The shooting guard (SG), also known as the two or off guard, is one
of the five positions in a regulation basketball game. A shooting
guard's main objective is to score points for his team. Some teams
ask their shooting guards to bring up the ball as well; these players
are known colloquially as combo guards. A player who can switch
between playing shooting guard and small forward is known as a
swingman. In the NBA, shooting guards usually range from 6' 3" (1.91
m) to 6' 7" (2.01 m) and 5' 9" (1.75 m) to 6' 0" (1.83 m) in the WNBA.
1 Characteristics and styles of play
4 External links
Characteristics and styles of play
Basketball Handbook by Lee Rose describes a shooting guard as
someone whose primary role is to score points. As the name suggests,
most shooting guards are good long-range shooters, typically averaging
35–40 percent from three-point range. Many shooting guards are also
strong and athletic, and have the ability to get inside the paint and
drive to the basket.
Typically, shooting guards are taller than point guards. Height at the
position varies; many bigger shooting guards also play small forward.
Shooting guards should be good ball handlers and be able to pass
reasonably well, though passing is not their main priority. Since good
shooting guards may attract double-teams, they are frequently the
team's back-up ball handlers to the point guard and typically get a
fair number of assists.
Shooting guards must be able to score in various ways, especially late
in a close game when defenses are tighter. They need to have a good
free throw percentage too, to be reliable in close games and to
discourage opposing players from fouling. Because of the high level of
offensive skills shooting guards need, they are often a team's primary
scoring option, and sometimes the offense is built around them.
In the NBA, there are some shooting guards referred to as "3 and D"
players. The term 3 and D implies that the player is a good 3 point
shooter who can also play solid (sometimes elite) defense. The 3 and D
player has become very important as the game sways to be perimeter
Good shooting guards can often play point guard to a certain extent.
It is usually accepted that point guards should have the ball in their
hands at most times in the game, but sometimes the shooting guard has
a significant enough influence on the team where he or she handles the
ball extremely often, to the point where the point guard may be
reduced to a backup ball handler or spot-up shooter.
^ a b Shooting guards are 6'3"–6'7". BBC Sports academy. URL last
^ "NBA.com - Players and Positions". Nba.com. Retrieved 3 February
^ "'3-and-D': The specialist's path to a long
Usatoday.com. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
Basketball Handbook (pg 15) (2004). Lee H. Rose
Media related to Shooting guards at Wikimedia Commons
1 (Floor general)
Point guard (PG)
Combo guard (PG/SG)
Shooting guard (SG)
Swingman / Wing (SG/SF)
Small forward (SF)
Point forward (PG/SF or PG/PF)
Power forward (PF)
Combo forward / Cornerman /
Stretch four (SF/PF)
Forward-center / Bigman / Big (PF/C)