HOME
The Info List - Shennongjia



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

SHENNONGJIA FORESTRY DISTRICT (Chinese : 神农架林区) is a county -level administrative unit (a "forestry district") in northwestern Hubei
Hubei
province, People\'s Republic of China , directly subordinated to the provincial government. It occupies 3,253 square kilometres (1,256 sq mi) in western Hubei, and, as of 2007 had the resident population estimated at 74,000 (with the registered population of 79,976). On July 17, 2016, Hubei
Hubei
Shennongjia
Shennongjia
was listed as World Heritage Site, the 50th World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in China.

The population is predominantly (95%) Han Chinese , the remaining 5% being mostly Tujia .

CONTENTS

* 1 Administration * 2 Geography and nature * 3 Economy * 4 Transportation * 5 Mythology * 6 References

ADMINISTRATION

An isolated farmhouse near Wenshui Village, Hongping Town

The administrative status of Shennongjia
Shennongjia
is rather unusual, in that it is the only county-level administrative unit of the People\'s Republic of China designated a "forestry district" (林区), rather than a more usual county or county-level city .

Shennongjia's status within Hubei
Hubei
is also somewhat unusual, in that this county-level unit is directly administered by the provincial government as opposed to be part of a prefecture-level city or prefecture, as are Hubei's all "normal" counties. However, this arrangement is not unique to Shennongjia, as Hubei
Hubei
also has three county-level cities ( Xiantao , Tianmen , Qianjiang ) which are directly under the provincial government, without being part of a prefecture-level unit.

The district was created in 1970 from the adjacent areas of Badong County , Xingshan County , and Fang County .

Shennongjia
Shennongjia
is further divided into 5 towns, 2 townships, and 1 ethnic township.

NAME HANZI HANYU PINYIN

Songbai Town 松柏镇 Sōngbǎi Zhèn

Yangri Town 阳日镇 Yángrì Zhèn

Hongping Town 红坪镇 Hóngpíng Zhèn

Muyu Town 木鱼镇 Mùyú Zhèn

Xinhua Town 新华镇 Xīnhuá Zhèn

Songluo Township 宋洛乡 Sòngluò Xiāng

Jiuhu Township 九湖乡 Jiǔhú Xiāng

Xiaguping Tujia Ethnic Township 下谷坪土家族乡 Xiàgǔpíng Tǔjiāzú Xiāng

The county seat is in Songbai Town in the northern of the district; the main tourist center is Muyu Town, near the southern border of the district.

There are numerous tourist attractions throughout the district, but, as of 2009, most of the district is closed to foreign tourists, with the exception of a narrow strip along its southern border (south of Yazikou Junction). The open area includes the Shennongjia
Shennongjia
National Nature Reserve.

GEOGRAPHY AND NATURE

On top of the Shennong Ding (Shennong's Peak)

Shennongjia
Shennongjia
Forestry District is named after the Shennongjia mountainous massif, which is usually considered to be the eastern (and the highest) section of the Daba Mountains (Daba Shan). It lies within the Daba Mountains evergreen forests ecoregion . Some of Hubei's highest mountains - which are also the highest mountains of the Daba Shan - are located within the district. The three tallest peaks, located west of Muyu town, are Shennong Deng (3,105 metres (10,187 ft) elevation), Da Shennongjia
Shennongjia
(3,052 metres (10,013 ft)), and Xiao Shennongjia
Shennongjia
(3,005 metres (9,859 ft), on the border with Badong County ). Laojun Shan, 2,936 metres (9,633 ft) tall, is located northeast of Muyu.

The mountains of Shennongjia
Shennongjia
form a divide between two parts of the district: the central and northern part drains north, into the Han River (a tributary of the Yangtze
Yangtze
which joins the Yangtze
Yangtze
much farther east, in Wuhan
Wuhan
), while the southern section drains into the Yangtze in a more direct way, via a number of short streams flowing south, such as Shen Nong Stream . Entrance to Shennongjia
Shennongjia
National Nature Reserve

There are a number of conservation areas in the district's mountains and wetlands, in particular the world-famous Shennongjia
Shennongjia
National Nature Reserve (神农架国家自然保护区), listed on UNESCO
UNESCO
's World Network of Biosphere Reserves . The reserve includes 2,618 square kilometres (1,011 sq mi) of forest, and, due to a variety of natural conditions at different elevations, has high plant diversity. One survey by Chinese botanists reports 3,479 higher plant species found in a certain area.

The protected animal species include golden snub-nosed monkey , whose population in the district was reported to have grown between 1990 and 2005 from 500 to over 1200. A specially protected 100-square-km area is designated for this endangered primate species.

