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Shantinatha
Shantinatha
was the sixteenth Jain
Jain
Tirthankar
Tirthankar
of the present age (Avasarpini).[2] Shantinatha
Shantinatha
was born to King Visvasen and Queen Achira at Hastinapur
Hastinapur
in the Ikshvaku dynasty. His birth date is the thirteenth day of the Jyest Krishna month of the Indian calendar. He was also a Chakravarti and a Kamadeva. He ascended to throne when he was 25,000 years old.[3][4] At the age of 50,001 years, he became a Jain
Jain
monk and started his penance. According to Jain
Jain
beliefs, he became a siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma.

Contents

1 Biography in Jain
Jain
tradition

1.1 Birth 1.2 Omniscience 1.3 Moksha 1.4 Previous births

2 Literature 3 Legacy

3.1 Iconography 3.2 Famous temples 3.3 Colossal statues

4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Sources 8 External links

Biography in Jain
Jain
tradition[edit] Birth[edit] Shantinatha
Shantinatha
was born to King Visvasen and Queen Achira at Hastinapur in the Ikshvaku dynasty
Ikshvaku dynasty
on thirteenth day of the Jyest Krishna month of the Indian calendar.[3] During his time epidemic of epilepsy broke out and he helped people to control it giving him name of Shantinath.[5] Omniscience[edit] Shanitnath was the fifth Chakravartin
Chakravartin
and ruled for 25 years after which he decided to spend his life as ascetic.[5] After one year of ascetism on the 9th bright day of month of Pausha
Pausha
(December/January), he achieved omniscience under a nandi tree.[3] The yaksha and yakshi of Shantinatha
Shantinatha
are Kimpurusha and Mahamanasi according to Digambara tradition and Garuda
Garuda
and Nirvani according to Śvētāmbara tradition.[6] Moksha[edit] His death is traditionally called by Jains as moksha or separation of soul from cycles of rebirths.[7] He died atop Shikharji
Shikharji
on 13th day of the dark half of the month Jyestha (May–June),[3][note 1] known contemporaneously as the Parasnath Hills
Parasnath Hills
in northern Jharkhand.[10] Previous births[edit]

King Srisena Yugalika in Uttar Kurukshetra Deva in Saudharma heaven Amitateja, prince of Arkakirti Heavenly deva in 10th heaven Pranat (20 sagars life span) Aparajit Baldeva in East Mahavideha (life span of 84,00, 000 purva) Heavenly Indra
Indra
in 12th heaven Achyuta (22 sagars life span) Vajrayudh Chakri, the son of Tirthankar
Tirthankar
Kshemanakar in East Mahvideha Heavenly deva in Navgraivayak heaven Megharath, the son of Dhanarath in East Mahavideh in the area where Simandharswami is moving at present Heavenly deva in Sarvartha Siddha
Siddha
Heaven (33 sagars life span)

Literature[edit]

The Shantinatha
Shantinatha
Charitra, by Acharya Ajitprabhasuri, this text has been declared as a global treasure by UNESCO.[11] Shantipurana written in around 10th century by Sri Ponna.[12]

Legacy[edit] Iconography[edit]

Shwetambar Shantinath idol with symbol of a deer

Shantinatha
Shantinatha
is usually depicted in a sitting or standing meditative posture with the symbol of a deer or antelope beneath him.[13][14] Every Tīrthankara has a distinguishing emblem that allows worshippers to distinguish similar-looking idols of the Tirthankaras.[15][16][17] The deer or antelope emblem of shantinath is usually carved below the legs of the Tirthankara. Like all Tirthankaras, Shantinath is depicted with Shrivatsa[note 2] and downcast eyes.[18] Famous temples[edit]

Shantinatha
Shantinatha
Temple, Khajuraho
Khajuraho
- a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage site Prachin Bada Mandir, Hastinapur
Hastinapur
- birthplace of Shantinatha Shantinath Temple, Deogarh Shantinatha
Shantinatha
Basadi, Jinanathapura Shantinath Jain
Jain
Teerth Aharji Jain
Jain
Teerth Shantinath Jain
Jain
temple, Kothara Shantinath Jain
Jain
Temple in Leicester (first Jain
Jain
Temple in Europe and the Western World) - Jainism
Jainism
in the United Kingdom[19]

Shantinatha
Shantinatha
Basadi, Jinanathapura

Shantinath Temple, Deogarh

Shantinath Jain
Jain
temple, Kothara

Shantinath Jain
Jain
Teerth

'Singh Dwaar' of Prachin Bada Mandir, Hastinapur

Shantinatha
Shantinatha
temple, Khajuraho

Shantinath Jain
Jain
temple, Ramtek

Colossal statues[edit]

32 foot statue of Shantinath at Shantinath Jinalaya in Shri Mahavirji

31 foot statue of Shantinath at Prachin Bada Mandir, Hastinapur

22½ foot statue of Shantinath at Bhojpur Jain
Jain
Temple

18 foot (5.5 m) sculpture at Shantinatha
Shantinatha
basadi, Halebidu[20]

15 foot image at Shantinatha
Shantinatha
temple, Khajuraho[21]

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shantinatha.

