The Info List - Sicani

--- Advertisement ---

The Sicani
(Greek Σικανοί Sikanoi) or Sicanians were one of three ancient peoples of Sicily
present at the time of Phoenician and Greek colonization. The Sicani
dwelt east of the Elymians
and west of the Sicels, having, according to Diodorus Siculus,[1] the boundary with the last in the ancient Himera river (Salso) after a series of battles between these tribes.


1 History 2 Herodotus and King Minos 3 Language 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The Sicani
are thought to be the oldest inhabitants of Sicily
with a recorded name. The Greek historian Thucydides[2] claimed they immigrated from the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
(perhaps Valencia)[3][4] driven by the Ligurians
from the river Sicanus, drawing his information from the Sicilian historian Antiochus of Syracuse, but his basis for saying this is unknown.[5] Timaeus of Tauromenium
considered them as aboriginal.[6] Some modern scholars think the Sicani
may have been an Illyrian tribe that gained control of areas previously inhabited by native tribes.[7] Archaeological excavation has shown that they had received some Mycenaean influence.[8] The Elymians
are thought to be the next recorded people to settle Sicily, perhaps from the Aegean, Anatolia, or Liguria. They settled in the north-west corner of the island, forcing the Sicanians to move across eastward. The Sicels
were the next to arrive, from mainland Italy, and settled in the east. Historical records start with the Phoenicians, who established colonies in the 11th century BCE, and especially with the Greeks, who founded the colony of Syracuse, which eventually became the largest Greek city, in 734 BCE. Other Greek colonies were established around the island. The indigenous Sicilians were gradually absorbed by these colonizing peoples and finally disappeared as distinct peoples under Roman occupation. Herodotus and King Minos[edit] Herodotos: The History, VII.170-171[9] Minos, according to tradition, went to Sicania, or Sicily, as it is now called, in search of Daedalus, and there perished by a violent death. Language[edit]



Region Sicily

Language family


Language codes

ISO 639-3 None (mis)

Glottolog sica1234[10]

Tribes of Hellenic Sicily

A few short inscriptions using the Greek alphabet
Greek alphabet
have been found in the extinct Sicanian language.[11] Except for names, they have not been translated, and the language is unclassified due to lack of data.[12] See also[edit]

Ancient peoples of Italy Prehistoric Italy


^ Diod., v.6.3-4 ^ Thucydides, His. VI,2,3,4. ^ "Sicily: Encyclopedia II – Sicily
– History". Experience Festival. 7 October 2007. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013.  ^ "Aapologetico de la literatura española contra los opiniones". Ensayo historico. 7 October 2007.  ^ "Greek Identity in the Western Mediterranean". 2004.  ^ As reported in Diodorus Siculus
Diodorus Siculus
V,6,1-3. ^ Fine, John (1985). The ancient Greeks: a critical history. Harvard University Press. p. 72. ISBN 0-674-03314-0.  ^ Fine, p.72 ^ Herodotus, The History, George Rawlinson, trans., (New York: Dutton & Co., 1862 ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sicana". Glottolog
3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.  ^ The World's Writing Systems. 1996:301. ^ 'Sicanian' at Linguist List

External links[edit]

The death of Minos
in Sicily Sicilian Peoples: The Sicanians by Vincenzo Salerno

v t e

 Languages of Sicily

Official language


Contemporary languages

Sicilian language Italian language Regional Italian Arbëresh language Gallo-Italic of Sicily Modern Greek

Historical languages

Ancient Greek Arabic Tosk Albanian Berber languages Elymian language Hebrew language Italian language Sicilian Greek Judeo- Arabic
languages Koine Greek Late Latin Maghrebi Arabic Maltese language Medieval Greek Mediterranean Lingua Franca Norman language Phoenician language Punic language Sicani Sicilian language Siculo-Arabic Southern Italian K