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The Shanghai Metro () is a rapid transit system in Shanghai, operating urban and suburban transit services to 14 of its 16 municipal districts, only Jinshan and Chongming districts are not served. and to Huaqiao Town, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province. Opening in 1993 with full-scale construction extending back to 1986, the Shanghai Metro is the third-oldest rapid transit system in mainland China, after the Beijing Subway and the Tianjin Metro. It has seen substantial growth, significantly during the years leading up to the Expo 2010, and is still expanding quickly, with its most recent expansions having opened in January 2021. It is the biggest component of the Shanghai metropolitan rail transit network, together with the Shanghai maglev train, the Zhangjiang Tram, the Songjiang Tram and the China Railway-operated commuter rail services to Jinshan. The metro system is also integrated with other forms of public transport in Shanghai. The Shanghai Metro system is the world's biggest metro system by route length, totaling . It is also the second biggest by the number of stations with 381 stations on 18 lines. It ranks second in the world by annual ridership with 3.88 billion rides delivered in 2019. The daily ridership record was set at 13.29 million on March 8, 2019. Over 10 million people use the system on an average workday. On 16 October 2013, with the extension of Line 11 into Kunshan in Jiangsu province, Shanghai Metro became the first rapid transit system in China to provide cross-provincial service and the second intercity metro after the Guangfo Metro. Further plans to connect the Shanghai Metro with the metro system of Suzhou are under active review, with the first line connecting Shanghai Metro Line 11 and Suzhou Metro Line 3 under construction and projected to be completed by 2024. Ambitious expansion plans call for 25 lines with over of length by 2025. By then, every location in the central area of Shanghai will be within of a subway station.


History


* May 28, 1993 – Southern section of Line 1 ( – ) enters operation (). * April 10, 1995 – Line 1 ( – ; including initial section, which opened 1993) enters operation (). * December 28, 1996 – Southern extension to Line 1 ( – ) enters operation (). * September 20, 1999 – Line 2 ( – ) enters operation (). * December 27, 2000 – The eastern extension to Line 2 ( – ) () and Line 3 ( – ) () open. * November 25, 2003 – Line 5 ( – ) enters operation (). * December 28, 2004 – Northern extension to Line 1 ( – ) enters operation (). * December 31, 2005 – Line 4 enters operation, except the section between and that was delayed due to a construction accident. * December 18, 2006 – Northern extension to Line 3 ( – ) enters operation (). * December 30, 2006 – Western extension to Line 2 ( – ) enters operation (). * December 29, 2007 – Five lines or sections enter operation on the same day: ** Second northern extension to Line 1 ( – ) () ** Delayed section of Line 4 ( – ), completing the loop. ** Line 6 ( – ) () ** Line 8 ( – ) ** Line 9 ( – ) * December 28, 2008 – Line 9 is extended from to , connecting with the rest of the metro network. * July 5, 2009 – Southern extension to Line 8 ( – ) enters operation (). * December 5, 2009 – Line 7 ( – ) enters operation (). * December 31, 2009 – The downtown section of Line 9 ( – ) and the first section of Line 11 ( – ) open. * February 24, 2010 – Short section of eastern extension of Line 2 ( – ) enters operation. Zhangjiang Hi-tech Park station is rebuilt underground. * March 16, 2010 – Second western extension to Line 2 ( – ) enters operation, connecting Hongqiao Airport to the metro system. * March 29, 2010 – Branch line of Line 11 ( – ) enters operation. * April 7, 2010 - opens on line 9. * April 8, 2010 – Eastern extension to Line 2 ( – ) enters operation, connecting the two airports. * April 10, 2010 – Line 10 ( – ) enters operation. Shanghai Metro becomes the longest metro system in the world after 15 years of breakneck growth. * April 20, 2010 – Expo section of Line 13 ( – ) enters temporary operation. * July 1, 2010 – with the opening of Hongqiao railway station, its metro station of the same name on Line 2 enters operation. * November 2, 2010 – With the end of the Shanghai Expo, the Expo section of Line 13 suspends service, to be reopened when the rest of the line is completed. * November 30, 2010 – Section of Line 10 ( – ) enters operation, connecting the two terminals of Hongqiao Airport. * December 28, 2010 – The 10-km long northern extension to Line 7 ( – ) enters operation. * April 12, 2011 – Oriental Sports Center station opens * April 26, 2011 – Line 11 East Changji Road station opens. * June 30, 2011 – and Stations on Line 7 open. * September 28, 2012 – China Art Museum station on Line 8 opens. * December 30, 2012 – The southern extension of Line 9 ( – ) opens Shanghai Metro. Retrieved on December 30, 2012. and the first phase of Line 13 ( – ) opens as well. * June 15, 2013 – South Qilianshan Road station on Line 13 opens. * August 31, 2013 – The second phase of Line 11 ( – ) enters operation. * October 16, 2013 – The 6-km long branch extension of Line 11 ( – ) enters operation. Shanghai Metro is extended into Jiangsu province, and becomes the first inter-provincial Chinese rapid transit system and second intercity system. * December 29, 2013 – The eastern section of Line 12 ( – ) and Line 16 ( – ) both enter operation. * May 10, 2014 – Line 12 Extension to Qufu Road station. * July 22, 2014 – Qihua Road station on Line 7 opens. * November 1, 2014 – Daduhe Road station on Line 13 opens. * December 28, 2014 – Extensions to Line 13 ( – ) and Line 16 ( – ) open * December 19, 2015 – Extensions to Line 11 ( – ), Line 12 ( – ), Line 13 ( – ) open. * April 26, 2016 – Disney Resort station on Line 11 opens. * December 30, 2017 – Line 17 opens from to along with eastern extension of Line 9 from to . * March 31, 2018 – Pujiang line ( – ) enters operation. * December 30, 2018 – Extensions to Line 5 ( – ) and Line 13 ( – ) open. * August 25, 2020 – Chenxiang Highway station on Line 11 opens. * December 26, 2020 – Extensions to Line 10 ( – ) and Line 18 ( – ) opens. * January 23, 2021 – Line 15 enters operation, except Guilin Road station.

