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Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
([ʂɨ̌.tɕjá.ʈʂwáŋ]; Chinese: 石家庄) is the capital and largest city of North China's Hebei
Hebei
Province.[1] Administratively a prefecture-level city, it is about 263 kilometres (163 mi) southwest of Beijing,[2] and it administers eight districts, two county-level cities, and 12 counties. As of 2015 it had a total population of 10,701,600[3] with 4,303,700 in the central (or metro) area comprising the seven districts and the county of Zhengding
Zhengding
largely conurbated with the Shijiazhuang metropolitan area as urbanization continues to proliferate.[4] Shijiazhuang's total population ranked twelfth in mainland China.[5] Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
experienced dramatic growth after the founding of the People's Republic of China
China
in 1949. The population of the metropolitan area has more than quadrupled in 30 years[citation needed] as a result of industrialization and infrastructural developments. From 2008 to 2011, Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
implemented a three-year plan which concluded with the reorganization of the city resulting in an increase of green areas and new buildings and roads. A train station, airport and a subway system have been opened.[6] Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
is situated east of the Taihang Mountains
Taihang Mountains
(Chinese: 太行山; pinyin: Tàiháng Shān), a mountain range extending over 400 kilometres from north to south with an average elevation of 1,500 to 2,000 metres (4,900 to 6,600 ft), making Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
a place for hiking, outdoor trips and cycling.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Administration divisions 4 Economy

4.1 Development zones 4.2 Dairy centre

5 Transportation

5.1 Rail and roads 5.2 Metro Rail 5.3 Airport 5.4 Cycling

6 Military 7 Culture

7.1 City centre 7.2 Places of interest 7.3 City parks 7.4 Shopping 7.5 Food

8 Sport 9 Hospitals 10 Education

10.1 Universities and colleges

11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] The oldest name of the city was Shiyi. In pre-Han times (i.e., before 206 BC), it was the site of the city of Shiyi in the state of Zhao, and from Han (206 BC–AD 220) to Sui (581–618) times it was the site of a county town with the same name. With the reorganization of local government in the early period of the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
(618–907), the county was abolished. Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
then became little more than a local market town, subordinated to the flourishing city of Zhengding (modern Zhengding) a few miles to the north. The growth of Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
into one of China's major cities began in 1905, when the Beijing– Wuhan
Wuhan
(Hankou) railway reached the area, stimulating trade and encouraging local farmers to grow cash crops. Two years later the town became the junction for the new Shitai line, running from Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
to Taiyuan, Shanxi. The connection transformed the town from a local collecting centre and market into a communications centre of national importance on the main route from Beijing
Beijing
and Tianjin
Tianjin
to Shanxi, and later, when the railway from Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was extended to the southwest, to Shaanxi
Shaanxi
as well. The city also became the centre of an extensive road network. Pre- World War II
World War II
Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
was a large railway town as well as a commercial and collecting centre for Shanxi
Shanxi
and regions farther west and for agricultural produce of the North China
China
Plain, particularly grain, tobacco, and cotton. By 1935 it had far outstripped Zhengding as an economic centre. At the end of World War II
World War II
the character of the city changed when it took on an administrative role as the preeminent city in western Hebei, and developed into an industrial city. Some industries, such as match manufacturing, tobacco processing, and glassmaking, had already been established before the war. On November 12, 1947, the city was captured by Communist forces. In 1948 the city, formerly known as Shímén (石門), was renamed Shijiazhuang. Xibaipo, a village about 90 km (56 mi) from downtown Shijiazhuang, in Pingshan County was the location of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
China
and the headquarters of the People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
during the decisive stages of the Chinese Civil War between May 26, 1948 and March 23, 1949, at which point they were moved to Beijing. Today, the area is a memorial site.[7] After 1949 the industrialisation of the city gathered momentum. Its population more than tripled in the decade 1948–58. In the 1950s, the city experienced a major expansion in the textile industry, with large-scale cotton spinning, weaving, printing, and dyeing works. In addition there are plants processing local farm produce. In the 1960s it was the site of a new chemical industry, with plants producing fertilizer and caustic soda. Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
also became an engineering base, with a tractor-accessory plant. There are important coal deposits at Jingxing and Huailu, now named Luquan, a few miles to the west in the foothills of the Taihang Mountains, which provide fuel for a thermal-generating plant supplying power to local industries. In 1967, Tianjin
Tianjin
was again carved out of Hebei, remaining a separate entity today, and thus the provincial capital was moved to Baoding. It was chaotic in the midst of the Cultural Revolution, and under the direction of Mao Zedong, in 1968, to "prepare for war and natural disasters", Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
became the provincial capital. Geography[edit] Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
is located in south-central Hebei, and is part of the Bohai Economic Rim. Its administrative area ranges in latitude from 37° 27' to 38° 47' N, and the longitude 113° 30' to 115° 20' E. The prefecture-level city reaches a 148 kilometres (92 mi) north-south extent and a 175 kilometres (109 mi) wide from east to west. The prefecture has borders stretching 760 kilometres (472 mi) long and covers an area of 15,722 square kilometres (6,070 sq mi). Bordering prefecture-level cities in Hebei are Hengshui
Hengshui
(E), Xingtai
Xingtai
(S), and Baoding
Baoding
(N/NE). To the west lies the province of Shanxi. The city stands at the edge of the North China
China
Plain, which rises to the Taihang Mountains
Taihang Mountains
to the west of the city, and lies south of the Hutuo River (Chinese: 滹沱河; pinyin: Hūtuó hé). From west to east, the topography can be summarised as moderately high mountains, then low-lying mountains, hills, basin, and finally plains. Out of the eight east–west routes across the Taihang Mountains, the fifth, the Niangzi Pass, connects the city directly with Taiyuan, Shanxi. The mountainous part of the prefecture consists of parts of:

