Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) is one of two international airports of Shanghai and a major aviation hub of China. Pudong Airport mainly serves international flights, while the city's other major airport Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport mainly serves domestic and regional flights. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city center, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (10,000-acre) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority (Chinese: 上海机场集团公司, SSE: 600009).
The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China, as well as secondary hub of China Southern Airlines. It is also the hub for privately owned Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines, and an Asia-Pacific cargo hub for UPS and DHL. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is said to be the biggest express hub in Asia.
Pudong Airport has two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by four parallel runways. A third passenger terminal has been planned since 2015, in addition to a satellite terminal and two additional runways, raising its annual capacity from 60 million passengers to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tons of freight.
Pudong Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,440,279.7 metric tons handled in 2016, the airport is the world's third-busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 66,002,414 passengers in 2016, making it the second-busiest airport in China, fifth-busiest in Asia and the ninth-busiest in the world. By the end of 2016, Pudong Airport hosted 104 airlines serving more than 210 destinations.
Shanghai Pudong is the busiest international hub of China, about half of its total passenger traffic is international. Pudong Airport is connected to Shanghai Metro Line 2 and the Shanghai Maglev Train via Pudong International Airport Station, and the Shanghai Airport Intercity Railway via Shanghai Pudong Railway Station.
In 2017, Pudong International Airport passenger throughput of 70 million passengers, ranked second in mainland China (after the Beijing Capital International Airport). Mail throughput of 3.8356 million tons, ranked first in mainland China, the world's third. Aircraft landing nearly 500,000 sorties . Pudong Airport is also China's largest airport port, and arrivals reached 35.25 million in 2017.
Prior to the establishment of Pudong International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport was the primary airport of Shanghai. During the 1990s, the expansion of Hongqiao Airport to meet growing demand became impossible as the surrounding urban area was developing significantly, and an alternative to assume all international flights had to be sought.
After deliberation, the municipal government decided to adopt the suggestion from Professor Chen Jiyu of East China Normal University, who wrote a letter to the Mayor of Shanghai Xu Kuangdi suggesting that the new airport should be constructed on the tidal flats of the south bank of the Yangtze River estuary, on the coast of the Pudong development zone to the east of Shanghai.
Construction of the first phase of the new Shanghai Pudong International Airport began in October 1997, took two years to build at a cost of RMB 12 billion (1.67 billion USD), and was opened on October 1, 1999 It covers an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Shanghai. The first phase of the airport has one 4E category runway (4000 m x 60 m) along with two parallel taxiways, an 800,000-square-metre (8,600,000 sq ft) apron, seventy-six aircraft positions and a 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) cargo warehouse.
A second runway was opened on March 17, 2005, and construction of phase two (including a second terminal, a third runway and a cargo terminal) began in December 2005 and started operation on March 26, 2008, in time for the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.
In November 2011, Pudong Airport received approval from the national government for a new round of expansion which includes two runways. The 3,800-metre fourth runway, along with an auxiliary taxiway and traffic control facilities, is projected to cost 2.58 billion yuan (USD 403 million). The 3,400-metre fifth runway, along with a new traffic tower, will cost 4.65 billion yuan (USD 726.6 million). Construction was completed in 2015 and has doubled the capacity of the airport.
The airport has 70 boarding bridges along with 218 parking positions. Four runways are in operation: one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway with 4E rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Boeing 747-400) and six taxiways, two 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runways with 4F rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8, and Antonov An-225) and four taxiways each, and one 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runway with 4F rating and six taxiways.
Pudong airport currently have 4 runways.Rwy 35L/17R and Rwy 34R/16L are used for landing while Rwy 35R/17L and Rwy 34L/16R is used for takeoff.
Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999 along with a 4000-metre runway and including a cargo hub. It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport's traffic. The exterior of Terminal 1 is shaped like a seagull, and has 28 gates, 13 of which are double decker gates. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covers an area of 280,000 square metres.
The gates for Terminal 1 is 1-12,14-29(linked with jetway),while the remote gates are 201-211,533-543,115-117,201-211 ,251-255,256-258and 511-521.
Terminal 2, opened on March 26, 2008, along with the third runway, gives a capacity of 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tons of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like Terminal 1, although it more closely resembles a wave, and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 also has more levels than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is primarily used by Air China and other Star Alliance members.
