian Maye, Arthur Griffith (Griffith College Publications) * Dorothy Macardle , The Irish Republic (Corgi edition, 1968) ISBN 978-0-552-07862-7 * Sean O\'Callaghan , The Informer (Corgi 1999) ISBN 978-0-552-14607-4 * Patrick Sarsfield O\'Hegarty (introduction by Tom Garvin ), The Victory of Sinn Féin: How It Won It & how It Used It (1999) ISBN 978-1-900621-17-5 * Peter Taylor , Behind the Mask: The IRA & Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
ISBN 978-1-57500-077-0 * Robert Kee , The Green
Green
Flag: A History of Irish Nationalism (Penguin, 1972–2000), ISBN 978-0-14-029165-0 * Robert W. White, Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, the Life and Politics of an Irish Revolutionary (Indiana University Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-253-34708-4

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to SINN FéIN .

* Official website * Sinn Féin\'s "Ireland of Equals" website * Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
delegation to the GUE/NGL group in the European Parliament in Brussels website * Behind The Mask: The IRA color:white;">

* v * t * e

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin

HISTORY

* History of Sinn Féin

* Abstentionism

* Armalite and ballot box strategy * Clann na hÉireann * Cumann na nGaedheal (1900) * Comhairle na dTeachtaí * Éire Nua

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