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Shahrokh Mirza Afshar, better known by his dynastic name of Shahrokh Shah
Shah
(Persian: شاهرخ‎: also spelled Shah
Shah
Rokh) (c. 1734–1796), was a king of the Afsharid dynasty
Afsharid dynasty
and a contemporary of the Zand kings.

Contents

1 Origin 2 Reign 3 References 4 Sources

Origin[edit] Shahrokh Mirza was the son of Reza Qoli Mirza Afshar, who was the son of the powerful Iranian shah Nader Shah
Shah
(r. 1736-1747), who had briefly carved what was arguably the most powerful empire at the time. Shahrokh's mother was the Safavid princess Fatimeh Sultan Begum, who was the daughter of the Safavid shah Sultan Husayn
Sultan Husayn
(r. 1694–1722), thus making Shahrokh part of the Safavid royal family. Reign[edit] Shahrokh was elected by the nobles following the assassination of Ebrahim Afshar
Ebrahim Afshar
in 1748. Shahrokh's son Nader Mirza Afshar, became the prince of Khorasan. Shahrokh made Mashhad
Mashhad
the capital of his kingdom. He was a contemporary of Mirza Mohammad, who was the son of shah Suleiman I's daughter and a clergyman.[1] Encouraged by the nobles, he came to believe he was the true heir to the throne. Thus he captured and blinded Shahrokh capitalizing on the popular dissatisfaction with Shahrokh's rule, partly owing to the conduct of his Georgian favorite Rasul Beg, who scandalized Mashhad
Mashhad
by making free with the harem of his master.[2] In 1749, during a struggle for power, the son of the Khan of Tabriz, Azad Khan
Azad Khan
Afghan, began a campaign for independence which removed the province of Azerbaijan from Iran, while in the west the Qajar tribe led by Mohammad Hassan Khan
Mohammad Hassan Khan
took over the region of Mazandaran. In 1750, Soleyman II
Soleyman II
was captured and blinded by the followers of Shahrokh, subsequent to which Shahrokh was reinstated as Shah. In 1760, when Karim Khan
Karim Khan
took control of Iran, he did not try to depose Shahrokh out of respect for Nader; however, the realm of Shahrokh was reduced to the province of Khorasan. When the Qajar ruler Agha Mohammad Shah
Shah
reached Mashhad, Shahrokh, along with a prominent mujtahid named Mirza Mahdi, went to the Qajar encampment. There they were warmly received by Agha Mohammad Shah's nephew Hossein Qoli Khan.[3] Shortly afterwards, Agha Mohammad Shah sent a force of 8,000 soldiers under Suleiman Khan Qajar, followed by Mirza Mahdi, to conquer Mashhad
Mashhad
and affirm its citizens of the Shah's generosity. A day later, Agha Mohammad Shah, followed the customary of the famous Iranian shah Abbas I the Great, and entered Mashhad
Mashhad
by foot as a pilgrim to the Imam Reza shrine, whilst being teary eyed and kissing the ground. His pilgrimage continued for 23 days, where he seemed to be unaware of the politics of the country.[3] However, things quickly instantly changed after that—Agha Mohammad Shah
Shah
ordered the digging up of Nader Shah's corpse, and had it sent to Tehran, where it was reburied alongside Karim Khan
Karim Khan
Zand's corpse. He then forced Shahrokh to give any riches that originally belonged to Nader Shah.[3] Shahrokh vowed that he did not possess any more of Nader Shah's riches. Agha Mohammad Shah, ruthless and revengeful, and with an desire for treasures, disbelieved him, and had him hurt severely to confess the hidden locations of the last gems that he had passed down to him from his grandfather—Shahrokh, however, refused to speak.[4] However, he eventually confessed the locations of the gems. Shahrokh was sent to Mazandaran
Mazandaran
with his family, but died at Damghan
Damghan
due to the injuries he had suffered by his torturers. References[edit]

^ http://irane-man.tripod.com/NaderShah.html ^ Lang, David Marshall (1957), The Last Years of the Georgian Monarchy, 1658-1832, p. 148. Columbia University Press ^ a b c Hambly 1991, p. 130. ^ Axworthy 2009, p. 144.

Sources[edit]

Perry, John (1991). "The Zand dynasty". The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 7: From Nadir Shah
Shah
to the Islamic Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–63. ISBN 9780521200950.  Perry, John R. (1983). "Abu'l-Fath Khan Bakhtiari". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. I, Fasc. 3. p. 285.  Hambly, Gavin R.G (1991). "Agha Muhammad Khan and the establishment of the Qajar dynasty". The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 7: From Nadir Shah
Shah
to the Islamic Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 104–144. ISBN 9780521200950. 

Regnal titles

Preceded by Ebrahim Shah
Shah
Afshar Shah
Shah
of Persia (1st time) 1748–1749 Succeeded by Suleiman II of Persia

Preceded by Suleiman II of Persia Shah
Shah
of Persia (2nd time) 1750–1760 Succeeded by Karim Khan
Karim Khan
Zand

Preceded by Ebrahim Shah
Shah
Afshar Azerbaijan (as part of Persia) 1748–1749 Succeeded by Azad Khan
Azad Khan
Afghan

Preceded by Ebrahim Shah
Shah
Afshar Ruler of Mazandaran
Mazandaran
(as part of Persia) 1748–1749 Succeeded by Mohammad Hasan Khan
Mohammad Hasan Khan
Qajar

Preceded by Soleyman II
Soleyman II
Safavi Ruler of Khorasan 1750–1796 Succeeded by Agha Mohammad Khan
Agha Mohammad Khan
Qajar

v t e

Rulers of the Afsharid dynasty
Afsharid dynasty
(1736–1796)

Nader Shah
Shah
(1736–1747) Adil Shah
Shah
(1747–1748) Ebrahim Shah
Shah
(1748) Shahrokh Shah
Shah
(1748–1796)

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