Lines

There are currently 18 lines in operation, with Lines and services are denoted numerically as well as by characteristic colors, which are used as a visual aid for better distinction on station signage and on the exterior of trains, in the form of a colored block or belt. Most tracks in the Shanghai Metro system are served by a single service; thus "Line X" usually refers both to the physical line and its service. The only exception is the segment shared by Lines 3 and 4, between Hongqiao Road station and Baoshan Road station, where both services use the same tracks and platforms. File:0159 entering Lianhua Road Station (20180211162025).jpg|Line 1 File:Shmetro_Line_2_AC-17B.jpg|Line 2 File:0329 entering Caoyang Road Station (20170910115254).jpg|Line 3 File:Shanghai_Metro_AC05_Train_near_Baoshan_Road_Station.jpg|Line 4 File:2018102005C02型列车进入剑川路站.jpg|Line 5 File:Shanghai Metro Line 8 AC15.jpg|Line 8 File:AC09 on Shanghai Metro Line 9.jpg|Line 9 File:Line 11 AC16 Train.JPG|Line 11 File:20171125停靠于北郊站的12A02型列车.jpg|Line 12 File:Shanghai_Metro_Line_16_AC19_Train.JPG|Line 16 File:1714_leaving_Middle_Jiasong_Road_Station_(20171230122531).jpg|Line 17 File:20180331浦江线运行中.jpg|Pujiang Line File:201604_Platform_of_Xinzha_Road_Station.JPG|Xinzha Road station of Line 1 File:Platform_of_Yuandong_Avenue_Station_(20191112163130).jpg|Yuandong Avenue station of Line 2 File:Dongbaoxing_Road_Station.jpg|Dongbaoxing Road station of Line 3 File:Pudong_Avenue_Station.jpg|Pudong Avenue station of Line 4 File:20181230奉浦大道站站台.jpg|Fengpu Avenue station of Line 5 File:Yunshan_Road_Station_Line_6_Platform.jpg|Yunshan Road station of Line 6 File:Qihua_Road_Station.jpg|Qihua Road station of Line 7 File:Huangxing_Road_Station.jpg|Huangxing Road station of Line 8 File:Minlei_Road_Station_Line_9_Platform.jpg|Minlei Road station of Line 9 File:紫藤路站站台.JPG|Ziteng Road station of Line 10 File:201609_Nameboard_of_Luoshan_Road_Station.jpg|Luoshan Road station of Line 11 File:东陆路站.jpg|Donglu Road station of Line 12 File:Platform_of_Xuelin_Road_station.jpg|Xuelin Road station of Line 13 File:Dishui_Lake_Station.jpg|Dishui Lake station of Line 16 File:20171230朱家角站站台.jpg|Zhujiajiao station of Line 17 File:MinruiSta.jpg|Minrui Road station of Pujiang Line


