The SIDDHAR (Tamil: Cittar from Tamil cittu meaning intellect,
singular Cittar) refers to intellectual people in Tamil language, from
* 1 Practice
* 2 Some Siddhars
* 2.1 The 9 Siddhars * 2.2 The 18 Siddhars
* 3 Powers of siddhas * 4 See also * 5 Notes and references * 6 External links
Typically Siddhars were saints, doctors, alchemists and mystics all in one. They wrote their findings in the form of poems in the Tamil language , on palm leaves which are collected and stored in what are known as the "Palm leaf manuscripts ". These are still owned by some families in Tamil Nadu and handed down through the generations, as well as being kept in public institutions such as universities in India, Germany, Great Britain and the United States.
In this way Siddhars developed, among other branches of a vast
knowledge-system, what is now known as
Siddhars are also believed to be the founders of Varmam - a martial art for self-defence and medical treatment at the same time. Varmam are specific points located in the human body which when pressed in different ways can give various results, such as disabling an attacker in self-defence, or balancing a physical condition as an easy first-aid medical treatment.
Tamil Siddhars were the first to develop pulse-reading ("naadi
paarththal" in Tamil) to identify the origin of diseases. This method
was later copied and used in
Siddhars have also written many religious poems. It is believed that most of them have lived for ages, in a mystic mountain called Sathuragiri , near Thanipparai village in Tamil Nadu.
The Abithana Chintamani encyclopedia states that the Siddhars are either of the 9 or 18 persons listed below, but sage Agastyar states that there are many who precede and follow these. Many of the great Siddhars are regarded to have powers magical and spiritual.
THE 9 SIDDHARS
The 9 listed in "Abithana Chintamani" are as follows:
* Sathyanathar * Sathoganathar * Aadhinathar * Anadhinathar * Vegulinathar * Madhanganathar * Machaendranathar * Gadaendranathar or Gajendranathar * Korakkanathar
THE 18 SIDDHARS
There are 18 siddhars in the Tamil
* Nandeeswarar (Nandidevar or
POWERS OF SIDDHAS
The siddhars are believed to have had both major and minor powers which are described in detail in various yogic and religious texts. They also are said to have the power of converting their mass to energy and thereby travelling to different universes.
* Anima (shrinking) -- Power of becoming the size of an atom and entering the smallest beings * Mahima (illimitability) -- Power of becoming mighty and co-extensive with the universe. The power of increasing one's size without limit * Laghima (lightness) -- Capacity to be quite light though big in size * Garima (weight) -- Capacity to weigh a lot, though seemingly being small in size * Prapti (fulfillment of desires) -- Capacity to enter all the worlds from Brahma Loga to the nether world. It is the power of attaining everything desired * Prakasysm (irresistible will) -- Power of disembodying and entering into other bodies and going to heaven and enjoying what everyone aspires for, simply from where he stays * Ishtavam (supremacy) -- Have the creative power of God and control over the Sun, Moon and the elements * Vashitavam (dominion over the elements) -- Power of control over kings and gods. The power of changing the course of nature and assuming any form
These eight are the Great Siddhis (Ashtama siddhis) , or Great Perfections.
NOTES AND REFERENCES
* ^ Meditation Revolution: A History and Theology of the Siddha
Yoga Lineage. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. 2000. ISBN 9788120816480 .
* ^ S. Cunjithapatham, M. Arunachalam (1989). Musical tradition of
Tamilnadu. International Society for the Investigation of Ancient
Civilizations. p. 11.
* ^ Journal of Indian history, Volume 38. Dept. of History,
University of Kerala. 1960.
* ^ Weiss, Richard (2009). Recipes for Immortality : Healing,
Religion, and Community in South India: Healing, Religion, and
Community in South India. Oxford University Press. p. 80. ISBN
* ^ V. Jayaram. "Study of siddhas". Hinduwebsite.com. Retrieved
* ^ Dr. J. Raamachandran, Herbs of