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Shenzhen
Shenzhen
([ʂə́n.ʈʂə̂n] ( listen)) is a major city in Guangdong
Guangdong
Province, China. It forms part of the Pearl River Delta megalopolis. The city is located immediately north of Hong Kong Special
Special
Administrative Region and holds sub-provincial administrative status, with powers slightly less than a province.[6] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was once a market town of 30,000[7][better source needed] people on the route of the Kowloon–Canton Railway. That changed in 1979 when Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was promoted to city-status and in 1980 designated China’s first Special Economic Zone (SEZ).[7] The 2010 Census suggested a total population of 10,357,938, a figure which includes migrants staying at least six months.[8] New outlets speculate that these statistics do not include migrant workers. Such estimates put the instantaneous or sum total of individuals who have spend majority of their day in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
to at least 18 million.[9] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was one of the fastest-growing cities in the world during the 1990s and the 2000s.[10] A nationwide 2015 intercensal survey (mini-census conducted five years after the official census in every decade) surveyed for every city in the country recorded 11.389 million residents (9.186 million holding city residency (hukou), the remainder are considered migratory who were present at least six months of the year), while the household size increased to 2.49 people from 2.11 in 2010, indicative of soaring rents.[11] Those not present six months of the year were not tallied. Shenzhen's modern cityscape is the result of its vibrant economy made possible by rapid foreign investment since the institution of the policy of "reform and opening" in late 1979 when the SEZ was established.[12] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is a major financial center in southern China. The city is home to the Shenzhen Stock Exchange
Shenzhen Stock Exchange
as well as the headquarters of numerous home grown multinational well-known companies such as Vanke, JXD, Hytera, CIMC, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Airlines, Nepstar, Hasee, Ping An Bank, Ping An Insurance, China
China
Merchants Bank, Tencent, ZTE, Huawei
Huawei
and BYD.[13] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
ranks 22nd in the 2017 edition of the Global Financial Centres Index published by the Z/Yen Group and Qatar Financial Centre Authority.[14] It also has one of the busiest container ports in the world.[15]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1980 onwards as a Special
Special
Economic Zone

2 Geography

2.1 Rivers and reservoirs 2.2 Islands 2.3 Climate

3 Administrative divisions 4 Demographics

4.1 Metropolitan area 4.2 Languages 4.3 Religion

5 Economy

5.1 City economic overview 5.2 High-Tech Industry

5.2.1 Industrial zones

5.3 Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Stock Exchange 5.4 Economic cooperation with Hong Kong

5.4.1 Qianhai

6 Cityscape 7 Transport

7.1 Road 7.2 Port 7.3 Air 7.4 Railway 7.5 Metro 7.6 Sea

8 Tourist destinations, parks and resorts

8.1 Overseas Chinese Town
Overseas Chinese Town
(OCT) 8.2 Shekou 8.3 Happy Valley 8.4 Beaches 8.5 Museums and exhibitions

9 Media 10 Sports 11 Education

11.1 Colleges and universities 11.2 International schools

12 Sister cities 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Human habitation in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
dates back to ancient times. The earliest archaeological remains so far unearthed are shards from a site at Xiantouling on Dapeng Bay, dating back to 5000 BC. From the Han dynasty (third century BC) onwards, the area around Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was a center of the salt monopoly, thus meriting special imperial protection. Salt pans are still visible around the Pearl River area to the west of the city and are commemorated in the name of Yantian District (盐田, meaning "salt fields").[16][17] The settlement at Nantou was the political center of the area from early antiquity. In the year 331 AD, six counties covering most of modern southeastern Guangdong
Guangdong
were merged into one province or “jun” (郡) named Dongguan
Dongguan
with its administrative center at Nantou.[16][17] As well as being a center of the politically and fiscally critical salt trade, the area had strategic importance as a stopping off point for international trade. The main shipping route to India, Arabia
Arabia
and the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
started at Guangzhou. As early as the eighth century, chronicles recorded the Nantou area as being a major commercial center, and reported that all foreign ships in the Guangzhou
Guangzhou
trade would stop there. It was also as a naval defense center guarding the southern approaches to the Pearl River.[18] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was also involved in the events surrounding the end of the Southern Song dynasty
Song dynasty
(1276–79). The imperial court, fleeing Kublai Khan’s forces, established itself in the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
area. Lu Xiufu, the then-chief minister, realized all was lost and knew the Mongolian forces would soon take over the area, he preferred suicide instead of the emperor being captured which might have brought shame to the dynasty.[16][17] He jumped off a cliff with Emperor Bing, aged 7, the last emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty strapped to his back, killing both. In the late 19th century the Chiu or Zhao (Zhao was also the Song Imperial surname) clan in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
identified that Chiwan (Chinese:赤湾), an area near Shekou
Shekou
as the final resting place of the Emperor and built a tomb for him. The tomb, since restored, is still at the same location.[19]

An old Hong Kong
Hong Kong
railway sign rendering the city's name as "Shum Chun"

Earliest known recorded that the name Shenzhen
Shenzhen
could date from 1410, during the Ming Dynasty.[20] Local people called the drains in paddy fields “zhen” (圳). Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(深圳) literally means “deep drains” as the area was once crisscrossed with rivers and streams, with deep drains within the paddy fields. The character 圳 is limited in distribution to an area of South China
China
with its most northerly examples in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province which suggests an association with southwards migration during the Southern Song Dynasty (12th and 13th centuries).[21] The County town at Xin'an in modern Nanshan dates from the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
where it was a major naval center at the mouth of the Pearl River. In this capacity it was heavily involved in 1521 in the successful Chinese action against the Portuguese Fleet under Fernão Pires de Andrade. This battle, called the Battle of Tunmen, was fought in the straits between Shekou
Shekou
and Nei Lingding Island.[18] In November 1979, Bao'an County
Bao'an County
(宝安县) was promoted to prefecture level, directly governed by Guangdong
Guangdong
province. It was renamed Shenzhen, after Shenzhen
Shenzhen
town. The administrative centre of the county stood approximately around present location of the Dongmen.[16][17] 1980 onwards as a Special
Special
Economic Zone[edit] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was singled out to be the first of the five Special
Special
Economic Zones (SEZ) in May 1980. Initially, the SEZ comprises an area of only 327.5 km2 of southern Shenzhen, covering the current Luohu, Futian, Nanshan and Yantian
Yantian
districts. The SEZ was created to be an experimental ground for the practice of market capitalism within a community guided by the ideals of "socialism with Chinese characteristics".[22] In 1982 Bao'an County
Bao'an County
was re-established, though this time as a part of Shenzhen. The county was converted to become Bao'an District, which was out of the Special
Special
Economic Zone. Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was promoted to a Sub-provincial
Sub-provincial
City in March 1983 and was given the right of provincial-level economic administration in November 1988.[16][17] With a population of 30,000 in 1980, economic development has meant that by 2008 the city has had 12 million inhabitants.[23] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
became one of the largest cities in the Pearl River Delta region, which itself is an economic hub of China, as well as the largest manufacturing base in the world.[24] For five months in 1996, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was home to the Provisional Legislative Council and Provisional Executive Council of Hong Kong.[25] On 1 July 2010, the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Special Economic Zone
Special Economic Zone
was expanded to include all districts, a five-fold increase over its pre-expansion size. In August 2011, the city hosted the 26th Universiade, an international multi-sport event organized for university athletes.[26] Geography[edit]

Shenzhen

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    26     20 13

    48     20 14

    70     23 17

    154     26 20

    237     30 24

    347     31 26

    320     32 26

    354     32 26

    254     31 25

    63     29 23

    35     25 18

    27     22 14

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Meteorological Bureau 1981–2010 normals