Jingxing Mining District Jingxing County Zanhuang County Xingtang County Lingshou County Yuanshi County Luquan District

The Hutuo River Basin in the east juts into:

Xinle
Xinle
City Wuji County Shenze County Jinzhou
Jinzhou
City Gaocheng District Gaoyi County Zhao County Luancheng District Zhengding
Zhengding
County The metropolitan area and its suburbs, in their entirety All of the divisions mentioned in the above list, except for Jingxing Mining District

Climate[edit] The city has a continental, monsoon-influenced semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), characterised by hot, humid summers due to the East Asian monsoon, and generally cold, windy, very dry winters that reflect the influence of the Siberian anticyclone. Spring can see sandstorms blowing in from the Mongolian steppe, accompanied by rapidly warming, but generally dry, conditions. Autumn is similar to spring in temperature and lack of rainfall. January averages −2.3 °C (27.9 °F), while July averages 26.8 °C (80.2 °F); the annual mean is 13.38 °C (56.1 °F). With the monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 45 percent in July to 61 percent in May, the city receives 2,427 hours of sunshine annually. More than half of the annual rainfall occurs in July and August alone.

Climate data for Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 18.0 (64.4) 25.8 (78.4) 30.7 (87.3) 34.9 (94.8) 42.8 (109) 42.7 (108.9) 42.9 (109.2) 38.6 (101.5) 39.7 (103.5) 34.1 (93.4) 26.8 (80.2) 24.5 (76.1) 42.9 (109.2)

Average high °C (°F) 3.6 (38.5) 6.7 (44.1) 13.3 (55.9) 21.5 (70.7) 27.2 (81) 32.0 (89.6) 31.8 (89.2) 30.2 (86.4) 26.8 (80.2) 20.6 (69.1) 11.9 (53.4) 5.4 (41.7) 19.3 (66.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) −2.3 (27.9) 0.8 (33.4) 7.3 (45.1) 15.3 (59.5) 20.9 (69.6) 25.7 (78.3) 26.8 (80.2) 25.4 (77.7) 20.7 (69.3) 14.1 (57.4) 5.9 (42.6) −0.1 (31.8) 13.4 (56.1)

