HOME
The Info List - Shulaveri-Shomu Culture


--- Advertisement ---



Shulaveri-Shomu culture (Georgian: შულავერი-შომუთეფეს კულტურა) is a Late Neolithic/ Eneolithic
Eneolithic
culture that existed on the territory of present-day Georgia, Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
and the Armenian Highlands.[1] The culture is dated to mid-6th or early-5th millennia BC and is thought to be one of the earliest known Neolithic cultures.[1]

Contents

1 Type-sites 2 Background 3 Material culture 4 Earliest grapes 5 Geographical links 6 See also 7 References 8 Bibliography

Type-sites[edit] The name 'Shulaveri-Shomu' comes from the town of Shulaveri, in the Republic of Georgia, known since 1925 as Shaumiani
Shaumiani
(there's also a modern railroad station and village of Shulaveri nearby), and Shomu-Tepe, in the Agstafa District
Agstafa District
of Azerbaijan. The distance between these two sites is only about 70km. Background[edit] Shulaveri culture predates the Kura-Araxes culture
Kura-Araxes culture
which flourished in this area around 4000–2200 BC. Later on, in the middle Bronze Age period (c. 3000–1500 BC), the Trialeti culture
Trialeti culture
emerged.[2] Sioni culture of Eastern Georgia possibly represents a transition from the Shulaveri to the Kura-Arax cultural complex.[3] Material culture[edit] In c. 6000–4200 BC, the Shulaveri-Shomu and other Neolithic/ Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
cultures of the Southern Caucasus were using local obsidian for tools; were raising animals such as cattle and pigs; and growing crops, including grapes. Earliest grapes[edit] The earliest evidence of domesticated grapes in the world has been found in the general "Shulaveri area", near the site of Shulaveri gora, in Marneuli Municipality, in southeastern Republic of Georgia. Specifically, the most recent evidence comes from Gadachrili gora, near the village of Imiri in the same region; carbon-dating points to the date of about 6000 BC.[4][5] Geographical links[edit] Many of the characteristic traits of the Shulaverian material culture (circular mudbrick architecture, pottery decorated by plastic design, anthropomorphic female figurines, obsidian industry with an emphasis on production of long prismatic blades) are believed to have their origin in the Near Eastern Neolithic
Neolithic
(Hassuna, Halaf).[6] See also[edit]

Trialeti culture Archaeology of Azerbaijan Prehistoric Armenia Prehistoric Georgia Kura-Araxes culture

References[edit]

^ a b Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archeology - Page 512 by Barbara Ann Kipfer ^ Kushnareva, K. Kh. 1997. The Southern Caucasus in Prehistory: Stages of Cultural and Socioeconomic Development from the Eighth to the Second Millennium B.C. University Museum Monograph 99. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum. ^ Kiguradze, T. and Menabde, M. 2004. The Neolithic
Neolithic
of Georgia. In: Sagona, A. (ed.), A View from the Highlands: Archaeological Studies in Honour of Charles Burney. Ancient Near Eastern Studies Supplement 12. Leuven: Peeters. Pp. 345-398. ^ Nana Rusishvili, The grapevine Culture in Georgia on Basis of Palaeobotanical Data. “Mteny” Association, 2010 ^ Peter Boisseau, How wine-making spread through the ancient world: U of T archaeologist. June 17, 2015 - news.utoronto.ca ^ Kiguradze, T. (2001). "Caucasian Neolithic". In Ember, Melvin; Peregrine, Peter Neal. Encyclopedia of Prehistory. 4 : Europe. New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers. pp. 55–76. ISBN 0306462559. 

