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Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(Japanese: 宮本 茂, Hepburn: Miyamoto Shigeru, born November 16, 1952[4]) (pronounced [mijamoto ɕiɡeɾɯ]) is a Japanese video game designer and producer for the video game company Nintendo, currently serving as one of its representative directors. He is best known as the creator of some of the most critically acclaimed and best-selling video games and franchises of all time, such as Mario, The Legend of Zelda, Star Fox, F-Zero, Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
and Pikmin. Miyamoto originally joined Nintendo
Nintendo
in 1977, when the company was beginning its foray into video games and starting to abandon the playing cards it had made since 1889. His games have been prominently showcased and widely anticipated as flagship titles of every Nintendo video game console, with his earliest work appearing on arcade machines in the late 1970s. He managed Nintendo's Entertainment Analysis & Development software division, which developed many of the company's first-party titles. As a result of Nintendo
Nintendo
president Satoru Iwata's death in July 2015, Miyamoto fulfilled the role of acting president alongside Genyo Takeda until being formally appointed as the company's "Creative Fellow" a few months later.[5]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 1977–1984: Arcade beginnings and Donkey Kong 2.2 1985–1989: NES/Famicom, Super Mario
Mario
Bros., and The Legend of Zelda 2.3 1990–2000: SNES, Nintendo
Nintendo
64, Super Mario
Mario
64, and Ocarina of Time 2.4 2000–2011: GameCube, Wii, and DS 2.5 2011–present: Wii
Wii
U, 3DS, and Switch

3 Development philosophy 4 Impact

4.1 Influence on the video game industry 4.2 Critical reception 4.3 Commercial reception 4.4 Awards and recognition

5 Personal life 6 Gameography 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Early life Miyamoto was born in the Japanese town of Sonobe, a rural town northwest of Kyoto,[6] on November 16, 1952. His parents were of "modest means," and his father taught the English language.[6] From an early age, Miyamoto began to explore the natural areas around his home. On one of these expeditions, Miyamoto came upon a cave, and, after days of hesitation, went inside. Miyamoto's expeditions into the Kyoto
Kyoto
countryside inspired his later work, particularly The Legend of Zelda, a seminal video game.[7] Miyamoto graduated from Kanazawa Municipal College of Industrial Arts with a degree in industrial design[6] but no job lined up. He also had a love for manga and initially hoped to become a professional manga artist before considering a career in video games.[8] He was influenced by manga's classical kishōtenketsu narrative structure,[9] as well as Western genre television shows.[10] The title that inspired him to enter the video game industry was the 1978 arcade hit Space Invaders.[11] Career 1977–1984: Arcade beginnings and Donkey Kong

I feel that I have been very lucky to be a game designer since the dawn of the industry. I am not an engineer, but I have had the opportunities to learn the principles of game [design] from scratch, over a long period of time. And because I am so pioneering and trying to keep at the forefront, I have grown accustomed to first creating the very tools necessary for game creation.

Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(translated)[12]

