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Shihezi
Shihezi
(Chinese: 石河子; pinyin: Shíhézǐ; literally: "Stony river banks"; Uyghur: شىخەنزە, Шихәнзә‎, ULY: Shixenze, UYY: Xihənzə?) is a sub-prefecture-level city in northern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. It has a population of 380,130 according to the 2010 census.

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Economy 4 Geography and climate 5 Education 6 Transport 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Farms surrounding Shihezi
Shihezi
fueled the development of the city. These quasi-military structured farms produce materials for the factories that have been the economic driver of the city. In 1974 Shihezi
Shihezi
became a city. Demographics[edit] Over 90% of Shihezi's population are Han Chinese, with smaller number of Hui, Uighurs, Kazakhs, and various other minorities.

Population by ethnicity – 2010 census[2]

Ethnicity Population %

Han 349,149 91.85%

Hui 15,092 3.97%

Uyghur 7,574 1.99%

Kazakhs 3,042 0.80%

Tujia 1,500 0.39%

Mongol 624 0.16%

Manchu 620 0.16%

Kyrgyz 319 0.08%

Dongxiang 306 0.08%

Xibe 157 0.04%

Russian 138 0.04%

others 1,609 0.43%

Total 380,130 100%

Economy[edit] Nowadays textile and food industries are the most important in Shihezi. Railway connection to Wusu
Wusu
and Ürümqi
Ürümqi
skirts the city, while a United Nation economic development project provided high quality highway systems for the city. Textile industry is the primary employment, although international trade environment on textiles has brought in fluctuations in employment. As a hub to surrounding farms, the city's destiny is currently tied with theirs. Sugar beets are cultivated near Shihezi. Cultivation of cotton in the farms was accelerated in the 1990s and now dominates the economy.[3] Geography and climate[edit] Shihezi
Shihezi
is located at the northern foothills of the middle part of the Tian Shan
Tian Shan
range approximately 136 kilometres (85 mi) from the regional capital of Ürümqi. Although Shihezi
Shihezi
is almost surrounded from east, west, and north by Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture
Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture
(which also includes the city's eastern neighbor, the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it. Located in an area further from the nearest seacoast than any other region on earth, Shihezi
Shihezi
has a continental semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with very large temperature differences between summer and winter. Monthly average temperatures range from −15.3 °C (4.5 °F) in January to 25.3 °C (77.5 °F), and the annual mean temperature is 7.39 °C (45.3 °F). Precipitation
Precipitation
is very low year-round, with an annual total of only 206 millimetres (8.11 in), compared to the annual evaporation rate, which is usually more than 1,000 millimetres (39 in).[4]

Climate data for Shihezi
Shihezi
(1971−2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 7.6 (45.7) 6.6 (43.9) 22.7 (72.9) 35.4 (95.7) 37.4 (99.3) 39.2 (102.6) 42.2 (108) 41.0 (105.8) 39.4 (102.9) 33.3 (91.9) 17.5 (63.5) 8.3 (46.9) 42.2 (108)

Average high °C (°F) −10 (14) −6.3 (20.7) 4.7 (40.5) 19.3 (66.7) 26.3 (79.3) 30.9 (87.6) 32.8 (91) 31.4 (88.5) 25.4 (77.7) 15.5 (59.9) 3.0 (37.4) −6.9 (19.6) 13.8 (56.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) −15.3 (4.5) −11.6 (11.1) −0.1 (31.8) 12.1 (53.8) 18.8 (65.8) 23.6 (74.5) 25.3 (77.5) 23.3 (73.9) 17.2 (63) 8.2 (46.8) −1.7 (28.9) −11.1 (12) 7.4 (45.3)

Average low °C (°F) −20.8 (−5.4) −17 (1) −4.9 (23.2) 5.0 (41) 11.2 (52.2) 16.0 (60.8) 17.7 (63.9) 15.2 (59.4) 9.4 (48.9) 1.8 (35.2) −5.7 (21.7) −15.5 (4.1) 1.0 (33.8)

Record low °C (°F) −34.4 (−29.9) −36.5 (−33.7) −30.5 (−22.9) −19.4 (−2.9) −0.2 (31.6) 6.6 (43.9) 9.6 (49.3) 3.5 (38.3) −0.5 (31.1) −8.9 (16) −28.9 (−20) −36.0 (−32.8) −36.5 (−33.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.6 (0.339) 8.4 (0.331) 12.5 (0.492) 26.2 (1.031) 29.9 (1.177) 21.0 (0.827) 21.5 (0.846) 15.1 (0.594) 15.9 (0.626) 18.9 (0.744) 16.8 (0.661) 11.2 (0.441) 206.0 (8.11)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.4 6.6 6.0 6.1 7.2 8.1 9.1 5.9 5.0 5.2 6.2 9.0 82.8

Source: Weather China[4]

The Manas River forms the administrative border between Shihezi
Shihezi
City and its eastern neighbor, Manas County. An extensive system of reservoirs (such as the Jiahezi Reservoir (夹河子水库, Jiāhézi shuǐkù, with the dam at 44°27′00″N 86°7′15″E / 44.45000°N 86.12083°E / 44.45000; 86.12083) and irrigation canals has been constructed in the area, supporting irrigated agriculture. Education[edit] Shihezi University
Shihezi University
is located in Shihezi. It is the 2nd largest university in Xinjiang, with approximately 40,000 students. Transport[edit] Shihezi
Shihezi
is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railways. Construction to rebuild Shihezi Airport
Shihezi Airport
began in May 2012 and the airport is expected to reopen in 2014. References[edit]

^ Copyright by Yingkou
Yingkou
People ^ Stanley W. Toops (August 2012). Susan M. Walcott, Corey Johnson, eds. Eurasian Corridors of Interconnection: From the South China to the Caspian Sea. Routledge. pp. 65–66. ISBN 978-1135078751. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ Shihezi
Shihezi
a 'Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert' ( China.org.cn
China.org.cn
by staff reporter Wang Qian, October 3, 2004) ^ a b 石河子城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 

External links[edit]

China portal

Shihezi
Shihezi
economic development zone (in simplified Chinese) Shihezi
Shihezi
party politics public information network (in simplified Chinese) Map of the City of Shihezi
Shihezi
(in Chinese) Shihezi
Shihezi
a 'Shining Pearl in the Gobi Desert' Shihezi
Shihezi
(China) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

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Taiwan5

(none)

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Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

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County-level cities
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Hebei

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Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

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Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Cities of Xinjiang

Prefectural cities

Hami Karamay
Karamay
[Kelamayi] Turpan
Turpan
[Tulufan] Ürümqi
Ürümqi
[Wulumuqi]

XPPC cities

Aral [Ala'er] Beitun Kokdala
Kokdala
[Kekedala] Kunyu Shihezi Shuanghe Tumxuk
Tumxuk
[Tumushuke] Tiemenguan Wujiaqu

County cities

Aksu [Akesu] Alashankou Altay [Aletai] Artux
Artux
[Atushi] Bole Changji Fukang Ghulja [Yining] Hotan
Hotan
[Hetian] Kashgar
Kashgar
[Kashi] Korla
Korla
[Ku'erle] Kuytun
Kuytun
[Kuitun] Qorğas [Huorguosi] Tachen

.