Siemens Velaro
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Siemens Velaro is a family of high-speed
electric multiple unit DART 8500 class commuter EMU at Howth Junction railway station An electric multiple unit or EMU is a multiple-unit train consisting of self-propelled carriages using electricity Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associate ...
trains built by
Siemens Siemens AG ( ) is a German multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad. The principal divisions of the corporation are ''Industry'', ' ...

Siemens
and used in Germany, Belgium, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Spain, China, Russia, and Turkey. The Velaro is based on the
ICE 3 ICE 3, or Intercity-Express 3, is a family of high-speed electric multiple unit DART 8500 class commuter EMU at Howth Junction railway station An electric multiple unit or EMU is a multiple-unit train consisting of self-propelled carriag ...
M/F high-speed trains manufactured by Siemens for the
Deutsche Bahn The (; abbreviated as DB or DB AG) is the national railway company of Germany. Headquartered in the Bahntower in Berlin, it is a private joint-stock company (Aktiengesellschaft, AG), with the Germany, Federal Republic of Germany being its single ...

Deutsche Bahn
(DB). The Deutsche Bahn were the first to order Siemens high-speed trains; it ordered 13 of these units in 1994, the
Nederlandse Spoorwegen Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS; ; en, "Dutch Railways") is a Dutch state-owned company, the principal Rail transport in the Netherlands, passenger railway operator in the Netherlands. Founded in 1938, NS provides rail services on the Dutch main rai ...

Nederlandse Spoorwegen
(NS) 4 units. The trains were delivered in 1999 for service. The trains were labeled and marketed as the Velaro by their manufacturer,
Siemens Siemens AG ( ) is a German multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad. The principal divisions of the corporation are ''Industry'', ' ...

Siemens
. Siemens developed its Siemens Velaro based on the ICE 3M/F. Spain's
RENFE Renfe Operadora () is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the , the and the networks of the Spanish national railway infrastructure company Adif (''Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias''—Rail ...

RENFE
was the first to order Velaro trains, known as Velaro E, for their
AVE ''Alta Velocidad Española'' (''AVE'') is a service of high-speed rail High-speed rail (HSR) is a type of rail transport that runs significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock a ...

AVE
network. China ordered wider versions for the Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail (China Railways CRH3) and Russia for the Moscow–Saint Petersburg and the Saint Petersburg–Nizhny Novgorod routes (Sapsan, Velaro RUS/Сапсан). Since December 2013, the latest generation, Velaro D has been running in its home country, Germany. In July 2006, a Siemens Velaro train-set (AVE S-103) reached , which was the Land speed record for rail vehicles, world record for railed and unmodified commercial service trainsets.


Velaro E (AVE Class 103)

Velaro E is a version of the Velaro family used by
RENFE Renfe Operadora () is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the , the and the networks of the Spanish national railway infrastructure company Adif (''Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias''—Rail ...

RENFE
for operations in Spain. In 2001, RENFE ordered sixteen Velaros designated AVE Class 103. The order was later increased to a total of 26 trains. The trains serve the Barcelona–Madrid line at speeds up to for a travel time of 2 hrs 30 mins. The first units were delivered in July 2005 and completed their first test runs in January 2006. On 15 July 2006, a train achieved a top speed of between Guadalajara, Spain, Guadalajara and Calatayud on the Madrid–Barcelona_high-speed_rail_line, Madrid-Barcelona line. This is a Spanish record for railed vehicles. Until 3 December 2010 it was also a Land speed record for railed vehicles, world record for unmodified commercial service trainsets, as the earlier TGV (world record of ) and InterCityExpress, ICE records were achieved with specially modified and shortened trainsets, and the Shinkansen (, 1996) record was for a test (non-commercial) trainset.


Velaro CN (CRH3C)

Velaro CRH3C is a Chinese version of the Velaro. In November 2005, China ordered 60 trains for the Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway. The eight-car trains are very similar to Spain's Velaro E, but wider to fit in almost 50% more seats in a 2 plus 3 layout. In the CRH3C version, a 200-metre-long Velaro train will seat 600 passengers. These trains were manufactured jointly by Siemens in Germany and Tangshan Railway Vehicle, CNR Tangshan in China. The first Chinese-built CRH3C was unveiled on 11 April 2008. CRH3C reached a top speed of during a test on the Beijing to Tianjin high-speed railway on 24 June 2008.


