The Info List - Shun Dynasty

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The SHUN DYNASTY (simplified Chinese : 顺朝; traditional Chinese : 順朝; pinyin : Shùn cháo), or GREAT SHUN (simplified Chinese : 大顺; traditional Chinese : 大順; pinyin : Dà shùn), was a short-lived dynasty created in the Ming-Qing transition from Ming to Qing rule in Chinese history . The dynasty was founded in Xi\'an on 8 February 1644, the first day of the lunar year, by Li Zicheng
Li Zicheng
, the leader of a large peasant rebellion.

Li, however, only went by the title of King (王), not Emperor (皇帝). The capture of Beijing
by the Shun forces in April 1644 marked the end of the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
, but Li Zicheng
Li Zicheng
failed to solidify his mandate ; in late May 1644, he was defeated at the Battle of Shanhai Pass by the joint forces of Ming general Wu Sangui and Manchu prince Dorgon . When he fled back to Beijing
in early June, Li finally proclaimed himself Emperor of China
and left the capital in a hurry. The Shun dynasty ended with Li's death in 1645.

After the Shun was created, Li Zicheng
Li Zicheng
ordered the soldiers to kill the Ming remnants still existing in Beijing. This resulted in strong rebellions from the forces of the Southern Ming
Southern Ming
. In addition with the Shun ministers constantly fighting for power, the dynasty effectively lasted less than a year.


* Niu Jinxing (牛金星), Chancellor * Gu Jun'en (顧君恩), staff * Li Yan (李岩), staff * Song Xiance (宋獻策), staff * Liu Zongmin (劉宗敏), general * Yuan Zongti * Tian Jianxiu * Hao Yaoqi (郝搖旗), general * Li Guo (李過), general * Gao Jie (高傑), general * Lady Gao (Gao Guiying) (高氏), Li Zicheng's wife and general


* Wakeman Frederic (1981). "The Shun Interregnum of 1644", in Jonathan Spence, et al. eds. From Ming to Ch’ing: Conquest, Region, and Continuity in Seventeenth-Century China. Yale University Press
Yale University Press

Preceded by Ming dynasty