Average low °C (°F) −6.6 (20.1) −3.7 (25.3) 2.2 (36) 9.4 (48.9) 14.7 (58.5) 19.8 (67.6) 22.4 (72.3) 21.4 (70.5) 15.9 (60.6) 9.1 (48.4) 1.5 (34.7) −4.2 (24.4) 8.5 (47.3)

Record low °C (°F) −19.6 (−3.3) −19.8 (−3.6) −17.3 (0.9) −5.3 (22.5) 3.8 (38.8) 10.6 (51.1) 16.2 (61.2) 11.1 (52) 3.7 (38.7) −2.4 (27.7) −14.1 (6.6) −18.7 (−1.7) −19.8 (−3.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.9 (0.154) 7.4 (0.291) 11.3 (0.445) 17.8 (0.701) 36.9 (1.453) 56.7 (2.232) 141.1 (5.555) 148.3 (5.839) 48.1 (1.894) 27.3 (1.075) 13.2 (0.52) 5.1 (0.201) 517.1 (20.36)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 2.8 3.6 4.1 6.2 8.4 13.1 12.3 7.3 5.5 3.8 2.0 71.3

Average relative humidity (%) 55 53 52 52 57 59 75 78 71 67 65 60 62.0

Mean monthly sunshine hours 174.0 176.8 205.9 236.0 265.8 247.6 201.0 198.3 206.7 193.5 164.1 157.3 2,427

Percent possible sunshine 58 58 56 60 61 56 45 47 56 56 54 53 55

Source: China
China
Meteorological Administration[8]

Administration divisions[edit] Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
has direct administrative jurisdiction over:

Map

Chang'an 1 2 Yuhua Luancheng Gaocheng Luquan 3 Jingxing County Zhengding County Xingtang County Lingshou County Gaoyi County Shenze County Zanhuang County Wuji County Pingshan County Yuanshi County Zhao County Xinji (city) Jinzhou (city) Xinle (city) 1. Qiaoxi 2. Xinhua 3. Jingxing

Name Chinese Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)