Nintendo, a relatively small Japanese company, had traditionally sold playing cards and other novelties, although it had started to branch out into toys and games in the mid-1960s. Through a mutual friend, Miyamoto's father arranged an interview with Nintendo
Nintendo
president Hiroshi Yamauchi. After showing some of his toy creations, Miyamoto was hired in 1977 as an apprentice in the planning department.[6] Miyamoto went on to become the company's first artist.[6] He helped create the art for the company's first original coin-operated arcade video game, Sheriff.[13] He first helped the company develop a game with the 1980 release Radar Scope. The game achieved moderate success in Japan, but by 1981, Nintendo's efforts to break it into the North American video game market had failed, leaving the company with a large number of unsold units and on the verge of financial collapse. In an effort to keep the company afloat, Nintendo
Nintendo
president Hiroshi Yamauchi decided to convert unsold Radar Scope
Radar Scope
units into a new arcade game. He tasked Miyamoto with the conversion,[14]:157 about which Miyamoto has said self-deprecatingly that "no one else was available" to do the work.[15] Nintendo's head engineer, Gunpei Yokoi, supervised the project.[14]:158 Miyamoto imagined many characters and plot concepts, but eventually settled on a love triangle between a gorilla, a carpenter, and a girl. He meant to mirror the rivalry between comic characters Bluto
Bluto
and Popeye
Popeye
for the woman Olive Oyl, although Nintendo's original intentions to gain rights to Popeye
Popeye
failed.[6] Bluto
Bluto
evolved into an ape, a form Miyamoto claimed was "nothing too evil or repulsive".[16]:47 This ape would be the pet of the main character, "a funny, hang-loose kind of guy."[16]:47 Miyamoto also named "Beauty and the Beast" and the 1933 film King Kong as influences.[17]:36 Donkey Kong marked the first time that the formulation of a video game's storyline preceded the actual programming, rather than simply being appended as an afterthought.[17]:38 Miyamoto had high hopes for his new project, but lacked the technical skills to program it himself; instead, he conceived the game's concepts, then consulted technicians on whether they were possible. He wanted to make the characters different sizes, move in different manners, and react in various ways. However, Yokoi viewed Miyamoto's original design as too complex.[16]:47–48 Yokoi suggested using see-saws to catapult the hero across the screen; however, this proved too difficult to program. Miyamoto next thought of using sloped platforms and ladders for travel, with barrels for obstacles. When he asked that the game have multiple stages, the four-man programming team complained that he was essentially asking them to make the game repeat, but the team eventually successfully programmed the game.[17]:38–39 When the game was sent to Nintendo
Nintendo
of America for testing, the sales manager disapproved of its vast differentiation from the maze and shooter games common at the time.[16]:49 When American staffers began naming the characters, they settled on "Pauline" for the woman, after Polly James, wife of Nintendo's Redmond, Washington, warehouse manager, Don James. The playable character, initially "Jumpman", was eventually named for Mario
Mario
Segale, the warehouse landlord.[16]:109 These character names were printed on the American cabinet art and used in promotional materials. The staff also pushed for an English name, and thus it received the title Donkey Kong.[17]:212 Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
was a success, leading Miyamoto to work on sequels Donkey Kong Jr. in 1982 and Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
3 in 1983. In his next game, he reworked the Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
character Jumpman into Mario, and gave him a brother: Luigi. He named the new game Mario
Mario
Bros. Yokoi convinced Miyamoto to give Mario
Mario
some superhuman abilities, namely the ability to fall from any height unharmed. Mario's appearance in Donkey Kong—overalls, a hat, and a thick mustache—led Miyamoto to change aspects of the game to make Mario
Mario
look like a plumber rather than a carpenter.[18] Miyamoto felt that New York City
New York City
provided the best setting for the game, with its "labyrinthine subterranean network of sewage pipes". The two-player mode and other aspects of gameplay were partially inspired by an earlier video game entitled Joust.[19] To date, games in the Mario
Mario
Bros. franchise have been released for more than a dozen platforms.[20] Shortly after, Miyamoto also worked the character sprites and game design for the Baseball, Tennis, and Golf games on the NES.[21] 1985–1989: NES/Famicom, Super Mario
Mario
Bros., and The Legend of Zelda

Miyamoto's Super Mario
Mario
Bros. was bundled with the NES in America. The game and the system are credited with helping to bring North America out of the slump of the 1983 game industry crash.

