The SHEBNA INSCRIPTION is an important ancient
The inscription is broken at the point where the tomb's owner would have been named, but biblical scholars have suggested a connection to Shebna on the basis of a verse in the bible mentioning a royal steward who was admonished for building a conspicuous tomb.
* 1 Discovery
* 2 Description
The inscribed lintel was found in 1870 above the entrance to a cave near Jerusalem. At one stage it belonged to the French archaeologist , Charles Simon Clermont-Ganneau , before being purchased by the British Museum one year after its discovery.
The limestone inscription was so severely damaged that it was not
possible to completely decipher the script until 1952. Nevertheless,
the inscription is significant because it allegedly describes a figure
from the Bible called
Shebna who was sent by King
negotiate with the Assyrian army. The three-line
The writing is in Biblical
which is translated as: "This is ... ...iah, the royal steward. There is no silver or gold here, only ... ... and the bones of his maidservant with him. Cursed be the man who opens this."
ROYAL STEWARD OF JUDAH
The royal steward or court chamberlain was a powerful figure in Ancient Judah . According to Isaiah 22:15–16, the royal steward appointed by King Hezekiah was called Shebna and he was admonished for building himself too grandiose a tomb . Although the name of royal steward is broken at the point where the official is named, it has been conjectured on the basis of the biblical verse that this monumental inscription originates from the tomb of Shebna.
* F. Frances (Ed), Treasures of the British Museum, London, 1972
* D. Colon, Ancient Near East Art,