City proper

Chang'an District 长安区 Cháng'ān Qū 560,643 110 4,362

Qiaoxi District 桥西区 Qiáoxī Qū 596,164 53 11,248

Xinhua District 新华区 Xīnhuá Qū 625,119 92 6,795

Yuhua District 裕华区 Yùhuá Qū 574,572 101 4,888

Luancheng District 栾城区 Luánchéng Xiàn 328,933 347 948

Gaocheng District 藁城区 Gàochéng Shì 775,110 836 927

Luquan District 鹿泉区 Lùquán Shì 432,936 603 718

Suburban

Jingxing Mining District 井陉矿区 Jǐngxíng Kuàngqū 95,170 56 1,699

Zhengding
Zhengding
County 正定县 Zhèngdìng Xiàn 466,807 568 822

Satellite cities

Xinji City 辛集市 Xīnjí Shì 615,919 951 648

Jinzhou
Jinzhou
City 晋州市 Jìnzhōu Shì 537,679 619 868

Xinle
Xinle
City 新乐市 Xīnlè Shì 487,652 625 780

Rural

Jingxing County 井陉县 Jǐngxíng Xiàn 309,882 1,381 224

Xingtang County 行唐县 Xíngtáng Xiàn 406,353 1,025 396

Lingshou County 灵寿县 Língshòu Xiàn 333,558 1,546 216

Gaoyi County 高邑县 Gāoyì Xiàn 186,478 222 840

Shenze County 深泽县 Shēnzé Xiàn 250,264 296 845

Zanhuang County 赞皇县 Zànhuáng Xiàn 244,799 1,210 202

Wuji County 无极县 Wújí Xiàn 502,662 524 959

Pingshan County 平山县 Píngshān Xiàn 433,429 2,951 147

Yuanshi County 元氏县 Yuánshì Xiàn 418,466 849 493

Zhao County 赵县 Zhào Xiàn 571,077 714 800

Economy[edit] In 2014, the GDP of Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
reached CNY(RMB) ¥510.02 billion (about $80.45 billion in USD), an increase of 12 percent over the previous year.[9] Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
has become a major industrial city in North China
China
and is considered to be the economic center of Hebei
Hebei
province. The city is a major base for the pharmaceutical and textile industries.[citation needed] Other sectors include machinery and chemicals, building materials, light industry and electronics. With abundant agricultural resources, Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
has 590,000 hectares[citation needed] of cultivated land and is the main source of cotton, pears, dates and walnuts in Hebei
Hebei
province. In 2008, total imports reached US$1.393 billion, an increase of 42.1 percent over the previous year. Exports increased by 34.9 percent to US$5.596 billion.[citation needed] 2006 World Bank reported that Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
was spending less than RMB400 per capita on education, as opposed to Beijing
Beijing
(RMB1,044) and Weihai
Weihai
(RMB1,631).[10] Development zones[edit]

Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
High-Tech Industrial Development Zone