The gates for Terminal 2 is 50-65, 67-79, 80-98 (Note that gates 58-91 is used by both the C gates (used for domestic flights) and the D gates (used for international flights). The gates between gates 65-79 is only odd numbers (65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79). Gates 50-57 and gates 92-98 is used for C gates only. The remote gates for Terminal 2 is 581-586, 589-590, 593-600, 801-816.
An additional satellite concourse facility to provide further gates and terminal space started construction on December 29, 2015 and is expected to be completed in 2019. This project will support 38 million passengers annually through 83 departure gates across two S1 and S2 concourses. These will be connected by an underground automated people mover to the current T1 and T2 terminals.
|1||Air France, China Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Delta Airlines, Japan Airlines, KLM, Korean Air, Qantas, Royal Brunei Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, SriLankan Airlines|
|2||All other airlines|
|AirAsia X||Kuala Lumpur–International|
|Air Canada||Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver|
|Air China||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Hohhot, Jiuzhaigou, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Melbourne, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, San José (CA), Sendai, Shenzhen, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xichang, Yinchuan|
operated by Dalian Airlines
|Air France||Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|Air India||Delhi, Mumbai|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland|
|All Nippon Airways||Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita|
|American Airlines||Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles|
|Asiana Airlines||Busan, Seoul–Incheon|
|Beijing Capital Airlines||Haikou|
|Cambodia Angkor Air||Phnom Penh, Siem Reap|
|Cathay Dragon||Hong Kong|
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong|
|China Airlines||Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Eastern Airlines||Amsterdam, Auckland, Baise, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Brisbane, Busan, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chicago–O'Hare, Chifeng, Chongqing, Colombo, Daegu, Dalian, Datong, Dazhou, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai–International, Dunhuang, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Harbin, Hefei, Heihe, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Jiayuguan, Jeju, Jieyang, Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Kagoshima, Kathmandu, Komatsu, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Linyi, Liping, Liupanshui, Liuzhou, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lüliang, Luzhou, Macau, Madrid, Malé, Manila, Matsuyama, Melbourne, Mohe, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Muan, Mudanjiang, Nagasaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Niigata, Ningbo, Okayama, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Prague, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Qiqihar, Rizhao, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shizuoka, Siem Reap, Singapore, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm–Arlanda(begins 16 June 2018), Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tonghua, Tongren, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xingyi, Xining, Yan'an, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yingkou, Yulin, Yuncheng, Zhangjiakou, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan, Zhuhai, Zunyi
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Cairns
|China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
|Anshan, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Busan, Changchun, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Denpasar/Bali, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hong Kong, Jinzhou, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Macau,, Melbourne, Mianyang, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Taipei–Songshan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Toyama, Wanzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xinzhou, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Seasonal: Krabi, Malé
|China Southern Airlines||Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Jiamusi, Kunming, Mudanjiang, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nanyang, Osaka–Kansai, Pattaya U-Tapao, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Ürümqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Yanji, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta (resumes 22 July 2018), Detroit, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma, Tokyo–Narita (ends 20 July 2018)|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|EVA Air||Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|Garuda Indonesia||Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta|
|Hainan Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Boston, Brussels, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Seattle/Tacoma, Taiyuan, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion,  Tianjin, Ürümqi, Weifang, Xi'an|
|Hong Kong Airlines||Hong Kong|
|Japan Airlines||Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita|
|Juneyao Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Beihai, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Cheongju, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guilin, Guyuan, Haikou, Hailar, Harbin, Hong Kong, Jeju, Kalibo, Kaohsiung, Krabi, Lijiang, Macau, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Obihiro, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanming, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tongliao, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xining, Yangyang, Yinchuan, Zhongwei, Zhuhai
|Korean Air||Busan, Seoul–Incheon|
|Lion Air||Denpasar/Bali, Manado|
|Mahan Air||Tehran–Imam Khomeini|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International|
|Orient Thai Airlines||Bangkok–Don Mueang|
operated by PAL Express
|Royal Brunei Airlines||Bandar Seri Begawan|
|S7 Airlines||Seasonal: Vladivostok, Novosibirsk|
|Shandong Airlines||Qingdao, Xiamen, Yantai|
|Shenzhen Airlines||Nanchang, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen|