Services





Partial service patterns


Partial service patterns exist on Lines 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 15 and 17. Partial services serve only a (usually busier) sub-segment of the entire physical line. In addition, Line 2 had a piecewise service pattern during morning peak hours whereby the suburban segment between Guanglan Road station and Pudong International Airport station is partially served by a 4-car fleet in addition to the regular 8-car fleet serving the whole line before April 19, 2019. Since 28 December 2018, during off-peak times, an 8-car fleet from East Xujing or Songhong Road station may terminate at Pudong International Airport station, but most trains still terminate at Guanglan Road station or Tangzhen (only during peak hours). 8-car train started serving the whole line in a regular schedule from April 19, 2019. Partial services make it easier to find seats on the metro in rush hours. As an example, every second east-bound train on line 12 passing Caobao Road station is much more empty because it departed from Hongmei Road station. Line 12 has a partial service between Hongmei Road and Jufeng Road. Line 11, one of the three branch lines of the metro system, operates a different partial service pattern. Trains travelling to and from the branch line terminate at Huaqiao Station and Sanlin respectively. Hence, a passenger who wants to travel from the terminus of the branch to the eastern terminus of the line, at Disney Resort must change trains. Line 17, which opened in December 2017, operates a partial service pattern from to during rush hours in addition to the full service to .


Line 16


Line 16, unlike the rest of the system, is built with passing loops and operates a rush-hour express service. The service was postponed on January 30, 2014, due to lack of available trains, but resumed on March 21, 2016.


Announcements


All trains in the Shanghai Metro display destinations in Simplified Chinese and English, and make announcements in Standard Mandarin, English, and (on line 16 only) Shanghainese in order to indicate next stations, directions, and partial/full-length service patterns.


Operating hours


The operating hours for most Shanghai metro stations starts between 5:00 to 6:00 in the morning and ends between 22:30 to 23:00 CST. In February 2017 (Shanghai Metro) announced that by April 1, 2017, the operating hours of Line 1, 2, and 7 to 10 will be extended by an hour after the regular last train on each Friday, Saturday and last working days before Chinese Public Holidays. This will be extended to Lines 3, 4, 6, and 11 to 13 by July 1, 2017. By the end of 2018, all the stations in the city center will extend their operating hours after midnight. Also, there will be two trains taking passengers from Hongqiao Railway Station after normal operation time and only stop at several stations, which always happens on the last day of a vacation, e.g. Labor Day, National Day, etc.