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    1     68 55

    1.9     68 57

    2.8     73 62

    6.1     79 69

    9.3     85 74

    14     88 78

    13     90 79

    14     90 79

    10     88 77

    2.5     85 73

    1.4     78 65

    1.1     71 57

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is located within the Pearl River Delta, bordering Hong Kong to the south, Huizhou
Huizhou
to the north and northeast, Dongguan
Dongguan
to the north and northwest. Lingdingyang
Lingdingyang
and Pearl River to the west and Mirs Bay to the east and roughly 100 kilometres (62 mi) southeast of the provincial capital of Guangzhou. The municipality covers an area of 1,991.64 square kilometres (769 sq mi) including urban and rural areas, with a total population of 10,358,381 at the 2010 census.[27] It makes up part of Pearl Delta River built-up area with 44,738,513 inhabitants, spread over 9 municipalities (including Macau). The city is elongated measuring 81.4 kilometers from east to west while the shortest section from north to south is 10.8 kilometers.[28] Rivers and reservoirs[edit] Over 160 rivers or channels flow through Shenzhen. There are 24 reservoirs within the city limits with a total capacity of 525 million tonnes.[29] Notable rivers in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
include the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
River, Maozhou River and Longgang River.[30] Islands[edit] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is surrounded by many islands. Most of them falls under the territory of neighbouring areas such as Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Special Administrative Region and Huiyang District, Huizhou. But there are several islands under Shenzhen's jurisdiction, such as Nei Lingding Island, Dachan Island
Dachan Island
(Tai Shan Island), Xiaochan Island, Mazhou, Laishizhou, Zhouzai and Zhouzaitou. (See List of islands in Shenzhen) See also: List of Islands in Shenzhen Climate[edit] Although Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is situated about a degree south of the Tropic of Cancer, due to the Siberian anticyclone, it has a warm, monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa). Winters are mild and relatively dry, due in part to the influence of the South China
China
Sea, and frost is very rare; it begins dry but becomes progressively more humid and overcast. However, fog is most frequent in winter and spring, with 106 days per year reporting some fog. Early spring is the cloudiest time of year, and rainfall begins to dramatically increase in April; the rainy season lasts until late September to early October. The monsoon reaches its peak intensity in the summer months, when the city also experiences very humid, and hot, but moderated, conditions; there are only 2.4 days of 35 °C (95 °F)+ temperatures.[31] The region is prone to torrential rain as well, with 9.7 days that have 50 mm (1.97 in) or more of rain, and 2.2 days of at least 100 mm (3.94 in).[31] The latter portion of autumn is dry. The annual precipitation averages at around 1,970 mm (78 in), some of which is delivered in typhoons that strike from the east during summer and early autumn. Extreme temperatures have ranged from 0.2 °C (32 °F) on 11 February 1957 to 38.7 °C (102 °F) on 10 July 1980.[32]

Climate data for Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 29.1 (84.4) 28.9 (84) 32.0 (89.6) 34.0 (93.2) 35.8 (96.4) 36.9 (98.4) 38.7 (101.7) 37.1 (98.8) 36.9 (98.4) 35.2 (95.4) 33.1 (91.6) 29.8 (85.6) 38.7 (101.7)

Average high °C (°F) 19.8 (67.6) 20.2 (68.4) 22.7 (72.9) 26.3 (79.3) 29.5 (85.1) 31.1 (88) 32.3 (90.1) 32.3 (90.1) 31.3 (88.3) 29.2 (84.6) 25.4 (77.7) 21.5 (70.7) 26.6 (79.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) 15.4 (59.7) 16.3 (61.3) 19.0 (66.2) 22.7 (72.9) 26.0 (78.8) 28.0 (82.4) 28.9 (84) 28.7 (83.7) 27.7 (81.9) 25.3 (77.5) 21.2 (70.2) 17.0 (62.6) 23.0 (73.4)

Average low °C (°F) 12.5 (54.5) 13.8 (56.8) 16.5 (61.7) 20.3 (68.5) 23.6 (74.5) 25.6 (78.1) 26.3 (79.3) 26.1 (79) 25.0 (77) 22.5 (72.5) 18.2 (64.8) 13.8 (56.8) 19.6 (67.3)

Record low °C (°F) 0.9 (33.6) 0.2 (32.4) 3.4 (38.1) 8.7 (47.7) 14.8 (58.6) 19.0 (66.2) 20.0 (68) 21.1 (70) 16.9 (62.4) 9.3 (48.7) 4.9 (40.8) 1.7 (35.1) 0.2 (32.4)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 26.4 (1.039) 47.9 (1.886) 69.9 (2.752) 154.3 (6.075) 237.1 (9.335) 346.5 (13.642) 319.7 (12.587) 354.4 (13.953) 254.0 (10) 63.3 (2.492) 35.4 (1.394) 26.9 (1.059) 1,935.8 (76.214)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.1 10.1 10.8 12.7 15.6 18.5 17.0 18.3 14.8 7.6 5.6 6.0 144.1

Average relative humidity (%) 71.7 76.8 79.5 81.0 81.7 81.8 80.5 81.8 78.8 72.4 68.4 67.1 76.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 138.7 92.4 94.9 104.6 146.4 160.3 215.6 182.5 169.9 189.6 175.8 166.9 1,837.6

Percent possible sunshine 44 31 27 29 37 43 53 47 49 55 56 53 43.7

Source: Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Meteorological Bureau[31]

Administrative divisions[edit] Main article: List of administrative divisions of Shenzhen Shenzhen
Shenzhen
has direct jurisdiction over eight administrative Districts and two New Districts:

Administrative divisions of Shenzhen

Futian Luohu Nanshan Yantian Bao'an Longhua Pingshan Longgang Guangming Dapeng

Division code[33] Division Area in km2[34] Population 2010[35] Seat Postal code Subdivisions

Subdistricts Residential communities

440300 Shenzhen 1996.78 10,358,381 Futian 518000 70 775

440303 Luohu 78.75 923,421 Huangbei Subdistrict 518000 10 115

440304 Futian 78.65 1,317,511 Shatou Subdistrict 518000 10 115

440305 Nanshan 185.49 1,088,345 Nantou Subdistrict 518000 8 105

440306 Bao'an * 398.38 2,638,917 Xin'an Subdistrict 518100 10 123

440307 Longgang * 387.82 1,672,720 Longcheng Subdistrict 518100 11 111

440308 Yantian 74.63 209,360 Haishan Subdistrict 518000 4 23

440309 Longhua 175.58 1,379,460 Guanlan Subdistrict 518110 6 100

440310 Pingshan 167.00 300,800 Pingshan Subdistrict 518118 2 30

  Guangming 155.44 480,907 Guangming Subdistrict 518107 6 28

  Dapeng 295.05 126,560 Dapeng Subdistrict 518116 3 25

  Qianhai

* — The stats does not includes the subordinated new districts. All new districts are management areas; not administrative divisions registered under the Ministry of Civil Affairs. * – Guangming are subordinate to Bao'an * – Dapeng are subordinate to Longgang

Divisions in Chinese and varieties of romanizations

English Chinese Pinyin Guangdong
Guangdong
Romanization Kejiahua Pinyin
Pinyin
Fang'an

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
City 深圳市 Shēnzhèn Shì sem1 zen3 xi5 cim1 zun4 si4

Luohu
Luohu
District 罗湖区 Luóhú Qū lo4 wu4 kêu1 lo2 fu2 ki1

Futian
Futian
District 福田区 Fútián Qū fug1 tin4 kêu1 fuk5 tien2 ki1

Nanshan District 南山区 Nánshān Qū nam4 san1 kêu1 lam5/nam5 san1 ki1

Bao'an District 宝安区 Bǎo'ān Qū bou2 on1 kêu1 bau3 on1 ki1

Longgang District 龙岗区 Lónggǎng Qū lung4 gong1 kêu1 lung2 gong1 ki1

Yantian
Yantian
District 盐田区 Yántián Qū yim4 tin4 kêu1 yam2 tien2 ki1

Longhua District 龙华区 Lónghuá Qū lung4 wa4 kêu1 lung2 fa2 ki1

Pingshan District 坪山区 Píngshān Qū ping4 san1 kêu1 piang2 san1 ki1

Guangming New District 光明新区 Guāngmíng Xīnqū guong1 ming4 sen1 kêu1 gong1 min2 sin1 ki1

