SHEVINGTON is a village and civil parish within the Metropolitan
Wigan , England. The population of the
Wigan ward called
Shevington and Lower Ground had increaded to 11,482 at the 2011
Lying within the historic county boundaries of
Shevington lies approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) from
Wigan town centre,
3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Skelmersdale and at the 2001 census had a
population of 9,786.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Toponymy
* 1.2 History
* 2 Governance
* 3 Geography
* 4 Education
* 5 Transport
* 6 Religion
* 7 Amenities
* 8 Sport
* 9 References
* 10 External links
Shevington, a farmstead near a hill called shevin, derives from the
Celtic cevn meaning a ridge and the
Old English tun, a farmstead. It
is a hill slope settlement in the Douglas Valley recorded in documents
in 1225 as Shefington. Other recorded spellings include Scheuynton in
1253, Sheuington in 1277, Sewinton 1288 and Sheuynton in 1292.
Shevington became a manor , an estate system of local government held
of the king by a
Lord of the Manor
Lord of the Manor from the 12th to the 18th
centuries. The area was included within the ecclesiastical parish of
Standish until 1887 when it was granted separate status with the
consecration of St Anne's Church.
From earliest times the area had a sparse and scattered population
eking out a living from the common and wood and farmlands owned by the
Burscough Priory ,
Cockersand Abbey and the Knights
Hospitallers until the
Dissolution of the Monasteries from 1536 and
that of the local gentry included Sir Adam Banastre, Lord of the Manor
in 1288 and the Standish, Catterall, Stanley, Rigby, Hulton, Dicconson
and Hesketh families – the last being the last
Lord of the Manor
Lord of the Manor in
In Tudor times only a handful of families existed, possibly as few as
30, the population reached 335 by 1764, and the first official census
in 1801 recorded 646. The 1851 census 1,147, 1,753 in 1,901, reaching
3,057 by 1951 and 8,001 in 1971.
By the 18th century most of the common land had been enclosed forming
landed estates and tenant farms where mixed farming was practised.
Corn was ground into flour at local water mills – Finch Mill on the
Calico Brook and Standish Mill on Mill Brook and skills associated
with agriculture developed – smithies , wheelwrights and so on.
Handloom weaving and basket making were also undertaken together with
primitive coal mining in the Elnup Woods area.
Demand for coal mining during the
Industrial Revolution led to an
intensification of mining with coal from many local pits transported
via the River Douglas at
Gathurst when the river was made navigable in
1742 but replaced from the 1780s by the
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal when
much of the coal was loaded on to barges at Crooke. Past industries
have included a glue factory and brick and tile works in Appley Bridge
and the Roburite Explosives Works (now Orica) at
Gathurst from 1941/42
which employed over 500 workers during
World War II
World War II , but was first
established south of the River Douglas in 1888.
Shevington's scattered communities became more cohesive with the
development of the village school from 1814, residential development
from the 1850s the original Plough Millbrook Primary School, St.
Bernadette's Roman Catholic Primary School,
Shevington Vale Primary
Shevington Community Primary School. Unusually, the primary
school associated with St. Anne's Church in
Shevington is located in
the neighbouring village of Standish Lower Ground.
Shevington has good communications via the
M6 motorway (junction 27)
which progressed through the parish in 1963 and the Manchester to
Southport Line railway, with stations at
Gathurst and Appley Bridge
which first opened in the 1850s. From these stations there are direct
rail links to both Southport and Manchester, as well as connections at
Wigan to the
West Coast Main Line . There is also a connection to the
M58 motorway via nearby junction 26 of the M6.
There are three churches and two vicarages located in Shevington, the
oldest being St. Anne's Church. There is also
Church and St. Bernadette's Roman Catholic Church. All three churches
provide worship for Christians and social and community activities for
the whole village.
Shevington community consists of a mixture of private and council
housing , predominantly centred on two rows of shops in the centre of
Shevington has two pharmacies, two newsagents, a post
office, a small supermarket, two bakers' shops, a carpet shop, a fish
and chip shop , an estate agent , two hairdressers, a hardware store,
three takeaways, a Conservative club and a public house. There is also
a clinic, a doctors' surgery and a library.
Shevington also has a public park, containing a war memorial to those
lost during the 20th century's both world wars .
Shevington has an amateur rugby league club called
who play in the North West Counties League. Home games are played at
St. John Rigby College. The
plays its matches on the recreation ground behind the Methodist
Gathurst Golf Club is also located in the village.
Wigan Core Strategy 2013 (PDF),
Wigan Council, 30 September
2013, retrieved 12 February 2014
Greater Manchester Gazetteer,
Greater Manchester County Record
Office, Places names – S, archived from the original on 18 July
2011, retrieved 26 September 2007
* ^ "
Wigan ward population 2011". Retrieved 11 January 2015.
* ^ Census 2001
* ^ Mills 1998 , p. 310
* ^ A B Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Shevington", A
History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, British History Online,
pp. 199–203, retrieved 30 March 2010
* ^ A B Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Shevington", A Topographical
Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 74–80, retrieved
29 March 2010
Wigan Workhouse, workhouses.org, retrieved 30 March 2010
Shevington Parish Council,
Shevington Parish Council, retrieved
30 March 2010
Shevington High School,
Wigan Schools, retrieved 30 March 2010
* ^ St Anne\'s School,
Wigan Schools, retrieved 30 March 2010