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Koca Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(Turkish: Koca Sinan Paşa, "Sinan the Great"; 1506–3 April 1596) was an Ottoman Grand Vizier, military figure, and statesman. From 1580 till his death he served five times as Grand Vizier.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Legacy 4 See also 5 References 6 Sources 7 External links

Early life[edit] Sinan Pasha, also known as Koca Sinan (Sinan the Great), was born in Topojan
Topojan
in Luma territory and was of Albanian origin.[2][3] In a Ragusan document of 1571 listing members of the Ottoman Sultan's governing council, Sinan is described as coming from a Catholic family.[3] His father was named Ali Bey and Sinan Pasha
Pasha
had family ties with Catholic relatives such as the Giubizzas.[3] Austrian orientalist Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall
Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall
called him the "unbridled Albanian".[2] Mustafa Ali of Gallipoli repeatedly criticized Sinan for promoting an Albanian clique in the administration.[4] Career[edit]

Sinan Pasha
Pasha
commanded the Ottoman Army
Ottoman Army
in the Battle of Călugăreni (1595).

Sinan Pasha
Pasha
was appointed governor of Ottoman Egypt in 1569, and was subsequently involved until 1571 in the conquest of Yemen, becoming known as Fātiḥ-i Yemen ("Victor of Yemen").[5] In 1580, Sinan commanded the army against the Safavids in the Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590), and was appointed grand vizier by Sultan Murad III. He was, however, disgraced and exiled in the following year, owing to the defeat of his lieutenant Mehmed Pasha, at Gori (during an attempt to provision the Ottoman garrison of Tbilisi). He subsequently became governor of Damascus
Damascus
and, in 1589, after the great revolt of the Janissaries, was appointed grand vizier for the second time. He was involved in the competition for the throne in Wallachia
Wallachia
between Mihnea Turcitul
Mihnea Turcitul
and Petru Cercel, and ultimately sided with the former (overseeing Petru's execution in March 1590). Another revolt of Janissaries led to his dismissal in 1591, but in 1593 he was again recalled to become grand vizier for the third time, and in the same year he commanded the Ottoman army in the Long War against the Habsburgs, he was faced with massive casualties on the northern front, which was weakened by the death of Bosnian commander Telli Hasan Pasha
Pasha
during the Battle of Sisak. In 1594 during the Uprising in Banat, he ordered for the relics (remains) of Saint Sava to be brought from Mileševa
Mileševa
to Belgrade, where he then had them set on fire, in order to discourage the Serbs. In spite of his victories he was again deposed in February 1595, shortly after the accession of Mehmed III, and banished to Malkara. In August, Sinan was in power again, called on to lead the expedition against Prince Michael the Brave of Wallachia. His defeat in the Battle of Călugăreni, the Battle of Giurgiu, and the series of unsuccessful confrontations with the Habsburgs (culminating in the devastating siege and fall of Ottoman-held Esztergom), brought him once more into disfavour, and he was deprived of the seal of office (19 November). The death of his successor Lala Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
three days later caused Sinan to become grand vizier for the fifth time. He died suddenly in the spring of 1596, leaving behind a large fortune. Sinan Pasha
Pasha
is buried in Istanbul
Istanbul
near the Grand Bazaar.[5] Legacy[edit] Sinan Pasha
Pasha
became grand vizier five times between 1580 and his death in 1596. He had many rivals but he was also a very wealthy man.[6] During his lifetime Sinan Pasha
Pasha
was criticized by Ottoman bureaucrats such as Mustafa Âlî who wrote that Sinan promoted Albanians
Albanians
into the Ottoman government and military.[4] Contemporary Turkish historians also note that he remained close to his heritage and would give those of Albanian stock preference for high-level positions within the empire.[5] In 1586, at his request, Sultan Murad III
Murad III
issued a decree exempting five villages in Luma from all taxes. Sinan Pasha constructed the fortress of Kaçanik
Kaçanik
in the Kosovo Vilayet
Kosovo Vilayet
with an imaret (soup kitchen), two hans (Inn), a hamam (Turkish bath) and a mosque that still bears his name. In 1590, he had the Pearl Kiosk
Pearl Kiosk
built above the seaward walls on the sea of Marmara.[7] It served as Murad III's final residence before his death. One of his final projects in Constantinople
Constantinople
was a külliye completed in from 1593 to 1594 by Davut Aga, the chief imperial architect of the time. It is distinguished by the complex masonry and decorations of its türbe and sebil.[8] He was a major builder of caravanserais, bridges, baths and mosques. These included the town of Kaçanik
Kaçanik
in Kosovo, important buildings in Thessalonika
Thessalonika
and Belgrade, as well as in Istanbul
Istanbul
and other countries in the Arab world.[9][not in citation given] See also[edit]