Dapeng New District 大鹏新区 Dàpéng Xīnqū dai6 pang4 sen1 kêu1 tai4 pen2 sin1 ki1

Qianhai 前海 Qiánhǎi qin4 hoi2

The Special Economic Zone
Special Economic Zone
(SEZ) comprised only Luohu, Futian, Nanshan, and Yantian
Yantian
districts until 1 July 2010, when the SEZ was expanded to include all the other districts, a five-fold increase over its pre-expansion size. Adjacent to Hong Kong
Hong Kong
in southern China, Luohu
Luohu
is the financial and trading center of Shenzhen. Futian, at the heart of the SEZ, is the seat of the Municipal Government. West of Futian, Nanshan is the center for high-tech industries. Formerly outside the SEZ, Bao'an and Longgang are located to the north-west and north-east, respectively, of central Shenzhen. Yantian
Yantian
is the location of Yantian
Yantian
Port, the second busiest container terminal in mainland China
China
and the third busiest in the world. Special Economic Zone
Special Economic Zone
Border Land borders between Shenzhen
Shenzhen
SEZ and the rest of China
China
existed before 2010. The border was known as 二线关 (pinyin: èr xiàn guān). The border was set up since the establishment of the SEZ. Initially, the border control was relatively strict, requiring non-Shenzhen citizens to obtain special permissions for entering. Over the years, border controls have gradually weakened, and permission requirement has been abandoned. On 1 July 2010, the original SEZ border control was cancelled, and the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Special Economic Zone
Special Economic Zone
was expanded to the whole city. The area of Shenzhen
Shenzhen
SEZ thus increased from 396 square kilometres (153 sq mi) to 1,953 square kilometres (754 sq mi).[36]Since June 2015 the existing unused border structures have been demolished and are being transformed into urban greenspaces and parks.[37][38][39] On 15 January 2018, the State Council approved the removal of the barbed wire fence set up to mark the boundary of the SEZ.[40][41] Although the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Special Economic Zone
Special Economic Zone
have been extended to cover the whole of Shenzhen, colloquially Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is still said to be separated into two areas, with the original four districts comprising the SEZ before 2010 as 关内 (pinyin: guān nèi; literally: "within the border") and the rest known as 关外 (pinyin: guān wài; literally: "outside of the border").[42] Demographics[edit]

Graphics

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
population dynamics Legend:   population with permanent registration (hukou)   population with non-permanent registration

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
official annual population growth rate (%)

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
has seen its population and activity develop rapidly since the establishment of the SEZ. Shenzhen
Shenzhen
has an official population of over 10 million. About six million are registered non-local migrant workers who may return to their home town/city on the weekends and live in factory dormitories during the week. The population growth of Shenzhen
Shenzhen
proper slowed down to less than one percent per year by 2013 with growth spilling over the municipal border and forming a contiguous urban area with southern Dongguan and Huizhou Cities. However, due to the large unregistered floating migrant population living in the city, official estimates put Shenzhen's population at around 20 million inside the administrative area given at any specific moment.[43][44] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is the largest migrant city in China.[45] There had been migration into southern Guangdong
Guangdong
province and what is now Shenzhen
Shenzhen
since the Southern Song dynasty
Song dynasty
(1127–1279) but the numbers increased dramatically since Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was established in the 1980s. In Guangdong
Guangdong
province, it is the only city where the local language, Cantonese, Hakka, or Teochew, is not the main language; it is Mandarin that is mostly spoken, with migrants from all over China. At present, the average age in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is less than 30. The age range is as follows: 8.49% between the age of 0 and 14, 88.41% between the age of 15 and 59, and 3.1% aged 65 or above.[46] The population structure has great diversity, ranging from intellectuals with a high level of education to migrant workers with poor education.[47] It was reported in June 2007 that more than 20 percent of China's PhD graduates had worked in Shenzhen.[48] Shenzhen was also elected as one of the top 10 cities in China
China
for expatriates. Expatriates choose Shenzhen
Shenzhen
as a place to settle because of the city’s job opportunities as well as the culture’s tolerance and open-mindedness, and it was even voted China’s Most Dynamic City and the City Most Favored by Migrant Workers in 2014. According to a survey by the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Planning Department, the number of cross-border commuters increased from about 7,500 in 1999 to 44,600 in 2009. More than half of them lived in Shenzhen.[49] Though neighboring each other, daily commuters still need to pass through customs and immigration checkpoints, as travel between the SEZ and the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Special
Special
Administrative Region (SAR) is restricted. Mainland residents who wish to enter Hong Kong
Hong Kong
for visit are required to obtain an "Exit-Entry Permit for Travelling to and from Hong Kong and Macao". Shenzhen
Shenzhen
residents can have a special 1 year multiple-journey endorsement (but maximum 1 visit per week starting from April 13, 2015) This type of exit endorsement is only issued to people who have hukou in certain regions.[50](See Exit-Entry Permit for Travelling to and from Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau.) Metropolitan area[edit] The encompassing metropolitan area was estimated by the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) to have, as of 2010[update], a population of 23.3 million.[51][2] Languages[edit] Prior to the establishment of Special
Special
Economic Zone, the indigenous local communities could be divided into Cantonese
Cantonese
and Hakka speakers,[52] which were two cultural and linguistic sub-ethnic groups vernacular to Guangdong
Guangdong
province. Two Cantonese
Cantonese
varieties were spoken locally. One was a fairly standard version, known as standard Cantonese. The other, spoken by several villages south of Fuhua Rd. was called Weitou dialect.[53] Two or three Hong Kong
Hong Kong
villages south of the Shenzhen River
Shenzhen River
also speak this dialect. This is consistent with the area settled by people who accompanied the Southern Song court to the south in the late 13th century.[54] Younger generations of the Cantonese
Cantonese
communities now speak the more standard version. Today, some aboriginals of the Cantonese
Cantonese
and Hakka speaking communities disperse into urban settlements (e.g. apartments and villas), but most of them are still clustering in their traditional urban and suburban villages.[55] The influx of migrants from other parts of the country has drastically altered the city's linguistic landscape, as Shenzhen
Shenzhen
has undergone a language shift towards Mandarin, which was both promoted by the Chinese Central Government
Chinese Central Government
as a national lingua franca and natively spoken by most of the out-of-province immigrants and their descendants.[56][57] Despite the ubiquity of Mandarin Chinese, local dialects such as Cantonese, Hakka, and Teochew are still commonly spoken among locals. Hokkien
Hokkien
and Xiang are also sometimes observed.[citation needed] Mandarin native speakers, whose majority are out-of-province immigrants are found unwilling to learn Cantonese, Hakka or Teochew, due to the perceived complexities of learning the dialects as well as Mandarin's official use, educational priority, and use as a lingua franca.[58] However, in recent years multilingualism is on the rise as descendants of immigrants begin to assimilate into the local culture through friends, television and other media.[59] Religion[edit]

                         

Religion in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
(2010)[60]

  Other / Chinese folk religions - 37 %    Buddhism
Buddhism
- 26 %    Taoism
Taoism
- 18 %    Christianity
Christianity
- 2 %    Islam
Islam
- 2 %   atheists / agnostics / unaffiliated - 15 %

According to the Department of Religious Affairs of the Shenzhen Municipal People's Government, the two main religions present in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
are Buddhism
Buddhism
and Taoism. Every district also has Protestant churches, Catholic churches, and mosques.[61] According to a 2010 survey held by the University of Southern California, approximately 37% of Shenzhen's residents were practitioners of Chinese folk religions, 26% were Buddhists, 18% Taoists, 2% Christians and 2% Muslims; 15% were unaffiliated to any religion.[60] Most new migrants to Shenzhen
Shenzhen
rely upon the common spiritual heritage drawn from Chinese folk religion.[62][63] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
also hosts the headquarters of the Holy Confucian Church, established in 2009.[64]

Hongfa Temple, a popular Buddhist temple in Shenzhen

Temple of the Queen of Heaven (Mazu)