Bibliography[edit]

Hamon, Caroline; Jalabadze, Mindia; Agapishvili, Tata; Baudouin, Emmanuel; Koridze, Irakli; Messager, Erwann (2016). "Gadachrili Gora: Architecture and organisation of a Neolithic
Neolithic
settlement in the middle Kura Valley (6th millennium BC, Georgia)". Quaternary International. 395: 154–169. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.01.055. ISSN 1040-6182. 

v t e

Prehistoric Asia

Paleolithic

Homo erectus georgicus Japanese Paleolithic Java Man List of Paleolithic
Paleolithic
sites in China Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Mesopotamia Natufian culture Peking Man Riwat Soanian Sangiran South Asian Stone Age Ubeidiya Xiaochangliang

Neolithic

Fertile Crescent Early Neolithic
Neolithic
settlements Khiamian
Khiamian
culture Trialetian
Trialetian
culture Nemrikian culture Zarzian culture Neolithic
Neolithic
China Neolithic
Neolithic
Tibet Neolithic
Neolithic
Korea Neolithic
Neolithic
Revolution Neolithic
Neolithic
South Asia Ohalo Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
A (Mesopotamia) Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
B (Mesopotamia)

Chalcolithic

Daimabad Halaf culture Uruk period

Bronze Age

Andronovo culture Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex Bronze Age
Bronze Age
Anatolia Bronze Age
Bronze Age
Caucasus Bronze Age
Bronze Age
China Bronze Age
Bronze Age
India Bronze Age
Bronze Age
Korea Bronze Age
Bronze Age
Levant List of Bronze Age
Bronze Age
sites in China Seima-Turbino phenomenon

List of archaeological periods List of time periods

v t e

Prehistoric technology

Prehistory

timeline outline Stone Age subdivisions New Stone Age

Technology

history

Tools

Farming

Neolithic
Neolithic
Revolution

founder crops New World crops

Ard / plough Celt Digging stick Domestication Goad Irrigation Secondary products Sickle Terracing

Food processing

Fire Basket Cooking

Earth oven

Granaries Grinding slab Ground stone Hearth

Aşıklı Höyük Qesem Cave

Manos Metate Mortar and pestle Pottery Quern-stone Storage pit

Hunting

Arrow Boomerang

throwing stick

Bow and arrow

history

Nets Spear

Spear-thrower baton harpoon woomera Schöningen Spears

Projectile points

Arrowhead Bare Island Cascade Clovis Cresswell Cumberland Eden Folsom Lamoka Manis Site Plano Transverse arrowhead

Systems

Game drive system

Buffalo jump

Toolmaking

Earliest toolmaking

Oldowan Acheulean Mousterian

Clovis culture Cupstone Fire hardening Gravettian
Gravettian
culture Hafting Hand axe

Grooves

Langdale axe industry Levallois technique Lithic core Lithic reduction

analysis debitage flake

Lithic technology Magdalenian
Magdalenian
culture Metallurgy Microblade technology Mining Prepared-core technique Solutrean
Solutrean
industry Striking platform Tool stone Uniface Yubetsu technique

Other tools

Adze Awl

bone

Axe Bannerstone Blade

prismatic

Bone tool Bow drill Burin Canoe

Oar Pesse canoe

Chopper

tool

Cleaver Denticulate tool Fire plough Fire-saw Hammerstone Knife Microlith Quern-stone Racloir Rope Scraper

side

Stone tool Tally stick Weapons Wheel

illustration

Architecture

Ceremonial

Göbekli Tepe Kiva Standing stones

megalith row Stonehenge

Pyramid

Dwellings

Neolithic
Neolithic
architecture British megalith architecture Nordic megalith architecture Burdei Cave Cliff dwelling Dugout Hut

Quiggly hole

Jacal Longhouse Mud brick

Mehrgarh

Neolithic
Neolithic
long house Pit-house Pueblitos Pueblo Rock shelter

Blombos Cave Abri de la Madeleine Sibudu Cave

Stone roof Roundhouse Stilt house

Alp pile dwellings

Wattle and daub

Water management

Check dam Cistern Flush toilet Reservoir Water well

Other architecture

Archaeological features Broch Burnt mound

fulacht fiadh

Causewayed enclosure

Tor enclosure

Circular enclosure

Goseck

Cursus Henge

Thornborough

Oldest buildings Megalithic architectural elements Midden Timber circle Timber trackway