The zone was established in March 1991 as a state-level development zone and is divided into three districts. National highways 107, 207, 307, 308 pass through the zone. It is 15 km (9.3 mi) away from Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Railway Station, 105 km (65 mi) away from Tianjin
Tianjin
Port. Industries include pharmaceuticals, electronic information, mechanical production, automobile manufacturing, chemicals production and logistics.[11] The Eastern District, located in the eastern part of Shijiazhuang, covers an area of 5.8 km2 (2.2 sq mi), and serves as the primary section of the New High-tech Industrial Development Zone. The district focuses on the establishment of new high-tech enterprises. There are plans to expand the district into an area of 9.8 km2 (3.8 sq mi).[citation needed] A railway line operated by Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Oil Refinery runs through the zone from north to south, so enterprises in the zone can build lines of their own. The Western District, located in the southwest of Shijiazhuang, covers an area of 8.2 km2 (3.2 sq mi). It focuses on small- and medium-sized technology enterprises and technology incubation. Liangcun District, which borders the Western District, covers 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi), and focuses on the pharmaceutical industry and the petrochemical industry.[citation needed] By 2009, some 2,600 enterprises had settled in the zone, of which 185 were foreign-funded enterprises. Firms from Japan, the US, the Republic of Korea, Germany, Italy, Canada, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan
Taiwan
had established themselves in the zone.[10] Dairy centre[edit] The city is a centre for the dairy trade, being the headquarters of the Sanlu Group. Sanlu became Shijiazhuang's largest taxpayer since it had become the largest formula seller in China
China
for a continuous 15-year period. Richard McGregor, author of The Party: The Secret World of China's Communist Rulers, said that Sanlu became "an invaluable asset for a city otherwise struggling to attract industry and investment on a par with China's premier metropolises."[12] Both the dairy trade and Sanlu were affected by the 2008 Chinese milk scandal. The chairman and general manager of Sanlu, and several party officials, including the vice-mayor in charge of food and agriculture, Zhang Fawang, were reportedly removed from office.[13][14][15] Mayor Ji Chuntang reportedly resigned on 17 September.[16] Transportation[edit] Rail and roads[edit] Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
is a transportation hub at the intersection point of the Beijing–Guangzhou, Taiyuan–Dezhou, and Shuozhou–Huanghua railroads. The new Shijiazhuang Railway Station
Shijiazhuang Railway Station
(opened December 2012) has a rare distinction of being served by both the "conventional" Beijing– Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Railway and the new Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen– Hong Kong
Hong Kong
High-Speed Railway. Such an arrangement is fairly uncommon on China's high-speed rail network, as typically high-speed lines are constructed to bypass city cores, where the older "conventional" train stations are.[17] In Shijiazhuang's case, to make it possible to bring the new high-speed railway into the central city, a 5 km (3.1 mi) long railway tunnel was constructed under the city. This is the first time a high-speed railway has been run under a Chinese city.[18][19] There is also a smaller Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
North Railway Station, used by trains going west toward Taiyuan
Taiyuan
without entering Shijiazhuang's city centre. The city is served by many expressways, including the Shitai, Beijing– Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and Taiyuan– Cangzhou
Cangzhou
Expressways. Metro Rail[edit] Line 1 and Line 3 of the Shijiazhuang Metro (Chinese: 石家庄轨道交通) began operation on June 26, 2017. Line 1 Phase 2, Line 2 Phase 1, Line 3 Phase 2 and the remaining two ends of Line 3 Phase 1 are currently under construction. Line 1 Phase 2, Line 2 Phase 1, and the two ends of Line 3 Phase 1 will start operation in 2020. There will be three metro lines extending 80.4km under operation in Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
by 2021 when Line 3 Phase 2 completes. The latest metro plan of Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
includes 6 lines in total. The railway company is drafting a new plan of 1000km urban rail transit system incorporating metro, urban rapid commuter rail and tramways, and expects there will be 200km rail transit lines under operation or construction by the end of 13th Five Year Plan (2020).[20] Airport[edit] The Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Zhengding
Zhengding
International Airport is the province’s center of air transportation. It is about 30 kilometers northeast of the city. There are 32 domestic routes arriving at and departing from Shijiazhuang, including destinations such as Shanghai, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and Daliang. The airport serves 12 international destinations including four routes to Russia. The airport is being expanded and will be capable of being an alternate airport to Beijing
Beijing
Capital International Airport.[10] With the opening of the Beijing– Guangzhou
Guangzhou
High-Speed Railway at the end of 2012, the airport got its own train station, making available fast, although infrequent, train service between the airport and Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Railway Station, as well as other stations in the region.[21] Cycling[edit] Most large roads in the city feature a separate cycle lane and, combined with the city being flat, make it ideal for cycling. Thousands of cyclists use the city each day and often there are more cyclists waiting at a crossroad than cars. Military[edit] Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
is headquarters of the 27th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Beijing
Beijing
Military Region responsible for defending China's capital. Culture[edit] City centre[edit] The city of Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
is similar to Beijing
Beijing
in that all roads run from north to south and east to west, making the city easy to navigate. Many roads have cycle paths making it cyclist friendly. In the heart of the city is the Hebei
Hebei
Museum (Chinese: 河北博物馆; pinyin: Héběi Bówùguǎn) which was refurbished in 2013 and 2014. It holds regular events, mostly showing traditional Chinese art and artifacts. The Yutong International Sports Centre hosts the Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Ever Bright football matches as well as holding pop concerts. Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Zoo is located on the west side of the city. The zoo has 3,000 animals of 250 species including flamingos, golden monkeys, manchurian tigers, Indian elephants, giraffes, chimpanzees, kangaroos, seals, white tigers, springboks and pandas. Near the Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Zoo are the Botanical Gardens (Chinese: 石家庄植物园), offering a range of exotic and native plants both to view and purchase.The Martyrs Memorial (Chinese: 烈士纪念馆) can be found in the centre of the city, commemorating the soldiers lost in war. Places of interest[edit]

Nantianmen (南天门), the main entrance to Mount Baodu

Mount Baodu (Chinese: 抱犊寨, pinyin: Bàodúzhài), or Baodu Village, is an ancient fortified hilltop settlement located on the west side of the city, the mountain contains walks and buddhist statues.[22] Close to Bao du Zhao is Feng Long Mountain (Chinese: 封龙山) is situated 5 km outside of Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
to the west, the mountain features walks and a large stone Buddha statue situated on top of the mountain. Mount Cangyan
Mount Cangyan
(Chinese: 苍岩山; pinyin: Cāngyán Shān; literally: "Green Cliff Mountain") is a scenic area in Jingxing County, Hebei
Hebei
Province, China, famous for its combination of natural mountain scenery with historical man-made structures. It was featured in a scene of the Chinese movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