Stations



Transfer stations

There are two types of transfer stations: physical transfer stations and transit-card only ones. In a physical transfer station, passengers can transfer between subway lines without exiting a fare zone. In a transit-card only transfer station, however, passengers have to exit and re-enter fare zones as they transfer from one subway line to another. In order to receive a discounted fare, passengers must use a Shanghai public transport card (SPTC) instead of Single-Ride tickets. * Baoshan Road, Shanghai Railway Station, Zhongtan Road, Zhenping Road, Caoyang Road, Jinshajiang Road, Zhongshan Park, West Yan'an Road and Hongqiao Road are interchanges between Lines 3 and 4. This is where the two lines share tracks between Baoshan Road and Hongqiao Road. * Lines 4 and 6 stop at two different stations both known as Pudian Road, but these two stations are not located together and interchanging is not possible. * Longyang Road and Pudong International Airport stations also provide transfers to the Shanghai maglev train, though passengers have to make another payment if they board the Maglev train.


Transit-card only transfer stations


A transit-card only transfer station is a station where two lines meet, but unlike a physical interchange, there is no direct pathway between them within the paid fare area. Passengers wishing to interchange must exit the paid fare area for the first line, walk a short distance on the street, and re-enter the paid fare area for the second line. Since June 1, 2008, passengers interchanging using a Shanghai public transport card have their trip regarded as one journey and the distance will be accumulated for fare calculation. Passengers must exit a station and re-enter another within 30 minutes using the same Shanghai public transport card. Those using single-ride tickets cannot use virtual transfers and must purchase a new ticket. In some cases, virtual interchanges in place during a period of construction were superseded by physical interchanges at the completion of the construction. For example, Hongkou Football Stadium station was previously a virtual interchange between Line 3 and Line 8. Another previously virtual interchange was South Shaanxi Road station between Line 1 and Line 10; after the opening of an extension of line 12 to the station in December 2015 transfers among all three lines became a physical interchange. The current virtual interchanges are: * Changqing Road is a virtual interchange station between Line 7 and Line 13. * Hongqiao Airport Terminal 2 is a virtual interchange station between Line 2 and Line 10. However, Line 2 trains bound for Pudong International Airport and Line 10 trains bound for Xinjiangwancheng share an island platform. The middle island platform of the station opened in 30 December 2017, so that passengers may transfer from downtown Line 2 and Line 10 trains by walking through the middle island platform. * Shanghai Railway Station is a virtual interchange station between Line 1 and Line 3 / Line 4, but Line 3 and Line 4 share the same platforms and the transfer between Lines 3 and 4 can be made by simply waiting for the next train to arrive at the platform. * West Nanjing Road is a virtual interchange station among Line 2, Line 12 and Line 13. * Loushanguan Road is a virtual interchange station between Line 2 and Line 15.

Transport hubs

The busiest station in Shanghai Metro system is People's Square (Lines 1, 2 and 8). As the interchange station for three lines, it is extremely crowded during peak hours. It remains busy during the rest of the day as it is located near major shopping and tourist destinations such as East Nanjing Road, a pedestrian street, as well as the Shanghai Museum, People's Park, the Shanghai Grand Theatre and Yan'an Park on People's Square. It has the second largest number of exits (totalling 17) in the stations of the metro system. Xujiahui (Lines 1, 9 and 11) is located in the major Xujiahui commercial center of Shanghai. Six large shopping malls and eight large office towers are each within a three-minute walk of one of the station's exits, numbering a total of 18 since the addition of the four in the Line 9 part of the station that opened in December 2009. This is the largest number of exits of all the stations on the system. This station is also widely used as a pedestrian tunnel across the wide roads. Lujiazui (Line 2) is the major station in Pudong area. It is situated in the heart of Lujiazui financial district, the financial center of Shanghai. The city's iconic landmarks, the Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Jin Mao Tower, Shanghai Tower and Shanghai World Financial Centre are all within walking distance of the station. In contrast to Xujiahui and People's Square, Lujiazui is not particularly busy during off-peak hours or on weekends as it is located in financial district of Shanghai. Line 14, expected to open in 2020, will pass Lujiazui and provide transfer as well. Shanghai Railway Station (Lines 1, 3 and 4) is a major transportation hub in Shanghai, containing the railway station, two subway lines and the stop for many city bus lines as well as interprovincial buses. These bus lines will soon be housed in a brand-new bus station. The line 1 platform is in the South square while platforms for line 3/4 are in the North square. These two platforms are technically separate stations, so interchange is only possible between lines 3/4. A transfer to the line 1 platform requires a SPTC or a new ticket. Shanghai South Railway Station (Lines 1, 3 and 15) is a transport station for line 1, line 3, and line 15; and the maintenance base of line 1 is also located at Shanghai South Railway Station. Zhongshan Park (Lines 2, 3 and 4) is a heavily trafficked station due to the large shopping malls and hotel immediately above it. Century Avenue (Lines 2, 4, 6 and 9) is the largest interchange station in the Shanghai Metro system, and the first station in mainland China to offer an interchange between four metro or subway lines. Pudong International Airport (Line 2) is the eastern terminus of Line 2. It serves the airport of the same name in Shanghai. The station also provides a transfer with the Shanghai maglev train to Longyang Road. Hongqiao Railway Station (Lines 2, 10 and 17), Hongqiao Airport Terminal 1 (Line 10) and Hongqiao Airport Terminal 2 (Lines 2 and 10) are metro stations located in the Hongqiao transportation hub, composed of the Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station. Both Hongqiao Airport stations are directly linked with the airport, offering many domestic and limited international flights, and the Hongqiao Railway metro station is directly linked with the train station. The airport and railway stations themselves offer a zero-distance transfer.