Temple of Guandi

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Christian
Christian
Church

Economy[edit] City economic overview[edit] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was the first of the Special
Special
Economic Zones to be established by Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
and it showed the most rapid growth, averaging at a very high growth rate of 40% per year between 1981 and 1993, compared to the average GDP growth of 9.8% for the country as a whole.[65]The economic growth later slowed after this early breakneck pace. From 2001 to 2005, Shenzhen's overall GDP grew by 16.3 percent yearly on average. Since 2012, economic growth has slowed to around 10% per year. Currently it's growing with 6 a 7% per year. Shenzhen's economic output is ranked 3rd among the 659 Chinese cities (behind Beijing, Shanghai). The city was ranked 19th in the 2016 Global Financial Centres Index.[66] In the 2017 Global Financial Centres Index, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was ranked as having the 22nd most competitive financial center in the world.[67] In 2016, Shenzhen's GDP totaled $303.37 billion, putting it on par with a mid-sized Chinese province by terms of total GDP. Its total economic output is higher than that of small countries like Portugal, the Republic of Ireland, and Vietnam. Its ppp per-capita GDP was $49,185 (unregistered migrant population not counted) as of 2016[update], on par with developed countries such as Australia
Australia
and Germany. In 2017, Shenzhen's economic output totalled $338 billion, surpassing that of Guangzhou, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
for the first time and ranked No.3 in China, only behind Shanghai
Shanghai
and Beijing. It's new status will allow the city to become the leading economic engine in China's Greater Bay Area Initiative. Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is a major manufacturing center in China. In the financial sector, large Chinese banks such as Ping An Bank
Ping An Bank
and China
China
Merchants Bank have their headquarters in Shenzhen. In the 1990s, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
was described as constructing "one high-rise a day and one boulevard every three days". The Shenzhen's rapidly growing skyline is regarded among the best in the world. It currently has 59 buildings at over 200 meters tall, including the 599 m tall Ping An Finance Centre
Ping An Finance Centre
(the fourth-tallest building in the world) and the 442 m tall Kingkey 100
Kingkey 100
(renamed to KK100), the 14th-tallest building in the world.[68] High-Tech Industry[edit] Shenzhen's most important economic sector lies in its role as the headquarters for many of China's high-tech companies. Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is home to many internationally successful high-tech companies, including Huawei, Tencent, BYD, Konka, Skyworth, Coolpad, ZTE, Gionee, TP-Link, DJI, BGI ( Beijing
Beijing
Genomics Institute), OnePlus, etc.[69] Other prestigious Chinese companies also have large operation centers in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
including the China
China
International Marine Containers, the largest container-manufacturing company in the world,[70] and Vanke, which is among the largest residential real estate developers in China.[71] Taiwan's largest company, Hon Hai Group, has a large manufacturing plant based in Shenzhen. Many foreign high-tech companies have their China
China
operations centers located in the Science and Technology Park of the Nanshan District.[72] Due to its unique status as the first Chinese ' Special
Special
Economic Zone', Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is also an extremely fertile ground for startups, be it by Chinese or foreign entrepreneurs. Successful startups include Petcube, Palette, WearVigo, Notch and Makeblock.[73][74] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is also the product development base of the hardware startup accelerator, HAX Accelerator (formerly HAXLR8R).[75] Industrial zones[edit]

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
High-Tech Industrial Park

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Hi-Tech Industrial Park (SHIP) was founded in September 1996. It covers an area of 11.5 km2 (4.4 sq mi). Industries encouraged in the zone include Biotechnology/Pharmaceuticals, Building/Construction Materials, Chemicals Production and Processing, Computer Software, Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, Medical Equipment and Supplies, Research and Development, Telecommunications Equipment. Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Software Park is integrated with Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Hi-Tech Industry Park, an important vehicle established by Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Municipal Government to support the development of software industry. The Park was approved to be the base of software production of the National Plan in 2001. The distance between the 010 National Highway and the zone is 20.8 km (12.9 mi). The zone is situated 22 km (14 mi) from the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Bao'an International Airport.[76]

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Stock Exchange[edit]

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Stock Exchange

Main article: Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Stock Exchange The Shenzhen Stock Exchange
Shenzhen Stock Exchange
(SZSE) is a mutualized national stock exchange under the China
China
Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) that provides a venue for securities trading.[77] A broad spectrum of market participants, including 540 listed companies, 35 million registered investors and 177 exchange members, create the market. Since its creation in 1990, the SZSE has grown with a market capitalization around 1 trillion yuan (US$122 billion). On a daily basis, around 600,000 deals, valued at US$807 million, trade on the SZSE. Economic cooperation with Hong Kong[edit]

The Shenzhen Bay
Shenzhen Bay
Bridge forms part of the Shenzhen Bay
Shenzhen Bay
Port crossing, connecting Dongjiaotou in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
with Ngau Hom Shek in Hong Kong

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Shenzhen
Shenzhen
have close business, trade and social links as demonstrated by the statistics presented below. Except where noted the statistics are taken from sections of the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Government website.[78] As of September 2016, there are nine crossing points on the boundary between Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and Hong Kong, among which six are land connections. From west to east these include the Shenzhen Bay
Shenzhen Bay
Port, Futian
Futian
Port, Huanggang Port, Man Kam To Port, Luohu
Luohu
Port and Shatoujiao Port. On either sides of each of these ports of entry are road and/or rail transportation.[79][80] In 2006, there were around 20,500 daily vehicular crossings of the boundary in each direction. Of these 65 percent were cargo vehicles, 27 percent cars and the remainder buses and coaches. The Huanggang crossing was most heavily used at 76 percent of the total, followed by the Futian
Futian
crossing at 18 percent and Shatoujiao at 6 percent.[81] Of the cargo vehicles, 12,000 per day were container carrying and, using a rate of 1.44 teus/vehicle, this results in 17,000 teus/day across the boundary,[82] while Hong Kong
Hong Kong
port handled 23,000 teus/day during 2006, excluding trans-shipment trade.[83] Trade with Hong Kong
Hong Kong
in 2006 consisted of US$333 billion of imports of which US$298 billion were re-exported. Of these figures 94 percent were associated with China.[84] Considering that 34.5 percent of the value of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
trade is air freight (only 1.3 percent by weight), a large proportion of this is associated with China
China
as well.[85] Also in 2006 the average daily passenger flow through the four connections open at that time was over 200,000 in each direction of which 63 percent used the Luohu
Luohu
rail connection and 33 percent the Huanggang road connection.[80] Naturally, such high volumes require special handling, and the largest group of people crossing the boundary, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
residents with Chinese citizenship, use only a biometric ID card (Home Return Permit) and a thumb print reader. As a point of comparison, Hong Kong’s Chek Lap Kok Airport, the 5th busiest international airport in the world, handled 59,000 passengers per day in each direction.[85] Hong Kong
Hong Kong
conducts regular surveys of cross-boundary passenger movements, with the most recent being in 2003, although the 2007 survey will be reported on soon[when?]. In 2003 the boundary crossings for Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Residents living in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
made 78 percent of the trips, up by 33 percent from 1999, whereas Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Chinese residents of China
China
made up 20 percent in 2006, an increase of 140 percent above the 1999 figure. Since that time movement has been made much easier for China
China
residents, and so that group have probably increased further still. Other nationalities made up 2 percent of boundary crossings. Of these trips 67 percent were associated with Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and 42 percent were for business or work purposes. Of the non-business trips about one third were to visit friends and relatives and the remainder for leisure.[86] After Shenzhen's attempts to be included in the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge project were rejected in 2004, a separate bridge was conceived connecting Shenzhen
Shenzhen
on the Eastern side of the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
with the city of Zhongshan
Zhongshan
on the Western side: the Shenzhen-Zhongshan Bridge. Qianhai[edit] Main article: Qianhai Qianhai, which means "foresea" in Chinese language, formally known as the Qianhai
Qianhai
Shenzhen- Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Modern Service Industries Cooperation Zone, is "a useful exploration for China
China
to create a new opening up layout with a more open economic system."[87] A 15 km² area located in western Shenzhen, Qianhai
Qianhai
lies at the heart of the Pearl River Delta, adjacent to Shenzhen
Shenzhen
international airport. Strategically positioned as a zone for the innovation and development of modern services, Qianhai
Qianhai
will facilitate closer cooperation between Hong Kong and mainland China, as well as act as the catalyst for industrial reform in the Pearl River Delta.[88] With the goal of loosening capital account restrictions, Qianhai
Qianhai
authorities have indicated that Hong Kong
Hong Kong
banks will be allowed to extend commercial RMB loans to Qianhai-based onshore mainland entities. The People's Bank of China has also indicated that such loans will for the first time not be subject to the benchmark rates set by the central bank for all other loans in the rest of China. According to Anita Fung from HSBC, "This new measure on cross-border lending will enhance the co-operation between Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and accelerate cross-border convergence."[87] Cityscape[edit] Main article: List of tallest buildings in Shenzhen The tallest building in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is the 599-meter, 115 floor Ping An Finance Centre, which is also the second tallest in China
China
and the fourth tallest building in the world.[89] The second-tallest building is the Kingkey 100, rising 441.8 metres (1,449 ft) and containing 100 floors of office and hotel spaces.[90] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is also the home to the Shun Hing Square
Shun Hing Square
(Diwang Building), the tallest in Asia (if the antenna is taken into account) when it was built in 1996.[91][92] Most of the city's skyscrapers are concentrated in Nanshan, Luohu
Luohu
and Futian
Futian
districts. SEG Plaza, in Huaqiangbei, is also a noted landmark at a height of 356 meters (291.6 meters to roof-top[93]). Guomao Building was furthermore the tallest building in China
China
when it was completed in 1985.[94] There is a significant number[vague] of supertalls either proposed, approved or under construction that are well over 300 m (984 ft) in Shenzhen. Ones that have been completed or topped out since 2014 include the China
China
Resources Headquarters, Riverfront Times Square, China
China
Chuneng Tower, Hanking Center, Hon Kwok City Center, Chang Fu Jin Mao Tower, Zhongzhou Holdings Financial Center, East Pacific Business Center, One Shenzhen Bay
Shenzhen Bay
Tower 7 and Shum Yip Upperhills, among others. There were more skyscrapers completed in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
in the year 2016 than in the whole of the USA and Australia
Australia
combined, such is the rate at which the skyline is being transformed.[95]

