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Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
is a royal forest in Nottinghamshire, England, famous by its historic association with the legend of Robin Hood. The area has been wooded since the end of the Ice Age
Ice Age
(as attested by pollen sampling cores). Today, Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
National Nature Reserve encompasses 423.2 hectares,[1] 1,045 acres (4.23 km2), surrounding the village of Edwinstowe, the site of Thoresby Hall. The forest that most people associate with Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
is actually named Birklands and Bilhaugh. It is a remnant of an older, much larger, royal hunting forest, which derived its name from its status as the shire (or sher) wood of Nottinghamshire, which extended into several neighbouring counties (shires), bordered on the west along the River Erewash
River Erewash
and the Forest of East Derbyshire. When the Domesday Book was compiled in 1086, the forest covered perhaps a quarter of Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
in woodland and heath subject to the forest laws.

Contents

1 Management and conservation 2 Tourism 3 Major Oak 4 Thynghowe 5 Future attractions 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Management and conservation[edit]

View of the Forest looking northeast

The Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Trust is a small charity that covers the ancient royal boundary and current national character area of Sherwood Forest.[2] Its aims are based on conservation, heritage and communities, but also include tourism and the economy. Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council and The Forestry Commission
Forestry Commission
manage jointly the ancient remnant of forest north of the village of Edwinstowe, providing walks, trails and a host of other activities.[3] This central core of ancient Sherwood is a SSSI,[4] NNR,[5] and SAC.[6] It is a very important site for ancient oaks, wood pasture, invertebrates and fungi, as well as being linked to the legends of Robin Hood. Part of the forest was opened as a country park to the public in 1969 by Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council, which manages a small part of the forest under lease from the Thoresby Estate. In 2002, a portion of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
was designated a National Nature Reserve by English Nature. In 2007, Natural England
England
officially incorporated the Budby South Forest, Nottinghamshire's largest area of dry lowland heath, into the Nature Reserve, nearly doubling its size from 220 to 423 hectares (540 to 1,050 acres).[7] Some portions of the forest retain many very old oaks, especially in the portion known as the Dukeries, south of the town of Worksop, which was so called because it used to contain five ducal residences. The River Idle, a tributary of the Trent, is formed in Sherwood Forest from the confluence of several minor streams. Tourism[edit] Sherwood attracts between 360,000 and 1 million tourists annually, many from other countries. Visitor numbers have increased significantly since the launch of the BBC's Robin Hood
Robin Hood
television series in 2006.[citation needed] Each August the nature reserve hosts an annual, week-long Robin Hood Festival. This event recreates a medieval atmosphere and features the major characters from the Robin Hood
Robin Hood
legend. The week's entertainment includes jousters and strolling players, dressed in medieval attire, in addition to a medieval encampment complete with jesters, musicians, rat-catchers, alchemists and fire eaters. Throughout the year, visitors are attracted to the Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Art and Craft Centre, which is situated in the former Coach House and Stables of Edwinstowe
Edwinstowe
Hall in the heart of the Forest.[8] The centre contains art studios and a cafe, and hosts special events, including craft demonstrations and exhibitions.

The famous Major Oak
Major Oak
in October 2012

Major Oak[edit] Main article: Major Oak Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
is home to the famous Major Oak, which, according to local folklore, was Robin Hood's principal hideout. The oak tree is between 800 and 1,000 years old and, since the Victorian era, its massive limbs have been partially supported by an elaborate system of scaffolding. In February 1998, a local company took cuttings from the Major Oak
Major Oak
and began cultivating clones of the famous tree with the intention of sending saplings to be planted in major cities around the world. The Major Oak
Major Oak
was featured on the 2005 BBC
BBC
TV programme Seven Natural Wonders as one of the natural wonders of the Midlands.

Visitor Centre.

