In Hindu mythology,
Shraddhadeva Manu (
Sanskrit manuśraddhādeva) is
the current Manu and the progenitor of the current humanity
(manvantara). He is the seventh of the 14 manus of the current kalpa
Shraddhadeva was the king of the
Dravida Kingdom before the great
flood. Forewarned about the flood by the matsya avatara of Vishnu, he
saved the humanity by building a boat that carried his family and the
saptarishi to safety. He is the son of
Vivasvat and is therefore also
known as Manuvaivasvata. He is also called Satyavrata (always
2 The Great Deluge
According to the Puranas, the genealogy of Shraddhadeva is as
Marichi, one of the 10 Prajapatis created by Brahma.
Kashyapa, son of
Marichi and his wife, Kala.
Kashyapa is regarded as
the father of humanity.
Vivasvan or Surya, son of
Kashyapa and Aditi.
Vaivasvata Manu, because he is the son of
Vivasvan and Saranyu
(Saṃjñā). He is also known as Satyavrata and Shraddhadeva.
The Great Deluge
Matsya, the avatara of Vishnu.
Shraddhadeva was the king of the
Dravida Kingdom during the epoch of
Matsya Purana. According to the
Matsya Purana, Matsya, the
avatar of Vishnu, first appeared as a shaphari (a small carp) to
Shraddhadeva while he washed his hands in a river flowing down the
The little fish asked the king to save him, and out of compassion, he
put it in a water jar. It kept growing bigger and bigger, until the
king first put it in a bigger pitcher, and then deposited it in a
well. When the well also proved insufficient for the ever-growing
fish, the King placed it in a tank (reservoir), that was two yojanas
(16 miles) in height above the surface and on land, as much in length,
and a yojana (8 miles) in breadth. As it grew further, the king
had to put the fish in a river, and when even the river proved
insufficient, he placed it in the ocean, after which it nearly filled
the vast expanse of the great ocean.
It was then that Vishnu, revealing himself, informed the king of an
all-destructive deluge which would be coming very soon. The
king built a huge boat which housed his family, saptarishi, nine types
of seeds, and animals to repopulate the earth, after the deluge would
end and the oceans and seas would recede. At the time of deluge,
Vishnu appeared as a horned fish and
Shesha appeared as a rope, with
which the king fastened the boat to the horn of the fish.
The boat was perched after the deluge on the top of the Malaya
Mountains. After the deluge, Manu's family and the seven
sages repopulated the earth. According to Purana, Manu's story occur
before 28 chaturyuga in the present
Manvantara which is the 7th
Manvantara. This amounts to 120 million years ago.
This narrative is similar to other flood myths like the Gilgamesh
flood myth and the Genesis flood narrative.
Shraddhadeva married Shraddha and had ten children including Ila and
Ikshvaku, the progenitors of the Lunar and Solar dynasties,
And Manu was endowed with great wisdom and devoted to virtue. And he
became the progenitor of a line. And in Manu's race have been born all
human beings, who have, therefore, been called Manavas. And it is of
Manu that all men including Brahmanas, Kshattriyas, and others have
been descended, and are therefore all called Manavas. Subsequently,
the Brahmanas became united with the Kshattriyas. And those sons of
Manu that were Brahmanas devoted themselves to the study of the Vedas.
And Manu begot ten other children named Vena, Dhrishnu, Narishyan,
Nabhaga, Ikshvaku, Karusha, Saryati, the eighth, a daughter named Ila,
Prishadhru the ninth, and Nabhagarishta, the tenth. They all betook
themselves to the practices of Kshattriyas. Besides these, Manu had
fifty other sons on Earth. But we heard that they all perished,
quarrelling with one another.
Main article: Manu (Theosophy)
Conversation between Manu and Bṛhaspati
In Theosophy, the "
Vaivasvata Manu" is one of the most important
beings at the highest levels of Initiation of the Masters of the
Ancient Wisdom, along with Maitreya, and the Maha Chohan. According to
Theosophy, each root race has its own Manu who physically incarnates
in an advanced body of an individual of the old root race and
physically progenerates with a suitable female partner the first
individuals of the new root race.
^ The Hare Krsnas - The Manus - Manus of the Present Universe
^ Francis Hamilton (1819). Geneaolgies of the Hindus: extracted from
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^ Alain Daniélou (11 February 2003). A Brief History of India. Inner
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^ David Dean Shulman (1980). Tamil Temple Myths: Sacrifice and Divine
Marriage in the South Indian Saiva Tradition. Princeton University
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^ DRISCOLL, Ian Driscoll; KURTZ, Matthew Atlantis: Egyptian Genesis,
^ Sacred Texts. Section CLXXXVI
^ a b S'rîmad Bhâgavatam (Bhâgavata Purâna)Canto 8 Chapter 24 Text
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2008-03-14. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
Matsya Purana, Ch.I, 10-33
Matsya Purana, Ch.II, 1-19
^ "G. P. Bhatt (ed.), The vayu purana, part-II, 1st ed., 784--789, tr.
G. V. Tagare. In vol.38 of Ancient Indian Tradition and Mythology,
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^ "J. L. Shastri (ed.), The kurma-purana, part-I, 1st ed., 47--52, tr.
G. V. Tagare. In vol.20 of A.I.T.&M., Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass,
1981." Retrieved 10 April 2016.
^ "J. L. Shastri (ed.), The Narada purana, part-II, 1st ed., p. 699,
tr. G. V. Tagare. In vol.16 of A.I.T.&M., Delhi: Motilal
Banarsidass, 1981." Retrieved 10 April 2016.
^ Klaus K. Klostermaier (5 July 2007). A Survey of Hinduism: Third
Edition. SUNY Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-7914-7082-4.
Mahabharata Book 1:Adi Parva:Sambhava Parva:Section LXXV, p. 183.
^ The Laws of Manu, translated by George Bühler.
^ Swami Parmeshwaranand (1 January 2001). Encyclopaedic Dictionary of
Puranas. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 978-81-7625-226-3. , p. 638.