Skyline of Futian
Futian
as viewed from Nanshan, June 2016

View of Huaqiangbei, Futian
Futian
from Lizhi Park in 2006

Luohu
Luohu
viewing southwest, with Shenzhen River
Shenzhen River
and Hong Kong's Frontier Closed Area in the background

Sungang East Road from Renmin North Road

Xinghu Road, viewing South

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Civic Center

Skyline of Shenzhen
Shenzhen
as viewed from Shenzhen Bay
Shenzhen Bay
Park

East Pacific Center
East Pacific Center
Towers

Shun Hing Square

KK100

Ping An Finance Center

Transport[edit] Main article: Transport in Shenzhen Road[edit] See also: List of roads in Shenzhen Since February 2003, the road border crossing at Huanggang and Lok Ma Chau in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
has been open 24 hours a day. The journey can be made by private vehicle or by bus. On 15 August 2007, the Lok Ma Chau-Huanggang pedestrian border crossing opened, linking Lok Ma Chau Station with Huanggang. With the opening of the crossing, shuttle buses between Lok Ma Chau
Lok Ma Chau
transport interchange and Huanggang were terminated. The planned Shenzhen– Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Bridge will connect Shenzhen
Shenzhen
on the Eastern side of the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
with the city of Zhongshan
Zhongshan
on the Western side. It will consist of a series of bridges and tunnels, starting from Bao'an International Airport on the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
side. Construction of the proposed 51 km (32 mi) eight-lane link is scheduled to start in 2015, with completion scheduled for 2021. Taxis are metered and come in four colors. The red taxis may travel throughout the city. The green taxis are restricted to travel outside of the original Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Special Economic Zone
Special Economic Zone
(SEZ) (Futian, Nanshan, Luohu
Luohu
and Yantian
Yantian
districts). Conversely, the less-common yellow taxis, charging the same as the red ones, run only within the original Shenzhen
Shenzhen
SEZ. A recently introduced electric-powered taxi costs similar to the red and yellow ones, only having no fuel surcharge levied on. There are also frequent bus and van services from Hong Kong International Airport to Huanggang and most major hotels in Shenzhen. A bus service operated by Chinalink Bus Company operates from Kowloon Station on the Airport Express MTR
MTR
line (below Elements Mall) direct to the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
International airport.[96] As of 29 December 2014, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
banned passenger vehicles with license plates issued in other places from four of Shenzhen's main districts during peak times on working days.[97] Port[edit] Main article: Port of Shenzhen The city's 260-kilometre (162 mi) coastline is divided by the main landmass of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
(namely the New Territories
New Territories
and the Kowloon Peninsula) into two halves, the eastern and the western. Shenzhen’s western port area lies to the east of Lingdingyang
Lingdingyang
in the Pearl River Estuary and possesses a deep water harbour with superb natural shelters. It is about 20 nautical miles (40 km) from Hong Kong
Hong Kong
to the south and 60 nautical miles (110 km) from Guangzhou
Guangzhou
to the north. By passing Pearl River system, the western port area is connected with the cities and counties in Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
networks; by passing On See Dun waterway, it extends all ports both at home and abroad. Shenzhen
Shenzhen
handled a record number of containers in 2005, ranking as the world's third-busiest port, after rising trade increased cargo shipments through the city. China
China
International Marine Containers, and other operators of the port handled 16.2 million standard 20-foot (6.1 m) boxes last year, a 19 per cent increase. Investors in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
are expanding to take advantage of rising volume. Yantian
Yantian
International Container Terminals, Chiwan
Chiwan
Container terminals, Shekou
Shekou
Container Terminals, China
China
Merchants Port and Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Haixing (Mawan port) are the major port terminals in Shenzhen.[98]

Air[edit] Main article: Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Bao'an International Airport

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
airport T3

Donghai Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines
Shenzhen Airlines
and Jade Cargo International
Jade Cargo International
are located at Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Bao'an International Airport.[99][100] The airport is 35 kilometres (22 miles) from central Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and connects the city with many other parts of China, and serves domestic and international destinations. The airport also serves as an Asian-Pacific cargo hub for UPS Airlines.[101] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Donghai Airlines has its head office in the Shenzhen Airlines
Shenzhen Airlines
facility on the airport property.[102] SF Airlines
SF Airlines
has its headquarters in the International Shipping Center.[103] Railway[edit]

View from Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Railway Station

Shenzhen Railway Station
Shenzhen Railway Station
is located at the junction of Jianshe Road, Heping Road and Renmin Nan Road and provides links to different parts of China. There are frequent regional high speed trains to Guangzhou, plus long-distance trains to Beijing, Shanghai, Changsha, Jiujiang, Maoming, Shantou
Shantou
and other destinations. The train from Hong Kong's Hung Hom
Hung Hom
MTR
MTR
station to the Lo Wu
Lo Wu
and Lok Ma Chau
Lok Ma Chau
border crossings take 43 minutes and 45 minutes respectively. Shenzhen
Shenzhen
West Station is located at Qianhai, Nanshan.This station is used for a small number of long distance trains, such as ones to Hefei. Shenzhen North Railway Station
Shenzhen North Railway Station
opened in 2011 in Longhua.[104][105] The station is currently handling high-speed trains to Guangzhou South, Guangzhou
Guangzhou
North, Changsha, Wuhan, Beijing
Beijing
and intermediate stations on the Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen– Hong Kong
Hong Kong
HSR.[106] Shenzhen East Railway Station
Shenzhen East Railway Station
was opened in December 2012. It was originally called Buji station after the suburb it is located and was a Grade 3 station along the Guangshen Railway
Guangshen Railway
with no passenger services. Now after massive renovations, it currently handles mostly regional rail services.[107] Pingshan Railway Station
Pingshan Railway Station
is completed in 2013 to serve high-speed trains on the Xiamen– Shenzhen
Shenzhen
HSR which opened in 2013. Futian
Futian
Railway Station was completed by the end of 2015. It is completely underground, located in the centre of its namesake Futian District. The central location means it will become the focal point for most high-speed train services on the Beijing-Guangzhou-Shenzhen- Hong Kong
Hong Kong
HSR route upon completion. Connection to West Kowloon
Kowloon
Railway Station in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
is scheduled to be completed in late 2018, allowing for 15 minute cross-border train journeys. Metro[edit] Main article: Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Metro