God in Jainism Arihant (Jainism) Jainism
Jainism
and non-creationism

Notes[edit]

^ Some texts refer to the place as Mount Sammeta.[8] This place is revered in Jainism
Jainism
because 20 out of 24 Jinas died here.[9] ^ A special symbol that marks the chest of a Tirthankara. The yoga pose is very common in Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism. Each tradition has had a distinctive auspicious chest mark that allows devotees to identify a meditating statue to symbolic icon for their theology. There are several srivasta found in ancient and medieval Jain
Jain
art works, and these are not found on Buddhist or Hindu art works.

References[edit]

^ Tandon 2002, p. 45. ^ Tukol 1980, p. 31. ^ a b c d Jain
Jain
2009, p. 84. ^ Shah, Chandraprakash. "SHRI SHANTINATH, 16TH TIRTHANKARA".  ^ a b Mittal 2006, p. 689. ^ Shah 1987, p. 152. ^ Sangave 2001, p. 104. ^ Jacobi 1964, p. 275. ^ Cort 2010, pp. 130–133. ^ Kailash Chand Jain
Jain
1991, p. 13. ^ Shāntinātha Charitra, UNESCO. ^ Das 2005, p. 143. ^ Doniger 1999, p. 550. ^ Dalal 2010, p. 369. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. ^ Krishna 2014, p. 34. ^ Zimmer 1953, p. 225. ^ Moore 1977, p. 138. ^ Wilson & Ravat 2017, p. 23. ^ " Shantinatha
Shantinatha
Basti, Halebid". Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved June 10, 2017.  ^ Ali Javid; Tabassum Javeed (2008). World Heritage Monuments and Related Edifices in India. Algora. p. 209. ISBN 978-0-87586-482-2. 

Sources[edit]

Johnson, Helen M. (1931), Shantinathacaritra (Book 5 of the Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra), Baroda Oriental Institute  Titze, Kurt; Bruhn, Klaus (1998). Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-violence. Motilal Banarsidass
Motilal Banarsidass
Publ. 

Shah, Umakant Premanand (1987). Jaina-Rupa Mandana: Jaina Iconography:, Volume 1. India: Shakti Malik Abhinav Publications. ISBN 81-7017-208-X. 

Tukol, T. K. (1980). Compendium of Jainism. Dharwad: University of Karnataka.  Shantinatha
Shantinatha
Purana.  Shantinatha Charitra
Shantinatha Charitra
(PDF).  Jain, Arun Kumar (2009), Faith & Philosophy of Jainism, Gyan Publishing House, ISBN 9788178357232, retrieved 2017-10-08  Tandon, Om Prakash (2002) [1968], Jaina Shrines in India (1 ed.), New Delhi: Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, ISBN 81-230-1013-3  Mittal, J.P. (2006), History Of Ancient India From 4250 BC To 637 AD, 2, Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, ISBN 9788126906161  Sangave, Vilas Adinath (2001), Facets of Jainology: Selected Research Papers on Jain
Jain
Society, Religion, and Culture, Mumbai: Popular Prakashan, ISBN 978-81-7154-839-2  Jacobi, Hermann (1964), Max Muller (The Sacred Books of the East Series, Volume XXII), ed., Jaina Sutras (Translation), Motilal Banarsidass (Original: Oxford University Press)  Cort, John E. (2010), Framing the Jina: Narratives of Icons and Idols in Jain
Jain
History, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-538502-1  Jain, Kailash Chand (1991), Lord Mahāvīra and His Times, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-81-208-0805-8  Shah, Umakant Premanand (1987), Jaina-rūpa-maṇḍana: (Jaina iconography), 1, Abhinav Publications, ISBN 9788170172086  Krishna, Nanditha (2014), Sacred Animals of India, Penguin UK, ISBN 9788184751826  Dalal, Roshen (2010), The Religions of India: A Concise Guide to Nine Major Faiths, Penguin Books India, ISBN 9780143415176  Britannica Tirthankar
Tirthankar
Definition, Encyclopædia Britannica  Doniger, Wendy, ed. (1999), Encyclopedia of World Religions, Merriam-Webster, ISBN 0-87779-044-2  Moore, Albert C. (1977), Iconography of Religions: An Introduction, Chris Robertson, ISBN 9780800604882  Wilson, Tom; Ravat, Riaz (2017). Learning to Live Well Together: Case Studies in Interfaith Diversity. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. ISBN 9781784504670.  INTERNATIONAL MEMORY OF THE WORLD REGISTER - Shāntinātha Charitra (PDF), UNESCO  Das, Sisir Kumar (2005), A History of Indian Literature, 500-1399: From Courtly to the Popular, Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 9788126021710 

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