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For the Israeli think tank, see Shaharit (NPO)
Shaharit (NPO)
Tefillin
Tefillin
are worn by men during Shacharit.

SHACHARIT (Hebrew : שַחֲרִית‬ šaḥăriṯ), or SHACHARIS in Ashkenazi Hebrew , is the morning Tefillah
Tefillah
(prayer) of the Jewish people , one of the three daily prayers.

Different traditions identify different primary components of Shacharit. All agree that Pesukei dezimra , the Shema
Shema
and its blessings, and the Amidah are major sections. Some identify the preliminary blessings and readings, as a first, distinct section. Others say that Tachanun is a separate section, as well as the concluding blessings. On certain days, there are additional prayers and services added to Shacharit, including Mussaf and a Torah reading .

CONTENTS

* 1 Origin

* 1.1 Etymology

* 2 Service * 3 Timing * 4 References

ORIGIN

Shacharit
Shacharit
according to tradition was identified as a time of prayer by Abraham, as Genesis 19:27 states, "Abraham arose early in the morning," which traditionally is the first Shacharit. However, Abraham's prayer did not become a standardized prayer. The sages of the Great Assembly may have formulated blessings and prayers that later became part of Shacharit. However, the siddur , or prayerbook as we know it, was not fully formed until around the 7th century C.E. The prayers said still vary among congregations and Jewish communities .

Shacharit
Shacharit
was also instituted in part as a replacement of the daily morning Temple service after the destruction of the Temple.

ETYMOLOGY

Shacharit
Shacharit
comes from the Hebrew root שחר‬ (shakhar), meaning dawn.

In Eastern Yiddish
Eastern Yiddish
, praying is also identified by the verb daven, which comes from the same Latin
Latin
root as the English word divine. Davening Shacharit
Shacharit
is the Yinglish term for doing the service.

SERVICE

During or before Shacharit, Jews
Jews
put on their tefillin and/or tallit , according to their tradition. Both actions are accompanied by blessings . Some do not eat until they have prayed.

Traditionally, a series of introductory prayers are said as the start of Shacharit. The main pieces of these prayers are Pesukei dezimra , consisting of numerous psalms, hymns, and prayers. Pesukei dezimra is said so that an individual will have praised God before making requests, which might be considered rude.

The Shema
Shema
and its related blessings are said. One should "concentrate on fulfilling the positive commandment of reciting the Shema" before reciting it. One should be sure to say it clearly and not to slur words together.

On certain days, there is a Torah reading
Torah reading
at this point in the service. On most days, three aliyot are given out as honors. Seven are given out on Shabbat.

Shemoneh Esrei (The Amidah), a series of 19 blessings is recited. On Shabbat
Shabbat
and Yom Tov, only 7 blessings are said. The blessings cover a variety of issues and ethics such as Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, crops, and prayer.

Tachanun , a supplication consisting of a collection of passages from the Hebrew bible (Tanakh) is said. On Mondays and Thursdays, a longer version is recited. On other days, the extra parts are omitted. The main part of Tachanun is traditionally said with one's head resting on his or her arm.

The service concludes, typically with Adon Olam
Adon Olam
, Psalm of the Day , and Prayer for Peace.

TIMING

See also: Zmanim
Zmanim

According to Jewish law , the earliest time to recite the morning service is when there is enough natural light "one can see a familiar acquaintance six feet away." It is a subjective standard. After sunrise and before mid-day is the usual time for this prayer service. The latest time one may recite the morning service is astronomical noon referred to as chatzot. After that, the afternoon service can be recited; it is called mincha .

REFERENCES

* ^ Shachrith (Hebrew: שַׁחרִית‬) - with a שוא נח‬ - in the Yemenite tradition . * ^ "What is Shacharit? - mitzvot prayer about". Askmoses.com. Retrieved 2013-04-07. * ^ "Daily Services". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2013-04-07. * ^ Mishneh Torah, Laws of Prayer 1:4 * ^ "davening.net". davening.net. Retrieved 2013-04-07. * ^ "Judaism 101: Donning Tallit
Tallit
and Tefillin". Jewfaq.org. Retrieved 2013-04-07. * ^ "Eating Before Davening Naaleh Updates". Naalehupdate.wordpress.com. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2013-04-07. * ^ The Artscroll Siddur, Second Edition * ^ How to have an Aliyah to the Torah Archived 2002-08-14 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. templesanjose.org. * ^ "Torah Tidbits — Shabbat
Shabbat
Parshat B\'chuotai". Orthodox Union Israel Center.

* v * t * e

Jewish prayer
Jewish prayer

List of Jewish prayers and blessings
List of Jewish prayers and blessings

SHACHARIT

PREPARATION

* Birkot hashachar * Akeida * Offerings

PESUKEI DEZIMRA

* Mizmor Shir (Psalm 30) * Barukh she\'amar * Songs of thanksgiving * ( Psalm 100
Psalm 100
) * Yehi kevod * Hallel ( Ashrei * Psalms 146 * 147 * 148 * 149 * 150 ) * Baruch Adonai L\'Olam * Vayivarech David * Atah Hu Adonai L\'Vadecha * Az Yashir * Yishtabach

CORE PRAYERS

* Barechu * Yotzer ohr * Ahava rabbah * Shema
Shema
* Emet Vayatziv * Amidah * Kedushah

CONCLUSION

* Tachanun * Torah reading
Torah reading
1, 2, 3 * Ashrei * Psalm 20
Psalm 20
* Uva letzion * Aleinu * Shir shel yom * Kaddish * Ein Keloheinu 4

MINCHA

* Ashrei * Torah reading
Torah reading
1, 5 * Amidah * Kedushah * Tachanun * Aleinu * Kaddish

MAARIV

* Barechu * Maariv
Maariv
Aravim * Ahavat Olam * Shema
Shema
* Emet V\'Emunah * Hashkiveinu * Baruch Adonai L\'Olam * Half Kaddish * Amidah * Full Kaddish * Aleinu * Mourner\'s Kaddish

SHABBAT / HOLIDAY ADDITIONS

* Extended Pesukei dezimra (Psalms 19 * 34 * 90 * 91 * 135 * 136 * 33 * Lekhah Dodi * 92 * 93 ) * Nishmat * Shochen Ad * Hallel * Torah reading
Torah reading
* Yom Tov Torah readings * Haftarah * Yekum Purkan * Av HaRachamim * Mussaf * Birkat Cohanim
Birkat Cohanim
6 * Anim Zemirot * Tzidkatcha * Al HaNissim * Adon Olam
Adon Olam

SEASONAL ADDITIONS

* Psalm 27
Psalm 27
* Avinu Malkeinu * Selichot
Selichot

OTHER PRAYERS

* Amen
Amen
* Modeh Ani * Ma Tovu * Adon Olam
Adon Olam
* Yigdal
Yigdal
* Al Netilat Yadayim * Asher Yatzar * Birkat HaMazon * El Malei Rachamim * Havdalah
Havdalah
* Kiddush Levana * Tefilat HaDerech * Birkat Hachama

* 1 On Shabbat
Shabbat
* 2 On holidays * 3 On Mondays and Thursdays * 4 Only on Shabbat
Shabbat
and holidays, according to Nusach Ashkenaz in the diaspora * 5 On fast days * 6 Daily

.