Map of the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Metro

The Shenzhen Metro
Shenzhen Metro
system opened on 28 December 2004. Phase I had only two lines: the Luobao line (now Line 1) and Longhua line (now Line 4). The Luobao line ran from Luohu
Luohu
(interchange for Lo Wu
Lo Wu
MTR
MTR
station and Shenzhen
Shenzhen
railway station) to Window of the World
Window of the World
(Overseas Chinese Town). The Longhua line ran from Huang Gang (now Futian
Futian
Checkpoint) to Shaonian Gong (now Children's Palace). In June 2011, the Shenzhen Metro extended Line 1 and Line 4. Line 1 runs from Luohu
Luohu
to Shenzhen Bao'an Airport and Line 4 (now operated by Hong Kong
Hong Kong
MTR) runs from Futian
Futian
Checkpoint to Qinghu. Also in June 2011, three lines of Phase II opened before the 26th summer Universiade. They are Line 2 (from Chiwan
Chiwan
to Xinxiu), Line 3 (from Yitian to Shuanglong), and Line 5 (from Qianhaiwan to Huangbeiling).[108] The first batch of lines in Phase III, Line 11, opened in June 2016. Lines 7 and 9 opened at the end of 2016. By then the Shenzhen Metro
Shenzhen Metro
currently has 8 lines, 199 stations, and 286 kilometres (178 mi)[109][110] of lines in operation. This made the Shenzhen Metro
Shenzhen Metro
one of the top ten longest metro systems in the world.[111] Several additional lines and extensions as part of the second batch of Phase III expansion are under construction and will open by 2020. A number of Phase IV lines have started construction in January 2018. Sea[edit] Main article: Shekou
Shekou
Passenger Terminal Shekou
Shekou
Passenger Terminal in Shekou
Shekou
provides regular ferry transport to and from Zhuhai, Macau, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
International Airport, Kowloon, and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island.[112] Fuyong Passenger Terminal in Bao'an near the airport provide services to and from Hong Kong
Hong Kong
( Hong Kong
Hong Kong
International Airport) and Macau( Taipa Temporary Ferry Terminal
Taipa Temporary Ferry Terminal
and Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal)[113]

Tourist destinations, parks and resorts[edit] Main article: List of parks in Shenzhen Major tourist attractions of Shenzhen
Shenzhen
include the China
China
Folk Culture Village, Window of the World, Happy Valley, Splendid China, the Safari Park in Nanshan district, Chung Ying Street
Chung Ying Street
(a street dividing Shenzhen
Shenzhen
and Sha Tau Kok, Hong Kong), Xianhu Botanical Gardens, Minsk World, amongst others. The city also offers free admission to over twenty public city parks [114] including People's Park, Lianhuashan Park, Lizhi Park, Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Park, and Wutongshan Park. Overseas Chinese Town
Overseas Chinese Town
(OCT)[edit] Main article: Overseas Chinese Town The OCT East
OCT East
(东部华侨城) development in Yantian District
Yantian District
is also an events hotspot, featuring the Ecoventure Valley (大侠谷) and the Tea Stream Resort Valley (茶溪谷) theme parks, three scenic themed towns, two 18-hole golf courses and eight themed hotels. OCT East
OCT East
was joined in 2012 by the OCT Bay
OCT Bay
(欢乐海岸) development in Nanshan, which brought more attractions including an exhibition center, hotels and residences, an artificial beach called CoCo Beach, and an IMAX cinema.[115] Shekou[edit] Main article: Shekou Shekou
Shekou
is a former industrial zone with a largely expatriate residential community, also home to a large shopping district called Sea World (海上世界) where a former French cruise liner Minghua (明华), (known in French formerly as MS Ancerville) is cemented into the ground to become a hotel complex.[116] Shekou
Shekou
was expanded and renovated in recent years, partially via land reclamation.

Interlaken Hotel at OCT East

The beach of Xichong

Lianhuashan Park

Splendid China

Happy Valley[edit] Happy Valley (欢乐谷) is one of the biggest amusement parks in Shenzhen. Beaches[edit] Beaches in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
include Dameisha and Xiaomeisha in Yantian
Yantian
and Xichong Beach in the south of Dapeng Peninsula. Museums and exhibitions[edit]

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Convention and Exhibition Center Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Civic Center Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Cultural Center, where the city's Central Music Hall and library are located Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Shekou
Shekou
Maritime Museum opened to the public on Thursday June 29 [117] He Xiangning Art Museum Guan Shanyue Art Museum OCT Contemporary Art Terminal

Media[edit] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
News (zh) (深圳晚报) is a Chinese-language newspaper serving Shenzhen. Shenzhen Daily is an English-language news outlet for Shenzhen. It also covers local, national and international news. ShekouDaily.com is an online media outlet providing news and resources that focus on the Shekou
Shekou
sub-district in Nanshan District of Shenzhen.[118] Sports[edit]

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Stadium

The planned Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Universiade
Universiade
Sports Center Gymnasium will be one of the venues for the 2019 FIBA Basketball
Basketball
World Cup.[119] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
has two local football clubs, Shenzhen F.C.
Shenzhen F.C.
and Shenzhen Renren F.C., who both play home games at the 40,000 capacity Bao'an Stadium. Shenzhen F.C.
Shenzhen F.C.
was one of the earliest professional football clubs in Guangdong, originally owned by memberships, later turned to shareholding.[120] The team won Chinese Super League
Chinese Super League
title in 2004 season despite severe financial problems leaving players unpaid for seven months.[121][122] The team currently plays in China
China
League One, the second tier of Chinese football competition system. Shenzhen Stadium
Shenzhen Stadium
is a multi-purpose stadium that hosts many events. The stadium is located in Futian
Futian
District and has a capacity of 32,500. It was built in June 1993, at a cost of 141 million RMB. The 26th Summer Universiade
Universiade
was held in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
in August 2011.[123] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
has constructed the sports venues for this first major sporting event in the city.[124] Shenzhen Dayun Arena is a multipurpose arena. It was completed in 2011 for the 2011 Summer Universiade. It is used for the basketball, ice hockey and gymnastics events. The Arena is the home of the Kunlun Red Star WIH of the CWHL. Shenzhen
Shenzhen
is also a popular destination for skateboarders from all over the world, due to the architecture of the city and its lax skate laws.[125] Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit]

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
University

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
University Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Polytechnic Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Institute of Technology (深圳技师学院) Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Radio and TV University Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Institute of Information Technology Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Graduate School of Peking University Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Graduate School of Tsinghua University Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Graduate School of Harbin
Harbin
Institute of Technology Southern University of Science and Technology
Southern University of Science and Technology
(SUSTech) Peking University HSBC
HSBC
Business School Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen Shanghai
Shanghai
Jiao Tong University Antai Economics Management College, Shenzhen

International schools[edit]

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
American International School Shekou
Shekou
International School Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Japanese School QSI International School of Shenzhen International School of Nanshan Shenzhen Korean International School in Shenzhen Shenzhen
Shenzhen
College of International Education

Sister cities[edit] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
has been very active in cultivating sister city relationships. In October 1989, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Mayor Li Hao and a delegation traveled to Houston
Houston
to attend the signing ceremony establishing a sister city relationship between Houston
Houston
and Shenzhen.[126] Houston became the first sister city of Shenzhen. Up to 2015, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
has established sister city relationship with 25 cities in the world.

