Shimoga, officially renamed as Shivamogga, is a city and the
district headquarters of
Shimoga District in the central part of the
state of Karnataka, India. The city lies on the banks of the Tunga
River. Being the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghats,
the city is popularly nicknamed as "Gateway of Malnad".
The city is 569 m above sea level and is surrounded by lush green
paddy fields, arecanut and coconut groves. The population of Shimoga
city is 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as
per 2011 census.
6 Notable people
7 See also
9 External links
The name of the city is derived from the term "shivmoga", "History
behind the city name due to story that the Lord
Shiva drunk Tunga
river water using Mogge at the city, hence the city name Shiva-mogga".
An alternative etymology is that the name is derived from the term
"Sihi-Mogge", meaning "sweet pot". The district formed the southern
tip of Emperor Ashoka's Mauryan Empire in the third century
BC. It was ruled during later centuries by the
Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Gangas, Rashtrakutas
(8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the
(15th century). The city got an independent identity under the Keladi
Nayaka rule during the 16th century, reaching its
pinnacle under the rule of Shivappa Nayaka. From the late 17th century
onwards, the city was a part of the
Kingdom of Mysore
Kingdom of Mysore until the
India in 1947, when Mysore merged into the Republic of
On 1 November 2006, the government of
Karnataka announced the renaming
Shimoga to "Shivamogga", along with nine other cities in the state.
Central government has approved (12 cities) this request by mid on
October 2014 and
Shimoga is renamed as "Shivamogga" on 1 November
The population of
Shimoga in 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and
160,450 females, as per 2011 census. Males constitute 51% of the
population and females 49%.
Shimoga has an average literacy rate of
88.02%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is
91.32%, and female literacy is 84.70%.Total children (0-6) in Shimoga
city are 31,626 as per figure from Census
India report on 2011. There
were 16,130 boys while 15,496 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is
961 per 1000 boys.
Kannada is the most widely spoken language in Shimoga.
Urdu is spoken
by certain groups of people.
According to the
City Municipal Corporation, the city has
a total area of about 50 km2 (19 sq mi). The climate is
tropical wet and dry (Köppen climate classification) summer average
temperature 20–35 °C (68–95 °F). This means that the
winter and the early part of summer are typically dry periods. The
majority of the rainfall occurs between June and early October.
Shimoga is a part of a region known as
Malnad (land of hills) in
Karnataka. Most/all these hills are part of the Western Ghats, a
region known for plentiful rainfall and lush greenery and declared
during 2012 as a
World Heritage site.
Tunga River flows through
Shimoga. In summer (April–May), temperature crosses 36 °C at
Climate data for Shimoga
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
RMC Yard, Shimoga
Industries like Pearlite Industries,
Malnad Alloys, Shanthala
Sperocast, Vijay Technnocrats, Perfect Alloys, are some foundries
manufacture quality castings, supply to major Original Manufacturers
India and also exporting their products to many countries and
several other Industries are located in Shimoga. APMC of
main marketing point of arecanut, the major commercial crop grown in
the district and well as in neighbouring districts like Uttara
Shimoga has the biggest areca nut market, and known for
procuring high quality areca nuts. Other agricultural produces like
rice, chili, coconut etc. are also marketed in APMC.
Shimoga IT Park is an information technology hub built just outside
Shimoga near the future
Shimoga Airport. The IT Park consists of a
100000 sq ft office building with 24/7 electrical capacity, diesel
backup generators, and high speed T1 data connections for use by IT
industries such as data centres, call centres, aerospace, robotics,
KSRTC Bus Stand
Shimoga is well connected by road to Bangalore, Mangalore,
Shimoga Town has a railway station, and there are trains that run to
Bangalore and Mysuru.
Shimoga Airport is under construction in Sogane, 6 km south of
Shimoga. The nearest international airports are Kempegowda
International Airport and Mangaluru Airport.
Kuvempu, Jnanpeeta Awardee.
Sarekoppa Bangarappa, (26 October 1933 – 26 December 2011) was an
Indian politician who was the 12th Chief Minister of
1990 to 1992.
Kadidal Manjappa, veteran freedom fighter, Former Chief minister of
Khadi Shankarappa, veteran freedom fighter.
Justice M. Rama Jois, former Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana
High Court, former member of Rajya Sabha, former Governor of Jharkhand
Bihar states and a senior advocate in the Supreme Court of India.
Sugama Sangeetha singer and playback singer.
Sudeep, actor and director of
G. S. Shivarudrappa, Rashtrakavi.
U R Ananthamurthy, Jnanapeeta Awardee.
Gundappa Vishwanath, former cricketer.
B. S. Yeddyurappa, Member of Parliament (Shimoga), Former Chief
Minister of Karnataka
Alada Halli, Shimoga
^ a b "Home".
City Municipal Council.
Bangalore becomes 'Bengaluru'; 11 other cities renamed". The
^ a b census2011, co.in. "
Shimoga City". Census of
Population census of India. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
^ Renaming, Cities (18 Oct 2014). "Bangalore, Mysore, Other Karnataka
Cities to be Renamed on 1 November" (ibtimes.co.in).
^ Renaming, Cities (18 Oct 2014). "Centre nod for Karnataka's proposal
on renaming cities". The Hindu.
^ "It's Bengaluru for Pranab". The Times Of India. 2009-07-07.
^ New City, Names to Karnatka. "New name for cities". The Hindu.
Retrieved 1 November 2014.
City Census 2011 data". Census2011.
^ "culture of shivamogga". shivamoggaonline.in.
Shimoga Municipal corporation".
^ World weather online, .com. "
Shimoga weather". Retrieved 26 July
^ Spl.correspondent, The Hindu (8 April 2006). "Airport at Shimoga
likely to come up at Sogane". Bangalore: The Hindu. Retrieved 10
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shimoga.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Shimoga.
Shimoga Zilla Panchayat
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers detailed map of
Shimoga district 1959
Shimoga IT Company Goodwill Infomedia
Indian state of Karnataka
Deva Raya II
Kingdom of Mysore
Unification of Karnataka
Veera Ballala II
Western Ganga dynasty
Cities and towns
Dams and Reservoirs
Kannada Sahitya Parishat
Kannada Sahitya Sammelana
Krishnaraja Wadiyar III
D. R. Bendre
K. S. Narasimhaswamy
M. Govinda Pai
D. V. Gundappa
G. S. Shivarudrappa
People and Society
Karnataka ethnic groups
List of people from Karnataka
Varnashilpi Venkatappa Award
Shimoga district topics
Towns and villages
Gudavi Bird Sanctuary