Sinan Pasha
Pasha
Mosque (Damascus) Sinan Pasha
Pasha
Mosque (Kačanik) List of Ottoman Grand Viziers List of Ottoman governors of Egypt

References[edit]

^ Andreas Tietze (1975), Mustafa Ali's Description of Cairo of 1599: text, transliteration, translation, notes, Forschungen zur islamischen Philologie und Kulturgeschichte (5), Verl. d. Österr. Akad. d. Wiss., p. 75, ISBN 9783700101192, OCLC 2523612  ^ a b Elsie, Robert. A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. 6 Salem Road, London W2 4BU: I.B Tauris & Co. Ltd. p. 416. ISBN 978 1 78076 431 3. Retrieved 2014-01-07.  ^ a b c Malcolm, Noel (2015). Agents of Empire: Knights, Corsairs, Jesuits and Spies in the Sixteenth-century Mediterranean World. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190262785. pp. 264–265. "Sinan came from a small village in north-eastern Albania. As the writer Lazaro Soranzo put it, very probably deriving his information from Bartolomeo's cousin Antonio Bruni, he was 'an Albanian from Topojan
Topojan
in the sancak [district] of Prizren'. Attempts by some Serb historians to claim a Serbian origin for him are unconvincing. While the group of villages around Topojan
Topojan
was ethnically mixed at this time, probably with a Slav predominance, Topojan
Topojan
was mainly Albanian, and there is good evidence that Sinan's family background was neither Slav or Orthodox. From the fact that documents from the later part of his life refer to his father as 'Ali bey', some have supposed that he was born a Muslim; but it is much more likely that he came from a Catholic family (as the relationship with the Giubizzas strongly suggests), and that once he and his brothers had prospered in their Ottoman careers they persuaded their father to convert, the better to share in that success with them. A Ragusan document of 1571, listing all the 'renegades' in the Sultan's governing council, described Sinan as a Catholic Albanian' by origin." pp. 267–268. "One of the criticisms made of Sinan repeatedly by Mustafa Ali of Gallipoli was that he promoted an Albanian clique in the military and the government administration; Mustafa Ali wrote admiringly of the Bosnians, such as patron Lala Mustafa and Mehmed Sokollu, and scathingly about Albanians." ^ a b Malcolm 2015, pp. 267–268. ^ a b c Elsie 2012. ^ Fetvacı, Emine (2013). Picturing History at the Ottoman Court. 601 North Morton Street, Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 217. ISBN 978 0 253 00678 3. Retrieved 2014-01-07.  ^ Freely 2011, p. 148 ^ Freely 2011, p. 325 ^ Miranda Vickers (28 January 2011). The Albanians: A Modern History. I.B.Tauris. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-0-85773-655-0. 

Sources[edit]

Elsie, Robert (2012). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. I.B.Tauris. pp. 416–. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3. [better source needed] Malcolm, Noel (2015). Agents of Empire: Knights, Corsairs, Jesuits and Spies in the Sixteenth-century Mediterranean World. Oxford University Press. pp. 264–268. ISBN 978-0-19-026278-5.  Freely, John (2011-03-15). History of Ottoman Architecture. WIT Press. ISBN 9781845645069. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Koca Sinan Pasha.