As Nintendo
Nintendo
released its first home video game console, the Family Computer (rereleased in North America as the Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment System), Miyamoto made two of the most momentous titles for the console and in the history of video games as a whole: Super Mario Bros. (a sequel to Mario
Mario
Bros.) and The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
(an entirely original title). In both games, Miyamoto decided to focus more on gameplay than on high scores, unlike many games of the time.[7] Super Mario
Mario
Bros. largely took a linear approach, with the player traversing the stage by running, jumping, and dodging or defeating enemies.[22][23] By contrast, Miyamoto employed nonlinear gameplay in The Legend of Zelda, forcing the player to think their way through riddles and puzzles.[24] The world was expansive and seemingly endless, offering "an array of choice and depth never seen before in a video game."[6] With The Legend of Zelda, Miyamoto sought to make an in-game world that players would identify with, a "miniature garden that they can put inside their drawer."[7] He drew his inspiration from his experiences as a boy around Kyoto, where he explored nearby fields, woods, and caves; each Zelda title embodies this sense of exploration.[7] "When I was a child," Miyamoto said, "I went hiking and found a lake. It was quite a surprise for me to stumble upon it. When I traveled around the country without a map, trying to find my way, stumbling on amazing things as I went, I realized how it felt to go on an adventure like this."[16]:51 He recreated his memories of becoming lost amid the maze of sliding doors in his family home in Zelda's labyrinthine dungeons.[16]:52 In February 1986, Nintendo
Nintendo
released the game as the launch title for the Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment System's new Disk System peripheral. Miyamoto worked on various different games for the Nintendo Entertainment System, including Ice Climber, Kid Icarus, Excitebike, and Devil World. He also worked on sequels to both Super Mario
Mario
Bros and The Legend of Zelda. Super Mario
Mario
Bros. 2, released only in Japan at the time, reuses gameplay elements from Super Mario
Mario
Bros., though the game is much more difficult than its predecessor. Nintendo
Nintendo
of America disliked Super Mario
Mario
Bros. 2, which they found to be frustratingly difficult and otherwise little more than a modification of Super Mario
Mario
Bros. Rather than risk the franchise's popularity, they cancelled its stateside release and looked for an alternative. They realized they already had one option in Yume Kojo: Doki Doki Panic (Dream Factory: Heart-Pounding Panic), also designed by Miyamoto.[25] This game was reworked and released as Super Mario
Mario
Bros. 2 (not to be confused with the Japanese game of the same name) in North America and Europe. The successor to The Legend of Zelda, Zelda II: The Adventure of Link, bears little resemblance to the first game in the series. The Adventure of Link
Link
features side-scrolling areas within a larger world map rather than the bird's eye view of the previous title. The game incorporates a strategic combat system and more RPG elements, including an experience points (EXP) system, magic spells, and more interaction with non-player characters (NPCs). Link
Link
has extra lives; no other game in the series includes this feature.[26] The Adventure of Link
Link
plays out in a two-mode dynamic. The overworld, the area where the majority of the action occurs in other The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
games, is still from a top-down perspective, but it now serves as a hub to the other areas. Whenever Link
Link
enters a new area such as a town, the game switches to a side-scrolling view. These separate methods of traveling and entering combat are one of many aspects adapted from the role-playing genre.[26] The game was highly successful at the time, and introduced elements such as Link's "magic meter" and the Dark Link character that would become commonplace in future Zelda games, although the role-playing elements such as experience points and the platform-style side-scrolling and multiple lives were never used again in the official series. The game is also looked upon as one of the most difficult games in the Zelda series and 8-bit gaming as a whole. Additionally, The Adventure of Link
Link
was one of the first games to combine role-playing video game and platforming elements to a considerable degree. Soon after, Super Mario
Mario
Bros. 3 was developed by Nintendo Entertainment Analysis & Development; the game took more than two years to complete.[27] The game offers numerous modifications on the original Super Mario
Mario
Bros., ranging from costumes with different abilities to new enemies.[27][28] Bowser's children were designed to be unique in appearance and personality; Miyamoto based the characters on seven of his programmers as a tribute to their work on the game.[27] The Koopalings' names were later altered to mimic names of well-known, Western musicians in the English localization.[27] In a first for the Mario
Mario
series, the player navigates via two game screens: an overworld map and a level playfield. The overworld map displays an overhead representation of the current world and has several paths leading from the world's entrance to a castle. Moving the on-screen character to a certain tile will allow access to that level's playfield, a linear stage populated with obstacles and enemies. The majority of the game takes place in these levels. 1990–2000: SNES, Nintendo
Nintendo
64, Super Mario
Mario
64, and Ocarina of Time

Miyamoto was responsible for the controller design of the Super Famicom/Nintendo. Its L/R buttons were an industry first and have since become commonplace.

A merger between Nintendo's various internal research and development teams led to the creation of Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment Analysis & Development ( Nintendo
Nintendo
EAD), which Miyamoto headed. Nintendo
Nintendo
EAD had approximately fifteen months to develop F-Zero, one of the launch titles for the Super Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment System.[29] Miyamoto worked through various games on the Super Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment System, one of them Star Fox. For the game, programmer Jez San convinced Nintendo
Nintendo
to develop an upgrade for the Super Nintendo, allowing it to handle three-dimensional graphics better: the Super FX chip.[30][31] Using this new hardware, Miyamoto and Katsuya Eguchi designed the Star Fox game with an early implementation of three-dimensional graphics.[32] Miyamoto produced two major Mario
Mario
titles for the system. The first, Super Mario
Mario
World, was a launch title and was bundled with Super Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment System consoles. It featured an overworld as in Super Mario
Mario
Bros. but introduced a new character, Yoshi, who would go on to appear in various other Nintendo
Nintendo
games. The second Mario
Mario
game for the system, Super Mario
Mario
RPG, went in a somewhat different direction. Miyamoto led a team consisting of a partnership between Nintendo
Nintendo
and Square Co.; it took nearly a year to develop the graphics.[33] The story takes place in a newly rendered Mushroom Kingdom based on the Super Mario
Mario
Bros. series. Miyamoto also created The Legend of Zelda: A Link
Link
to the Past for the Super Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment System, the third entry in the series. Dropping the side-scrolling elements of its predecessor, A Link
Link
to the Past introduced to the series elements that are still commonplace today, such as the concept of an alternate or parallel world, the Master Sword, and other new weapons and items. Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
mentored Satoshi Tajiri, guiding him during the creation process of Pocket Monsters: Red and Green (released in English as Pokémon
Pokémon
Red and Blue), the initial video games in the Pokémon
Pokémon
series. Pokémon
Pokémon
would go on to be one of the most popular entertainment franchises in the world, spanning video games, anime, and various other merchandise.[34] Miyamoto made several games for the Nintendo
Nintendo
64, mostly from his previous franchises. His first game on the new system, and one of its launch titles, was Super Mario
Mario
64, for which he was the principal director. In developing the game, he began with character design and the camera system. Miyamoto and the other designers were initially unsure of which direction the game should take, and spent months to select an appropriate camera view and layout.[35] The original concept involved a fixed path much like an isometric type game, before the choice was made to settle on a free-roaming 3D design.[35] He guided the design of the Nintendo
Nintendo
64 controller in tandem with that of Super Mario
Mario
64. Further information: Nintendo
Nintendo
64 controller § Design Using what he had learned about the Nintendo
Nintendo
64 from developing Super Mario
Mario
64 and Star Fox 64,[10] Miyamoto produced his next game, The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, leading a team of several directors.[36] Its engine was based on that of Super Mario
Mario
64 but was so heavily modified as to be a somewhat different engine. Individual parts of Ocarina of Time were handled by multiple directors—a new strategy for Nintendo
Nintendo
EAD. However, when things progressed slower than expected, Miyamoto returned to the development team with a more central role assisted in public by interpreter Bill Trinen.[37] The team was new to 3D games, but assistant director Makoto Miyanaga recalls a sense of "passion for creating something new and unprecedented".[38] Miyamoto went on to produce a sequel to Ocarina of Time, known as The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask. By reusing the game engine and graphics from Ocarina of Time, a smaller team required only 18 months to finish Majora's Mask. Miyamoto worked on a variety of Mario
Mario
series spin-offs for the Nintendo
Nintendo
64, including Mario
Mario
Kart 64 and Mario
Mario
Party. 2000–2011: GameCube, Wii, and DS

