The Info List - Shmelke Of Nikolsburg

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SHMELKE OF NIKOLSBURG (1726 Chortkiv , Galicia – April 28, 1778 Nikolsburg , Moravia
) was one of the great early Chasidic Rebbes . Born SHMUEL HOROWITZ (but commonly known by the diminutive "Shmelke"), he was the oldest son of Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh Horowitz of Chortkiv . A Levite , he traced his lineage back directly to the prophet Samuel who was also a Levite. In their early years, Shmelke and his brother Pinchas - who would also become a famous rabbi - studied Torah together. After traveling to Mezritch and meeting the great chasidic master Dovber of Mezeritch , they became his ardent followers.

After serving as rabbi in Ryczywół and Shineva , Shmelke was invited, in 1773, to become the rabbi of Nikolsburg in Moravia
, where he served until 1778. On the first day of his being rabbi of Nikolsburg, Abraham Trebitsch a native of Nikolsburg reports him performing a miracle and bringing rain. It is told that his strong attachment to Chasidus angered many members of the community, which led to bitter quarrels that were quelled as a result of the personal intervention of Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk .

Shmelke established a major yeshiva that attracted numerous outstanding students. Among these were such luminaries as Rabbis Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin
Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin
, Menachem Mendel of Rimanov , Yisroel Hopsztajn , Mordecai Benet and Moshe Leib of Sassov .

The Nikolsburg Hasidic dynasty and the Boston Hasidic dynasty descend from him.


* ^ Nikolsburg


* Eliasberg, A. (2004). Legendy Żydów polskich. Kraków. ISBN 83-85888-96-9 .


* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 9696322 * LCCN : nr90023187 * ISNI : 0000 0001 2020 6645 * GND :