 "Sinan Pasha". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

Political offices

Preceded by Mahmud Pasha Ottoman Governor of Egypt 1567–1569 Succeeded by Çerkes Iskender Pasha

Preceded by Çerkes Iskender Pasha Ottoman Governor of Egypt 1571–1573 Succeeded by Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
Boljanić

Preceded by Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire 7 August 1580 – 6 December 1582 Succeeded by Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha

Preceded by Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire 14 April 1589 – 1 August 1591 Succeeded by Ferhad Pasha

Preceded by Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire 28 January 1593 – 16 February 1595 Succeeded by Ferhad Pasha

Preceded by Ferhad Pasha Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire 7 July 1595 – 19 November 1595 Succeeded by Lala Mehmed Pasha

Preceded by Lala Mehmed Pasha Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire 1 December 1595 – 3 April 1596 Succeeded by Damat Ibrahim Pasha

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Rise (1299–1453)

Hacıkemaleddinoğlu Alaeddin Pasha
Pasha
(1320–1331) Mahmudoğlu Nizamüddin Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1331–1348) Hacı Pasha
Pasha
(1348–1349) Sinanüddin Fakih Yusuf Pasha
Pasha
(1349–1364) Çandarlı Halil Pasha
Pasha
the Elder (1364–1387) Çandarlı Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1387–1406) Osmancıklı Imamzade Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1406–1413) Amasyalı Bayezid Pasha
Pasha
(1413–1421) Çandarlı Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
the Elder (1421–1429) Osmancıklı Koca Mehmed Nizamüddin Pasha
Pasha
(1429–1439) Çandarlı Halil Pasha
Pasha
the Younger (1439–1453)

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Classical Age (1453–1550)

Zagan Pasha
Pasha
(1453–1456) Veli Mahmud Pasha
Pasha
(1456–1466) Rum Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1466–1469) Ishak Pasha
Pasha
(1469–1472) Veli Mahmud Pasha
Pasha
(1472–1474) Gedik Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1474–1477) Karamani Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1477–1481) Ishak Pasha
Pasha
(1481–1482) Koca Davud Pasha
Pasha
(1482–1497) Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1497–1498) Çandarlı Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
the Younger (1498–1499) Yakub Pasha
Pasha
(1499–1501) Mesih Pasha
Pasha
(1501) Hadim Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1501–1503) Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1503–1506) Hadim Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1509–1511) Koca Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1511–1512) Dukakinzade Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1512–1515) Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1515–1516) Hadım Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1516–1517) Yunus Pasha
Pasha
(1517) Piri Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1517–1523) Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1523–1536) Ayas Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1536–1539) Lütfi Pasha
Pasha
(1539–1541) Hadım Suleiman Pasha
Pasha
(1541–1544) Rüstem Pasha
Pasha
(1544–1553)

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Transformation (1550–1700)

Kara Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1553–1555) Rüstem Pasha
Pasha
(1555–1561) Semiz Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1561–1565) Sokollu Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1565–1579) Şemsi Pasha
Pasha
(1579–1580) Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1580) Koca Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1580–1582) Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
(1582–1584) Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha
Pasha
(1584–1585) Hadim Mesih Pasha
Pasha
(1585–1586) Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
(1586–1589) Koca Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1589–1591) Serdar Ferhad Pasha
Pasha
(1591–1592) Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
(1592–1593) Koca Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1593–1595) Serdar Ferhad Pasha
Pasha
(1595) Lala Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1595) Koca Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1595–1596) Damat Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1596) Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1596) Damat Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1596–1597) Hadım Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1597–1598) Cerrah Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1598–1599) Damat Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1599–1601) Yemişçi Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1601–1603) Yavuz Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1603–1604) Sokolluzade Lala Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1604–1606) Boşnak Derviş Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1606) Kuyucu Murad Pasha
Pasha
(1606–1611) Nasuh Pasha
Pasha
(1611–1614) Öküz Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1614–1616) Damat Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1616–1619) Öküz Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1619–1619) Güzelce Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1619–1621) Ohrili Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1621) Dilaver Pasha
Pasha
(1621–1622) Kara Davud Pasha
Pasha
(1622) Mere Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1622) Lefkeli Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1622) Gürcü Hadım Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1622–1623) Mere Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1623) Kemankeş Kara Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1623–1624) Çerkes Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1624–1625) Filibeli Hafız Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1625–1626) Damat Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1626–1628) Gazi Ekrem Hüsrev Pasha
Pasha
(1628–1631) Hafiz Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1631–1632) Topal Recep Pasha
Pasha
(1632) Tabanıyassı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1632–1637) Bayram Pasha
Pasha
(1637–1638) Tayyar Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1638) Kemankeş Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1638–1644) Civankapıcıbaşı Sultanzade Semiz Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1644–1645) Nevesinli Salih Pasha
Pasha
(1645–1647) Kara Musa Pasha
Pasha
(1647) Hezarpare Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1647–1648) Sofu Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1648–1649) Kara Murat Pasha
Pasha
(1649–1650) Melek Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1650–1651) Abaza Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
I (1651) Gürcü Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1651–1652) Tarhoncu Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1652–1653) Bıyıklı Koca Derviş Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1653–1654) Ibşir Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1654–1655) Kara Dev Murad Pasha
Pasha
(1655) Ermeni Süleyman Pasha
Pasha
(1655) Gazi Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1656) Zurnazen Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1656) Abaza Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
I (1656) Boynuyaralı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1656) Köprülü Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1656–1661) Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed
Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed
Pasha
Pasha
(1661–1676) Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1676–1683) Bayburtlu Kara Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1683–1685) Sarı Süleyman Pasha
Pasha
(1685–1687) Abaza Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
II (1687–1688) Ayaşlı Ismail Pasha
Pasha
(1688) Tekirdağlı Bekri Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1688–1689) Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1689–1691) Bahadırzade Arabacı Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1691–1692) Merzifonlu Çalık Hacı Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1692–1693) Bozoklu (Bıyıklı) Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1694) Sürmeli Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1694–1695) Elmas Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1695–1697) Köprülü Amcazade Hacı Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1697–1702)

