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SHERWOOD FOREST is a royal forest in Nottinghamshire , England
England
, famous by its historic association with the legend of Robin Hood .

The area has been wooded since the end of the Ice Age (as attested by pollen sampling cores ). Today, Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
National Nature Reserve encompasses 423.2 hectares, 1,045 acres (4.23 km2), surrounding the village of Edwinstowe , the site of Thoresby Hall
Thoresby Hall
.

The forest that most people associate with Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
is actually named Birklands and Bilhaugh. It is a remnant of an older, much larger, royal hunting forest, which derived its name from its status as the shire (or sher) wood of Nottinghamshire, which extended into several neighbouring counties (shires), bordered on the west along the River Erewash and the Forest of East Derbyshire . When the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
was compiled in 1086, the forest covered perhaps a quarter of Nottinghamshire in woodland and heath subject to the forest laws .

CONTENTS

* 1 Management and conservation * 2 Tourism * 3 Major Oak
Major Oak
* 4 Thynghowe * 5 Future attractions * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links

MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION

View of the Forest looking northeast

The Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Trust is a small charity that covers the ancient royal boundary and current national character area of Sherwood Forest. Its aims are based on conservation, heritage and communities, but also include tourism and the economy.

Nottinghamshire County Council and The Forestry Commission manage jointly the ancient remnant of forest north of the village of Edwinstowe, providing walks, trails and a host of other activities.

This central core of ancient Sherwood is a SSSI, NNR, and SAC. It is a very important site for ancient oaks, wood pasture, invertebrates and fungi, as well as being linked to the legends of Robin Hood.

Part of the forest was opened as a country park to the public in 1969 by Nottinghamshire County Council, which manages a small part of the forest under lease from the Thoresby Estate . In 2002, a portion of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
was designated a National Nature Reserve by English Nature . In 2007, Natural England
England
officially incorporated the Budby South Forest, Nottinghamshire's largest area of dry lowland heath, into the Nature Reserve, nearly doubling its size from 220 to 423 hectares (540 to 1,050 acres ).

Some portions of the forest retain many very old oaks, especially in the portion known as the Dukeries , south of the town of Worksop , which was so called because it used to contain five ducal residences.

The River Idle , a tributary of the Trent , is formed in Sherwood Forest from the confluence of several minor streams.

TOURISM

Sherwood attracts between 360,000 and 1 million tourists annually, many from other countries. Visitor numbers have increased significantly since the launch of the BBC's Robin Hood television series in 2006.

Each August the nature reserve hosts an annual, week-long Robin Hood Festival. This event recreates a medieval atmosphere and features the major characters from the Robin Hood legend. The week's entertainment includes jousters and strolling players, dressed in medieval attire, in addition to a medieval encampment complete with jesters , musicians, rat-catchers , alchemists and fire eaters .

Throughout the year, visitors are attracted to the Sherwood Forest Art and Craft Centre, which is situated in the former Coach House and Stables of Edwinstowe Hall in the heart of the Forest. The centre contains art studios and a cafe, and hosts special events, including craft demonstrations and exhibitions. The famous Major Oak
Major Oak
in October 2012

MAJOR OAK

Main article: Major Oak
Major Oak

Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
is home to the famous Major Oak
Major Oak
, which, according to local folklore , was Robin Hood's principal hideout. The oak tree is between 800 and 1,000 years old and, since the Victorian era , its massive limbs have been partially supported by an elaborate system of scaffolding. In February 1998, a local company took cuttings from the Major Oak
Major Oak
and began cultivating clones of the famous tree with the intention of sending saplings to be planted in major cities around the world.

The Major Oak
Major Oak
was featured on the 2005 BBC
BBC
TV programme Seven Natural Wonders as one of the natural wonders of the Midlands . Visitor Centre.