Thynghowe[edit] Thynghowe, an important Danelaw
Danelaw
meeting place where people came to resolve disputes and settle issues, was lost to history until its rediscovery in 2005–06 by local history enthusiasts[9] amidst the old oaks of an area known as the Birklands. Experts believe it may also yield clues as to the boundary of the ancient Anglo Saxon kingdoms of Mercia
Mercia
and Northumbria. English Heritage
English Heritage
have recently inspected the site, and have confirmed it was known as "Thynghowe" in 1334 and 1609.[10] Future attractions[edit] The current location of the Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Visitor Centre must be moved due to the classification of the area as a Special
Special
Area of Conservation. SACs are strictly protected sites designated under the EC Habitats Directive. Article 3 of the Habitats Directive requires the establishment of a European network of important high-quality conservation sites that will make a significant contribution to conserving the 189 habitat types and 788 species identified in Annexes I and II of the Directive (as amended). The listed habitat types and species are those considered to be most in need of conservation at a European level (excluding birds). Of the Annex I habitat types, 78 are believed to occur in the UK. Of the Annex II species, 43 are native to, and normally resident in, the UK. See also[edit]

List of forests in the United Kingdom List of ancient woods in England Sherwood Foresters, a British Army
British Army
regiment associated with Nottinghamshire

References[edit]

^ " Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
NNR". Natural England. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ "Home - The Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Trust Nottinghamshire". The Sherwood Forest Trust Nottinghamshire.  ^ "Sherwood Forest". nottinghamshire.gov.uk.  ^ "Magic Map Application". defra.gov.uk.  ^ "Nottinghamshire's National Nature Reserve". naturalengland.org.uk.  ^ "Birklands and Bilhaugh". defra.gov.uk.  ^ " Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
to double in size". BBC
BBC
News. 21 March 2007. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ " Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Art and Craft Centre". Archived from the original on 2007-10-29.  ^ Richard Moss (25 April 2008). "Amateur Archaeologists Find Ancient 'Thyng' In Sherwood Forest". Culture24. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ "Thynhowe". english Heritage. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Bankes, Richard. Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
in 1609: A Crown Survey (Thoroton Society record series) Conduit, Brian. Exploring Sherwood Forest Fletcher, John. Ornament of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
From Ducal Estate to Public Park Gray, Adrian. Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
and the Dukeries
Dukeries
(Phillimore) 2008 Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
and the East Midlands Walks (Jarrold Pathfinder Guides) Innes-Smith, Robert. The Dukeries
Dukeries
& Sherwood Forest Ottewell, David. Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
in Old Photographs (Britain in Old Photographs)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sherwood Forest.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sherwood Forest.

Forestry Commission The News, History, and Archaeology of The Real Sherwood Forest Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
County Council's Official Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Page Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Regeneration Plans Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Trust Official Website The Living Legend
Legend
details current plans for the forest. Official tourism website for Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
and Sherwood Forest According to Ancient Custom: Research on the possible Origins and Purpose of Thynghowe Sherwood Forest

v t e

Robin Hood

Characters

Robin Hood Maid Marian Merry Men Much the Miller's Son Little John Friar Tuck Alan-a-Dale Will Scarlet Will Stutely Gilbert Whitehand Arthur a Bland David of Doncaster The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield Sheriff of Nottingham Guy of Gisbourne Prince John Bishop of Hereford Richard at the Lee King Richard

Settings

Sherwood Forest Nottingham Loxley Barnsdale Wentbridge

Screen

Film

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1912) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1922) The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1938) The Bandit of Sherwood Forest (1946) The Prince of Thieves
The Prince of Thieves
(1948) The Story of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merrie Men (1952) The Men of Sherwood Forest (1954) Sword of Sherwood Forest
Sword of Sherwood Forest
(1960) A Challenge for Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1967) The Scalawag Bunch
The Scalawag Bunch
(1971) Wolfshead: The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1973) The Arrows of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1975) Robin and Marian
Robin and Marian
(1976) Aaj Ka Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1988) O Mistério de Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1990) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2010) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2018)

TV

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1953) The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1955) The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1968) The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1975) Robin of Sherwood (1984) The New Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1997) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2006)