Sweet Track

Arts and culture

Material goods

Baskets Beadwork Beds Chalcolithic Clothing/textiles

timeline

Cosmetics Glue Hides

shoes Ötzi

Jewelry

amber use

Mirrors Pottery

Cardium Grooved ware Linear Jōmon Unstan ware

Sewing needle Weaving Wine

Winery wine press

PrehistArt

Art of the Upper Paleolithic Art of the Middle Paleolithic

Blombos Cave

List of Stone Age
Stone Age
art Bird stone Bradshaw rock paintings Cairn Carved Stone Balls Cave
Cave
paintings

painting pigment

Cup and ring mark Geoglyph Golden hats Guardian stones Megalithic art Petroform Petroglyph Petrosomatoglyph Pictogram Rock art

Stone carving

Sculpture Statue menhir Stone circle

list British Isles and Brittany

Venus figurines

Burial

Burial mounds

Bowl barrow Round barrow

Mound Builders
Mound Builders
culture

U.S. sites

Chamber tomb

Severn-Cotswold

Cist

Dartmoor kistvaens

Clava cairn Court tomb Cremation Dolmen

Great dolmen

Funeral pyre Gallery grave

transepted wedge-shaped

Grave goods Jar burial Long barrow

unchambered Grønsalen

Megalithic tomb Mummy Passage grave Rectangular dolmen Ring cairn Simple dolmen Stone box grave Tor cairn Tumulus Unchambered long cairn

Other cultural

Astronomy

sites lunar calendar

Behavioral modernity Origin of language

trepanning

Prehistoric medicine Evolutionary musicology

music archaeology

Prehistoric music

Alligator drum flutes Divje Babe flute gudi

Prehistoric numerals Origin of religion

Paleolithic
Paleolithic
religion Prehistoric religion Spiritual drug use

Prehistoric warfare Symbols

symbolism

v t e

Bronze Age

Holocene
Holocene
epoch

Bronze Age

Abashevo culture Aegean civilization Andronovo culture Apennine culture Atlantic Bronze Age BMAC Bronze Age
Bronze Age
Britain Bronze Age
Bronze Age
Europe Catacomb culture Chinese Bronze Age Cycladic culture Deverel–Rimbury culture Elp culture Ewart Park Phase Ezero culture Glazkov culture Argaric culture Hallstatt culture Helladic period Indus Valley Civilisation Lusatian culture Minoan civilization Mumun pottery period Mycenaean Greece Nordic Bronze Age Ordos culture Penard Period South-Western Iberian Bronze Srubna culture Tagar culture Terramare culture Trzciniec Tumulus
Tumulus
culture Unetice culture Urnfield culture Wessex culture Wilburton-Wallington Phase

Bronze Age (North Caucasus and Transcaucasia)

Kurgan Koban Kura–Araxes Shulaveri-Shomu Colchian Trialeti Maykop culture Leyla-Tepe culture Jar-Burial Khojaly–Gadabay

↓ Iron Age

v t e

Azerbaijan articles

History

Early

Kura–Araxes culture Khojaly–Gadabay culture Shulaveri-Shomu culture Mughan culture Jar-Burial Culture Leyla-Tepe culture Medes Achaemenid Empire Caucasian Albania Parthian Empire Arran (Caucasus) Sasanian Empire Shirvan

Middle Ages

Sajid dynasty Sallarid dynasty Shaddadids Shirvanshahs Kingdom of Syunik
Kingdom of Syunik
(Siunia dynasty) Eldiguzids Ilkhanate Principality of Khachen
Principality of Khachen
(House of Dop, House of Hasan-Jalalyan) Kara Koyunlu Aq Qoyunlu Safavid dynasty Afsharid dynasty Zand dynasty Qajar dynasty Russo-Persian War (1804–13) Treaty of Gulistan Russo-Persian War (1826–1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay

Modern

Armenian–Tatar massacres March Days Armenian–Azerbaijani War Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Democratic Republic Soviet Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh War Black January Independent Azerbaijan

By topic

History of the name Azerbaijan The Land of Fire

Geography

Bodies of water Caspian Sea Climate Earthquakes Environment

issues

Extreme points Fauna Flora Geology Mountains National parks Orography Protected areas State reserves Wildlife more...

