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In Hinduism , SHAKTI ( Devanagari
Devanagari
: शक्ति; from Sanskrit _shak_, "to be able"), also spelled as SAKTHI, meaning "power" or "empowerment" is the primordial cosmic energy and represents the dynamic forces that are thought to move through the entire universe . Shakti
Shakti
is the concept or personification of divine feminine creative power, sometimes referred to as 'The Great Divine Mother' in Hinduism . As the mother she is known as ADI PARASHAKTI or ADISHAKTI. On the earthly plane, Shakti
Shakti
most actively manifests through female embodiment and creativity/fertility, though it is also present in males in its potential, unmanifest form.

Hindus believe that Shakti
Shakti
is both responsible for creation and the agent of all change. Shakti
Shakti
is cosmic existence as well as liberation, its most significant form being the Kundalini Shakti, a mysterious psychospiritual force.

In Shaktism
Shaktism
, Shakti
Shakti
is worshipped as the Supreme Being . Shakti embodies the active feminine energy of Shiva
Shiva
and is identified as Tripura Sundari or her avatar Parvati
Parvati
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Evolution

* 2 Shaktism
Shaktism

* 2.1 Adi Parashakti * 2.2 Smarta Advaita

* 3 Shakti
Shakti
Peethas * 4 Bhajans and mantras * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 Further reading * 8 External links

EVOLUTION

Part of a series on

SHAKTISM

Deities ADISHAKTI (SUPREME)

* Shakti * Shivam * Devi
Devi
* Parvati
Parvati
* Durga
Durga
* Matrika
Matrika
* Mahavidya
Mahavidya
* Lalita * Navadurga * Yoginis * Kali
Kali
* Lakshmi
Lakshmi
* Saraswati
Saraswati
* More

Scriptures and texts

* Tantras * Vedas
Vedas
* Upanishads * Shakta Upanishads * Devi
Devi
Bhagavatam * Devi
Devi
Mahatmyam * Devi
Devi
Upanishad * Lalita Sahasranamam * Soundarya Lahari * Abhirami Anthadhi

Philosophy and practices

* Maya * Yoga
Yoga
* Tantra
Tantra
* Panchamakara * Kundalini * Yantra
Yantra

Schools ------------------------- VIDYA MARGAM

* Vamachara * Dakshinachara

------------------------- KULA MARGAM

* Srikulam * Kalikulam * Trika * Kubjika

Scholars

* Bhaskararaya * Ramprasad Sen * Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
* Abhirami Bhattar

Festivals and temples

* Navaratri
Navaratri
* Durga
Durga
Puja * Lakshmi
Lakshmi
Pooja * Saraswati
Saraswati
Pooja * Teej
Teej
* Shakti Peetha

Hinduism portal

* v * t * e

David Kinsley mentions the "shakti" of Lord Indra's as Sachi (Indrani), meaning power. Indrani is part of a group of seven or eight mother goddesses called the Matrikas ( Brahmani , Vaishnavi , Maheshvari , Indrani, Kumari, Varahi and Chamundi
Chamundi
and/or Narasimhi), who are considered shaktis of major Hindu
Hindu
gods (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Indra, Skanda, Varaha/Yama and Narasimha respectively). The goddess Manasa
Manasa
in a dense jungle landscape with a cobra and a swan.

The Shakti
Shakti
goddess is also known as Amma (meaning 'mother') in south India, especially in the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. There are many temples devoted to various incarnations of the Shakti
Shakti
goddess in most of the villages in South India
South India
. The rural people believe that Shakti
Shakti
is the protector of the village, the punisher of evil people, the curer of diseases, and the one who gives welfare to the village. They celebrate Shakti Jataras with great interest once a year. Some examples of incarnations are Ganga
Ganga
, Kamakshi , Kanakadurga , Mahalakshmi , Meenakshi, Manasa
Manasa
, Mariamman
Mariamman
, Yellamma , Poleramma, Gangamma and Perantalamma.

It is believed that the cosmic grand design is theoretically a triangular structure of equal sides. The three points of the triangle or the "trine structure of macrocosmic system" are occupied by three ultimate manifestations of the trinity: Brahma
Brahma
, Vishnu
Vishnu
and Rudra
Rudra
. The central point or the ultimate gravitational presence of the trine structure is occupied by "Shakti" which is self-born, and is unable to be created or destroyed by any other existence in the cosmos which motivates the trinity from the ultimate center. This ultimate indestructible gravity known as "Shakti" in its three transformative form ( Tridevi ) is connected to the trinity separately. She is connected to Brahma
Brahma
through her creative motherly form with Rajas Guna; to Rudra
Rudra
through her destructive elderly form with Tamas Guna and to Vishnu
Vishnu
through her neutral meditating form through her Sattva Guna. Brahma, by the grace of her creative force creates. Rudra, by the strength of her destructive force destroys. Vishnu, by the unbiased intellectual force sustains.

One of the oldest representations of the goddess in India is in a triangular form. The Baghor stone, found in a Paleolithic
Paleolithic
context in the Son River valley and dating to 9,000-8,000 years BCE, is considered an early example of a yantra . Kenoyer , part of the team that excavated the stone, considered that it was highly probable that the stone is associated with Shakti.

