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The Shadhili
Shadhili
Tariqa
Tariqa
(Arabic: الطريقة الشاذلية‎) is a Sufi
Sufi
order of Sunni
Sunni
Islam[1] founded by Abul Hasan Ali
Ali
ash-Shadhili[2] of Morocco. Followers (Arabic murids, "seekers") of the Shadhiliya are known as Shadhilis. It has historically been of importance and influence in North Africa and Egypt
Egypt
with many contributions to Islamic literature. Among the figures most known for their literary and intellectual contributions are Ibn 'Ata Allah, author of the Hikam, and Ahmad Zarruq, author of numerous commentaries and works, and Ahmad ibn Ajiba who also wrote numerous commentaries and works. In poetry expressing love of Muhammad, there have been the notable contributions of Muhammad al-Jazuli, author of the "Dala'il al-Khayrat", and Busiri, author of the famous poem, the Qaṣīda al-Burda. Many of the head lecturers of al-Azhar University in Cairo
Cairo
have also been followers of this tariqa. Of the various branches of the Shadhili
Shadhili
tariqa are the Fassiyatush, found largely in India, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and Pakistan. The Darqawi
Darqawi
branch is found mostly in Morocco
Morocco
and the Darqawi
Darqawi
Alawiyya (no connection to the "Kızılbaş-Turkish-Alevis" or "Syrian-Arab-Alawis") which originated in Algeria
Algeria
is now found the world over, particularly in Syria, Jordan, France
France
and among many English-speaking communities. British scholar, Martin Lings
Martin Lings
wrote an extensive biography of the founder of this branch, Ahmad al-Alawi, entitled 'A Sufi
Sufi
Saint of the 20th century' (ISBN 0-946621-50-0) The Swedish impressionist painter and Sufi
Sufi
scholar Ivan Aguéli (1869–1917) was the first official Moqaddam (representative) of the Shadhiliyya
Shadhiliyya
in Western Europe. Aguéli initiated René Guénon (1886–1951) into the Shadhili
Shadhili
tariqa. [1] Guénon went on to write a number of influential books on tradition and modernity. [2] The anniversary urs of Hazrat Qutubul Akber Imam Nooruddin Abul Hasan Alee Ash Shadhili
Shadhili
(Razi) is held on 12th Shawwal (the tenth month of lunar calendar) at Humaithara
Humaithara
in Egypt.

Contents

1 Branches

1.1 Fassiyya 1.2 Darqawiyya 1.3 Attasiyah 1.4 Darqawi
Darqawi
Hashimiya 1.5 Badawiyya

2 Influence

2.1 On Christianity

3 The Spiritual Chain 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Branches[edit] Shadhiliyya
Shadhiliyya
has nearly 72 branches across the globe. A few prominent branches are listed below. Fassiyya[edit] Fassiyatush shadhili Sufi
Sufi
order was established by Qutbul Ujud Ghouthuz Zamaan Ash Sheikh Muhammad
Muhammad
bin Muhammad
Muhammad
bin Mas'ood bin Abdur Rahman Al Makki Al Magribi Al Fassi Ash Shadhili
Shadhili
(Imam Fassi) who was a Moroccan by origin and born in Makkah.[3] Fassiyatush Shadhiliyya
Shadhiliyya
is widely practised in India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Mauritius
Mauritius
and Indonesia. The descendants of Imam Fassi who are Sheikhs of Fassiyatush Shadhiliyya
Shadhiliyya
who live in Makkah
Makkah
and in Jeddah
Jeddah
visit to these countries frequently to train Ikhwan. Darqawiyya[edit]