Subdivisions

Administrative divisions Borders Cities World Heritage Sites more...

Politics

Government

Cabinet Constitution Elections Foreign relations

European Union

Human rights

LGBT

Law enforcement Ministry of National Security National Assembly Political parties Politics President Prime Minister

Military

History Air and Air Defence Force Caspian Guard Internal Troops Land Forces National Guard Navy Peacekeeping forces State Border Service Gabala Radar Station Ministry of Defense Ministry of Defence Industry more...

Economy

Agriculture Central Bank Companies Energy Manat (currency) Mineral industry Petroleum industry Telecommunications Tourism Transport more...

Culture

Architecture Art Cinema Cuisine Dances Dress Folklore Language Literature Media Music

Ashiq Meykhana Mugham

Novruz (New Year) Public holidays Rugs Sport Theatre more...

Demographics

Education Ethnic minorities Health Languages LGBT rights People

list

more...

Religion

Freedom of religion Bahá'í Christianity Hinduism Islam Judaism Zoroastrianism more...

Symbols

Flag National anthem National emblem

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

v t e

Georgia articles

History

Early

Prehistoric Georgia Shulaveri-Shomu culture Kura–Araxes culture Trialeti culture Colchian culture Diaokhi Kingdom of Colchis Kingdom of Iberia Kingdom of Lazica Roman Georgia

Middle

Christianization of Iberia Sasanian Iberia Principality of Iberia Bagrationi dynasty Arab rule in Georgia Emirate of Tbilisi Kingdom of Abkhazia Principality of Hereti Principality of Kakheti Duchy of Kldekari Principality of Tao-Klarjeti Kingdom of Hereti Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti Kingdom of Georgia Byzantine–Georgian wars Georgian–Seljuk wars
Georgian–Seljuk wars
(Battle of Didgori) Georgian Golden Age Mongol invasions of Georgia Timur's invasions of Georgia Principality of Samtskhe Turkmen invasions of Georgia Kingdom of Imereti

Principality of Abkhazia Principality of Svaneti Principality of Guria Principality of Mingrelia

Kingdom of Kartli Kingdom of Kakheti Shah Abbas I's invasions of Georgia Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti 1795 Persian Invasion Absorption by the Russian Empire

Modern

Democratic Republic of Georgia Georgian–Armenian War Red Army invasion of Georgia Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic April 9 tragedy Independent Georgia Georgian Civil War War in Abkhazia Rose Revolution Russo-Georgian War

By topic

Name of Georgia Monarchs States Military history Wars Battles Timeline of Georgian history more

Geography

Birds Black Sea Climate Earthquakes Environmental issues Glaciers Greater Caucasus Lakes Lesser Caucasus Mammals National parks Protected areas Rivers Volcanoes more

Subdivisions

Administrative divisions Cities and towns Tbilisi Regions more

Politics

Cabinet Constitution Elections Human rights

LGBT

Law enforcement Military

Air Force Coast Guard Land Forces

National Assembly Political parties President Prime Minister

Foreign relations

Ministry of Foreign Affairs Embassies in Georgia / of Georgia European Union NATO Georgian–Abkhaz conflict Georgian–Ossetian conflict

Economy

Agriculture Central bank Companies Energy International rankings Lari (currency) Mining Stock Exchange Telecommunications Tourism

visa policy

Transport

Airports Autoroutes Railway Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Metro

Stations

more

Culture

Alphabet Architecture Art Chokha Cinema Cuisine

Wine

Dance Georgian language

Laz Mingrelian Svan

Media Music Mythology Names Public holidays Sports World Heritage Sites more

Demographics

Education Ethnic minorities Georgians

List Diaspora

Health care Women more

Religion

Georgian Orthodox Church Islam Catholicism Judaism Bahá'í Freedom of religion Secularism and irreligion more

Symbols

Anthem Bolnisi cross Borjgali Coat of arms Flag Motto Saint George

cross

Saint Nino

cross

Outline Index

Bo

.