The Info List - Simele

--- Advertisement ---

(Syriac: Šhem'ēl‎ ܫܡܐܝܠ, Kurdish: سێمێل,Sêmêl, Arabic: سميل‎) is a town located in the Dohuk
province of Iraqi Kurdistan. The city is on the main road that connects Iraq
to its neighbour Turkey. It is 14 km west of the city of Dohuk. The town in inhabited by Kurds
with minorities of Arabs, Assyrians, Yazidis
and Armenians.


1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Simele

3 People 4 See also 5 Footnotes

Etymology[edit] The town was mentioned by Yaqut al-Hamawi as "Simwel" which is thought to be a corruption of the Syriac Simmālā (ܣܡܠܐ) meaning "left". Another possible origin could be the Syriac Shemʻēl (ܫܡܥ ܐܝܠ), which means "the name of God".[2] History[edit] Historically, the region in which Simele
was a part of Assyria
during its existence as a nation and then province from the 24th century BCE until the 7th century AD. The town was converted to Christianity in the 2nd century and was later famous for its Syriac manuscripts. Its Assyrian inhabitants were belonged to both the Syriac Orthodox Church and the Assyrian Church of the East.[3] Its Assyrians inhabitants were joined by Yazidis
who settled the town in 1800. Both were in turn massacred by Mir Muhammad of Rowanduz. Later on, Arab tribes also started settling the area.[3] Simele, in the early 20th century, was a very small Kurdish village. A significant Assyrian community reformed in the town during World War I in the wake of the mass migration from the Hakkari
region of Turkey, due to the Assyrian Genocide
Assyrian Genocide
by the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
against native Armenians
and Assyrians. Simele
massacre[edit] Main article: Simele
massacre The Assyrian people, who resided in Simele
and its neighbouring area, were subjected to a massacre on August 7, 1933, implemented by the Iraqi government. The massacre was the first state-sponsored massacre in Iraq's young history after the establishment of Iraq
in 1921. An estimated 3000 Assyrians died during the 1933 massacre,[4] most of them in the village of Simele. Thousands were forced to flee to Syria where they currently live in 33 villages of the Khabur plains, in the Al Jazeera region. People[edit]

Assyrian church named 'Umrā d-Sāhdē (Church of Martyrs)

The number of families in Simele
— Kurdish and Assyrian — increased due to the geographical importance of the city and due to the destruction of smaller, nearby villages. Families were forced to migrate and to live in the larger cities and towns of the region. Having migrated from the neighbouring villages, most Simeleian families depend on agriculture for their income. Many villages in that area have plenty of seasonal water plants, tomatoes, and other vegetables. Many other people of Simele
depend on trade as their source of income. In 1992, the University of Dohuk's College of Agriculture was founded in Simele.[5] Around 170 Assyrian families currently live in the center of Simele. They are adherents of the two main denominations in the region: the Chaldean Catholic Church
Chaldean Catholic Church
and the Assyrian Church of the East. The Chaldean Catholic church is named Mart Maryam (St. Mary the Virgin), while the Assyrian Church of the East
Assyrian Church of the East
church is named Umra d'Sahdeh (Church of Martyrs) in the honor of the martyrs of the 1933 Simele Massacre. Around a dozen Armenian families live in the town as well.

See also[edit]

List of Assyrian villages Simele
massacre Assyrian homeland Proposals for Assyrian autonomy in Iraq Battle of Semele


^ "Kurdistan Regional Government". KRG. Retrieved 2012-05-21.  ^ مدينة سميل في التاريخ, Ankawa.com (in Arabic) ^ a b مدينة سميل في التاريخ Ankawa.com ^ http://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/iq350a.pdf — FIDH
report on ethnic cleansing in Iraq, which describes the Sumail massacre in the second paragraph of page 17. ^ http://www.dohukuni.net/index2.php?p=colleges/colleges&m=menu_colleges

v t e

Districts of Iraq
and their capitals

al-Anbar Governorate

Anah District (Anah) Falluja District (Fallujah) Haditha District (Haditha) Hīt District (Hīt) al-Qa'im District (Al-Ka'im) Ramadi District (Ramadi) Rawah District (Rawah) ar-Rutba District (Al-Rutba)

Babil Governorate

Hashimiya District
Hashimiya District
(Al Hashimiyah) Hilla District
Hilla District
(Hilla) al-Mahawil District (Al-Mahawil) al-Musayab District (Al-Musayab)

Baghdad Governorate

Abu Ghraib District al-Istiqlal District al-Mada'in District Mahmudiya District (Mahmudiya) Taji District al-Tarmia District