|Sichuan Airlines||Chengdu, Chongqing, Saipan|
|Spring Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Ibaraki, Jeju, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Macau, Mianyang, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Phnom Penh, Qingdao, Qingyang, Saga, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Siem Reap, Singapore, Surat Thani, Taipei–Taoyuan, Takamatsu, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Xiamen, Xishuangbanna, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhuhai|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|Thai AirAsia X||Bangkok–Don Mueang|
|Thai Lion Air||Bangkok–Don Mueang, Phuket|
|United Airlines||Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco|
|Ural Airlines||Moscow-Zhukovsky (begins 4 July 2018), Novosibirsk (begins 4 July 2018)|
|Vietnam Airlines||Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc|
|West Air||Chongqing, Quanzhou|
|AirBridgeCargo Airlines||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Sochi, Yekaterinburg|
|Air China Cargo||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Liège, New York–JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Quito, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou|
|ANA Cargo||Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita|
|ASL Airlines Belgium||Chongqing, Liège, Singapore|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Chengdu, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Xiamen, Zhengzhou|
|China Airlines Cargo||Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Cargo Airlines||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Milan–Malpensa, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, St. Louis, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza|
|China Postal Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Tianjin, Xiamen|
|China Southern Airlines Cargo||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Osaka–Kansai, Vancouver, Vienna, Zhengzhou|
operated by Air Hong Kong
operated by AeroLogic
operated by Atlas Air
|Anchorage, Baku, Dubai–International, Zhengzhou|
operated by Kalitta Air
operated by Polar Air Cargo
|Anchorage, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Nagoya–Centrair, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita|
operated by Southern Air
|Emirates SkyCargo||Dubai–Al Maktoum, Kabul|
|Ethiopian Airlines Cargo||Addis Ababa, Bangalore|
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi, Chennai, Delhi, Karachi, Lahore, Mumbai|
|EVA Air Cargo||Taipei–Taoyuan|
|FedEx Express||Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Delhi, Dubai–International, Guangzhou, Manila, Memphis, Oakland, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita|
|Hong Kong Airlines Cargo||Hong Kong, Xiamen|
|Iran Air Cargo||Tehran–Imam Khomeini|
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, Atlanta, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon, Toronto–Pearson|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Seoul–Incheon|
|MASkargo||Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching, Penang, Sydney|
|MNG Airlines||Almaty, Istanbul–Atatürk|
|National Airlines (N8)||Anchorage, Los Angeles|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||Tokyo–Narita|
|Qantas Cargo||Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, New York–JFK, Sydney|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha|
|Saudia Cargo||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Jeddah, Riyadh|
|SF Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Harbin, Shenzhen|
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Singapore|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku|
|Suparna Airlines||Aktobe, Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Prague, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Tokyo–Narita, Wuxi|
|Turkish Airlines||Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk|
|UPS Airlines||Anchorage, Louisville, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Warsaw–Chopin|
Shanghai Pudong International Airport will be connected by two railway lines, the Shanghai Airport Intercity Railway a high-speed railway line that will connect the airport with Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station via Shanghai Pudong Railway Station. The freight-only Shanghai Airport Railway will connect Shanghai East Railway Station a classification yard located adjacent to Pudong Airport's cargo terminal with Luchaogang Railway Station.
Starting service on January 29, 2004 as the first commercial high-speed maglev railway in the world, Shanghai Maglev Train links Pudong International Airport with Longyang Road Metro Station, where transfer to Line 2, Line 7, and Line 16 is possible. The 30 km ride from Longyang Road Metro station to Pudong International Airport typically takes less than eight minutes, with the maximum speed reaching 431 km/h. Trains operate every 15 minutes; therefore passengers can expect to arrive in less than 25 minutes, waiting time included.
All cars are equipped with racks and space designated for luggage.
Shanghai Metro Line 2 also provides service between Pudong International Airport and Longyang Road, Lujiazui, People's Square, and Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai's primary domestic airport as well as Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station. Line 2 is part of the Shanghai Metro system; therefore unlike the Maglev, free in-system transfer to other lines are possible.
Prices are substantially lower than the Maglev. A casual ride to People's Square, the city center, typically takes just over one hour. It is wise to allow more than five hours for a safe flight transfer at Hongqiao International Airport using public transportation.
It should further be noted that Line 2 operates in two sections: trains from Pudong International Airport terminate at Guanglan Road, where passengers wishing to travel on change trains across the platform. In addition, not all trains go to Hongqiao International Airport.
Eight airport bus lines serve the airport, providing rapid links to various destinations.
The S1 Yingbin Expressway goes into the airport
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shanghai Pudong International Airport.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Shanghai Pudong International Airport.|