Miyamoto holding up a Wii Remote
Wii Remote
at E3 2006

Miyamoto produced various games for the GameCube, including the launch title Luigi's Mansion. The game was first revealed at Nintendo
Nintendo
Space World 2000 as a technical demo designed to show off the graphical capabilities of the GameCube.[39] Miyamoto made an original short demo of the game concepts, and Nintendo
Nintendo
decided to turn it into a full game. Luigi's Mansion
Luigi's Mansion
was later shown at E3 2001 with the GameCube console.[40] Miyamoto continued to make additional Mario
Mario
spinoffs in these years. He also produced the 3D game series Metroid
Metroid
Prime, after the original designer Yokoi, a friend and mentor of Miyamoto's, died.[41] In this time he developed Pikmin
Pikmin
and its sequel Pikmin
Pikmin
2, based on his experiences gardening.[6] He also worked on new games for the Star Fox, Donkey Kong, F-Zero, and The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
series on both the GameCube
GameCube
and the Game Boy Advance
Game Boy Advance
systems.[42][43][44] With the help of Hideo Kojima, he guided the developers of Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes.[45] He helped with many games on the Nintendo DS, including the remake of Super Mario
Mario
64, Super Mario
Mario
64 DS, and the new game Nintendogs, a new franchise based on his own experiences with dogs.[46] Miyamoto played a major role in the development of the Wii, a console that popularized motion control gaming, and its launch title Wii Sports, which helped show the capability of the new control scheme. Miyamoto went on to produce other titles in the Wii
Wii
series, including Wii
Wii
Fit. His inspiration for Wii
Wii
Fit was to encourage conversation and family bonding.[6] At E3 2004, Miyamoto unveiled The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess, appearing dressed as the protagonist Link
Link
with a sword and shield. Also released for the GameCube, the game was among the Wii's launch titles and the first in the Zelda series to implement motion controls. He also helped with The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword, which featured more accurate motion controls. He also produced two Zelda titles for the Nintendo
Nintendo
DS, The Legend of Zelda: Phantom Hourglass and The Legend of Zelda: Spirit Tracks. These were the first titles in the series to implement touch screen controls. Miyamoto produced three major Mario
Mario
titles for Wii
Wii
from 2007 to 2010: Super Mario
Mario
Galaxy, New Super Mario
Mario
Bros. Wii, and Super Mario
Mario
Galaxy 2. 2011–present: Wii
Wii
U, 3DS, and Switch Miyamoto produced both Super Mario
Mario
3D Land and Luigi's Mansion: Dark Moon for the 3DS, and Pikmin
Pikmin
3 for the Wii
Wii
U. Following the death of Nintendo
Nintendo
president Satoru Iwata
Satoru Iwata
in July 2015, Miyamoto was appointed as an acting Representative Director, alongside Genyo Takeda.[47] He was relieved of this position in September 2015 when Tatsumi Kimishima
Tatsumi Kimishima
assumed the role of the company's president. He was also appointed the position of "Creative Fellow" at the same time, providing expert advice to Kimishima as a "support network" alongside Takeda.[2][48] Miyamoto served as a creative director on the 2017 game Super Mario Odyssey, as opposed to serving as one of its producers, and is credited as being a major influence on the game's development.[49] Development philosophy

