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Shimoga, officially renamed as Shivamogga,[2] is a city and the district headquarters of Shimoga District
Shimoga District
in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India. The city lies on the banks of the Tunga River. Being the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghats, the city is popularly nicknamed as "Gateway of Malnad". The city is 569 m above sea level and is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, arecanut and coconut groves. The population of Shimoga city is 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Geography 4 Industries 5 Transportation 6 Notable people 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] The name of the city is derived from the term "shivmoga", "History behind the city name due to story that the Lord Shiva
Shiva
drunk Tunga river water using Mogge at the city, hence the city name Shiva-mogga". An alternative etymology is that the name is derived from the term "Sihi-Mogge", meaning "sweet pot". The district formed the southern tip of Emperor Ashoka's Mauryan Empire in the third century BC.[citation needed] It was ruled during later centuries by the Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Gangas, Rashtrakutas (8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
rulers (15th century). The city got an independent identity under the Keladi Nayaka rule during the 16th century[citation needed], reaching its pinnacle under the rule of Shivappa Nayaka. From the late 17th century onwards, the city was a part of the Kingdom of Mysore
Kingdom of Mysore
until the independence of India
India
in 1947, when Mysore merged into the Republic of India. On 1 November 2006, the government of Karnataka
Karnataka
announced the renaming of Shimoga
Shimoga
to "Shivamogga", along with nine other cities in the state. Central government has approved (12 cities) this request by mid on October 2014 and Shimoga
Shimoga
is renamed as "Shivamogga" on 1 November 2014.[4][5][6][7]

Demographics[edit] The population of Shimoga
Shimoga
in 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census.[8] Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Shimoga
Shimoga
has an average literacy rate of 88.02%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 91.32%, and female literacy is 84.70%.Total children (0-6) in Shimoga city are 31,626 as per figure from Census India
India
report on 2011. There were 16,130 boys while 15,496 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 961 per 1000 boys.[3] Kannada
Kannada
is the most widely spoken language in Shimoga. Urdu
Urdu
is spoken by certain groups of people.[9] Geography[edit] According to the Shimoga
Shimoga
City
City
Municipal Corporation,[10] the city has a total area of about 50 km2 (19 sq mi). The climate is tropical wet and dry (Köppen climate classification) summer average temperature 20–35 °C (68–95 °F). This means that the winter and the early part of summer are typically dry periods. The majority of the rainfall occurs between June and early October. Shimoga
Shimoga
is a part of a region known as Malnad
Malnad
(land of hills) in Karnataka. Most/all these hills are part of the Western Ghats, a region known for plentiful rainfall and lush greenery and declared during 2012 as a World Heritage
World Heritage
site. Tunga River
Tunga River
flows through Shimoga. In summer (April–May), temperature crosses 36 °C at Shimoga.[11]

Climate data for Shimoga

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 28 (82) 31 (88) 34.5 (94.1) 35.5 (95.9) 34 (93) 29 (84) 27 (81) 27 (81) 28 (82) 29 (84) 27 (81) 27 (81) 29.75 (85.58)

Average low °C (°F) 16 (61) 18 (64) 20 (68) 22.5 (72.5) 22 (72) 22 (72) 21 (70) 20 (68) 20 (68) 20 (68) 17 (63) 16 (61) 19.54 (67.29)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 3 (0.12) 3 (0.12) 5 (0.2) 38 (1.5) 157 (6.18) 942 (37.09) 988 (38.9) 597 (23.5) 267 (10.51) 208 (8.19) 74 (2.91) 13 (0.51) 3,292 (129.61)

Source:[citation needed]

Industries[edit]