Baghdad: 9 Nissan Adhamiyah Kadhimyah Karadah Karkh Mansour Al Rashid Rusafa Sadr City

Basra Governorate

Abu Al-Khaseeb District
Abu Al-Khaseeb District
(Abu Al-Khaseeb) Basrah District (Basrah) al-Faw District (al-Faw) al-Midaina District (Al-Midaina) al-Qurna District (Al-Qurna) Shatt Al-Arab District
Shatt Al-Arab District
(Shatt Al-Arab) al-Zubair District (Al-Zubair)

Dhi Qar Governorate

al-Chibayish District (Al-Chibayish) Nasiriyah District (Nasiriyah) al-Rifa'i District (Al-Rifa'i) al-Shatrah District (Al-Shatrah) Suq Al-Shoyokh District (Suq Al-Shoyokh)

Diyala Governorate

Baladrooz District (Baladrooz) Ba'quba District (Ba'quba) al-Khalis District (Al-Khalis) Khanaqin District
Khanaqin District
(Khanaqin) Kifri District
Kifri District
(Kifri) al-Miqdadiya District (Al-Miqdadiya)


Amadiya District
Amadiya District
(Amadiya) Dohuk District
Dohuk District
(Dohuk) Sumel District
Sumel District
(Sumel) Zakho District
Zakho District


Choman District Erbil District
Erbil District
(Erbil) Koisanjaq District
Koisanjaq District
(Koisanjaq) Makhmur District
Makhmur District
(Makhmur) Mergasur District Shaqlawa District
Shaqlawa District
(Shaqlawa) Soran District


Byara District (Byara) Halabja Khurmal Sirwan

Karbala Governorate

Ain Al-Tamur District
Ain Al-Tamur District
(Ain Al-Tamur) al-Hindiya District (Al-Hindiya) Kerbala District (Kerbala)


Daquq District
Daquq District
(Daquq) Dibis District
Dibis District
(Dibis) al- Hawija
District (Hawija) Kirkuk District
Kirkuk District

Maysan Governorate

Ali Al-Gharbi District
Ali Al-Gharbi District
(Ali Al-Gharbi) Amara District (Amarah) al-Kahla District (Al-Kahla) al-Maimouna District (Al-Maimouna) al-Mejar Al-Kabi District (Al-Mejar Al-Kabi) Qal'at Saleh District (Qal'at Saleh)

Muthanna Governorate

al-Khidhir District (Al-Khidhir) al-Rumaitha District (Al-Rumaitha) al-Salman District (Al-Salman) al- Samawa
District (Samawa)


Kufa District (Kufa) al-Manathera District (Al-Manathera) al-Meshkhab district (Al-Meshkhab) Najaf District (Najaf)

Nineveh Governorate

Aqrah District
Aqrah District
(Aqrah) al-Ba'aj District (Al-Ba'aj) al-Hamdaniya District (Bakhdida) Hatra District (Hatra) Mosul District
Mosul District
(Mosul) Shekhan District
Shekhan District
(Ain Sifni) Sinjar District
Sinjar District
(Sinjar) Tel Afar District
Tel Afar District
(Tel Afar) Tel Keppe District
Tel Keppe District
(Tel Keppe)

al-Qādisiyyah Governorate

Afak District
Afak District
(Afak) Diwaniya District (Al Diwaniyah) Hamza District (Hamza) al-Shamiya District (Al-Shamiya )

Saladin Governorate

Baiji District
Baiji District
(Baiji) Balad District (Balad) al-Daur District (Al-Daur) Dujail District
Dujail District
(Dujail) Samarra District
Samarra District
(Samarra) al-Shirqat District (Al-Shirqat) Tikrit District
Tikrit District
(Tikrit) Tooz District
Tooz District

Sulaymaniyah Governorate

Chamchamal District
Chamchamal District
(Chamchamal) Darbandokeh District
Darbandokeh District
(Darbandikhan) Dokan District
Dokan District
(Dokan) Kalar District
Kalar District
(Kalar) Mawat District
Mawat District
(Mawat) Penjwin District
Penjwin District
(Penjwin) Pshdar District
Pshdar District
(Qaladiza) Qaradagh District
Qaradagh District
(Qaradagh) Ranya District
Ranya District
(Ranya) Saidsadiq District
Saidsadiq District
(Said Sadiq) Sharazoor District
Sharazoor District
(Zarayan) Sharbazher District
Sharbazher District
(Sharbazher) Sulaymaniya District
Sulaymaniya District

Wasit Governorate

Badra District (Badra) al-Hai District (Al-Hai) Kut District (Kut) al-Nu'maniya District (Al-Nu'maniya) al-Suwaira Dis