Ticket system

Like many other metro systems in the world (Shanghai Metro) uses a distance-based fare system. The system uses a "one-ticket network", which means that interchanging is possible between all interchange stations, given that the transfer staying within the Shanghai Metro system, without the purchase of another ticket where available, excluding some stations where transferring to another line at said station requires leaving the Fare Zone (i.e. the area extending from the platform to the entry/exit gates) which mandates a Single-Journey Ticket be used before entering that of another line, requiring the purchase of another Single-Journey Ticket (Shanghai Public Transport Cards are exempt as they are not consumed upon exit). The Shanghai Public Transport Card, which allows access to most public transport in Shanghai under one card, is another form of payment.

Fares

* For most lines, the base fare is 3 yuan (RMB) for journeys under 6 km, then 1 yuan for each additional 10 km. As of December 2017, the highest fare is 15 yuan (travel between Oriental Land to Dishui Lake, the farthest distance at present ). * Shortest route calculated as multiple route available between any entry-exit stations * Travel time limit is 4 hour. Additional lowest single journey fare (3 yuan) is required if time limit is exceeded. * Unlimited ride ticket is available

Normal Discounts

* For journeys exclusively on the 1st Phase of Line 5 (Xinzhuang – Minhang Development Zone), the fare is 2 yuan for journeys under 6 km and all other journeys are 3 yuan (though the total length of this section is a bit longer than 16 km). Will not be applied once passengers interchange to other lines, e.g. Fare for passengers from Xinzhuang to Chunshen Road is 2 Yuan, while fare for passengers from Waihuanlu to Chunshen Road is 3 Yuan. * For journeys exclusively from Xinzhuang Station to People's Square Station, the fare is 4 yuan, though the distance between People's Square Station and Xinzhuang Station is about .


Discounts for SPTC holders


* Users of the Shanghai public transport card get a 10% discount for the rest of the calendar month after paying 70 yuan in taking metro, e.g. a passenger has paid 67 Yuan on metro tickets through SPTC this calendar month, and next time he will only pay 2.7 yuan for his next 3-yuan ticket in this calendar month. The discount is applied only for journeys after the payment; it is not retroactively applied to previous journeys. * Users of the Shanghai public transport card as part of the "Air-conditioned Bus Transfer Discount" get a 1 yuan discount when transferring to the metro within 90 minutes. (The 10% monthly discount may be applied after the transfer discount) This discount also applies for a bus to Metro and bus to bus transfers and can accumulate over multiple transfers. For example, to get from Zhenbei Rd/Meichuan Rd to Xiuyan Rd/Hunan Rd would normally cost 8 yuan each way (947 buses to line 4 to 451 bus) but only costs 6 RMB with the card (947 buses discounted transfer to line 4, discounted transfer to 451 bus). Depending on the time spent at the destination the discount will be applied at the start of the return trip as well, making the cost of a round-trip 11 yuan instead of the 16 yuan that would normally be charged without the card.