Houston, United States, March 1986 Brescia, Italy, November 1991 Brisbane, Australia, June 1992 Poznań, Poland, July 1993 Vienne, France, October 1994 Kingston, Jamaica, March 1995 Lomé, Togo, June 1996 Nuremberg, Germany, May 1997[127] Walloon Brabant, Belgium, October 2003 Tsukuba, Japan, June 2004 Gwangyang, South Korea, October 2004 Johor Bahru, Malaysia, July 2006 Perm, Russia, 2006 Turin, Italy, January 2007 Timișoara, Romania, February 2007 Hull, United Kingdom Rotherham, United Kingdom, November 2007 Luxor, Egypt, 6 September 2007 Reno, Nevada, United States, 30 April 2008 Samara, Russia, 19 December 2008 Montevideo, Uruguay February 2009 Kalocsa, Hungary, 2011 Haifa, Israel, 2012 Barcelona, Spain July 2012 Apia, Samoa, August 2015

See also[edit]

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
portal

Index of Shenzhen-related articles Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China Economy of China List of twin towns and sister cities in China

References[edit]

^ "2017年深圳经济有质量稳定发展" [In 2017, Shenzhen economy will have stable quality and development] (in Chinese).  ^ a b OECD
OECD
Urban Policy Reviews: China
China
2015, OECD
OECD
READ edition. OECD iLibrary. OECD. 18 April 2015. p. 37. doi:10.1787/9789264230040-en. ISBN 9789264230033. ISSN 2306-9341. Linked from the OECD
OECD
here ^ Template:Http://www.sztj.gov.cn/xxgk/tjsj/tjfx/201802/t20180201 10762739.htm ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org.  ^ "ShenZhen Government Online". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ "中央机构编制委员会印发《关于副省级市若干问题的意见》的通知. 中编发[1995]5号". 豆丁网. 19 February 1995. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.  ^ a b Fish, Isaac Stone (25 September 2010). "A New Shenzhen". Newsweek. Retrieved 29 April 2014.  ^ "2000-2014年各市年末常住人口数_2015年广东统计年鉴查阅和Excel下载_数析网(tjsql.com)". www.tjsql.com. Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ "深圳人口之谜到了破解之时 2100万到底是真是假_房产资讯-深圳搜房网". news.sz.fang.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 17 April 2017.  ^ "Shenzhen". U.S. Commercial Service. 2007. Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2008.  ^ "深圳市统计局". www.sztj.gov.cn. Retrieved 17 September 2017.  ^ " Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Continues to lead China's reform and opening-up". Retrieved 9 September 2016.  ^ "Inside Shenzhen: China's Silicon Valley". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ "The Global Financial Centres Index 19". Long Finance. March 2016.  ^ "The JOC Top 50 World Container Ports". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ a b c d e 深圳市政府 (12 July 2011). "深圳概貌". 深圳政府在线. Archived from the original on 4 November 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011.  ^ a b c d e 央视国际 (7 August 2003). "深圳历史沿革". 中国中央电视台. Retrieved 25 October 2011.  ^ a b Rule, Ted and Karen, “Shenzhen, the Book”, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
2014 ^ “少帝在赤湾“ Shenzhen
Shenzhen
2005 ^ 深圳地名网 (27 May 2010). "深圳地名". 深圳政府在线. Retrieved 14 November 2011.  ^ Zhou and You, 方言与中国文化, Shanghai
Shanghai
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Special
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Administrative Region – History of the Legislature". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ " Universiade
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Shenzhen
Shenzhen
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Shenzhen
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by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing
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Shenzhen
Government Online, Citizens' Life (Recovered from the Wayback Machine) ^ Shenzhen Daily 13 June 2007 ^ "Cross-border Commuters Live Hard between Hong Kong
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Shenzhen
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Shenzhen
the Book Hong Kong
Hong Kong
2014 ^ 張 ZHANG, 則武 Zewu. "浅谈深圳城中村的成因及其影响 A Discussion concerning the History and Consequences of Urban Villages in Shenzhen".  ^ 秦 CHUN, 炳煜 Bing Yuk (7 July 2006). "深圳成粵語圈中普通話區 Shenzhen
Shenzhen
becomes the Mandarin area in a Cantonese
Cantonese
region". 文匯報 Wenweipo. Retrieved 16 April 2012.  ^ "深圳將粵語精髓融入普通話 Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Incorporates Cantonese
Cantonese
Essence into Mandarin". 南方網. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家通用语言文字法 The National Lingua Franca and Orthography Act-- People's Republic of China". Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Retrieved 3 May 2012.  ^ He, Huifeng. "Trendy Shenzhen
Shenzhen
teenagers spearhead Cantonese revival". South China
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(archived) for the "6 under 60" research project by the University of Southern California. See also Lani Heidecker's data for the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
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Special
Economic Zones". Special
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Economic Zones and the Economic Transition in China. World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd. pp. 67–108. ISBN 978-9810237905.  ^ Yeandle, Mark. "GFCI 19 The Overall Rankings". www.longfinance.net. Retrieved 2017-05-27.  ^ "The Global Financial Centres Index 21" (PDF). Long Finance. March 2017.  ^ "# of +200m Buildings". CTBUH. Retrieved 3 June 2012.  ^ "Contact us Archived 26 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine.." Huawei. Retrieved on 4 February 2009. ^ Tsui, Sandra (11 December 2008). "Top box firm halts output". Lloyd's List Daily Commercial News. Informa Australia. p. 16.  ^ "Vanke". Retrieved 9 September 2016.  ^ " Guangdong
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- Shenzhen
Shenzhen
High-tech Industrial Park". Retrieved 10 September 2016.  ^ "[1]". Retrieved on 5 July 2014. ^ Chaney, Joseph (15 June 2015). "Shenzhen: China's start-up city defies skeptics". CNN.  ^ "HAX Accelerator". Official website of HAX. Retrieved 24 June 2015.  ^ " Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Software Park". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ "SZSE Overview". Retrieved 10 September 2016.  ^ "one-stop portal of the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
SAR Government / 香港政府一站通". GovHK. Retrieved 5 May 2010.  ^ "深圳九大口岸通关攻略". Retrieved 9 September 2016.  ^ a b HKG Monthly Digest of Statistics ^ HKG Traffic and Transport Digest ^ HKG Cross Boundary Survey 2004 ^ HKG Shipping Statistics ^ HKG Trade and Industry Statistics ^ a b " Hong Kong
Hong Kong
International Airport – Your Regional Hub with Worldwide Connections and Gateway to China". Hongkongairport.com. Retrieved 5 May 2010.  ^ HKG Cross Boundary Survey 1999 & 2003 ^ a b Fung, Anita. " Qianhai
Qianhai
Taking RMB Internationalisation to the Next Level". New Zealand China
China
Trade Association. Retrieved 11 June 2014.  ^ Tse, Constant. "State Council Approves Preferential Policies for Qianhai
Qianhai
Shenzhen- Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone". Deloitte. 169.  ^ " Ping An Finance Center
Ping An Finance Center
- The Skyscraper Center". www.SkyscraperCenter.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.  ^ " KK100
KK100
– The Skyscraper Center". CTBUH. Retrieved 29 August 2013.  ^ " Shun Hing Square
Shun Hing Square
(Diwang/Di Wang Commercial Center)". Retrieved 10 September 2016.  ^ "深圳摩天大楼列表,深圳第一高楼". top.gaoloumi.com. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ " SEG Plaza
SEG Plaza
– The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012.  ^ "深圳30年:深圳国贸大厦". Retrieved 10 September 2016.  ^ Robinson, Melia (17 January 2017). "One Chinese city built more skyscrapers in 2016 than the US and Australia
Australia
combined". Business Insider. Retrieved 16 March 2018.  ^ 香港九龙机铁站往深圳机场 [Airport Railway Kowloon Station to Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Airport] (in Chinese). Retrieved 20 July 2011. 香港九龍機鐵站往深圳機場 (全程行車時間:車程約75分鐘) Kowloon, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Airport Railway Station to Shenzhen Airport
Shenzhen Airport
(journey time: about 75 minutes by car)  ^ " Shenzhen
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imposes limits on purchases of new cars".  ^ "深圳港港口介绍". Retrieved 9 September 2016.  ^ "Contact Us." Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Airlines. Retrieved on 9 September 2009. ^ "Contact Us." Jade Cargo International. Retrieved on 11 July 2010. ^ "UPS Launches Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Flights". Ups.com. 8 February 2010.  ^ "联系我们 Archived 4 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.." Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Donghai Airlines. Retrieved on 24 February 2014. "Address: Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Bao’an International Airport, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Airlines. Post code:518128" – Chinese address: "地址:深圳市宝安区宝安国际机场航站四路3009号东海航空基地 邮政编码:518128" ^ "Contact Us." SF Airlines. Retrieved on 24 February 2014. "SF Airlines Co., Ltd. Address: No.1 Freight Depot, International Shipping Center of Bao'an International Airport, Shenzhen, Guangdong
Guangdong
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External links[edit]

