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Siatista
Siatista
(Greek: Σιάτιστα) is a town and a former municipality in Kozani
Kozani
regional unit, West Macedonia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Voio, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[2] It lies 28 kilometres (17 miles) southwest of Kozani. The municipal unit has an area of 158.524 km2, the community 94.426 km2.[3] The 2011 census recorded 5,490 residents in the town and 6,247 in the municipal unit.[1] It was built on the austral slope of the Velia mountain on an (average) height of 930 metres (3,051 feet). The first name of the city was Kalyvia, because the city was known for its huts. This name is referenced in the archives of the Zavordas Monastery.

Contents

1 Administrative division 2 History 3 Celebrations 4 Notable people 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Administrative division[edit] The municipal unit of Siatista
Siatista
consists of the following municipal communities (populations as of 2011):[2][1]

Siatista, population 5,490 Mikrokastro, population 446 Palaiokastro, population 311

The municipal community of Palaiokastro comprises two settlements: Palaiokastro and Dafnero.[1] History[edit]

The Church of Siatista

In 1745, the city is referenced in a formal document of Joseph, Archbishop of Ohrid. The commercial ties between Siatista
Siatista
and many European countries during 17th and 18th centuries were very successful, and allowed the inhabitants to build many mansions and churches with wonderful frescos and icons. Siatista
Siatista
lies in a unique setting where its mountains and wilderness provide a strong sense of solitude. As a result, many Siatistan had to become merchants as to import (or export) necessary goods. Many of them found their way abroad permanently or temporarily where they distinguished themselves as able and reliable merchants. Many of them who became wealthy never return in their town staying for ever in the big cities all over the Balkan Peninsula. Those who choose to return built large and elegant mansions distinguished by their thick walls, imposing doors, lavishly decorated "ondas", gorgeous stained glasses, and lively colours in the folk paintings on their walls. All of this embodies their high standard of living, a rather rare phenomenon for such an isolated town. Many of those mansions are still in good shape today in the old city. One of such a self-made wealthy merchants was Theodoros Dimitriou who together with his wife Afrati left their town at 1790 for Zagreb, then an Austrian city. He managed to earn a significant fortune by trading a variety of goods which helped them to give a proper education to their children. Of them, Dimitrios destined to become a famous and celebrated personality for his role as a leading figure in the movement for the national awakening of the Croatian people (then under Austro-Hungarian rule) as a national writer, poet, dramatist and political activist.[4] Recognized as one of the most learned people of his time,[5] he was the first who imposed the Croatian language
Croatian language
in the local literacy, he created the National Croatian Theater in Zagreb
Zagreb
and became famous for his political activism for the Croatian national revival through his key role in many Croatian patriotic pamphlets at the time. Demeter's award for drama which established 35 years after his death (1872) stood until nowadays and his bust decorates the yard of the Croatian National Theater in Zagreb. In 1888 Ioannis Trampatzes, another expatriate Greek merchant in Romania, donated the funds for the Trampatzeion Gymnasium. The gymnasium housed two large libraries, the Manouseios with 5,000 books and the Roussopouleios with 2,000.[6] Siatista
Siatista
was liberated from the Ottoman Turks by the Greek army, on November 4, 1912 during the First Balkan War. In March 1943, the Battle of Fardykambos
Battle of Fardykambos
was fought near the town between the Royal Italian Army and the partisans of EAM-ELAS, with the participation of many of the local inhabitants. Celebrations[edit]

August 15 - Assumption of Mary
Assumption of Mary
- The male inhabitants of Siatista parade with their horses down to a chapel in the plain and return with the icon of the Panagia. In the feast and party that ensues the men dance on the backs of their horses. The local wine flows freely, even for their equine friends. December 23 - Κλαδαριές (Klatharies) - On this day the inhabitants gather brush from the surrounding area. Each neighbourhood group builds tall, (three to six metres), conical shaped mounds that are decorated sparsely with balloons and tinsel. After nightfall a parade, including a brass band playing local music, begins at the lower town, Γεράνια (Yerania). In succession each mound of brush is set afire as the parade reaches the neighbourhood. The inhabitants then dance around the fires. Many of the village youth then stay up all night around the remnants of the bonfires to start carolling early in the morning of Christmas Eve, collecting money while singing door to door.

Notable people[edit]

Michail Papageorgiou

See also[edit]

Ecclesiastical Museum of Siatista Paleontological Museum of Siatista

References[edit]

^ a b c d e "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ a b Kallikratis law Greece
Greece
Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.  ^ "NA DANASNJI DAN Umro dr. Dimitrije Demeter" (in Croatian). Croatian Radiotelevision. 24 June 1998. Retrieved 13 October 2010.  ^ Croatian Writers in the Byronic Mould, I Živančević-Sekeruš - The Modern Language Review, 1992 - JSTOR ^ Vakalopoulos, Constantinos (1996). Ιστορία του Βορείου Ελληνισμού - Μακεδονία in Greek. Εκδοτικός Οίκος Αδελφών Κυριακίδη, Thessaloniki. p. 341. 

External links[edit]

Siatista Siatista
Siatista
News

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Voio

Municipal unit of Askio

Eratyra Galatini Kaloneri Namata Pelekanos Sisani

Municipal unit of Neapoli

Aidonochori Aliakmonas Asproula Axiokastro Cheimerino Chorigos Dryovouno Lefkothea Mesolongos Molocha Neapoli Peponia Peristera Platania Polylakko Pylorio Simantro Skalochori Trapezitsa Velanidia

Municipal unit of Pentalofos

Agia Sotira Dilofo Pentalofos Vythos

Municipal unit of Siatista

Mikrokastro Palaiokastro Siatista

Municipal unit of Tsotyli

Agiasma Agioi Anargyroi Anthochori Anthousa Avgerinos Chrysavgi Dafni Damaskinia Dicheimarro Dragasia Kleisoreia Koryfi Krimini Liknades Loukomi Louvri Morfi Omali Plakida Polykastano Rodochori Stavrodromi Tsotyli Vouchorina

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