Single Journey ticket

Single-Journey tickets can be purchased from ticket vending machines, and at some stations, at a ticket window. Single-ride tickets are embedded with RFID contactless chips. When entering the system riders tap the ticket against a scanner above the turnstile, and when they exit they insert the ticket into a slot where it is stored and recycled. File:Line1 Ticket used before 1997.JPG|Line 1 ticket used in 1995-1997 File:Line 1 ticket used after 1997.JPG|Line 1 ticket used in 1997-1999 File:Line 3 Ticket.JPG|Line 3 ticket used before 2003 File:Line5 Ticket.JPG|Line 5 ticket used before 2005

Shanghai Public Transportation Card

In addition to a Single-Ride ticket, the fare can be paid using a Shanghai public transport card, which is similar to the Octopus card of Hong Kong's MTR. This RFID-embedded card can be purchased at selected banks, convenience stores and metro stations with a 20-yuan deposit. This card can be loaded at ticket booths, Service Centers at the metro stations as well as many small convenience stores and banks throughout the city. The Shanghai Public Transportation Card can also be used to pay for other forms of transportation, such as taxi or bus.

One-day pass

A one-day pass was introduced for the Expo 2010 held in Shanghai. The fare for the calendar day was set at 18 yuan, for unlimited travel within the metro system. This is not available through vending machines, but has to be purchased at Service Centers at metro stations.

Three-day pass

A three-day pass is available for Shanghai Metro. The fare for three days was set at 45 yuan, for unlimited travel within the metro system. This pass is not available through vending machines, but has to be purchased at Service Centers at metro stations.

Infrastructure

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Gauge

Songhong_Road_to_[[Longyang_Road_station.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Songhong Road station">Songhong Road to Longyang_Road,_have_[[platform_screen_doors.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Longyang Road station">Longyang Road, have Longyang_Road_station">Longyang_Road,_have_[[platform_screen_doors_with_sliding_[[acrylic_glass.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="platform screen doors">Longyang Road station">Longyang Road, have [[platform screen doors with sliding [[acrylic glass">platform screen doors">Longyang Road station">Longyang Road, have [[platform screen doors with sliding [[acrylic glass at the platform edge. The train stops with its doors lined-up with the sliding doors on the platform edge and open when the train doors open, and are closed at other times. These screens are also being retrofitted on existing lines, starting with Line 1 whose core stations had doors by the end of 2006. On part of Line 2 and most of the elevated sections, the platform has sliding safety doors that reach only halfway up from the ground called [[Automatic platform gate]]s. [[Line 5 (Shanghai Metro)|Line 5]] is the exception, where they have not yet installed platform screen doors.

