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The Info List - Sheyenne River


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The SHEYENNE RIVER is one of the major tributaries of the Red River of the North , meandering 591 miles (951 km) across eastern North Dakota, United States.

The river begins about 15 miles (24 km) north of McClusky, North Dakota , and flows generally eastward before turning south near McVille . The southerly flow of the river continues through Griggs and Barnes counties before it turns in a northeastward direction near Lisbon . The river forms the 27-mile long Lake Ashtabula behind the Baldhill Dam north of Valley City , which was constructed in 1951 for flood control by the US Army Corps of Engineers.

The Sheyenne is classified as a "perch river," as its banks are higher than the surrounding ground, formed as natural levees in flooding centuries ago. When floodwaters break through the banks, they spread in a wide area.

From Lisbon, the river crosses the Sheyenne National Grassland and enters Cass County near the city of Kindred . This stretch of the river is designated a National Wild and Scenic Riverway . From Kindred, the river flows north-northeastward through the fertile plains of the Red River Valley
Red River Valley
.

The character of the river changes as it leaves the sandy grasslands and picks up the fertile clay soil of the Red River Valley. Previously, the river posed a flooding hazard to cities such as West Fargo and Harwood , where it joins the Red River of the North, which flows north to Lake Winnipeg
Lake Winnipeg
in Manitoba
Manitoba
. Thanks to a diversion canal completed near Horace and extending past West Fargo, these major Sheyenne River
Sheyenne River
cities fared well in the 1997 Red River Flood . By contrast, this flood devastated the cities of Grand Forks, North Dakota and East Grand Forks, Minnesota .

The Sheyenne diversion canal, built 1990-1992 in a joint federal-state effort, channels waters around the edges of the cities to draw off floodwaters. It was built primarily by the US Army Corps of Engineers, at a cost of $27.8 million. In West Fargo alone, the diversion project involved construction of

* 6.8 Mile Diversion Control * 12.7 Miles of Protection Levees * 4 Diversion Structures * 2 Pumping Stations (54,000 GPM the West Park Bridge in Valley City; the West Antelope Bridge in Flora; the Romness Bridge near Cooperstown; and the Nesheim Bridge at McVille.

At Valley City, North Dakota , it is crossed by several more bridges, including the Hi-Line Railroad Bridge .

SEE ALSO

* List of longest rivers of the United States (by main stem)

REFERENCES

* ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed June 8, 2011 * ^ A B "Sheyenne Diversion", City of West Fargo Government website, 2016 * ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 119.

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