The SHEYENNE RIVER is one of the major tributaries of the Red River of the North , meandering 591 miles (951 km) across eastern North Dakota, United States.
The river begins about 15 miles (24 km) north of McClusky, North Dakota , and flows generally eastward before turning south near McVille . The southerly flow of the river continues through Griggs and Barnes counties before it turns in a northeastward direction near Lisbon . The river forms the 27-mile long Lake Ashtabula behind the Baldhill Dam north of Valley City , which was constructed in 1951 for flood control by the US Army Corps of Engineers.
The Sheyenne is classified as a "perch river," as its banks are higher than the surrounding ground, formed as natural levees in flooding centuries ago. When floodwaters break through the banks, they spread in a wide area.
From Lisbon, the river crosses the Sheyenne National Grassland and
enters Cass County near the city of Kindred . This stretch of the
river is designated a National Wild and Scenic Riverway . From
Kindred, the river flows north-northeastward through the fertile
plains of the
Red River Valley
The character of the river changes as it leaves the sandy grasslands
and picks up the fertile clay soil of the Red River Valley.
Previously, the river posed a flooding hazard to cities such as West
Fargo and Harwood , where it joins the Red River of the North, which
flows north to
The Sheyenne diversion canal, built 1990-1992 in a joint federal-state effort, channels waters around the edges of the cities to draw off floodwaters. It was built primarily by the US Army Corps of Engineers, at a cost of $27.8 million. In West Fargo alone, the diversion project involved construction of
* 6.8 Mile Diversion Control * 12.7 Miles of Protection Levees * 4 Diversion Structures * 2 Pumping Stations (54,000 GPM the West Park Bridge in Valley City; the West Antelope Bridge in Flora; the Romness Bridge near Cooperstown; and the Nesheim Bridge at McVille.
* ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed June 8, 2011 * ^ A B "Sheyenne Diversion", City of West Fargo Government website, 2016 * ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 119.