Coordinates: 32°35′00″N 116°47′00″E / 32.58333°N
116.78333°E / 32.58333; 116.78333
Shou County Castle.
Shou County or Shouxian (simplified Chinese: 寿县; traditional
Chinese: 壽縣; pinyin: Shòu Xiàn) is a county in
China, under the jurisdiction of
Huainan City. Its population is
1,280,000 and its area is 2986 square kilometers. It is a National
Cultural and Historical City. the jurisdiction of
Shou County was
Lu'an to Huainan.
Shou County has jurisdiction over 17 towns, 7 townships and 1 ethnic
Shou, formerly known as Shouchun (壽春) and Shouyang (壽陽), was
the site of the fourth capital of the former State of Chu from 241
BCE, after the Chu royal court fled in advance of the sack of the
previous capital Chen (陳/陈), by the growing power of the kingdom
of Qin, on its way to imperial ascendency.
King You of Chu
King You of Chu was buried
in Shou County, though his tomb was destroyed by warlords in the
1930s. From the time of the
Qin Dynasty to the Three Kingdoms Period,
the county fell under the jurisdiction of Jiujiang Commandery
(九江郡). It was also the site of the crowning of
Yuan Shu during
the Three Kingdoms. During the Jìn Dynasty, the Battle of Fei River
also occurred within the borders of Shou. Shou became renowned
throughout China for its pottery during the Sui and Tang Dynasties.
The county also produced many well-known officials during the Song
Dynasty, including multiple Prime Ministers and ministers. During the
Taiping Rebellion in the later years of the Qing Dynasty, Chen Yucheng
was captured in Shou.
Shou County is crisscrossed with rivers, and as a result it is a very
productive agricultural region. Main products of this area include
rice, wheat and cotton. Currently
Shou County is a focal point of a
national project to increase production of agricultural goods.
Zhengyang Pass, located on the Wai River, is a major point of
transportation and goods distribution in Anhui.
County-level divisions of
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