Velaro RUS (RZD Sapsan)

Velaro RUS is part of the Velaro family built for Russia. On 19 May 2006 Siemens announced an order from Russian Railways for eight Velaro RUS high-speed trains including a 30-year service contract. The contract is in total worth €600 million. The trains, connecting Moscow with Saint Petersburg, and later also Saint Petersburg and Nizhny Novgorod (the service was temporarily discontinued from 1 June 2015 till 1 March 2018) at a speed of up to , are based on the ICE3 train standard but with bodies widened by to to take advantage of Russia's standard loading gauge. They are also built to the Russian track gauge, unlike other Velaro EMUs, which are standard gauge. Four of the trains are for both 3 kV Railway electrification system#Direct current, DC and operation. The total length of each ten-car train is , carrying up to 600 passengers. Development and construction were carried out at Erlangen and Krefeld in Germany. Single-voltage EVS1 (3 kV DC) trains entered passenger service at the end of 2009 on the Saint Petersburg–Moscow Railway, Moscow–St Petersburg route, and the dual-system EVS2 trains entered service on the Nizhniy Novgorod route in 2010. It set a record for the fastest train in Russia on 2 May 2009, travelling at and on 7 May 2009, travelling at . On 19 December 2011 an order for an additional 8 sets was signed in order to facilitate an increased number of services on existing lines and the expansion of new service elsewhere in the system.


Velaro D (DB Class 407)

Velaro D is specifically designed for
Deutsche Bahn The (; abbreviated as DB or DB AG) is the national railway company of Germany. Headquartered in the Bahntower in Berlin, it is a private joint-stock company (Aktiengesellschaft, AG), with the Germany, Federal Republic of Germany being its single ...

Deutsche Bahn
international services from Germany. Designated DB's Class 407, it is designed to run at speeds up to 320 km/h (200 mph) and comply with Technical Specifications for Interoperability and enhanced crashworthiness requirements. There are fire-proof equipment rooms and fire doors between cars. Velaro D is designed to be quieter and more reliable than the ICE 3 (Class 403/406). The train is also expected to use up to 20% less energy than previous versions of ICE. This is achieved in part by improved body styling. It does not have the ICE3's panorama lounge where passengers in the end coaches can see the tracks over the driver's shoulder. The Class 407 has 460 seats: 111 in first class, 333 in second class and 16 in the bistro car. In total this is 37 more seats than the ICE 3, even though the seat pitch is unchanged. This is achieved by putting the traction equipment in compartments at either end of the train instead of hiding it behind panels the length of the train. Unlike all previous ICE versions, the passenger seating is all open-plan and there are no compartments. The eight-coach Class 407 trains can couple up and work with their Class 403 and Class 406 predecessors. Eight of the 16 bogies per train are powered, and there are four independent sets of traction equipment per train: if two of them break down, the train can still run. For full international flexibility across Europe, it can function on any of four voltages. The fleet will be based in Frankfurt. In December 2008 Deutsche Bahn signed a €500 million order for 15 trainsets. The train's production stages were presented to the press in Krefeld on 28 April 2010, and three completed cars were displayed by Siemens on 22 September 2010 at InnoTrans. In June 2011, Deutsche Bahn ordered an additional Velaro D set (increasing the total to 16) in order to replace an ICE3MF set damaged in an accident in August 2010. Velaro D was meant to go into service starting December 2011 on services from Frankfurt to southern France via the new LGV Rhin-Rhône, and subsequently within Germany and on other international services to France, Belgium, Switzerland and the Netherlands. Due to a series of delays in manufacturing and licensing no Velaro D trainsets were in service as of November 2012 and there was no schedule for their delivery. Only in December 2013 the first four trains delivered to DB were licensed for domestic operation as multiple units and started with passenger traffic. Four more trains are due to be delivered in spring 2014, whereas the remainder of eight trains shall be used for test runs in France and Belgium to gain type approval there. The specification of the Velaro D allows its access to the Channel Tunnel, enabling DB to use it on the services it plans to operate from London to Amsterdam and Frankfurt. Deutsche Bahn submitted safety documentation for the operation of Velaro D high speed trainsets through the Channel Tunnel to the Intergovernmental Commission in July 2011, which in June 2013 granted a licence for passenger trains to DB. In 2012 and 2013, Siemens discussed with Deutsche Bahn the delivery of one more Velaro D set, free of charge, as compensation for the delivery and certification delays. This train was originally built for test purposes and features a different propulsion setup, utilizing permanent magnet AC synchronous motors as opposed to the traditional AC asynchronous motors. Siemens stated that this will allow a reduction in the number of propulsion units per train, while still maintaining train performance.