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Foshan

Sanshui waterways with Xi Nanhai Chancheng Sanshui

Guangzhou

Panyu Nansha

merged into the Shiziyang

v t e

Dong River

Dong

Heyuan

Yuancheng

Huizhou

Huicheng

Dongguan Guangzhou

Zengcheng Huangpu

merged into the Shiziyang

v t e

Xi River

Xi

Gui→Li

Guilin

Diecai Qixing Xiufeng Xiangshan Yanshan

Wuzhou

Changzhou Wanxiu

merged into the Xi

Xun

Yong→Yu

Zuo

Chongzuo

Jiangzhou

Nanning

Jiangnan Xixiangtang

merged into the Yong→Yu

You

Baise

Youjiang

Nanning

Xixiangtang

merged into the Yong→Yu

tributaries of Zuo & You Nanning

Jiangnan Xixiangtang Qingxiu Liangqing Yongning

Guigang

Qintang Gangnan Gangbei

Guiping merged into the Xun

Qian

Liu

Long

Hechi

Jinchengjiang

Yizhou merged into the Liu

Rong

Liuzhou

Liubei Liunan Chengzhong Yufeng

merged into the Liu

tributaries of Long & Rong merged into the Qian

Hongshui

Beipan

Xuanwei Liupanshui

Liuzhi

merged into the Hongshui

Nanpan

Qujing

Qilin

merged into the Hongshui

tributaries of Beipan & Nanpan Heshan Laibin

Xingbin

merged into the Qian

tributaries of Liu & Hongshui Guiping merged into the Xun

tributaries of Yong→Yu & Qian Wuzhou

Changzhou Longxu Wanxiu

merged into the Xi

tributaries of Gui→Li & Xun Wuzhou

Wanxiu

Yunfu

Yun'an

Zhaoqing

Gaoyao Duanzhou Dinghu

Foshan

Sanshui waterways with Bei Gaoming Nanhai Shunde

Heshan Jiangmen

Pengjiang waterways with Shiziyang
Shiziyang
& Lingdingyang

Zhongshan Jiangmen

Jianghai Xinhui

Zhuhai

Doumen Jinwan Xiangzhou

South China
China
Sea

Pearl River

Pearl

Guangzhou

Baiyun

Foshan

Nanhai

Guangzhou

Liwan Haizhu Yuexiu Tianhe Huangpu

Dongguan Shiziyang

Shiziyang

Pearl tributary of Dong Dongguan Guangzhou

Panyu tributary of Bei Nansha

waterways with Xi

Lingdingyang

Lingdingyang

Shiziyang Guangzhou

Nansha District

waterways with Xi Zhongshan Shenzhen

Bao'an District Guangming New District Longhua New District Nanshan District, Shenzhen Futian
Futian
District Luohu
Luohu
District Yantian
Yantian
District Longgang District Pingshan New District Dapeng New District

Zhuhai

Xiangzhou Jinwan District Doumen District

Hong Kong

New Territories Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island Kowloon

Macau

Macau
Macau
Peninsula Taipa Coloane Cotai

Jiuzhouyang

Jiuzhouyang

Lingdingyang South China
China
Sea

Major cities along the Yangtze River · Major cities along the Yellow River

v t e

Economic Development Zones of China

Special
Special
Economic Zones

Shenzhen Zhuhai Shantou Xiamen Kashgar Hainan
Hainan
Province

New open development zones

Dalian Qingdao Qinhuangdao Lianyungang Pudong Yantai Zhanjiang Ningbo Wenzhou Nantong Fuzhou Guangzhou Beihai Shuyang

v t e

Metropolitan cities of China

Major Metropolitan regions

Jingjinji
Jingjinji
(JJJ) Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(PRD) / Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta
(YRD)

Central Plain (Zhongyuan) Chengyu Cross-Strait Western Coast Guanzhong Mid-Southern Liaoning Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula Yangtze River Mid-Reaches (Yangtze River Valley)

Major Cities

National Central Cities

Beijinga Chongqinga Guangzhoub2 Shanghaia2 Tianjina2

Special
Special
Administrative Regions

Hong Kong Macau

Regional Central Cities

Chengdub Nanjingb Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb

Sub-provincial
Sub-provincial
cities

Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. b Sub-provincial
Sub-provincial
cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan
Taiwan
no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in China Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China (2010)

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.

Shanghai

Beijing 1 Shanghai Shanghai 20,217,700 11 Foshan Guangdong 6,771,900

Chongqing

Guangzhou

2 Beijing Beijing 16,858,700 12 Nanjing Jiangsu 6,238,200

3 Chongqing Chongqing 12,389,500 13 Shenyang Liaoning 5,890,700

4 Guangzhou Guangdong 10,641,400 14 Hangzhou Zhejiang 5,849,500

5 Shenzhen Guangdong 10,358,400 15 Xi'an Shaanxi 5,399,300

6 Tianjin Tianjin 10,007,700 16 Harbin Heilongjiang 5,178,000

7 Wuhan Hubei 7,541,500 17 Dalian Liaoning 4,222,400

8 Dongguan Guangdong 7,271,300 18 Suzhou Jiangsu 4,083,900

9 Chengdu Sichuan 7,112,000 19 Qingdao Shandong 3,990,900

10 Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,055,071 20 Zhengzhou Henan 3,677,000

v t e

World's twenty most populous metropolitan areas

   

1 Tokyo-Yokohama 2 Shanghai 3 Jakarta 4 Delhi 5 Seoul-Incheon

  6 Karachi   7 Guangzhou   8 Beijing   9 Shenzhen   7 Mexico
Mexico
City

11 São Paulo 12 Lagos 13 Mumbai 14 Cairo 15 New York

16 Osaka 17 Moscow 18 Wuhan 19 Chengdu 20 Dhaka

v t e

World's fifty most-populous urban areas

Tokyo– Yokohama
Yokohama
(Keihin) Jakarta
Jakarta
(Jabodetabek) Delhi Manila
Manila
(Metro Manila) Seoul– Incheon
Incheon
(Sudogwon) Shanghai Karachi Beijing New York City Guangzhou– Foshan
Foshan
(Guangfo)

São Paulo Mexico
Mexico
City (Valley of Mexico) Mumbai Osaka–Kobe– Kyoto
Kyoto
(Keihanshin) Moscow Dhaka Greater Cairo Los Angeles Bangkok Kolkata

Greater Buenos Aires Tehran Istanbul Lagos Shenzhen Rio de Janeiro Kinshasa Tianjin Paris Lima

Chengdu Greater London Nagoya
Nagoya
(Chūkyō) Lahore Chennai Bangalore Chicago Bogotá Ho Chi Minh City Hyderabad

Dongguan Johannesburg Wuhan Taipei-Taoyuan Hangzhou Hong Kong Chongqing Ahmedabad Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
(Klang Valley) Quanzhou

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 236393803 GND: 4107686-2

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
p

.