The Holy Dargah of Imam Shadhili, Humaithara, Egypt

The Darqawiyya, a Moroccan branch of the Shadhili
Shadhili
order, was founded in the late 18th century CE by Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Arabi al-Darqawi. Selections from the Letters of al- Darqawi
Darqawi
have been translated by the Shadhili
Shadhili
initiate Titus Burckhardt, and also by the scholar Aisha Bewley.[3][4] One of the first tariqas to be established in the West was the 'Alawiya branch of the Darqawiyya, [5] which was named after Ahmad ibn Mustafa al-' Alawi
Alawi
al-Mustaghanimi, popularly known as Shaykh al-Alawi. "A significant book about him, written by Martin Lings, is A Sufi
Sufi
Saint of the Twentieth Century."[4] Attasiyah[edit] The 'Attasiyah Order is a branch of the ' Alawi
Alawi
Order, founded by Umar bin Abdur Rahman bin Aqil al-Attas. It is centered in Yemen
Yemen
but also has centers in Pakistan, India, and Myanmar. The 'Alawiya order in Yemen
Yemen
has recently been studied by the anthropologist David Buchman. In his article "The Underground Friends of God and Their Adversaries: A Case Study and Survey of Sufism
Sufism
in Contemporary Yemen", Professor Buchman summarizes the results of his six-month period of fieldwork in Yemen. The article was originally published in the journal Yemen Update, vol. 39 (1997), pp. 21-24."[4] Another figure is Sheikh Abdal
Abdal
Qadir al-Murabit, a Scottish convert to Islam, whose lineage is Shadhili-Darqawi. Currently his order is known as the Murabitun. At other times his order has been known as the Darqawiyya
Darqawiyya
and Habibiya. One of the first books that Abdal
Abdal
Qadir wrote was The Book of Strangers, which he authored under the name Ian Dallas. For a brief anecdote of Abdal
Abdal
Qadir in the early 1970s, go" here.[4] Another contemporary order deriving, in part, from Abdal
Abdal
Qadir al-Murabit is the al-Haydariyah al-Shadhiliyah, headed by Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri. Of Shi'ite descent, Fadhlalla teaches within neither a Shi'i
Shi'i
nor a Sunni
Sunni
framework.[4] Darqawi
Darqawi
Hashimiya[edit] The Darqawi- Alawi
Alawi
branch of the Shadili tariqa also established itself in Damascus and the Levant through Sheikh Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Hashimi al-Tilmisani, the son of an Algerian qadi, who migrated to Damascus along with his spiritual guide Ibn Yallis. After the death of Ibn Yallis, Hashimi was authorized by Sheikh Ahmad al-' Alawi
Alawi
(see above Martin Lings), during a visit to Damascus in the early 1920s, and was made his deputy in Damascus. A biography of his life was published in English as Shaykh Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Hashimi: His Life and Works. The most well known living spiritual guide of this branch of the Shadhili
Shadhili
tariqa, especially to English-speakers, is Sheikh Nuh Ha Mim Keller, an American scholar, author, and translator, who resides in Amman, Jordan. He was authorized by Sheikh Abd al Rahman Al Shaghouri, who was himself a student of Sheikh Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Hashimi al-Tilmisani and the lead singer of his gatherings in Damascus. Advocating a holistic and erudite approach to Sufism, Nuh Keller and his students have played an instrumental role in broadening access to Islamic sciences through online education and high quality publications and translations of classical works. His tariqa is notable in attracting a large number of scholars, academics, and professionals. Sheikh Muhammad
Muhammad
Sa'id al-Jamal, another student of Sheikh Muhammad al-Hashimi al-Tilmisani and who died in 2015, had worked from the Haram al-Sharif or The Temple Mount in Jerusalem and was a mufti of the Hanbali
Hanbali
Madhab. He was also a student of the spiritual guide and Shadhili
Shadhili
Sheikh Abdur Rahman Abu al Risah of Halab of the Shadhili Yashruti line. He was a direct descendent of Muhammad, through his ancestor Ahmad ar-Rifa`i. He wrote many books in both English and Arabic on Sufism, tafsir, and healing. His students from the US also established the University of Spiritual Healing and Sufism
Sufism
which is devoted to the Sufi
Sufi
way of healing. Badawiyya[edit] Another branch of the Shadhilia which has groups in Egypt, Indonesia, Turkey and America is the Shadhilia-Batawia founded by Sheikh Ibrahim al-Batawi, for many years professor at al-Azhar. He was a confrere of Sheikh Abdu-l-Halim Mahmud, Shaikh al-Azhar, who was very influential in the revival of Sufism
Sufism
in Egypt. Sheikh Ibrahim’s student, Sheikh Abdullah Nooruddeen Durkee
Nooruddeen Durkee
has established the Shadhdhuliyyah-Baddawia order in the US. Sheikh Nooruddeen has translated and transliterated the Qur'an and has compiled two definitive books on the Shadhdhuliyyiah, Orisons and Origins. "Between October 17–26, 1999 the First International Shadhilian Festival occurred in Egypt. It concluded with a pilgrimage to the tomb of Abu 'l-Hasan al- Shadhili
Shadhili
and involved Sufi
Sufi
gatherings of dhikr" and the singing of qasidas, or classical poetry.[4] Influence[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2009)