Mount Cangyan
Mount Cangyan
in 2007

The Longxing Temple (Chinese: 隆興寺; pinyin: Lóngxīng Sì) is an ancient Buddhist monastery located just outside the city. It has been referred to as the "First Temple south of Beijing". The Anji Bridge (also known as Zhaozhou Bridge) (simplified Chinese: 安济桥; traditional Chinese: 安濟橋; pinyin: Ānjì Qiáo; literally: "Safe crossing bridge") is the world's oldest open-spandrel stone segmental arch bridge. Credited to the design of a craftsman named Li Chun, the bridge was constructed in the years 595-605 during the Sui dynasty (581–618). It is the oldest standing bridge in China. The Pagoda of Bailin Temple (Chinese: 从谂禅师舍利塔; pinyin: Cóngshĕn Chánshī Shĕlìtǎ or Chinese: 赵州塔; pinyin: Zhàozhōu Tǎ) is an octagonal-based brick Chinese pagoda built in 1330 during the reign of Emperor Wenzong, ruler of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368). City parks[edit] Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
city centre contains a range of parks. The largest park is found in the centre of the city known as Chang An Park (Chinese: 长安公园), the park includes an underground shopping mall, a theatre, a museum, a lake, bars and restaurants. Another park is found on the south east side of the city: Century Park (Chinese: 世纪公园), Century Park contains a lake in the centre with an amusement park to the north side. On the northwest side of the city is Water Park (Chinese: 水上公园)which features a large lake, amusement rides, short walks and various restaurants. As well as these three large parks there are smaller parks scattered across the city. Shopping[edit] The largest mall in the city is the Wanda shopping mall on the southeast side of the city along with the Lerthai shopping mall in the centre of the city and Wondermall on the southwest side. The Wanda mall includes an IMAX theatre. Food[edit] During the summer barbecue restaurants (Chinese: 烧烤) open, selling a whole range of foods, the most popular of which are lamb kebabs (Chinese: 羊肉串). Thousands of restaurants can be found across the city offering a range of Chinese as well as western cuisine open around the clock. Sport[edit] Shijiazhuang Ever Bright F.C.
Shijiazhuang Ever Bright F.C.
(simplified Chinese: 石家庄永昌; traditional Chinese: 石家莊永昌; pinyin: Shíjiāzhuāng Yǒngchāng) is a Chinese football club based in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, which competes in the Chinese Super League. It plays in the 37,000-seat Yutong International Sports Centre. The team changed to their current name on February 24, 2014 .[23][24] Yutong International Sports Center (Simplified Chinese: 裕彤国际体育中心) is a multi-use stadium, used mostly for football matches. The capacity is 38,500. Hospitals[edit]

The First Hospital of Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
City[25] The Third Hospital of Hebei
Hebei
Medical University [26] Bethune International Peace Hospital

Education[edit] Universities and colleges[edit] Further information: List of universities in China
China
§ Hebei, and Hebei
Hebei
§ Colleges and universities

Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Tiedao University Hebei
Hebei
Normal University

See also[edit]

List of twin towns and sister cities in China Yanzhao Evening News

References[edit]

