Non - Saiddhantika
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SIDDHA (Tamil 'Great thinker/wise man',
Siddhas may broadly refer to siddhars , naths , ascetics , sadhus , or yogis because they all practice sādhanā .
The Svetasvatara (II.12) presupposes a '
* 3 Siddhashrama
* 4.1 The eighty-four Siddhas in the Varna(na)ratnakara
* 4.2 The Siddhas in the Hatha
* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
Further information: God in
In Jainism, the term siddha is used to refer the liberated souls who have destroyed all karmas and have obtained moksha . They are free from the transmigratory cycle of birth and death (saṃsāra ) and are above Arihantas (omniscient beings). Siddhas do not have a body; they are soul in its purest form. They reside in the Siddhashila, which is situated at the top of the Universe. They are formless and have no passions and therefore are free from all temptations. They do not have any karmas and they do not collect any new karmas.
According to Jains, Siddhas have EIGHT specific characteristics or
"கடையிலா ஞானத்தோடு காட்சி வீரியமே இன்ப மிடையுறு நாமமின்மை விதித்த கோத்திரங்களின்மை அடைவிலா ஆயுஇன்மை அந்தராயங்கள் இன்மை உடையவன் யாவன் மற்று இவ்வுலகினுக்கு இறைவனாமே"
"The soul that has infinite knowledge (Ananta jnāna, கடையிலா ஞானம்), infinite vision or wisdom (Ananta darshana, கடையிலா காட்சி), infinite power (Ananta labdhi, கடையிலா வீரியம்), infinite bliss (Ananta sukha, கடையிலா இன்பம்), without name (Akshaya sthiti, நாமமின்மை), without association to any caste (Being vitāraga, கோத்திரமின்மை), infinite life span (Being arupa, ஆயுள் இன்மை) and without any change (Aguruladhutaa, அழியா இயல்பு) is God."
The following table summarizes the eight supreme qualities of a liberated soul.
QUALITY MEANING MANIFESTATION
Kśāyika samyaktva infinite faith or belief in the tattvas or essential principles of reality manifested on the destruction of the faith-deluding (darśana mohanīya) karma
Kevala Jnāna infinite knowledge on the destruction of the knowledge-obscuring (jnānāvarnīya) karma.
Kevaladarśana infinite perception on the destruction of the perception-obscuring (darśanāvarnīya) karma
Anantavīrya infinite power on the destruction of the obstructive (antarāya) karma
Sūksmatva fineness manifested on the destruction of the life- determining (āyuh) karma
Avagāhan inter-penetrability manifested on the destruction of the name-determining (nāma) karma
Agurulaghutva literally, neither heavy nor light manifested on the destruction of the status-determining (gotra) karma
Avyābādha undisturbed, infinite bliss manifested on the destruction of the feeling-producing (vedanīya) karma
Because of the quality of Sūksmatva, the liberated soul is beyond sense-perception and its knowledge of the substances is direct, without the use of the senses and the mind. The quality of avagāhan means that the liberated soul does not hinder the existence of other such souls in the same space.
A soul after attaining Siddhahood goes to the top of the loka (as per jain cosmology) and stays there till infinity. Siddhas are formless and dwell in Siddhashila with the above mentioned eight qualities.
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In Hinduism, the first usage of the term
SIDDHA OR SIDDHAR (TAMIL TRADITION)
Part of a series on
HISTORY OF TAMIL NADU
* Pandya Empire
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The 18 siddhars are listed below.
* Nandeeswarar (Nandidevar)
Main article: Siddhashrama
Siddhashrama is referred in many Indian epics and Puranas including
Ramayana and Mahabharata. In Valmiki's Ramayana it is said that
Viswamitra had his hermitage in Siddhashrama, the erstwhile hermitage
Whenever siddha is mentioned, the 84 siddhas and 9 nathas are
remembered, and it is this tradition of siddha which is known as the
THE EIGHTY-FOUR SIDDHAS IN THE VARNA(NA)RATNAKARA
A list of eighty-four siddhas is found in a manuscript (manuscript no 48/34 of the Asiatic Society of Bengal) dated Lakshmana Samvat 388 (1506) of a medieval Maithili work, the Varna(na)ratnākara written by Jyotirishwar Thakur , the court poet of King Harisimhadeva of Mithila (reigned 1300–1321). An interesting feature of this list is that the names of the most revered naths are incorporated in this list along with Buddhist siddhācāryas. The names of the siddhas found in this list are:
* Minanātha * Gorakshanātha * Chauranginātha * Chāmarinātha * Tantipā * Hālipā * Kedāripā * Dhongapā * Dāripā * Virupā * Kapāli * Kamāri * Kānha * Kanakhala * Mekhala * Unmana * Kāndali * Dhovi * Jālandhara * Tongi * Mavaha * Nāgārjuna * Dauli * Bhishāla * Achiti * Champaka * Dhentasa * Bhumbhari * Bākali * Tuji * Charpati * Bhāde * Chāndana * Kāmari * Karavat * Dharmapāpatanga * Bhadra * Pātalibhadra * Palihiha * Bhānu * Mina * Nirdaya * Savara * Sānti * Bhartrihari * Bhishana * Bhati * Gaganapā * Gamāra * Menurā * Kumāri * Jivana * Aghosādhava * Girivara * Siyāri * Nāgavāli * Bibhavat * Sāranga * Vivikadhaja * Magaradhaja * Achita * Bichita * Nechaka * Chātala * Nāchana * Bhilo * Pāhila * Pāsala * Kamalakangāri * Chipila * Govinda * Bhima * Bhairava * Bhadra * Bhamari * Bhurukuti
THE SIDDHAS IN THE HATHA YOGA PRADIPIKA
In the first upadeśa (chapter) of the Hatha
* Ādinātha * Matsyendra * Śāvara * Ānandabhairava * Chaurangi * Minanātha * Gorakṣanātha * Virupākṣa * Bileśaya * Manthāna * Bhairava * Siddhibuddha * Kanthaḍi * Koraṃṭaka * Surānanda * Siddhapāda * Charpaṭi * Kānerī * Pūjyapāda * Nityanātha * Nirañjana * Kapālī * Bindunātha * Kākachaṇḍīśvarā * Allāma * Prabhudeva * Ghoḍā * Chholī * Ṭiṃṭiṇi * Bhānukī * Nāradeva * Khaṇḍakāpālika
Religion in ancient Tamil country
* ^ "Definition:
Mahasiddha (Indian Adept) &
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* Details of 18 Siddhas
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* Kevala Jñāna
* Jaina logic
* Siddhashila * Naraka * Heavenly beings
* Types * Causes
* Pudgala * Dharma
* Death * Saṃsāra * Ratnatraya * Kashaya
* Mula Sangha