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Old Regime (1700–1789)

Daltaban Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1702–1703) Rami Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1703) Sührablı Kavanoz Nişancı Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1703) Damat Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1703–1704) Kalaylıkoz Hacı Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1704) Baltacı Mehmet Pasha
Pasha
(1704–1706) Çorlulu Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1706–1710) Köprülü Numan Pasha
Pasha
(1710) Baltacı Mehmet Pasha
Pasha
(1710–1711) Gürcü Ağa Yusuf Pasha
Pasha
(1711–1712) Silahdar Süleyman Pasha
Pasha
(1712–1713) Kel Hoca Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1713) Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1713–1716) Hacı Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1716–1717) Tevkii Nişancı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1717–1718) Nevşehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1718–1730) Silahdar Damat Mehmet Pasha
Pasha
(1730–1731) Kabakulak Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1731) Topal Osman Pasha
Pasha
(1731–1732) Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1732–1735) Gürcü Ismail Pasha
Pasha
(1735–1736) Silahdar Seyyid Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1736–1737) Muhsinzade Abdullah Pasha
Pasha
(1737) Yeğen Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1737–1739) Ivaz Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1739–1740) Nişancı Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1740–1742) Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1742–1743) Seyyid Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1743–1746) Tiryaki Hacı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1746–1747) Seyyid Abdullah Pasha
Pasha
(1747–1750) Divitdar Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1750–1752) Çorlulu Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1752–1755) Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1755) Naili Abdullah Pasha
Pasha
(1755) Silahdar Bıyıklı Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1755) Yirmisekizzade Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1755–1756) Çorlulu Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1756–1757) Koca Ragıp Pasha
Pasha
(1757–1763) Tevkii Hamza Hamid Pasha
Pasha
(1763) Çorlulu Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1763–1765) Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1765–1768) Silahdar Hamza Mahir Pasha
Pasha
(1768) Yağlıkçızade Nişancı Hacı Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1768–1769) Moldovancı Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1769) Ivazzade Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1769–1770) Silahdar Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1770–1771) Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1771–1774) Izzet Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1774–1775) Moralı Derviş Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1775–1777) Darendeli Cebecizade Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1777–1778) Kalafat Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1778–1779) Silahdar Karavezir Seyyid Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1779–1781) Izzet Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1781–1782) Yeğen Hacı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1782) Halil Hamid Pasha
Pasha
(1782–1785) Hazinedar Şahin Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1785–1786) Koca Yusuf Pasha
Pasha
(1786–1789) Kethüda Meyyit Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1789)

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Decline and Modernization (1789–1922)

Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1789–1790) Çelebizade Şerif Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1790–1791) Koca Yusuf Pasha
Pasha
(1791–1792) Melek Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1792–1794) Safranbolulu Izzet Mehmet Pasha
Pasha
(1794–1798) Kör Yusuf Ziyaüddin Pasha
Pasha
(1798–1805) Hafiz Ismail Pasha
Pasha
(1805–1806) Ibrahim Hilmi Pasha
Pasha
(1806–1807) Çelebi Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1807–1808) Alemdar Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1808) Çavuşbaşı Memiş Pasha
Pasha
(1808–1809) Kör Yusuf Ziyaüddin Pasha
Pasha
(1809–1811) Laz Aziz Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1811–1812) Hurshid Pasha
Pasha
(1812–1815) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1815–1818) Dervish Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1818–1820) Seyyid Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1820–1821) Benderli Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1821) Hacı Salih Pasha
Pasha
(1821–1822) Deli Abdullah Pasha
Pasha
(1822–1823) Silahdar Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1823) Mehmed Said Galip Pasha
Pasha
(1823–1824) Mehmed Selim Pasha
Pasha
(1824–1828) Topal Izzet Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1828–1829) Reşid Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1829–1833) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1833–1839) Koca Hüsrev Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1839–1840) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1840–1841) Topal Izzet Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1841–1842) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1842–1846) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1846–1848) Ibrahim Sarim Pasha
Pasha
(1848) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1848–1852) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1852) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1852) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1852) Damat Mehmed Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1852–1853) Mustafa Naili Pasha
Pasha
(1853–1854) Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1854) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1854–1855) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1855–1856) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1856–1857) Mustafa Naili Pasha
Pasha
(1857) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1857–1858) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1858–1859) Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1859) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1859–1860) Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1860–1861) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1861) Mehmed Fuad Pasha
Pasha
(1861–1866) Yusuf Kamil Pasha
Pasha
(1863) Mehmed Fuad Pasha
Pasha
(1863–1866) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1866–1867) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1866–1871) Mahmud Nedim Pasha
Pasha
(1871–1872) Midhat Pasha
Pasha
(1872) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1872–1873) Ahmed Esad Pasha
Pasha
(1873) Şirvanlızade Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha
Pasha
(1873–1874) Hüseyin Avni Pasha
Pasha
(1874–1875) Ahmed Esad Pasha
Pasha
(1875) Mahmud Nedim Pasha
Pasha
(1875–1876) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1876–1876) Midhat Pasha
Pasha
(1876–1877) Ibrahim Edhem Pasha
Pasha
(1877–1878) Ahmed Hamdi Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Ahmed Vefik Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Mehmed Sadık Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Saffet Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Hayreddin Pasha
Pasha
(1878–1879) Ahmed Arifi Pasha
Pasha
(1879) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1879–1880) Kadri Pasha
Pasha
(1880) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1880–1882) Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha
Pasha
(1882) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1882) Ahmed Vefik Pasha
Pasha
(1882) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1882–1885) Kâmil Pasha
Pasha
(1885–1891) Ahmed Cevad Pasha
Pasha
(1891–1895) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1895) Kâmil Pasha
Pasha
(1895) Halil Rifat Pasha
Pasha
(1895–1901) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1901–1903) Mehmed Ferid Pasha
Pasha
(1903–1908) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1908) Kâmil Pasha
Pasha
(1908–1909) Hüseyin Hilmi Pasha
Pasha
(1909) Ahmet Tevfik Pasha
Pasha
(1909) Hüseyin Hilmi Pasha
Pasha
(1909–1910) Ibrahim Hakki Pasha
Pasha
(1910–1911) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1911–1912) Gazi Ahmed Muhtar Pasha
Pasha
(1912) Kâmil Pasha
Pasha
(1912–1913) Mahmud Shevket Pasha
Pasha
(1913) Said Halim Pasha
Pasha
(1913–1917) Mehmed Talat Pasha
Pasha
(1917–1918) Ahmed Izzet Pasha
Pasha
(1918) Ahmet Tevfik Pasha
Pasha
(1918–1919) Damat Ferid Pasha
Pasha
(1919) Ali Rıza Pasha
Pasha
(1919–1920) Salih Hulusi Pasha
Pasha
(1920) Damat Ferid Pasha
Pasha
(1920) Ahmet Tevfik Pasha
Pasha
(1920–1922)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 54187848 LCCN: n85302389 ISNI: 0000 0000 8132 5798 GND: 138213135 SUDOC: 097865338 BNF:

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