^ "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ http://www.distancefromto.net/between/Beijing/Shijiazhuang ^ "石家庄市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 - 低碳发展". dtfz.ccchina.gov.cn. Retrieved 2016-05-01.  ^ "山西省2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报(Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. Retrieved 2015-06-02.  ^ "最新中国城市人口数量排名(根据2010年第六次人口普查)". www.elivecity.cn. 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-28.  ^ http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/52434834.html ^ Kenneth Pomeranz
Kenneth Pomeranz
(July 22, 2010), Musings on a Museum: A Trip to Xibaipo  ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年) (in Chinese). China
China
Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2015-01-15.  ^ "河北:石家庄市2011年GDP同比增长12.0%". www.chinacc.com. Retrieved 2 June 2015.  ^ a b c " China
China
Expat city Guide". China
China
Expat. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  ^ RightSite.asia Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
High-Tech Industrial Development Zone ^ McGregor, Richard (2012). The Party: The Secret World of China's Communist Rulers. New York: Harper Perennial. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-06-170876-3.  ^ Klaudia Lee, "Tests find tainted baby milk at 21 more firms", Page A1, South China
China
Morning Post (17 September 2008) ^ Xinhua, "Officials, company manager sacked following baby milk powder scandal", chinaview.cn (16 September 2008) ^ Lee Spears, China
China
Revokes `Inspection-Free' Right as Milk Scandal Spreads, Bloomberg, (17 September 2008) ^ Death toll rises to four in tainted baby formula scandal in China, Xinhua (18 September 2008) ^ Hung, Wing-tat; Brunello, Lara; Bunker, Jonathan, Critical Issues of High Speed Rail Development in China
China
(PDF), p. 4  ^ Meyer, Anna-Maria; Frühauf, Johannes; Gao, Jinfa (2011), "Inner-city construction of a new high-speed railway line in China
China
- Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
City Tunnel and new Terminal as part of the Beijing-Shijiazhuang- Wuhan
Wuhan
PDL", Geotechnik, 34 (4): 285–290, doi:10.1002/gete.201100014  ^ Chinese high speed: in the wake of Wenzhou, by Han Qiao, 2012-07-01 ^ Yanzhao Evening News. "规划1000公里轨道交通线 建设轨道上的石家庄". Xinhua Net. Retrieved 8 November 2017.  ^ 坐飞机报销火车票 航空业死磕高铁 (Air passengers can have their train tickets reimbursed: Air transportation industry's fight for survival), 2012-12-28 ^ ChinaHotel article ^ "骏豪撤资石家庄永昌用新名 保加利亚国脚前腰加盟". sports.sina.com.cn. 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2015-06-12.  ^ "关于石家庄永昌骏豪俱乐部更名并更换法定代表人的公示". fa.org.cn. 2014-02-24. Retrieved 2015-06-12.  ^ " China
China
Expat city Guide". China
China
Expat. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  ^ "the third hospital of hebei medical university". dun&bradstreet. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shijiazhuang.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Shijiazhuang.

Shijiazhuang
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Shijiazhuang
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Chang'an District Qiaoxi District Xinhua District Yuhua District Luquan District Gaocheng District Luancheng District Jingxing Mining District Xinji City Jinzhou
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Shuangqiao District Shuangluan District Yingshouyingzi Mining District Pingquan
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Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan
Taiwan
no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Provincial capitals of China

Changchun
Changchun
(Jilin) Changsha
Changsha
(Hunan) Chengdu
Chengdu
(Sichuan) Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(Fujian) Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Guangdong) Guiyang
Guiyang
(Guizhou) Haikou
Haikou
(Hainan) Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(Zhejiang) Harbin
Harbin
(Heilongjiang) Hefei
Hefei
(Anhui) Hohhot
Hohhot
(Inner Mongolia) Jinan
Jinan
(Shandong) Kunming
Kunming
(Yunnan) Lanzhou
Lanzhou
(Gansu) Lhasa (Tibet) Nanchang
Nanchang
(Jiangxi) Nanjing
Nanjing
(Jiangsu) Nanning
Nanning
(Guangxi) Shenyang
Shenyang
(Liaoning) Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
(Hebei) Taibei¹ (Taiwan¹) Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(Shanxi) Ürümqi
Ürümqi
(Xinjiang) Wuhan
Wuhan
(Hubei) Xi'an
Xi'an
(Shaanxi) Xining
Xining
(Qinghai) Yinchuan
Yinchuan
(Ningxia) Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
(Henan)

Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

Coordinates: 38°02′37″N 114°29′54″E / 38.04361°N 114.49833°E / 38.04361; 114.49833

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 241192

.