THYNGHOWE

Thynghowe , an important Danelaw meeting place where people came to resolve disputes and settle issues, was lost to history until its rediscovery in 2005–06 by local history enthusiasts amidst the old oaks of an area known as the Birklands. Experts believe it may also yield clues as to the boundary of the ancient Anglo Saxon kingdoms of Mercia and Northumbria
Northumbria
.

English Heritage
English Heritage
have recently inspected the site, and have confirmed it was known as "Thynghowe" in 1334 and 1609.

FUTURE ATTRACTIONS

The current location of the Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Visitor Centre must be moved due to the classification of the area as a Special
Special
Area of Conservation.

SACs are strictly protected sites designated under the EC Habitats Directive. Article 3 of the Habitats Directive requires the establishment of a European network of important high-quality conservation sites that will make a significant contribution to conserving the 189 habitat types and 788 species identified in Annexes I and II of the Directive (as amended). The listed habitat types and species are those considered to be most in need of conservation at a European level (excluding birds). Of the Annex I habitat types, 78 are believed to occur in the UK. Of the Annex II species, 43 are native to, and normally resident in, the UK.

SEE ALSO

* List of forests in the United Kingdom * List of ancient woods in England
England
* Sherwood Foresters , a British Army regiment associated with Nottinghamshire

REFERENCES

* ^ " Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
NNR". Natural England. Retrieved 17 March 2013. * ^ "Home - The Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Trust Nottinghamshire". The Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Trust Nottinghamshire. * ^ "Sherwood Forest". nottinghamshire.gov.uk. * ^ "Magic Map Application". defra.gov.uk. * ^ "Nottinghamshire\'s National Nature Reserve". naturalengland.org.uk. * ^ "Birklands and Bilhaugh". defra.gov.uk. * ^ " Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
to double in size". BBC
BBC
News. 21 March 2007. Retrieved 17 March 2013. * ^ " Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
Art and Craft Centre". Archived from the original on 2007-10-29. * ^ Richard Moss (25 April 2008). "Amateur Archaeologists Find Ancient \'Thyng\' In Sherwood Forest". Culture24. Retrieved 17 March 2013. * ^ "Thynhowe". english Heritage. Retrieved 17 March 2013.

FURTHER READING

* Bankes, Richard. Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
in 1609: A Crown Survey (Thoroton Society record series ) * Conduit, Brian. Exploring Sherwood Forest * Fletcher, John. Ornament of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
From Ducal Estate to Public Park * Gray, Adrian. Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
and the Dukeries (Phillimore) 2008 * Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
and the East Midlands Walks (Jarrold Pathfinder Guides) * Innes-Smith, Robert. The Dukeries ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Robin Hood

CHARACTERS

* Robin Hood * Maid Marian * Merry Men * Much the Miller\'s Son * Little John
Little John
* Friar Tuck * Alan-a-Dale * Will Scarlet * Will Stutely * Gilbert Whitehand * Arthur a Bland * David of Doncaster * The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield * Sheriff of Nottingham * Guy of Gisbourne * Prince John * Bishop of Hereford * Richard at the Lee * King Richard

SETTINGS

* Sherwood Forest * Nottingham
Nottingham
* Loxley * Barnsdale
Barnsdale
* Wentbridge
Wentbridge

SCREEN

FILM

* Robin Hood (1912) * Robin Hood (1922) * The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) * Son of the Guardsman (1946) * The Prince of Thieves (1948) * The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men (1952) * The Men of Sherwood Forest (1954) * Sword of Sherwood Forest (1960) * A Challenge for Robin Hood (1967) * The Scalawag Bunch
The Scalawag Bunch
(1971) * Wolfshead: The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood (1973) * The Arrows of Robin Hood (1975) * Robin and Marian (1976) * Aaj Ka Robin Hood (1988) * O Mistério de Robin Hood (1990) * Robin Hood (1991) * Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) * Robin Hood (2010)

TV

* Robin Hood (1953) * The Adventures of Robin Hood (1955) * The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood (1975) * Robin of Sherwood (1984) * The New Adventures of Robin Hood (1997) * Robin Hood (2006)