People have paid me a lot of lip service, calling me a genius story teller or a talented animator, and have gone so far as to suggest that I try my hand at movies, since my style of game design is, in their words, quite similar to making movies. But I feel that I am not a movie maker, but rather that my strength lies in my pioneering spirit to make use of technology to create the best, interactive commodities possible, and use that interactivity to give users a game they can enjoy and play comfortably.

Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(translated)[12]

Miyamoto, and Nintendo
Nintendo
as a whole, do not use focus groups. Instead, Miyamoto figures out if a game is fun for himself. He says that if he enjoys it, others will too.[6] He elaborates, citing the conception of the Pokémon
Pokémon
series as an example, "And that's the point – Not to make something sell, something very popular, but to love something, and make something that we creators can love. It's the very core feeling we should have in making games."[50] Miyamoto wants players to experience kyokan; he wants "the players to feel about the game what the developers felt themselves."[6] He then tests it with friends and family. He encourages younger developers to consider people who are new to gaming, for example by having them switch their dominant hand with their other hand to feel the experience of an unfamiliar game.[6] Miyamoto's philosophy does not focus on hyper-realistic graphics, although he realizes they have their place. He is more focused on the game mechanics, such as the choices and challenges in the game.[6] Similar to how manga artists subverted their genre, Miyamoto hopes to subvert some of the basic principles he had popularized in his early games, retaining some elements but eliminating others.[6] His use of real-time rendered cinematics (not prerendered video) serves both his own rapidly interactive development process with no rendering delays, and the player's interaction with the game's continuity. He prefers to change his games right until they are finalized, and to make "something unique and unprecedented". He prefers the game to be interactively fun rather than have elaborate film sequences, stating in 1999, "I will never make movie-like games";[50] therefore, the more than 90 total minutes of short cutscenes interspersed throughout Ocarina of Time[12] deliver more interactive cinematic qualities.[50][51]:5 His vision mandates a rapid and malleable development process with small teams, as when he directed substantial changes to the overall game scenario in the final months of the development of Ocarina of Time. He said, "The reason behind using such a simple process, as I am sure you have all experienced in the workshop, is that there is a total limit on team energy. There is a limit to the work a team can do, and there is a limit to my own energy. We opted not to use that limited time and energy on pre-rendered images for use in cinema scenes, but rather on tests on other inter-active elements and polishing up the game".[12] For these reasons, he opposes prerendered cutscenes.[12][10][50][12] Of Ocarina of Time, he says "we were able to make use of truly cinematic methods with our camera work without relying on [prerendered video]."[12] Miyamoto has stated that Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
and Super Mario
Mario
Bros. were not intended to be childish games, and that he hopes his works appeal to a wide variety of different people. Part of Miyamoto's development philosophy is to make his games friendly to the player; for example, the ability to save and resume one's progress. He has said that finishing touches on a game can make a large difference on the final product.[citation needed] In 2003, he described his "fundamental dislike" of the role-playing game (RPG) genre: "I think that with an RPG you are completely bound hand and foot, and can't move. But gradually you become able to move your hands and legs... you become slightly untied. And in the end, you feel powerful. So what you get out of an RPG is a feeling of happiness. But I don't think they're something that's fundamentally fun to play. With a game like that, anyone can become really good at it. With Mario
Mario
though, if you're not good at it, you may never get good."[52] Impact

