Siemens family
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''Siemens'' is the name of a family of German technology and telecommunications
industrialist A business magnate is someone who has achieved great success and enormous wealth through the ownership of multiple lines of enterprise. The term characteristically refers to a wealthy entrepreneur or investor who controls, through personal ente ...
s, founders and to the present day largest shareholders of
Siemens Siemens AG ( ) is a German multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...

Siemens
AG. The family have a wealth of over €8 billion, making them the 5th richest family in Germany, according to Handelsblatt


History


Origin

The Siemens family was first documented in 1384 with Henning Symons, a farmer of the
Free imperial city In the Holy Roman Empire, the collective term free and imperial cities (german: Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded free imperial city (', la, urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that ...
of
Goslar Goslar () is a historic town A town is a . Towns are generally larger than s and smaller than , though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares an ...

Goslar
in
Lower Saxony Lower Saxony (german: Niedersachsen ; nds, Neddersassen; stq, Läichsaksen) is a German state The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consists of sixteen partly sovereign federated states (german: Land (state), plural (st ...
,
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
. The family tree begins with ''Ananias Siemens'' (ca 1538-1591), a citizen, brewer and owner of an
oil mill An oil mill is a grinding mill designed to crush or bruise oil-bearing seeds, such as linseed Flax, also known as common flax or linseed, is a flowering plant Flowering plants include multiple members of the clade Angiospermae (), commonl ...
at Goslar, belonging to the Shoemaker's
Guild A guild is an association of artisan Wood carver in Bali An artisan (from french: artisan, it, artigiano) is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates material objects partly or entirely by hand. These objects may be functiona ...
, as his ancestors have been shoemakers. His grandson Hans (1628–94), speaker of the Merchant's Guild and commander of the town's vigilance committee, built the Siemens House at Goslar in 1692. It is still owned by the family and houses their private archives and an exhibition on the family history. The Siemens family provided numerous members to the Goslar city council as well as four mayors, the last being Johann Georg (1748–1807).


Development

The most important branches of the Goslar family (there are also other families with the same surname in Northern Germany) go back to the farmer Christian Ferdinand Siemens (1787–1840). His sons
Werner Siemens Ernst Werner Siemens (von The term ''von'' () is used in German language The German language (, ) is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in German ...

Werner Siemens
(since 1888 ''von'' Siemens), (Carl) Wilhelm Siemens (known as ''Sir William Siemens''), Hans Siemens, Friedrich Siemens and Carl Heinrich von Siemens, Carl (Heinrich) von Siemens became engineers and entrepreneurs. Werner Siemens, a former artillery and engineering officer in the Prussian army, invented a Telegraphy, telegraph that used a needle to point to the right letter, instead of using Morse code. Based on this invention, he founded the company ''Telegraphen-Bauanstalt von Siemens & Halske'' on 1 October 1847, with the company taking occupation of its workshop on 12 October. His business partner Johann Georg Halske, a master mechanic, was particularly involved in the construction and design of electrical equipment such as the press which enabled wires to be insulated with a seamless coat of gutta-percha, the pointer telegraph, the Samuel Morse, morse telegraph and measuring instruments. The company was internationalised soon after its founding. One brother of Werner represented him in England (Carl Wilhelm Siemens, Sir William Siemens) and another in St.Petersburg, Russia (Carl Heinrich von Siemens, Carl von Siemens), each earning recognition. In 1867 Mr Halske withdrew from the company because his more conservative views on company policy diverged from those of the rather venturous Siemens brothers. In 1848, the company built the first long-distance telegraph line in Europe; 500 km from Berlin to Frankfurt am Main. In the 1850s, the company was involved in building long-distance telegraph networks in Russia. In 1867, Siemens completed the monumental Indo-European (Kolkata, Calcutta to London) telegraph line and in 1870 a transatlantic communications cable. In 1857, Werner von Siemens described the countercurrent exchange and in 1867 a dynamo without permanent magnets. A similar system was also independently invented by Charles Wheatstone, but Siemens became the first company to build such devices. In 1881, a Siemens Alternating current, AC Alternator driven by a watermill was used to power the world's first electric street lighting in the town of Godalming, United Kingdom. The company continued to grow and diversified into electric locomotive, electric trains and light bulbs. In 1887 it opened its first office in Japan. In 1890, the founder retired and left running the company to his brother Carl and sons Arnold and Wilhelm. In 1888, Werner Siemens received hereditary German nobility, ennoblement as ''von'' Siemens by Frederick III, German Emperor. His brother Carl Wilhelm Siemens, William had been knighted – becoming Sir William – by Queen Victoria a few months before his death in 1883. The brother Carl Heinrich von Siemens, Carl in St. Petersburg was ennobled by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, Nicholas II in 1895. Werner's cousin and father-in-law, Carl Georg Siemens (1809–1885), a professor of technology at the University of Hohenheim, received personal ennoblement by the Kingdom of Württemberg, King of Württemberg. Werner's nephew Georg von Siemens, Georg, co-founder of Deutsche Bank, was ennobled by Wilhelm II, German Emperor, in 1899. Siemens & Halske (S & H) was incorporated in 1897, and then merged parts of its activities with Schuckert & Co., Nuremberg in 1903 to become Siemens-Schuckert. In 1919, S & H and two other companies jointly formed the Osram lightbulb company. During the 1920s and 1930s, S & H started to manufacture radios, television sets, and electron microscopes. In 1932, :de:Reiniger, Gebbert & Schall, Reiniger, Gebbert & Schall (Erlangen), Phönix AG (Rudolstadt) and Siemens-Reiniger-Veifa mbH (Berlin) merged to form the Siemens-Reiniger-Werke AG (SRW), a producer of medical technology and the third of the so-called ''parent companies'' that Ernst von Siemens decided in 1966 to merge to form the present-day
Siemens Siemens AG ( ) is a German multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...