Shennongjia
Shennongjia
has sites of scientific interests to paleontologists as well. The Rhino Cave in Hongping Town has been described by Chinese paleontologists as the richest fossil site in the country after Zhoukoudian . Virgin forest at approx 2500m above sea level

ECONOMY

A hydroelectric dam under construction south of Hongping Town, Shennongjia
Shennongjia

The district is mountainous and (as its name suggested) heavily forested, which, historically, made forestry the main industry. Over 100,000 cubic meters of timber was produced in the district annually from the 1960s to 1980s (over 1,000,000 cubic metres (35,000,000 cu ft) in the 1970s ), but in the late 1990s the focus was switched from logging to forest conservation. Officially, felling of natural forest completely ceased in March 2000. Tea plantations on a valley slope north of Muyu

The district's low population, compared to a typical Hubei
Hubei
county of a similar size, means comparatively small amount of agriculture; nonetheless, the district tries to put itself on the world map as a tea producer. There are mining operations throughout the district.

As elsewhere in the mountainous western Hubei, numerous small hydroelectric plants utilize the energy of Shennongjia's rivers and streams.

Numerous tourist facilities operate along the China National Highway 209 , in particular in and around Muyu Town.

On average, the area remains comparatively poor, with the GDP per capita lower than any of Hubei's prefecture-level units. Of course, direct comparison between Shennongjia
Shennongjia
and a prefecture-level unit of Hubei
Hubei
such as Yichang
Yichang
or Huangshi
Huangshi
can be misleading, since nearly all of Hubei's prefecture-level units have a large urbanized core (with corresponding higher incomes), while Shennongjia
Shennongjia
does not.

TRANSPORTATION

A Cultural Revolution -era bridge on G209

The main north-south route throughout the district is China National Highway 209 (G209), which, however, as of 2009 is still "unimproved" in many places both within district (north of the national park entry at Yazikou) and in Badong County south of it. In practice most visitors enter the district from its southern border, traveling along a provincial highway from Yichang
Yichang
, which merges with G209 near Gaoyang in Xingshan County . This route is a good paved road, designated as the Yi-Shen (Yichang-Shennongjia) Route.

Hubei
Hubei
Provincial Route 307 (S307) runs through the northeastern part of the district, from G209 east to Songbai Town and on into the neighboring Baokang County (part of Xiangyang
Xiangyang
prefecture-level city).

Due to the mountainous terrain, the district has no rail or water transport, and until recently, no air transportation. Despite the difficult and fragile terrain, construction of Shennongjia
Shennongjia
Airport started in April 2011 with an investment of 1 billion yuan. Located west of Hongping Town, the airport opened in May 2014.

MYTHOLOGY

The name Shennongjia
Shennongjia
comes from the name of the mythical deity/legendary emperor Shennong and jia, meaning ladder: literally, "Shennong's ladder", after a mythical rattan ladder which Shennong was said to use to climb up and down the mountain (later, the ladder was said to have magically transformed into a deep forest).

The people of Shennongjia
Shennongjia
preserved the Epic of Darkness , a collection of tales and legends of primeval China in epic poetry .

REFERENCES

Wikimedia Commons has media related to SHENNONGJIA .

* ^ Olson, D. M, E. Dinerstein; et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience . 51 (11): 933–938. doi :10.1641/0006-3568(2001)0512.0.CO;2 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ Shennongjia
Shennongjia
Nature Reserve ( UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage site) * ^ A B C D What\'s wrong in Shennongjia? Retrieved 2009-10-04. * ^ Altitudinal Pattern of Plant Species Diversity in Shennongjia Mountains, Central China. Authors: ZHAO, Chang-Ming1; CHEN, Wei-Lie; TIAN, Zi-Qiang; XIE, Zong-Qiang. Source: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Volume 47, Number 12, December 2005 , pp. 1431-1449(19). Publisher: Blackwell Publishing * ^ A B C Number of golden monkeys doubled (Xinhua, www.chinaview.cn, 2005-08-08) * ^ Tong, Haowen; Wu, Xianzhu (2010), "Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis (Rhinocerotidae, Mammalia) from the Rhino Cave in Shennongjia, Hubei" (PDF), China Science Bulletin, 55 (12): 1157–1168 * ^ 神农架机场4月正式动工 从武汉起飞50分钟航程 Retrieved 2011-10-24.