Takashi Tezuka, Miyamoto, and Koji Kondo, 2015

Time called Miyamoto "the Spielberg of video games"[53] and "the father of modern video games,"[11] while The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
says he is "regarded by many as possibly the most important game designer of all time."[54] GameTrailers
GameTrailers
called him "the most influential game creator in history."[55] Miyamoto has significantly influenced various aspects of the medium. The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
credited him with creating "some of the most innovative, ground breaking and successful work in his field."[54] Many of Miyamoto's works have pioneered new video game concepts or refined existing ones. Miyamoto's games have received outstanding critical praise, some being considered the greatest games of all time. Miyamoto's games have also sold very well, becoming some of the best-selling games on Nintendo
Nintendo
consoles and of all time. As of 1999, his games had sold 250 million units and grossed billions of dollars.[54] Calling him one of the few "video-game auteurs," The New Yorker credited Miyamoto's role in creating the franchises that drove console sales, as well as designing the consoles themselves. They described Miyamoto as Nintendo's "guiding spirit, its meal ticket, and its playful public face," noting that Nintendo
Nintendo
might not exist without him.[6] The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
similarly attributed Nintendo's success to Miyamoto more than any other person.[54] Next Generation listed him in their "75 Most Important People in the Games Industry of 1995", elaborating that, "He's the most successful game developer in history. He has a unique and brilliant mind as well as an unparalleled grasp of what gamers want to play."[56] Influence on the video game industry Miyamoto's best known and most influential title, Super Mario
Mario
Bros., "depending on your point of view, created an industry or resuscitated a comatose one."[6] The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
called it "a title that set the standard for all future videogames."[54] G4 noted its revolutionary gameplay as well as its role in "almost single-handedly" rescuing the video game industry.[57] The title also popularized the side-scrolling genre of video games. The New Yorker
The New Yorker
described Mario
Mario
as the first folk hero of video games, with as much influence as Mickey Mouse.[6] GameSpot
GameSpot
featured The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
as one of the 15 most influential games of all time, for being an early example of open world, nonlinear gameplay, and for its introduction of battery backup saving, laying the foundations for later action-adventure games like Metroid
Metroid
and role-playing video games like Final Fantasy, while influencing most modern games in general.[58] In 2009, Game Informer called The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
"no less than the greatest game of all time" on their list of "The Top 200 Games of All Time", saying that it was "ahead of its time by years if not decades".[59] At the time of the release of Star Fox, the use of filled, three-dimensional polygons in a console game was very unusual, apart from a handful of earlier titles.[60] Due to its success, Star Fox has become a Nintendo
Nintendo
franchise, with five more games and numerous appearances by its characters in other Nintendo
Nintendo
games such as the Super Smash Bros.
Super Smash Bros.
series. His game Super Mario
Mario
64 has made a lasting impression on the field of 3D game design, particularly notable for its use of a dynamic camera system and the implementation of its analog control.[61][62][63] The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time's gameplay system introduced features such as a target lock system and context-sensitive buttons that have since become common elements in 3D adventure games.[64][65] The Wii, which Miyamoto played a major role in designing, is the first wireless motion-controlled video game console.[6] Critical reception Miyamoto's games have received outstanding critical praise, and are widely considered among the greatest of all time.[6] Games in Miyamoto's The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
series have received outstanding critical acclaim. A Link
Link
to the Past is a landmark title for Nintendo
Nintendo
and is widely considered today to be one of the greatest video games of all time. Ocarina of Time is widely considered by critics and gamers alike to be one of the greatest video games ever made.[66][67][68][69] Twilight Princess
Twilight Princess
was released to universal critical acclaim, and is the third highest-rated title for the Wii.[70] It received perfect scores from major publications such as CVG, Electronic Gaming Monthly, Game Informer, GamesRadar, and GameSpy.[71][72][73][74][75] Super Mario
Mario
64 is acclaimed by many critics and fans as one of the greatest and most revolutionary video games of all time.[76][77][78][79][80][81] According to Metacritic, Super Mario
Mario
Galaxy and Super Mario
Mario
Galaxy 2 are the first- and second-highest rated games for the Wii.[70] A 1995 article in Maximum stated that "in gaming circles Miyamoto's name carries far more weight than Steven Spielberg's could ever sustain."[82] Commercial reception Miyamoto's games have sold very well, becoming some of the best-selling games on Nintendo
Nintendo
consoles and of all time. Miyamoto's Mario
Mario
series is, by far, the best-selling video game franchise of all time, selling over 400 million units. Super Mario Bros. is the second best-selling video game of all time. Super Mario Bros., Super Mario
Mario
Bros. 3, and Super Mario
Mario
Bros. 2 were, respectively, the three best-selling games for the Nintendo Entertainment System. Levi Buchanan of IGN
IGN
considered Super Mario Bros. 3's appearance in the film The Wizard as a show-stealing element, and referred to the movie as a "90-minute commercial" for the game.[83] Super Mario
Mario
World was the best-selling game for the Super Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment System.[84][85] Super Mario
Mario
64 was the best-selling Nintendo
Nintendo
64 game,[86] and as of May 21, 2003, the game had sold eleven million copies.[87] At the end of 2007, Guinness World Records reported sales of 11.8 million copies. As of September 25, 2007, it was the seventh best-selling video game in the United States with six million copies sold.[88] By June 2007, Super Mario
Mario
64 had become the second most popular title on Wii's Virtual Console, behind Super Mario
Mario
Bros.[89] Super Mario
Mario
Sunshine was the third best-selling video game for the Nintendo
Nintendo
GameCube. The original game in The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
series was the fifth best-selling game for the Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment System. The Wind Waker was the fourth best-selling game for the Nintendo
Nintendo
GameCube. Twilight Princess
Twilight Princess
experienced commercial success. In the PAL region, which covers most of Asia, Africa, South America, Australia, New Zealand, and most of Western Europe, Twilight Princess
Twilight Princess
is the best-selling Zelda game ever. During its first week, the game was sold with three out of every four Wii
Wii
purchases.[90] The game had sold 4.52 million copies on the Wii
Wii
as of March 1, 2008,[91] and 1.32 million on the GameCube
GameCube
as of March 31, 2007.[92] The Mario
Mario
Kart series has sold well. Super Mario
Mario
Kart is the third best-selling video game for the Super Nintendo
Nintendo
Entertainment System. Mario
Mario
Kart 64 is the second best-selling Nintendo
Nintendo
64 game. Mario
Mario
Kart: Double Dash‼ is the second best selling game for the GameCube, and Mario
Mario
Kart Wii, which is the second best selling game for the Wii. Miyamoto produced Wii
Wii
Sports, another of the best-selling games of all time and part of the Wii
Wii
series. Awards and recognition