ANIMATED

* Robin Hood Makes Good (1939) * Rabbit Hood (1949) * Robin Hood Daffy (1958) * Robin Hoodwinked (1958) * Robin Hood (1973) * Robin Hood (1990) * Young Robin Hood (1991) * Tom and Jerry: Robin Hood and His Merry Mouse (2012)

PARODY

* When Things Were Rotten (1975) * The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood (1984) * Maid Marian and Her Merry Men (1989) * Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993)

ALTERNATE SETTINGS

* Mexicali Rose (1939 film) * Robin and the 7 Hoods (1964 film) * Naan Sigappu Manithan (1985 Tamil film) * Nyayam Meere Cheppali (1985 Telugu film) * Catch Me Now (2008 Chinese TV series) * Alyas Robin Hood (2016 Philippines TV Series)

POPULAR CULTURE

* Robin Hood (Once Upon a Time character) * Robin Hood (DC Comics character)

CHILD BALLADS

* 8: Erlinton * 102: Willie and Earl Richard\'s Daughter * 103: Rose the Red and White Lily * 115: Robyn and Gandeleyn * 117: A Gest of Robyn Hode * 118: Robin Hood and Guy of Gisborne * 119: Robin Hood and the Monk * 120: Robin Hood\'s Death * 121: Robin Hood and the Potter * 123: Robin Hood and the Curtal Friar * 124: The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield * 126: Robin Hood and the Tanner * 127: Robin Hood and the Tinker * 128: Robin Hood Newly Revived * 129: Robin Hood and the Prince of Aragon * 130: Robin Hood and the Scotchman * 131: Robin Hood and the Ranger * 132: The Bold Pedlar and Robin Hood * 136: Robin Hood\'s Delight * 138: Robin Hood and Allan-a-Dale * 139: Robin Hood\'s Progress to Nottingham
Nottingham
* 140: Robin Hood Rescuing Three Squires * 141: Robin Hood Rescuing Will Stutly * 142: Little John
Little John
a Begging * 143: Robin Hood and the Bishop * 144: Robin Hood and the Bishop of Hereford * 145: Robin Hood and Queen Katherine * 146: Robin Hood\'s Chase * 147: Robin Hood\'s Golden Prize * 148: The Noble Fisherman * 149: The Noble Fisherman * 151: The King\'s Disguise, and Friendship with Robin Hood * 152: Robin Hood and the Golden Arrow * 153: Robin Hood and the Valiant Knight * 154: A True Tale of Robin Hood

STAGE / THEATRE

* The Downfall and The Death of Robert Earl of Huntington (1598 and 1601 plays) * The Merrie Men of Sherwood Forest (1871 operetta) * Robin Hood (1890 opera) * The Foresters (1892 play) * Twang!! (1965 musical parody) * Robin Hood (1934 opera) * Robin Hood (1998 ballet) * Robin des Bois
Robin des Bois
(2013 musical)

VIDEO GAMES

* Robin of the Wood (1985) * The Curse of Sherwood (1987) * The Adventures of Robin Hood (1991) * Conquests of the Longbow: The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood (1991) * Robin Hood: The Legend
Legend
of Sherwood (2002) * Robin Hood: Defender of the Crown (2003) * Volume (2015)

LITERATURE

* Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
(1819) * Maid Marian (1822) * The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood (1883) * Bows against the Barons (1934) * The Outlaws of Sherwood (1988) * Through a Dark Mist (1991) * Lady of the Forest (1992) * In the Shadow of Midnight (1994) * The Last Arrow (1997) * Lady of Sherwood (1999) * Ronin Hood of the 47 Samurai (2005) * King Raven Trilogy (2006)

MUSIC

* Legend
Legend
(1984 soundtrack) * Robin Hood (2006 soundtrack) * Robin Hood – czwarta strzała (1997) * "Love " (song) * "Not in Nottingham