RMC Yard, Shimoga

Industries like Pearlite Industries, Malnad
Malnad
Alloys, Shanthala Sperocast, Vijay Technnocrats, Perfect Alloys, are some foundries manufacture quality castings, supply to major Original Manufacturers in India
India
and also exporting their products to many countries and several other Industries are located in Shimoga. APMC of Shimoga
Shimoga
is main marketing point of arecanut, the major commercial crop grown in the district and well as in neighbouring districts like Uttara Kannada. Shimoga
Shimoga
has the biggest areca nut market, and known for procuring high quality areca nuts. Other agricultural produces like rice, chili, coconut etc. are also marketed in APMC. Shimoga
Shimoga
IT Park is an information technology hub built just outside Shimoga
Shimoga
near the future Shimoga
Shimoga
Airport. The IT Park consists of a 100000 sq ft office building with 24/7 electrical capacity, diesel backup generators, and high speed T1 data connections for use by IT industries such as data centres, call centres, aerospace, robotics, etc.[12] Transportation[edit]

KSRTC Bus Stand

Shimoga
Shimoga
is well connected by road to Bangalore, Mangalore, Hubli
Hubli
and Bellary. Shimoga
Shimoga
Town has a railway station, and there are trains that run to and from Bangalore
Bangalore
and Mysuru. Shimoga Airport
Shimoga Airport
is under construction in Sogane, 6 km south of Shimoga.[13] The nearest international airports are Kempegowda International Airport and Mangaluru Airport. Notable people[edit]

Kuvempu, Jnanpeeta Awardee. Sarekoppa Bangarappa, (26 October 1933 – 26 December 2011) was an Indian politician who was the 12th Chief Minister of Karnataka
Karnataka
from 1990 to 1992. Kadidal Manjappa, veteran freedom fighter, Former Chief minister of karnataka Khadi Shankarappa, veteran freedom fighter. Justice M. Rama Jois, former Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court, former member of Rajya Sabha, former Governor of Jharkhand and Bihar
Bihar
states and a senior advocate in the Supreme Court of India. Shimoga
Shimoga
Subbanna, Kannada
Kannada
Sugama Sangeetha singer and playback singer. Sudeep, actor and director of Kannada
Kannada
cinema.

G. S. Shivarudrappa, Rashtrakavi. U R Ananthamurthy, Jnanapeeta Awardee. Gundappa Vishwanath, former cricketer. B. S. Yeddyurappa, Member of Parliament (Shimoga), Former Chief Minister of Karnataka

See also[edit]

Shimoga
Shimoga
Airport Shimoga
Shimoga
District Karnataka Mangalore Tumkur Alada Halli, Shimoga

References[edit]

^ a b "Home". Shimoga
Shimoga
City
City
Municipal Council.  ^ " Bangalore
Bangalore
becomes 'Bengaluru'; 11 other cities renamed". The Economic Times.  ^ a b census2011, co.in. " Shimoga
Shimoga
City". Census of India
India
2011. Population census of India. Retrieved 29 July 2012.  ^ Renaming, Cities (18 Oct 2014). "Bangalore, Mysore, Other Karnataka Cities to be Renamed on 1 November" (ibtimes.co.in). ibtimes.co.in.  ^ Renaming, Cities (18 Oct 2014). "Centre nod for Karnataka's proposal on renaming cities". The Hindu.  ^ "It's Bengaluru for Pranab". The Times Of India. 2009-07-07.  ^ New City, Names to Karnatka. "New name for cities". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 November 2014.  ^ " Shimoga
Shimoga
City
City
Census 2011 data". Census2011.  ^ "culture of shivamogga". shivamoggaonline.in.  ^ " Shimoga
Shimoga
Municipal corporation".  ^ World weather online, .com. " Shimoga
Shimoga
weather". Retrieved 26 July 2012.  ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/two-years-on-shimoga-information-technology-park-awaits-entrepreneurs/article6048936.ece ^ Spl.correspondent, The Hindu (8 April 2006). "Airport at Shimoga likely to come up at Sogane". Bangalore: The Hindu. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shimoga.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Shimoga.

Shimoga
Shimoga
Zilla Panchayat Shimoga
Shimoga
Profile U.S. Army Corps of Engineers detailed map of Shimoga district
Shimoga district
1959 Shimoga
Shimoga
City
City
Website Shimoga
Shimoga
IT Company Goodwill Infomedia

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