On Christianity[edit] Further information: Miguel Asín Palacios
Miguel Asín Palacios
§ John of the Cross It has been suggested that the Shadhili
Shadhili
school was influential on St. John of the Cross, in particular on his account of the dark night of the soul and via Ibn Abbad al-Rundi. This influence has been suggested by Miguel Asín Palacios[5] and developed by others,[6] who claim that Ibn Abbad al-Rundi drew detailed connections between their teachings.[citation needed] Other scholars, such as José Nieto, argue that these mystical doctrines are quite general, and that while similarities exist between the works of St. John and Ibn Abbad and other Shadhilis, these reflect independent development, not influence.[7] The Spiritual Chain[edit] Every tariqa must have a chain of transmission and authorization to be recognized as valid, and there are several such chains of transmission connecting the founder, Abu Hasan al-Shadhili, to the founders of both the Qadiri and Rifa‘i tariqas as well as Junayd al-Baghdadi and Hasan al-Basri, but the principal chain of transmission by discipleship is as follows:

[8]

Allah Gabriel Muhammad Ali
Ali
ibn Abi Talib Imam Hasan Muhammad
Muhammad
Jabir ibn ’Abdullah Sa‘id al-Ghazawani Abu Muhammad
Muhammad
Fath al-Sa'ud Sa'd Abu Muhammad
Muhammad
Sa'id Abul Qasim Ahmad al-Marwani Abu Ishaq Ibrahim al-Basri Zayn al-Din al-Qazwini Shams al-Din Muhammad
Muhammad
Taj al-Din Nur al-Din Abul Hasan ‘Ali Fakhr al-Din Tuqayy al-Din al-Fuqayr ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Madani al-‘Attar Abd as-Salam ibn Mashish Abul Hasan al-Shadhili Tariqa
Tariqa
Qadiriya Harariya

See also[edit]

Qadiriyya Chisti Ashrafia Naqhsbandi Suharwardi

References[edit]

^ al-Ṣabbāgh, M.A.Q.I.; Douglas, E.H.; Abu-Rabiʻ, I.M. (1993). The Mystical Teachings of al-Shadhili: Including His Life, Prayers, Letters, and Followers. A Translation from the Arabic of Ibn al-Sabbagh's Durrat al-Asrar wa Tuhfat al-Abrar. State University of New York Press. ISBN 9780791416136. Retrieved 2015-02-26.  ^ "Sufis & Shaykhs [3] - World of Tasawwuf". spiritualfoundation.net. Retrieved 2015-02-26.  ^ "Fassiyathush Shazuliya tariqathush Shazuliya Tariqa
Tariqa
Shazuliya Sufi
Sufi
Path Sufism
Sufism
Zikrs Avradhs Daily Wirdh Thareeqush shukr Kaleefa's of the tariqa Sheikh Fassy Ya Fassy Sijl Humaisara Muridheens Prostitute Entering Paradise". shazuli.com. Retrieved 2015-02-26.  ^ a b c d e Alan Godlas, "Sufism, Sufis, and Sufi
Sufi
Orders: Sufism's Many Paths" ^ "Un precursor hispano musulman de San Juan de la Cruz", which was later reprinted in Huellas del Islam
Islam
(1941), at 235-304. An English translation was made by Douglas and Yoder as Saint John of the Cross and Islam
Islam
(New York: Vantage 1981). ^ Research developing the work of Miguel Asín Palacios
Miguel Asín Palacios
includes Luce López-Baralt's book, San Juan de la Cruz y el Islam
Islam
(1985, 1990). ^ José Nieto, Mystic Rebel Saint. A study of Saint John of the Cross (Geneva: Droz 1979) at 25-27. Cf., Swietlicki, Spanish Christian Cabala (1986) at 184. ^ Template:Cite Invocations of the Shadhili
Shadhili
Order, Nuh Ha Mim Keller

External links[edit]

Shadhili
Shadhili
Tariqa
Tariqa
A comprehensive introduction with material from Sh. Nuh Keller. Fassiya branch Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Jamal The Shadhili
Shadhili
Darqawi
Darqawi
' Alawi
Alawi
branch The Shadhdhuli School for tranquility of being and illumination of hearts Green Mountain branch, located in Charlottesville, Virginia A biography of Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn al Habib of the Darqawi
Darqawi
branch Tariqa
Tariqa
Burhaniya as Shadhiliya The Founders of the Shadhili
Shadhili
Order [6] Nasheed
Nasheed
group based in Avignon, France. Ba`alawi.com Ba'alawi.com The Definitive Resource for Islam
Islam
and the Alawiyyen Ancestry. [7] Shahdili section of Dr. Godlas' Sufism
Sufism
website. Discusses various Shadhili
Shadhili
branches. [8] Tariqa
Tariqa

.