Animated

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Makes Good (1939) Rabbit Hood
Rabbit Hood
(1949) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Daffy (1958) Robin Hoodwinked
Robin Hoodwinked
(1958) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1973) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1990) Young Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Tom and Jerry: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merry Mouse (2012)

Parody

When Things Were Rotten
When Things Were Rotten
(1975) The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1984) Maid Marian
Maid Marian
and Her Merry Men
Merry Men
(1989) Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993)

Alternate settings

Mexicali Rose (1939 film) Robin and the 7 Hoods
Robin and the 7 Hoods
(1964 film) Naan Sigappu Manithan (1985 Tamil film) Nyayam Meere Cheppali
Nyayam Meere Cheppali
(1985 Telugu film) Catch Me Now
Catch Me Now
(2008 Chinese TV series) Alyas Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2016 Philippines TV Series)

Popular culture

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(Once Upon a Time character) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(DC Comics character)

Child ballads

8: Erlinton 102: Willie and Earl Richard's Daughter 103: Rose the Red and White Lily 115: Robyn and Gandeleyn 117: A Gest of Robyn Hode 118: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Guy of Gisborne 119: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Monk 120: Robin Hood's Death 121: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Potter 123: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Curtal Friar 124: The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield 126: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Tanner 127: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Tinker 128: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Newly Revived 129: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Prince of Aragon 130: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Scotchman 131: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Ranger 132: The Bold Pedlar and Robin Hood 136: Robin Hood's Delight 138: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Allan-a-Dale 139: Robin Hood's Progress to Nottingham 140: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Rescuing Three Squires 141: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Rescuing Will Stutly 142: Little John
Little John
a Begging 143: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Bishop 144: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Bishop of Hereford 145: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Queen Katherine 146: Robin Hood's Chase 147: Robin Hood's Golden Prize 148: The Noble Fisherman 149: The Noble Fisherman 151: The King's Disguise, and Friendship with Robin Hood 152: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Golden Arrow 153: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Valiant Knight 154: A True Tale of Robin Hood

Stage / Theatre

The Downfall and The Death of Robert Earl of Huntington (1598 and 1601 plays) The Merrie Men of Sherwood Forest (1871 operetta) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1890 opera) The Foresters
The Foresters
(1892 play) Twang!!
Twang!!
(1965 musical parody) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1934 opera) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1998 ballet) Robin des Bois
Robin des Bois
(2013 musical)

Video games

Robin of the Wood
Robin of the Wood
(1985) The Curse of Sherwood (1987) The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Conquests of the Longbow: The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Robin Hood: The Legend
Legend
of Sherwood (2002) Robin Hood: Defender of the Crown (2003) Volume (2015)

Literature

Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
(1819) Maid Marian
Maid Marian
(1822) The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1883) Bows against the Barons
Bows against the Barons
(1934) The Once and Future King
The Once and Future King
(1958) The Outlaws of Sherwood (1988) Through a Dark Mist
Through a Dark Mist
(1991) Lady of the Forest
Lady of the Forest
(1992) In the Shadow of Midnight
In the Shadow of Midnight
(1994) The Last Arrow (1997) Lady of Sherwood
Lady of Sherwood
(1999) Ronin Hood of the 47 Samurai (2005) King Raven Trilogy (2006)

Music

Legend
Legend
(1984 soundtrack) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2006 soundtrack) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
– czwarta strzała (1997) "Love" (song) "Not in Nottingham" (song) "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" (song) The Tale of Gamelyn

Alan Dale

Outlaw (2009) Holy Warrior
Holy Warrior
(2010) King's Man
King's Man
(2011) Warlord (2012) Grail Knight (2013) The Iron Castle (2014) The King's Assassin (2015) The Death of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2016)

Related

Miss Robin Hood Son of the Guardsman The Son of Robin Hood The Bandit of Sherwood Forest Princess of Thieves Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Morality Test "Robot of Sherwood" "Robin Good and His Not-So-Merry Men

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