Siemens
AG, which is one of the largest electro-technological firms in the world. The company, during all its stages from Siemens & Halske AG, Siemens-Schuckertwerke AG and Siemens-Reiniger-Werke AG until its merger to Siemens AG in 1966, has always been led by subsequent generations of the founder's family, at first by Werner's brother Carl Heinrich von Siemens, Carl, then by Werner's sons Arnold von Siemens, Arnold, Georg Wilhelm von Siemens, Wilhelm and Carl Friedrich von Siemens, Carl Friedrich, later by his grandsons Hermann von Siemens, Hermann and Ernst von Siemens, Ernst, and until 1981 by his great-grandson Peter von Siemens. Today the descendants of Werner and Carl von Siemens have a minority ownership of 6.9% (by comparison: the Ford family tree, Ford family controls the Ford Motor Company with a share of 2%), thus still being the largest single shareholder. Based on a market cap of €112billion, the Siemens family holds €7,7 billion worth of common stock in the company and received €201million in dividends in 2016. Considerable parts of this share have been endowed to charitable trusts controlled by family members. The family keeps a seat in the Siemens Supervisory Board and is said to take influence in the background. Until 1981, the chairman of the Supervisory Board has always been a member of the family. The ''von Siemens'' are said to return to the chairmanship in the future should necessity require it or an eligible candidate be ready to run.''How can we live our values embracing our heritage?''
an interview with Dr. Nathalie von Siemens The clan's principal aim has always been to guarantee its 169 years old company independence, stability and solid growth.


Family Members

* Ernst Werner von Siemens, (Ernst) Werner ''(since 1888) von'' Siemens (known as ''Werner'') (1816, Gehrden - 1892), inventor, founder of Siemens AG * (Carl) Wilhelm Siemens (known as ''(Charles) Wilhelm'' or ''Sir William Siemens'') (1823, Lenthe - 1883), brother of Werner von Siemens * Carl Heinrich von Siemens, Carl (Heinrich) von Siemens (1829, Menzendorf - 1906), brother of Werner von Siemens * Georg von Siemens (1839 – 1901), banker and politician, nephew of Werner von Siemens * Alexander Siemens (1847, Hanover - 1928), cousin of Werner von Siemens * Arnold von Siemens, Arnold ''(since 1888) von'' Siemens (1853, Berlin - 1918), son of Werner von Siemens * Georg Wilhelm von Siemens, (Georg) Wilhelm ''(since 1888) von'' Siemens (known as ''Wilhelm'') (1855, Berlin - 1919), son of Werner von Siemens * Carl Friedrich von Siemens (1872, Berlin - 1941), son of Werner von Siemens * Hermann von Siemens, Hermann (Werner) von Siemens (1885, Berlin - 1986), grandson of Werner von Siemens * Ernst von Siemens (1903, Kingston upon Hull - 1990), grandson of Werner von Siemens * Peter von Siemens (1911, Berlin - 1986), great-grandson of Werner von Siemens * Friedrich Siemens (born December 8, 1826 in Menzendorf, † May 24, 1904 in Dresden)


Images

File:Werner-von-Siemens.png, Werner Siemens (1816–1892), since 1888 ''Werner von Siemens'' File:Wilhelm Siemens.jpg, Carl Wilhelm Siemens, William Siemens (1823–1883), since 1883 ''Sir William Siemens'', brother of Werner File:1900ca Carl-von-Siemens.jpg, Carl von Siemens, Carl Siemens (1829–1906), since 1895 ''Carl von Siemens'', brother of Werner File:Georg von Siemens.jpg, Georg von Siemens, Georg Siemens (1839–1901), since 1899 ''Georg von Siemens'', nephew of Werner von Siemens, founding director of Deutsche Bank File:Arnold-von-Siemens.jpg, Arnold von Siemens (1853–1918), son of Werner von Siemens File:Georg Wilhelm von Siemens.jpg, Georg Wilhelm von Siemens (1855–1919), son of Werner von Siemens File:Jacob Hilsdorf - Carl Friedrich von Siemens.jpg, Carl Friedrich von Siemens (1872–1941), son of Werner von Siemens File:Portrait of Friedrich Siemens (1826-1904), Inventor and Engineer (2553684712).jpg, Portrait of Friedrich Siemens (1826-1904), Inventor and Engineer


Family Tree


Family Branches


Branch from Ananias Siemens (Founding Father)

Generations 1-9


Descendants of Christian Ferdinand Siemens (partial excerpt)

Generations 7–12 (*) Leading function at ''Siemens & Halske'', ''Siemens Brothers & Co'' and/or
Siemens Siemens AG ( ) is a German multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...

Siemens
AG.


Notes


References

{{Authority control Siemens family, Prussian nobility German noble families