HOME
The Info List - Shevington



--- Advertisement ---


(i)

SHEVINGTON is a village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan
Wigan
, England. The population of the Wigan
Wigan
ward called Shevington
Shevington
and Lower Ground had increaded to 11,482 at the 2011 Census.

Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire
Lancashire
, Shevington
Shevington
lies approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) from Wigan
Wigan
town centre, 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Skelmersdale and at the 2001 census had a population of 9,786.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Toponymy * 1.2 History

* 2 Governance * 3 Geography * 4 Education * 5 Transport * 6 Religion * 7 Amenities * 8 Sport * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

TOPONYMY

Shevington, a farmstead near a hill called shevin, derives from the Celtic cevn meaning a ridge and the Old English
Old English
tun, a farmstead. It is a hill slope settlement in the Douglas Valley recorded in documents in 1225 as Shefington. Other recorded spellings include Scheuynton in 1253, Sheuington in 1277, Sewinton 1288 and Sheuynton in 1292.

HISTORY

Shevington
Shevington
became a manor , an estate system of local government held of the king by a Lord of the Manor
Lord of the Manor
from the 12th to the 18th centuries. The area was included within the ecclesiastical parish of Standish until 1887 when it was granted separate status with the consecration of St Anne's Church.

From earliest times the area had a sparse and scattered population eking out a living from the common and wood and farmlands owned by the church including Burscough Priory , Cockersand Abbey
Cockersand Abbey
and the Knights Hospitallers until the Dissolution of the Monasteries from 1536 and that of the local gentry included Sir Adam Banastre, Lord of the Manor in 1288 and the Standish, Catterall, Stanley, Rigby, Hulton, Dicconson and Hesketh families – the last being the last Lord of the Manor
Lord of the Manor
in 1798.

In Tudor times only a handful of families existed, possibly as few as 30, the population reached 335 by 1764, and the first official census in 1801 recorded 646. The 1851 census 1,147, 1,753 in 1,901, reaching 3,057 by 1951 and 8,001 in 1971.

By the 18th century most of the common land had been enclosed forming landed estates and tenant farms where mixed farming was practised. Corn was ground into flour at local water mills – Finch Mill on the Calico Brook and Standish Mill on Mill Brook and skills associated with agriculture developed – smithies , wheelwrights and so on. Handloom weaving and basket making were also undertaken together with primitive coal mining in the Elnup Woods area.

Demand for coal mining during the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
led to an intensification of mining with coal from many local pits transported via the River Douglas at Gathurst
Gathurst
when the river was made navigable in 1742 but replaced from the 1780s by the Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
when much of the coal was loaded on to barges at Crooke. Past industries have included a glue factory and brick and tile works in Appley Bridge and the Roburite Explosives Works (now Orica) at Gathurst
Gathurst
from 1941/42 which employed over 500 workers during World War II
World War II
, but was first established south of the River Douglas in 1888.

Shevington's scattered communities became more cohesive with the development of the village school from 1814, residential development from the 1850s the original Plough Millbrook Primary School, St. Bernadette's Roman Catholic Primary School, Shevington
Shevington
Vale Primary School and Shevington
Shevington
Community Primary School. Unusually, the primary school associated with St. Anne's Church in Shevington
Shevington
is located in the neighbouring village of Standish Lower Ground.

TRANSPORT

Shevington
Shevington
has good communications via the M6 motorway (junction 27) which progressed through the parish in 1963 and the Manchester to Southport Line railway, with stations at Gathurst
Gathurst
and Appley Bridge which first opened in the 1850s. From these stations there are direct rail links to both Southport and Manchester, as well as connections at Wigan
Wigan
to the West Coast Main Line . There is also a connection to the M58 motorway via nearby junction 26 of the M6.

RELIGION

There are three churches and two vicarages located in Shevington, the oldest being St. Anne's Church. There is also Shevington
Shevington
Methodist Church and St. Bernadette's Roman Catholic Church. All three churches provide worship for Christians and social and community activities for the whole village.

AMENITIES

The Shevington
Shevington
community consists of a mixture of private and council housing , predominantly centred on two rows of shops in the centre of the village. Shevington
Shevington
has two pharmacies, two newsagents, a post office, a small supermarket, two bakers' shops, a carpet shop, a fish and chip shop , an estate agent , two hairdressers, a hardware store, three takeaways, a Conservative club and a public house. There is also a clinic, a doctors' surgery and a library.

Shevington
Shevington
also has a public park, containing a war memorial to those lost during the 20th century's both world wars .

SPORT

Shevington
Shevington
has an amateur rugby league club called Shevington
Shevington
Sharks who play in the North West Counties League. Home games are played at St. John Rigby College. The Shevington
Shevington
football, Shevington
Shevington
Strikers, plays its matches on the recreation ground behind the Methodist church. Gathurst
Gathurst
Golf Club is also located in the village.

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ Wigan
Wigan
Core Strategy 2013 (PDF), Wigan
Wigan
Council, 30 September 2013, retrieved 12 February 2014 * ^ Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, Places names – S, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 26 September 2007 * ^ " Wigan
Wigan
ward population 2011". Retrieved 11 January 2015. * ^ Census 2001 * ^ Mills 1998 , p. 310 * ^ A B Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Shevington", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, British History Online, pp. 199–203, retrieved 30 March 2010 * ^ A B Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Shevington", A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 74–80, retrieved 29 March 2010 * ^ Wigan
Wigan
Workhouse, workhouses.org, retrieved 30 March 2010 * ^ Shevington
Shevington
Parish Council, Shevington
Shevington
Parish Council, retrieved 30 March 2010 * ^ http://www.wigan.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/...6605.../13Communitygovernance.pdf * ^ Shevington
Shevington
High School, Wigan
Wigan
Schools, retrieved 30 March 2010 * ^ St Anne\'s School, Wigan
Wigan
Schools, retrieved 30 March 2010 * ^ <