* v * t * e

County-level divisions of Hubei
Hubei
Province

Wuhan
Wuhan
(capital )

SUB-PROVINCIAL CITY

WUHAN

* Jiang\'an District * Jianghan District * Qiaokou District * Hanyang District * Wuchang District * Qingshan District * Hongshan District * Dongxihu District * Hannan District * Caidian District * Jiangxia District * Huangpi District * Xinzhou District

PREFECTURE-LEVEL CITIES

HUANGSHI

* Huangshigang District * Xisaishan District * Xialu District * Tieshan District * Daye
Daye
City * Yangxin County

SHIYAN

* Zhangwan District * Maojian District * Yunyang District * Danjiangkou City * Zhushan County * Fang County * Yunxi County * Zhuxi County

YICHANG

* Xiling District * Wujiagang District * Dianjun District * Xiaoting District * Yiling District
Yiling District
* Zhijiang City * Yidu City * Dangyang City * Yuan\'an County * Xingshan County * Zigui County * Changyang Autonomous County * Wufeng Autonomous County

XIANGYANG

* Xiangcheng District * Fancheng District * Xiangzhou District * Laohekou City * Zaoyang City * Yicheng City * Nanzhang County * Gucheng County * Baokang County

EZHOU

* Echeng District * Liangzihu District
Liangzihu District
* Huarong District
Huarong District

JINGMEN

* Dongbao District * Duodao District * Zhongxiang City * Shayang County * Jingshan County

XIAOGAN

* Xiaonan District * Yingcheng City * Anlu City * Hanchuan City * Xiaochang County * Dawu County * Yunmeng County

JINGZHOU

* Shashi District * Jingzhou District * Shishou * Honghu
Honghu
City * Songzi City * Jiangling County * Gong\'an County * Jianli County

HUANGGANG

* Huangzhou District * Macheng City * Wuxue City * Hong\'an County * Luotian County * Yingshan County * Xishui County * Qichun County * Huangmei County * Tuanfeng County

XIANNING

* Xian\'an District * Chibi
Chibi
City * Jiayu County * Tongcheng County * Chongyang County * Tongshan County

SUIZHOU

* Zengdu District * Guangshui City * Sui County

AUTONOMOUS PREFECTURES

ENSHI

* Enshi City * Lichuan City * Jianshi County * Badong County * Xuan\'en County * Xianfeng County * Laifeng County * Hefeng County

Sub-prefecture-level cities

* Xiantao City * Tianmen City * Qianjiang City * Shennongjia
Shennongjia
Forestry District

* v * t * e

World Heritage Sites in China

EAST

* Classical Gardens of Suzhou
Classical Gardens of Suzhou
* Fujian Tulou * Lushan * Huangshan
Huangshan
* Mount Sanqing * Mount Tai * Wuyi Mountains * Temple and Cemetery of Confucius
Cemetery of Confucius
and Kong Family Mansion in Qufu * Xidi
Xidi
, and Hongcun * West Lake
West Lake
* Kulangsu

SOUTH CENTRAL

* Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains * Historic Centre of Macau * Shennongjia * Kaiping Diaolou
Diaolou
and Villages * Longmen Grottoes * Historic Monuments of Dengfeng
Dengfeng
, including the Shaolin Monastery and Gaocheng Observatory * Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art * Wulingyuan
Wulingyuan
* Yinxu
Yinxu

SOUTHWEST

* Chengjiang Fossil Site * Dazu Rock Carvings * Potala Palace , including the Jokhang
Jokhang
and Norbulingka * Honghe Hani Rice Terraces * Huanglong * Jiuzhaigou
Jiuzhaigou
* Old Town of Lijiang * Mount Emei
Mount Emei
and Leshan Giant Buddha
Leshan Giant Buddha
* Mount Qingcheng and Dujiangyan
Dujiangyan
* Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries * Three Parallel Rivers

NORTH

* Mount Wutai
Mount Wutai
* Chengde Mountain Resort , including Putuo Zongcheng Temple
Putuo Zongcheng Temple
, Xumi Fushou Temple and Puning Temple * Forbidden City
Forbidden City
* Zhoukoudian * Pingyao * Summer Palace * Temple of Heaven
Temple of Heaven
* Xanadu * Yungang Grottoes

NORTHEAST

* Koguryo sites * Mukden Palace
Mukden Palace

NORTHWEST

* Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor * Mogao Caves * Xinjiang Tianshan * Qinghai Hoh Xil
Hoh Xil

MULTIPLE REGIONS

* Great Wall * China Danxia
China Danxia
* Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties * South China Karst * Grand Canal * Silk Roads * Tusi Sites

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Shennongjia
Shennongjia
additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------ /wiki/Simplified_Chinese_characters /wiki/County_(People%27s_Republic_of_China) /wiki/Hubei /wiki/People%27s_Republic_of_China