Mir Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani (1392-1464; Arabic: محمد بن عبد الله الموسوئی قہستانی ) was a mystic (Sufi) who gave name to the Noorbakshia school of Islam. He wrote al Fiqh al-Ahwat (Islamic Jurisprudence) and Kitab al-Aetiqadia (Book of Faith).
This painting of Nurbaksh was actually depicted Imam Ali Reza's Shrine cover which shows Nurbakshi influence in that era
Nurbakhsh's real name was Muhammad bin Abdullah. His father was born in Qain and his grand father in al-Hasa, whence in some ghazals (lyrics) he styles himself as Lahsavi (one from al-Hasa). His father migrated from Bahrain to Qain in Qahistan, where Nurbakhsh was born in 795 A.H. (1393 C.E.). Thus his full name as appeared in his prose works is Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani.
Nurbakhsh became a disciple of Sayyid Ishaq al-Khatlani, himself a disciple of Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani. Through his writings Nurbakhsh made an attempt to bridge the gap between the orthodox Sunni'ism and Shi'ism and gave an Islamic Fiqh of religious moderation in his book titled Al-Fiqh al-Ahwat (Moderate Islamic Jurisprudence).
^Deweese, Devin (2014). "Intercessory Claims of Sufi Communities: Messianic Legitimizing Strategies on the Spectrum of Normativity". In Mir-Kasimov, Orkhan (ed.). Unity in Diversity: Mysticism, Messianism and the Construction of Religious Authority in Islam. Brill. pp. 197–220. ISBN978-90-04262-80-5.
^Dr. Reick Andreas: "Nurbakhshis of Baltistan-Revival of the Oldest Muslim Community in the Northern Areas of pakistan", paper read at the International Conference "Karakurum-Himalaya-Hindukush- Dynamic of Change", National Library Islamabad 29.9 to 2.10.1995
^and further in the Article by Sajjad, Hussain Balghari:"Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani", Nawa-i-Sufia Islamabad, Issue No. 12, 1995