National costumes of Poland (Polish: stroje ludowe) vary by region. They are not worn in daily life but at folk festivals, folk weddings, religious holidays, harvest festivals and other special occasions.[1] The costumes may reflect region and sometimes social or marital status.[1]

Poland's inhabitants live in the following historic regions of the country: Greater Poland, Lesser Poland, Mazovia, Pomerania, Warmia, Masuria, Podlasie, Kujawy and Silesia.

Lesser Poland / Małopolska

  • Kraków region:[2] The woman's costume includes a white blouse, a vest that is embroidered and beaded on front and back, a floral full skirt, an apron, a red coral bead necklace, and lace-up boots. Unmarried women and girls may wear a flower wreath with ribbons while married women wear a white kerchief on their head. The men wear a blue waistcoat with embroidery and tassels, striped trousers, a krakuska cap ornamented with ribbons and peacock feathers and metal rings attached to the belt.
  • Lachy Sądeckie live in southern Lesser Poland, especially in Nowy Sącz County and Kotlina Sądecka.

Gorals / Górale

Gorals live in southern Poland along the Carpathian Mountains, in Podhale of the Tatra Mountains and parts of the Beskids. Their costumes vary depending on the region.[3]

Subcarpathian region / Podkarpacie

Lublin region

Silesia / Śląsk

Pomerania / Pomorze, Kujawy, Warmia

Masovia and central Poland

Places in Masovia with distinctive costumes include:

Podlaskie / Podlasie

Greater Poland / Wielkopolska

Upper class

The szlachta were Polish nobles and had their own attire which included the kontusz, pas kontuszowy (sash) and a crimson żupan.[20]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Polish Folk Costumes". The State Ethnographical Museum in Warsaw). Archived from the original on 2013-03-06. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  2. ^ "opis stroju krakowskiego" [Description of Kraków folk costume] (in Polish). polalech. 
  3. ^ Sieczka, Katarzyna. "Podhalański strój ludowy i jego wytwórcy u progu XXI w" [Podhale folk costume] (in Polish). z-ne.pl. 
  4. ^ "STRÓJ RZESZOWSKI" [Rzeszów folk costume] (in Polish). Folklor Powiatu Debickiego. 
  5. ^ "opis stroju lubelskiego" [Description of Lublin folk costume] (in Polish). polalech. 
  6. ^ "Strój Biłgorajski" [Biłgoraj folk costume] (in Polish). Polska Tradycja. 
  7. ^ "opis stroju bytomskiego" [Description of Bytom folk costume] (in Polish). polalech. 
  8. ^ "Ubiór Kaszubski" [Kashubian attire] (in Polish). Kaszuby.vsp.pl. 
  9. ^ "opis stroju kujawskiego" [Description of Kujawy folk costume] (in Polish). polalech. 
  10. ^ "Strój Pyrzycki" [Pyrzyce folk costume] (in Polish). Pyrzyce Municipality. 2012-03-20. 
  11. ^ "Strój Warmiński" [Warmia folk costume] (in Polish). Polska Tradycja. 
  12. ^ "Strój łowicki" [Łowicz folk costume] (in Polish). Łowicz municipality. Archived from the original on 2013-03-18. 
  13. ^ "Męski strój łowicki" [Łowicz men's folk costume] (in Polish). Łowicz municipality. [permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Kobiecy strój łowicki" [Łowicz women's folk costume] (in Polish). Łowicz municipality. Archived from the original on 2009-02-05. 
  15. ^ "Strój Kurpiowski Puszczy Zielonej" [Green Forest Kurpie folk costume] (in Polish). Polska Tradycja. 
  16. ^ "Strój Kurpiowski Puszczy Białej" [White Forest Kurpie folk costume] (in Polish). Polska Tradycja. 
  17. ^ "Strój Opoczyński" [Opoczno folk costume] (in Polish). Polska Tradycja. 
  18. ^ "Strój Sieradzki" [Sieradz folk costume] (in Polish). Polska Tradycja. 
  19. ^ a b c "Stroje regionalne" [Regional costumes] (in Polish). Greater Poland region. 
  20. ^ "opis stroju szlacheckiego" [Description of the costumes of the nobility] (in Polish). polalech. 

External links