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The SICANI (Greek Σικανοί Sikanoi) or SICANIANS were one of three ancient peoples of Sicily
Sicily
present at the time of Phoenician and Greek colonization. The Sicani
Sicani
dwelt east of the Elymians
Elymians
and west of the Sicels
Sicels
, having, according to Diodorus Siculus
Diodorus Siculus
, the boundary with the last in the ancient Himera river ( Salso
Salso
) after a series of battles between these tribes.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Herodotus and King Minos
Minos
* 3 Language * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

The Sicani
Sicani
are thought to be the oldest inhabitants of Sicily
Sicily
with a recorded name. The Greek historian Thucydides
Thucydides
claimed they immigrated from the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
(perhaps Valencia
Valencia
) driven by the Ligurians from the river Sicanus , drawing his information from the Sicilian historian Antiochus of Syracuse , but his basis for saying this is unknown. Timaeus of Tauromenium
Tauromenium
considered them as aboriginal. Some modern scholars think the Sicani
Sicani
may have been an Illyrian tribe that gained control of areas previously inhabited by native tribes. Archaeological excavation has shown that they had received some Mycenaean influence.

The Elymians
Elymians
are thought to be the next recorded people to settle Sicily, perhaps from the Aegean , Anatolia
Anatolia
, or Liguria
Liguria
. They settled in the north-west corner of the island, forcing the Sicanians to move across eastward. The Sicels
Sicels
were the next to arrive, from mainland Italy
Italy
, and settled in the east. Historical records start with the Phoenicians, who established colonies in the 11th century BCE, and especially with the Greeks, who founded the colony of Syracuse , which eventually became the largest Greek city, in 734 BCE . Other Greek colonies were established around the island. The indigenous Sicilians were gradually absorbed by these colonizing peoples and finally disappeared as distinct peoples under Roman occupation.

HERODOTUS AND KING MINOS

Herodotos: The History, VII.170-171

Minos
Minos
, according to tradition, went to Sicania, or Sicily, as it is now called, in search of Daedalus
Daedalus
, and there perished by a violent death....

LANGUAGE

A few short inscriptions using the Greek alphabet
Greek alphabet
have been found in the extinct Sicanian language. Except for names, they have not been translated, and the language is unclassified due to lack of data.

SEE ALSO

* Ancient peoples of Italy
Italy
* Prehistoric Italy
Italy

REFERENCES

* ^ Diod., v.6.3-4 * ^ Thucydides, His. VI,2,3,4. * ^ "Sicily: Encyclopedia II – Sicily
Sicily
– History". Experience Festival. 7 October 2007. * ^ "Aapologetico de la literatura española contra los opiniones". Ensayo historico. 7 October 2007. * ^ "Greek Identity in the Western Mediterranean". 2004. * ^ As reported in Diodorus Siculus
Diodorus Siculus
V,6,1-3. * ^ Fine, John (1985). The ancient Greeks: a critical history. Harvard University Press. p. 72. ISBN 0-674-03314-0 . * ^ Fine, p.72 * ^ Herodotus, The History, George Rawlinson, trans., (New York: Dutton position: absolute;" /> Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Sicani
Sicani
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