[Miyamoto] approaches the games playfully, which seems kind of obvious, but most people don't. And he approaches things from the players' point of view, which is part of his magic.

Will Wright, The New Yorker[6]

The name of the main character of the PC game Daikatana, Hiro Miyamoto, is a homage to Miyamoto.[93] The character Gary Oak from the ' Pokémon
Pokémon
anime series is named Shigeru in Japan and is the rival of Ash Ketchum
Ash Ketchum
(called Satoshi in Japan). Pokémon
Pokémon
creator Satoshi Tajiri was mentored by Miyamoto. In 1998, Miyamoto was honored as the first person inducted into the Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences' Hall of Fame.[94] In 2006, Miyamoto was made a Chevalier (knight) of the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French Minister of Culture Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres.[95] On November 28, 2006, Miyamoto was featured in TIME Asia's "60 Years of Asian Heroes".[96] He was later chosen as one of Time Magazine's 100 Most Influential People of the Year in both 2007[97] and also in 2008, in which he topped the list with a total vote of 1,766,424.[98] At the Game Developers Choice Awards, on March 7, 2007, Miyamoto received the Lifetime Achievement Award "for a career that spans the creation of Super Mario
Mario
Bros. and The Legend of Zelda, and Donkey Kong to the company's recent revolutionary systems, Nintendo
Nintendo
DS and Wii."[99] GameTrailers
GameTrailers
and IGN
IGN
placed Miyamoto first on their lists for the "Top Ten Game Creators" and the "Top 100 Game Creators of All Time" respectively.[100][101] In a survey of game developers by industry publication Develop, 30% of the developers, by far the largest portion,[6] chose Miyamoto as their "Ultimate Development Hero".[102] Miyamoto has been interviewed by companies and organizations such as CNN's Talk
Talk
Asia.[103] He was made a Fellow of BAFTA at the British Academy Video Games Awards
British Academy Video Games Awards
on March 19, 2010.[104] In 2012, Miyamoto was also the first interactive creator to be awarded the highest recognition in Spain, the Prince of Asturias Award, in the category of Communications and Humanities.[105][106] Personal life Miyamoto has a wife, Yasuko, and two children. His son was 25 in 2010 and worked at an advertising agency. His daughter was 23 in 2010 and was studying zoology at the time. His children played video games in their youth, but he also made them go outside. Although he knows some English, he is not fluent and prefers to speak in Japanese for interviews.[6] Miyamoto does not generally sign autographs, out of concern that he would be inundated. He also does not appear on Japanese television, so as to remain anonymous. More foreign tourists than Japanese people approach him.[6] Miyamoto spends little time playing video games in his personal time, preferring to play the guitar, mandolin, and banjo.[107] He avidly enjoys bluegrass music.[6] He has a Shetland Sheepdog
Shetland Sheepdog
named Pikku that provided the inspiration for Nintendogs.[108] He is also a semi-professional dog breeder.[109] He has been quoted as stating, "Video games are bad for you? That's what they said about rock and roll."[110] Miyamoto enjoys rearranging furniture in his house, even late at night.[6] He also stated that he has a hobby of guessing the dimensions of objects, then checking to see if he was correct, and reportedly carries a measuring tape with him everywhere.[111] In December 2016, Miyamoto showcased his hobby on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, while also performing the Super Mario
Mario
Bros. theme on guitar with The Roots
The Roots
during the same show.[112][113] Gameography Main article: Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
gameography See also Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
– book

