The SHUN DYNASTY (simplified Chinese : 顺朝; traditional Chinese :
順朝; pinyin : Shùn cháo), or GREAT SHUN (simplified Chinese :
大顺; traditional Chinese : 大順; pinyin : Dà shùn), was a
short-lived dynasty created in the Ming-Qing transition from Ming to
Qing rule in Chinese history . The dynasty was founded in Xi\'an on 8
February 1644, the first day of the lunar year, by
Li Zicheng , the
leader of a large peasant rebellion.
Li, however, only went by the title of King (王), not Emperor
(皇帝). The capture of
Beijing by the Shun forces in April 1644
marked the end of the
Ming dynasty , but
Li Zicheng failed to solidify
his mandate ; in late May 1644, he was defeated at the Battle of
Shanhai Pass by the joint forces of Ming general
Wu Sangui and Manchu
Dorgon . When he fled back to
Beijing in early June, Li finally
Emperor of China and left the capital in a hurry.
Shun dynasty ended with Li's death in 1645.
After the Shun was created,
Li Zicheng ordered the soldiers to kill
the Ming remnants still existing in Beijing. This resulted in strong
rebellions from the forces of the
Southern Ming . In addition with the
Shun ministers constantly fighting for power, the dynasty effectively
lasted less than a year.
GENERALS AND MINISTERS
* Niu Jinxing (牛金星),
* Gu Jun'en (顧君恩), staff
* Li Yan (李岩), staff
* Song Xiance (宋獻策), staff
* Liu Zongmin (劉宗敏), general
* Yuan Zongti
* Tian Jianxiu
* Hao Yaoqi (郝搖旗), general
* Li Guo (李過), general
* Gao Jie (高傑), general
* Lady Gao (Gao Guiying) (高氏), Li Zicheng's wife and general
* Wakeman Frederic (1981). "The Shun Interregnum of 1644", in
Jonathan Spence, et al. eds. From Ming to Ch’ing: Conquest, Region,
and Continuity in Seventeenth-Century China.
Yale University Press .
Ming dynasty DYNASTIES I