SHAKTISM

Sri Guru Amritananda Natha Saraswati, performing the Navavarana Puja, an important ritual in Srividya Tantric Shaktism
Shaktism
, at the Sahasrakshi Meru Temple at Devipuram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Shaktism
Shaktism
regards Devi
Devi
(lit., "the Goddess") as the Supreme Brahman itself with all other forms of divinity considered to be merely Her diverse manifestations. In the details of its philosophy and practice, Shaktism
Shaktism
resembles Shaivism. However, _Shaktas_ (_Sanskrit: Śakta, शक्त_), practitioners of Shaktism, focus most or all worship on Shakti, as the dynamic feminine aspect of the Supreme Divine. Shiva , the masculine aspect of divinity, is considered solely transcendent , and Shiva's worship is usually secondary.

From _Devi-Mahatmya_:

By you this universe is borne, By you this world is created, Oh Devi, by you it is protected.

From _Shaktisangama Tantra_:

Woman is the creator of the universe, the universe is her form; woman is the foundation of the world, she is the true form of the body.

In woman is the form of all things, of all that lives and moves in the world. There is no jewel rarer than woman, no condition superior to that of a woman.

ADI PARASHAKTI

Main article: Adi Parashakti

Adi Parashakti , whose material manifestation is Tripura Sundari , is a Hindu
Hindu
concept of the Ultimate Shakti
Shakti
or Mahashakti, the ultimate power inherent in all Creation. This is especially prevalent in the Shakta denomination within Hinduism, which worships the Goddess Devi in all her manifestations. Her human or Shakti
Shakti
swaroop/form, Parvati was married to Shiva
Shiva
, while her knowledge/gyan swaroop form, Saraswati
Saraswati
weds Lord Brahma
Brahma
and wealth/Dhan swaroop form, Lakshmi becomes the consort of Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
.

SMARTA ADVAITA

In the Smarta Advaita sect of Hinduism, Shakti
Shakti
is considered to be one of five equal bona fide personal forms of God in the panchadeva system advocated by Adi Shankara .

SHAKTI PEETHAS

Main article: Shakti Peetha

According to some schools, there are four Adi Shakti
Shakti
Pitha and 51 Shakti
Shakti
centers of worship located in South Asia (four Adi Shakti
Shakti
Pitha are also part of 51 Shakti
Shakti
pithas but they are four major parts of Devi
Devi
Sati's body. So, they are adi shakti pithas). They can be found in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Tibet and Pakistan. These are called Shakti
Shakti
Peethas . The list of locations varies. A commonly accepted list of Shakti
Shakti
Peethas and their temple complexes includes:

* Hinglaj Mataji Balochistan
Balochistan
* Jwalaji ( Himachal
Himachal
) * Tara Tarini (Brahmapur , Odisha
Odisha
) * Katyayani (Chattarpur , Delhi
Delhi
) * Bhadrakali (Kodungallur , Kerala
Kerala
) * Kamakhya
Kamakhya
(Assam) * Kali
Kali
at Kalighat ( Kolkata
Kolkata
, West Bengal
West Bengal
) * Naina Devi
Devi
( Himachal
Himachal
) * Guhyeshwari Temple Devi
Devi
( Kathmandu, Nepal ) * Ambaji
Ambaji
( Gujarat
Gujarat
) * Vishalakshi Temple ( Varanasi
Varanasi
) * Chandranath Temple ( Sitakunda , Bangladesh
Bangladesh
)

Other pithas in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
are:

* Tuljapur (Jagdamba ) * Kolhapur (Mahalaxmi ) * vani- Nashik
Nashik
( Saptashrungi
Saptashrungi
) * Mahurgadh (Renukamata )

Hindu
Hindu
Goddess, Saraswati
Saraswati

BHAJANS AND MANTRAS

There are many ancient Shakti
Shakti
devotional songs and vibrational chants in the Hindu
Hindu
and Sikh traditions (found in Sarbloh Granth ). The recitation of the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
mantras is commonly used to call upon the Divine Mother.

KUNDALINI-SHAKTI-BHAKTI MANTRA Adi Shakti, Adi Shakti, Adi Shakti, Namo Namo! Sarab Shakti, Sarab Shakti, Sarab Shakti, Namo Namo! Prithum Bhagvati, Prithum Bhagvati, Prithum Bhagvati, Namo Namo! Kundalini Mata Shakti, Mata Shakti, Namo Namo!

Translation: _Primal Shakti, I bow to Thee!_ _All-Encompassing Shakti, I bow to Thee!_ _That through which Divine Creates, I bow to Thee!_ _Creative Power of the Kundalini, Mother of all Mother Power, To Thee I Bow!_

"Merge in the Maha Shakti. This is enough to take away your misfortune. This will carve out of you a woman. Woman needs her own Shakti, not anybody else will do it... When a woman chants the Kundalini Bhakti
Bhakti
mantra, God clears the way. This is not a religion, it is a reality. Woman is not born to suffer, and woman needs her own power." ~ Yogi Bhajan (Harbhajan Singh)

SEE ALSO

* Diksha * Tridevi * Essence–energies distinction