Velaro e320 (Eurostar)

On 7 October 2010, it was reported that Eurostar had selected Siemens as preferred bidder to supply 10 Velaro e320 trainsets at a cost of €600 million (and a total investment of more than £700 million with the refurbishment of the existing fleet included) to operate an expanded route network, including services from London to Cologne and Amsterdam. These would be sixteen-car, long trainsets built to meet current Channel Tunnel regulations, and would not be the same as the Velaro D sets which
Deutsche Bahn The (; abbreviated as DB or DB AG) is the national railway company of Germany. Headquartered in the Bahntower in Berlin, it is a private joint-stock company (Aktiengesellschaft, AG), with the Germany, Federal Republic of Germany being its single ...

Deutsche Bahn
propose to operate services between Germany and London. The top speed will be and they will have 894-950 seats, unlike the current Eurostar fleet manufactured by the French Alstom, which has a top speed of and a seating capacity of 750. Total traction power will be rated at . On the British system they are classified as British Rail Class 374, Class 374 units.


Velaro TR (TCDD HT80000)

The Velaro TR is a Velaro D derived 8-car standard gauge high-speed train for the Turkish State Railways (TCDD). The eight cars, totalling a length of 200 m, can accommodate 519 passengers and reach a top speed of 300 km/h. 25 kV 50 Hz AC power the train with a total of 8 MW. In 2013 Turkish State Railways, TCDD concluded three contracts with
Siemens Siemens AG ( ) is a German multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad. The principal divisions of the corporation are ''Industry'', ' ...

Siemens
for the acquisition of 17 units in total (1 unit for the first, 6 for the second and 10 for the last contract) with a combined value of €685 million. Furthermore, Siemens would provide 7 years of maintenance and cleaning, and also provide a simulator. The Velaros are to be deployed on the High-speed rail in Turkey, Turkish high-speed railway network. The first Siemens Velaro (the only Velaro D type train of TCDD, code numbered HT80001) entered service on 23 May 2015 between Ankara-Konya. The second Velaro of TCDD (which is the first Velaro TR type train, with the code number HT80101) arrived in Ankara on 17 February 2016. Unlike the traditional ''white (color), white - red (color), red - dark blue (color), dark blue'' color scheme used on the TCDD HT65000 high-speed trains, a ''white (color), white - turquoise (color), turquoise - grey'' color scheme has been selected for the livery of TCDD's Velaro trains.


Velaro Novo

Velaro Novo is Siemens's concept for the next generation of high speed train. It was announced in June 2018, and the first sets could be in service in 2023. Velaro Novo would be lighter and more efficient than previous designs, with a top speed of 360 km/h.


Gallery

RENFE Class 103 Vinaixa.jpg, Series 103 train, Velaro E File:京津城际C2226.jpg, Velaro CRH3C in China File:CRH3.JPG, A Chinese CRH3C unit File:ЭВС1-15, Колпино - Саблино.jpg, Siemens Velaro RUS EVS2 File:SiemensVelaroD-InnoTrans2010.jpg, Siemens Velaro D at InnoTrans 2010, after handover of first train to DB. File:Eurostar Class 374 on HS1.jpg, Eurostar 320 (Class 374) near Sellindge, Kent, England. File:2016-02 Eurostar trains.jpg, A newer Eurostar E320 is seen next to an older Eurostar E300 (British Rail Class 373, Class 373) at London St Pancras File:YHT train at Ankara railway station.jpg, A Turkish TCDD HT80000, HT80000 at the Ankara Tren Garı, ATG terminal in Ankara File:InnoTrans 2016 - TCDD HT 80000 - Siemens Velaro TR (2).jpg, A Turkish HT80000 unit seen here at InnoTrans 2016


See also

* Bombardier Zefiro * Alstom AGV * CAF Oaris * List of high-speed trains


References


External links


Velaro Background

Velaro Sell Sheet; archived

Updated Velaro Sell Sheet (2014)

Velaro E specification sheet; download, archived

Siemens Velaro RUS Sell Sheet

Velaro CN Data Sheet; archived

Velaro developmental history and technical details
Siemens Page
Velaro D Technical details
Siemens Page
More Velaro D Tech details (Includes TE curve graph)

Velaro e320 technical specifications

Interactive 360° virtual tour of the Velaro E
{{Eurostar navbox Siemens Velaro, High-speed trains Siemens products, Velaro Proposed British rail vehicles Train-related introductions in 1999