Rolling stock

There are currently over 5000 revenue railcars in the Shanghai metro system. The 5000th car was delivered on July 20, 2018. The 7000th car was delivered on December 25, 2020. Train sets used in the system include: * 134 Bombardier Movia 456 six car sets (09A01, 09A02, 07A01 and 12A01) – Lines 9, 7 and 12 * 53 Alstom Metropolis eight car sets (Coded as 01A05) – Line 1, (Coded as 02A02) – Line 2 * 17 Alstom Metropolis four car sets (05C01) – Line 5 (Branch) * 21 Alstom Metropolis four car sets (06C01) – Line 6 * 28 Alstom Metropolis six car sets (08C01) – Line 8 * 29 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. four car sets (AC14) – Line 6 * 38 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. seven car sets (AC15) – Line 8 * 28 Alstom Metropolis six car sets (03A01) – Line 3 * 94 Siemens & CSR Zhuzhou six car sets (AC05, AC16) – Line 4 and 11 * 41 Shanghai Electric-Alstom/Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Co., Ltd. six car sets – Line 10 * 33 Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Works six car sets – Line 13 * 46 Siemens & CSR Zhuzhou three car sets – Two sets are coupled to form a six car train – Line 16 * 26 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (03A02 and 04A02) – Lines 3 and 4 * 17 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (09A03) – Line 9 * 16 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (11A02, 11A03) – Line 11 * APM 300 four car sets – Pujiang line * 33 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (05C02) – Line 5 (Main) * 28 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (17A01) – Line 17 * 17 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (09A03) – Line 9 * 54 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (15A01) – Line 15 * 50 CSR Zhuzhou six car sets (18A01)- Line 18 Train sets to be used in the future include: * 49 CRRC Nanjing Puzhen Ltd. eight car sets – Line 14 Most lines currently use 6 car sets, with the exceptions being: * The Minhang Developing Zone branch of Line 5, Line 6 and Pujiang Line, which uses 4 car sets. * Most trains on Line 8 use 7 car sets. * Line 1 and Line 2 use 8 car sets. * Some trains on Line 16 use 3 car sets. However, this is set to change with new 6-car sets being phased into service from March 2020 along with the existing 3-car sets being coupled into 6-car sets.

Signalling

Shanghai Metro lines 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 are equipped with CBTC systems capable of headways as low as 90 seconds.

Power supply

In contrast to many other metro systems in the world, the Shanghai Metro uses overhead wires for the power supply, except for Line 16, Line 17 and Pujiang Line which use third rail. On Line 2, Siemens Transportation Systems equipped the line with an overhead contact line (cantilever material: galvanized steel) and 7 DC traction power supply substations.

Passenger information systems

Plasma screens on the platforms show passengers when the next two trains are coming, along with advertisements and public service announcements. The subway cars contain LCD screens showing advertisements and on some lines, the next stop, while above-ground trains have LED screens showing the next stop. The LED screens are being phased in on Line 1 and are also included in lines 7 and 9, two underground lines. There are recorded messages stating the next stop in Mandarin, English, and (on line 16 only) Shanghainese, but the messages stating nearby attractions or shops for a given station (a form of paid advertising) are in Mandarin only. The metro operating company is resistant to expanding use of Shanghainese for announcing stops, on the basis that, on most lines, the majority of passengers can understand either Mandarin or English. Station signs are in Simplified Chinese and English. The Metro authority is testing a new systematic numbering system for stations on Line 10.

Future expansion

The Shanghai Metro system is one of the fastest-growing metro systems in the world. As of 2019, Shanghai has more than of metro under construction. By the end of 2020, the network will comprise 19 lines (Lines 1–18 and Pujiang Line) spanning . In addition, there are plans to connect the Shanghai Metro with the Suzhou Rail Transit in neighbouring Jiangsu province.

Incidents

* December 22, 2009—at about 5:50 am, an electrical fault in the tunnel between South Shaanxi Road station and People's Square station caused a few trains to stall. While the track was under repair, a low-speed collision occurred between two trains on Line 1, trapping scores of passengers underground for up to two hours and affecting millions of early commuters. Nobody was injured, but the front of the train was badly damaged. Service resumed at around 12:15 pm. * July 5, 2010—at the Zhongshan Park station a woman died after trying to crowd into a subway train as the doors were closing. With her wrist trapped in the train doors, she was dragged between the train and the platform screen doors when the train started moving. * September 27, 2011—at 2:51 pm, two trains on Line 10 collided between Yuyuan Garden station and Laoximen station, injuring 284–300 people. Initial investigations found that train operators violated regulations while operating the trains manually after a loss of power on the line caused its signal system to fail. No deaths were reported.


See also





Notes





References





External links


*
Shanghai Metro Club




{{DEFAULTSORT:Shanghai Metro Category:Underground rapid transit in China Category:1993 establishments in China Category:Railway lines opened in 1993 Category:1500 V DC railway electrification