Nintendo
Nintendo
portal Video games portal

References

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Nintendo
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External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shigeru Miyamoto.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Shigeru Miyamoto

Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
on IMDb Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
on Nintendo
Nintendo
Miiverse "Master of Play" profile in the New Yorker, December 20, 2010 New York Times profile, May 25, 2008 Video profile of Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived July 15, 2011) from the digital TV series Play Value

v t e

Games designed and directed by Shigeru Miyamoto

Director

Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
(1981) Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
Jr. (1982) Mario
Mario
Bros. (1983) Super Mario
Mario
Bros. (1985) The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
(1986) Super Mario
Mario
64 (1996) The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time (1998) Mario
Mario
Artist: Paint Studio (1999)

Designer

Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
(1981) Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
Jr. (1982) Popeye
Popeye
(1983) Mario
Mario
Bros. (1983) Donkey Kong
Donkey Kong
3 (1983) Baseball (1983) Tennis (1984) Golf (1984) Devil World
Devil World
(1984) Excitebike
Excitebike
(1984) Super Mario
Mario
Bros. (1985) The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
(1986) Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic (1987) Super Mario
Mario
Bros. 2 (1988) BS Zelda no Densetsu
BS Zelda no Densetsu
(1995) The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time (1998)

See also

Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
gameography

v t e

BAFTA Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

Mario
Mario
franchise

List of video games featuring Mario

Game series

Main

Super Mario Mario
Mario
Kart Mario
Mario
Party Mario
Mario
Artist Mario
Mario
vs. Donkey Kong

Genre

Educational games Puzzle games Racing games Role-playing games Sports games

Sub-series

Donkey Kong Luigi Wario Yoshi LCD games

Game & Watch

Other games

Mario
Mario
Bros. Pinball Mario
Mario
Paint Hotel Mario Mario's Game Gallery Mario
Mario
Clash Mario
Mario
Pinball Land Super Princess Peach Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker

Cancelled games

Super Mario's Wacky Worlds Super Mario
Mario
128 Super Mario
Mario
Spikers

Universe

Characters

Mario Donkey Kong Luigi Toad Bowser Princess Peach Birdo Koopalings Princess Daisy Yoshi Wario Diddy Kong Waluigi Bowser Jr. Fawful Rosalina

Other

Mushroom Kingdom Recurring enemies

Goomba Koopa Troopa Hammer Bro. Lakitu Boo

Super Mario
Mario
Bros. theme "World 1-1"

Other media

TV series Nintendo
Nintendo
Comics System Film Anime film Super Mario
Mario
Adventures Gamebooks Unofficial media

People

Satoru Iwata Yoshiaki Koizumi Koji Kondo Charles Martinet Shigeru Miyamoto Takashi Tezuka Mahito Yokota

See also

Nintendo Super Smash Bros.

Mario
Mario
video games Mario
Mario
characters Mario
Mario
category Mario
Mario
portal

v t e

The Legend of Zelda
The Legend of Zelda
series

Main series

Console games

The Legend of Zelda The Adventure of Link A Link
Link
to the Past Ocarina of Time Majora's Mask The Wind Waker

HD

Four Swords Adventures Twilight Princess

HD

Skyward Sword Breath of the Wild

Handheld games

Link's Awakening Oracle of Seasons and Oracle of Ages A Link
Link
to the Past and Four Swords The Minish Cap Phantom Hourglass Spirit Tracks Ocarina of Time 3D A Link
Link
Between Worlds Majora's Mask 3D Tri Force Heroes

Spin-offs

LCD games CD-i games

Faces of Evil and Wand of Gamelon Zelda's Adventure

Satellaview games Freshly-Picked Tingle's Rosy Rupeeland Link's Crossbow Training Irodzuki Tingle no Koi no Balloon Trip Hyrule Warriors

Universe

Characters

Link Princess Zelda Ganon Navi Epona Tingle Midna

Recurring enemies Triforce "I am Error" "It's dangerous to go alone!"

Media

Cartoon Comics Gamebooks Hyrule Historia Symphony of the Goddesses

People

Eiji Aonuma Hidemaro Fujibayashi Yoshiaki Koizumi Koji Kondo Yōichi Kotabe Toru Minegishi Shigeru Miyamoto Tadashi Sugiyama Kensuke Tanabe Takashi Tezuka

Companies

Nintendo Animation Magic Capcom DIC Entertainment Flagship Grezzo Tantalus Media Team Ninja Vanpool

Book Category Portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 78191821 LCCN: n2005078155 ISNI: 0000 0000 3704 7452 GND: 1075180996 BNF: cb14122110c (data) MusicBrainz: 1927f310-fbbc-44ad-bf1b-9dffd86e63dc NDL: 00818168 BNE: XX4429233

.