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The Sierra Madre de Oaxaca
Oaxaca
is a mountain range in southern Mexico. It is primarily in the state of Oaxaca, and extends north into the states of Puebla
Puebla
and Veracruz.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Ecology 3 Subranges 4 Famous people 5 See also 6 References

Geography[edit] The mountain range begins at Pico de Orizaba, and extends in a southeasterly direction for 300 km (190 miles) until reaching the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Peaks in the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca
Oaxaca
average 2,500 m (8200 ft) in elevation, with some peaks exceeding 3,000 m (9800 ft). The eastern slopes of the range are wetter, intercepting moisture-laden winds from the Gulf of Mexico. A number of drier valleys lie to the west, in the rain shadow of the range. Other major mountain range systems in the region are the Sierra Madre del Sur to the south along the coast, and the Sierra Madre de Chiapas to the east. Ecology[edit] The Sierra Madre de Oaxaca
Oaxaca
pine-oak forests ecoregion lies above 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) in elevation. The humid Oaxacan montane forests ecoregion lies below 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) in elevation, on the eastern slopes above the Veracruz
Veracruz
lowlands. To the east, the xeric Tehuacan Valley matorral
Tehuacan Valley matorral
ecoregion occupies the Tehuacan valley to the northwest, the Jalisco dry forests ecoregion occupies the upper basin of the Santo Domingo River, which lies in the rain shadow of the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca. The Southern Pacific dry forests ecoregion lies to the south along the Pacific Coast of Mexico, extending into the upper basin of the Tehuantepec River
Tehuantepec River
and the Valley of Oaxaca. Subranges[edit]

Ixtlan de Juarez is an Important Zapotec Town in the Sierra Juarez region

Culturally and geographically, the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca
Oaxaca
System can be split into many smaller sierras or subranges, each with unique ecologies and human cultures. The Sierra Mazateca, located in northwestern Oaxaca
Oaxaca
state, reach elevations around 2,600 metres (8,500 ft). Cerro Rabon is its most unusual peak, albeit not its highest, the whale shaped "Holy Mountain of the Mazatecs." It is the homeland of the Mazatec people. Important towns include: Huautla de Jiménez, Eloxochitlán de Flores Magón, and Jalapa de Díaz. The Sierra de Cuicatlan, south of the Sierra Mazateca, are a range which divides the low canyonlands of Cuicatlan from the Sierra Juarez to the west and is home to the Cuicatec people. The Sierra Juárez is the land of the Sierra Zapotecs. It is the birthplace of Mexico's only indigenous president, Benito Juárez. The main towns of the Sierra Juarez are Ixtlan de Juárez, San Ildefonso Villa Alta, and Villa Hidalgo Yalalag. The Sierra Chinanteca, north of the Sierra Juárez, are home to Chinantec
Chinantec
towns including Santiago Comaltepec, San Pedro Yolóx. and San Felipe Usila. The Sierra Mixe
Sierra Mixe
are to the east, as the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca descends towards the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, lies t, home to the Mixe people, descendants of the Ancient Olmecs
Olmecs
of Mexico's Gulf Coast. The major Mixe centers are San Pablo & San Pedro Ayutla, Santiago Zacatepec, and Santa María Totontepec, and the major peak of the area is Zempoateptl, the sacred mountain of the Mixe people.

María Sabina.

Ricardo Flores Magón
Ricardo Flores Magón
(left) & brother Enrique Flores Magón
Enrique Flores Magón
in the Los Angeles County Jail (1916).

Famous people[edit]

Benito Juárez: First indigenous president of Mexico, born in the Zapotec community now called Guelatao de Juárez
Guelatao de Juárez
in his honour. Ricardo Flores Magón
Ricardo Flores Magón
& Enrique Flores Magón: the two famous Mexican anarchists and founders of Magonismo
Magonismo
were born in the Sierra Mazateca, along with their brother Jesus Flores Magón, a more moderate politician. María Sabina: Mazatec curandera from Huautla de Jiménez Marcos Pérez Santiago: A prominent 19th century Oaxacan Liberal and lawyer, born in Teococuilco de Marcos Pérez

See also[edit]

Sierra Madre de Oaxaca
Oaxaca
topics Mountain ranges of Mexico Sierra Madre de Oaxaca
Oaxaca
pine-oak forests Sierra Norte de Oaxaca
Oaxaca
— region of the range.

References[edit]

v t e

Oaxaca, Mexico

State capital

Oaxaca
Oaxaca
( Oaxaca
Oaxaca
de Juárez)

Governor

Alejandro Murat Hinojosa

Major topics

History Economy Demographics

Major communities

Huajuapan de León Juchitán de Zaragoza Oaxaca
Oaxaca
( Oaxaca
Oaxaca
de Juárez) Puerto Escondido Salina Cruz San Pedro Pochutla San Juan Bautista Cuicatlán San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán Santa Lucía del Camino Santa María Asunción Tlaxiaco Pinotepa Nacional Tehuantepec
Tehuantepec
(Santo Domingo Tehuantepec)

Administrative regions

Mixteca Region Istmo Region Cañada Region Papaloapan Region Sierra Norte Region Valles Centrales Region Sierra Sur Region Costa Region

Geographical regions

La Mixteca Selva Zoque Sierra Juárez Oaxaca
Oaxaca
Valley

Archaeological sites

Cerro de las Minas Dainzú Etlatongo Guiengola Lambityeco Mitla Monte Albán Ndaxagua San José Mogote Yagul Yucuita Zaachila

See also Municipalities of Oaxaca

Coordinates: 17°00′N 96°30′W / 17.000°N 96.500°W

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