line of Taylor Head Provincial Park
in Eastern Shore
, Nova Scotia
thumb|right|Aerial view of the shoreline at the File:Monkey_Bay.jpg.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Phi Phi Islands">File:Monkey Bay.jpg">thumb|right|Aerial view of the shoreline at the Phi Phi Islands
A shore or a shoreline is the fringe of [[land at the edge of a large [[body of water, such as an [[ocean]], [[sea]], or [[lake]]. In [[physical oceanography]], a shore is the wider fringe that is geologically modified by the action of the body of water past and present, while the [[beach]] is at the edge of the shore, representing the intertidal zone
where there is one. In contrast to a coast
, a shore can border any body of water, while the coast must border an ocean
. Therefore, in that sense, a coast is a type of shore. However, the word "coast" often refers to an area far wider than the shore, often stretching miles into the interior.
Shores are influenced by the topography
of the surrounding landscape, as well as by water induced erosion
, such as waves
. The geological
composition of rock
dictates the type of shore which is created.
''Riviera'' is an Italian word for "shoreline",
ultimately derived from Latin ''ripa'' ("riverbank"). It came to be applied as a proper name to the coast of the Ligurian Sea
, in the form ''riviera ligure'', then shortened to ''riviera''. Historically, the Ligurian Riviera extended from Capo Corvo (Punta Bianca) south of Genoa
, north and west into what is now French
territory past Monaco
and sometimes as far as Marseilles
Today, this coast is divided into the Italian Riviera
and the French Riviera
, although the French use the term "Riviera" to refer to the Italian Riviera and call the French portion the "Côte d'Azur".
As a result of the fame of the Ligurian rivieras, the term came into English to refer to any shoreline, especially one that is sunny, topographically diverse and popular with tourists.
Such places using the term include the Australian Riviera
and the Turkish Riviera
along the Aegean Sea
* Offshore or Intertidal zone
* Ballantine Scale
* Coastal path
* Anders, F.J., and Byrnes, M.R. (1991) Accuracy of shoreline change rates as determined from maps and aerial photographs ''Shore and Beach'', v. 59, no. 1, pp. 17–26.
* Anthony, Edward J. (2008) ''Shore Processes and their Palaeoenvironmental Applications'' Elsevier, Amsterdam,
* Boaden, Patrick J. S. and Seed, Raymond (1985) ''An Introduction to Coastal Ecology'' Blackie, Glasgow,
* Bothner, M.H., and Butman, Bradford. (2007) ''Processes influencing the transport and fate of contaminated sediments in the coastal ocean—Boston Harbor and Massachusetts Bay'', U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1302, pp. 1–89.
* Dean, R.G. (1991) Equilibrium beach profiles—characteristics and applications ''Journal of Coastal Research'', v. 7, no. 1, pp. 53–84.
* Komar, P.D. (1996) The Budget of Littoral Sediments—Concepts and Applications ''Shore and Beach'', v. 64, pp. 18–26.
* Stauble, D.K. and Brumbaugh, R.W. (2003) An Assessment of the Nation's Shorelines, USA ''Shore and Beach'' v. 71, no. 3, pp. 11–18.
* Stockdon, H.F., Sallenger, A.H., List, J.H., and Holman, R.A. (2002) Estimation of shoreline position and change using airborne topographic lidar data ''Journal of Coastal Research'', v. 18, no. 3, pp. 502–513.
* Thieler, E.R., Pilkey, O.H., Young, R.S., Bush, D.M., and Chai, F. (2000) The use of mathematical models to predict beach behavior for U.S. coastal engineering—A critical review ''Journal of Coastal Research'', v. 16, no. 1, pp. 48–70.