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SHIRDIL ABU\'L-FAWARIS (c. 960-September 7, 988 or September 6, 989) was the Buyid
Buyid
amir of Kerman
Kerman
and Fars (983-988/9), as well as Iraq (987-988/9). He was the eldest son of \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
.

EARLY LIFE

When Kerman
Kerman
was conquered by his father in 968, Shirdil was appointed as viceroy to that province. For some time after 977 he resided in Baghdad
Baghdad
, but was then sent back to Kerman. As the eldest son, Shirdil regarded himself as the successor to his father; 'Adud al-Dawla's apparent preference for his second son Marzuban therefore made him hostile toward his brother. 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
never definitively named a successor by the time of his death in 983. Marzuban (now Samsam al-Dawla) took power in Baghdad
Baghdad
as senior amir, but Shirdil also laid his claims to the succession, and from Kerman
Kerman
he invaded and captured Fars.

REIGN

Shirdil, who now used the title "Sharaf al-Dawla", soon found his position surrounded by enemies. In the west, Samsam al-Dawla ruled in Baghdad, while two more of his brothers, Taj al-Dawla and Diya\' al-Dawla , were in control of Basra
Basra
and Khuzestan
Khuzestan
. To the north, Fakhr al-Dawla ruled in Ray . The next few years were spent by Sharaf al-Dawla fighting against all of these individuals. He provided support to the Samanids
Samanids
when Fakhr al-Dawla attempted to wrest Khorasan from them. Despite this, the rulers of Basra
Basra
and Khuzestan soon acknowledged Fakhr al-Dawla as senior amir, making the latter the most powerful of the Buyids.

Despite this turn of events, Sharaf al-Dawla
Sharaf al-Dawla
was able to expand his position. He recovered Buyid
Buyid
Oman
Oman
, which had earlier seceded to Samsam al-Dawla. In early 986 he captured Basra
Basra
and Khuzestan, forcing the two brothers to flee to Fakhr al-Dawla's territory. He then took on Samsam al-Dawla; by May or June 986 the latter recognized Sharaf al-Dawla as senior amir. Sharaf al-Dawla
Sharaf al-Dawla
probably intended to invade Fakhr al-Dawla's realm, but Iraq
Iraq
soon slipped into anarchy and he was forced to intervene there. He entered Baghdad
Baghdad
in 987, deposed Samsam al-Dawla and imprisoned him along with his official Fuladh ibn Manadhar in Fars. He also had the Daylamite
Daylamite
officer Ziyar ibn Shahrakawayh executed. In July of that year the caliph proclaimed him as senior amir.

Sharaf al-Dawla's next planned to subdue the Kurd
Kurd
Badr ibn Hasanwayh, who had taken over Diyarbakr
Diyarbakr
during Samsam al-Dawla's reign and was an ally of Fakhr al-Dawla. The campaign failed, and not long afterwards Sharaf al-Dawla
Sharaf al-Dawla
died, either in 988 or 989. He had managed to mostly preserve 'Adud al-Dawla's empire, but the Buyids of Ray under Fakhr al-Dawla had become effectively independent. He was succeeded by his brother Baha\' al-Dawla , but Samsam al-Dawla escaped from prison and captured Fars, Kerman
Kerman
and Khuzestan.

SOURCES

* Bosworth, C. E. (1975). "Iran under the Buyids". In Frye, R. N. The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 4: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 250–305. ISBN 0-521-20093-8 . * Nagel, Tilman (1990). "BUYIDS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. IV, Fasc. 6. London u.a.: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 578–586.

Preceded by \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
BUYID AMIR (IN KERMAN text-align: center;" rowspan="1">Succeeded by Samsam al-Dawla

Preceded by Samsam al-Dawla BUYID AMIR (IN IRAQ) 987–988/9 Succeeded by Baha\' al-Dawla

* v * t * e

Buyid
Buyid
dynasty

IN FARS (934–1062)

* Imad al-Dawla
Imad al-Dawla
* \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Sharaf al-Dawla * Samsam al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla * Sultan al-Dawla * Abu Kalijar
Abu Kalijar
* Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun * Abu Sa\'d Khusrau Shah * Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun

IN KERMAN (940–1048)

* Mu\'izz al-Dawla * \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Sharaf al-Dawla * Samsam al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla * Qawam al-Dawla * Abu Kalijar
Abu Kalijar

IN REY (943–1029)

* Rukn al-Dawla
Rukn al-Dawla
* Fakhr al-Dawla * Mu\'ayyad al-Dawla * Fakhr al-Dawla * Majd al-Dawla
Majd al-Dawla

IN IRAQ (945–1055)

* Mu\'izz al-Dawla * Izz al-Dawla * \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Samsam al-Dawla * Sharaf al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla * Sultan al-Dawla * Musharrif al-Dawla * Jalal al-Dawla * Abu Kalijar
Abu Kalijar
* Al-Malik al-Rahim

IN OMAN (966–1048)

* Mu\'izz al-Dawla * \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Samsam al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla * Sultan al-Dawla * Abu Kalijar
Abu Kalijar

In Hamadan (976–1024), Gorgan
Gorgan
and Tabaristan
Tabaristan
(980–997)

* Mu\'ayyad al-Dawla * Fakhr al-Dawla * Shams al-Dawla
Shams al-Dawla
* Sama\' al-Dawla

IN JAZIRA (978-989)

* \ 'Adud al-Dawla
'Adud al-Dawla
* Samsam al-Dawla * Sharaf al-Dawla * Baha\' al-Dawla

MINOR DOMAINS

* Diya\' al-Dawla ( Basra
Basra
, 980s) * Taj al-Dawla (Khuzest

.